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  • Which geological period is responsible for the appearance of the most complex and the most diverse organisms?
    Which geological period is responsible for the appearance of the most complex and the most diverse organisms?
    In Palaeozoic Era life evolved was in its simplest form and gradually the complexities increased with the progress in time. Life of microscopic level were identified in the precambrian era which were simple. Mesozoic comes after palaeozoic with advancement in the life form which has most complex and diverse organisms as compared to the other two eras mentioned. The answer according to me is Mesozoic.

  • What is a water table?
    What is a water table?
    A water table is the upper level of an underground surface in which the soil or rocks are permanently saturated with water. The water table separates the groundwater zone that lies below it. It varies both with the seasons and from year to year because it affected by climate changes and by the amount of precipitation used by vegetation. It is also affected by withdrawing excessive amounts of water from wells or by recharging them artificially. The water table is where the water pressure head is equal to the atmospheric pressure. It is the top surface of the zone of saturation, which is where the pores and fractures of the ground are saturated with water. Water tables are the surfaces that exist between unsaturated ground and land that has become saturated with water. Most of the water exists below the water table.

  • What is the process of the hydrologic cycle?
    What is the process of the hydrologic cycle?
    The hydrologic cycle begins with the evaporation of water from the surface of the ocean. As moist air is lifted, it cools and water vapor condenses to form clouds. Moisture is transported around the globe until it returns to the surface as precipitation. The sequence of conditions through which water passes from vapor in the atmosphere through precipitation upon land or water surfaces and ultimately back into the atmosphere as a result of evaporation and transpiration — called also hydrological cycle. Water cycle, also called hydrologic cycle, cycle that involves the continuous circulation of water in the Earth-atmosphere system. Of the many processes involved in the water cycle, the most important are evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, and runoff

  • What physical property of the rock can be directly determined when the rock is placed in the overflow container? The diagram below shows a rock suspended above an overflow container filled with...
    What physical property of the rock can be directly determined when the rock is placed in the overflow container? The diagram below shows a rock suspended above an overflow container filled with...
    It might be tempting to assume that mass can be determined by sinking a rock into a measuring cylinder of liquid, but only the volume can actually be determined that way. Simply, the volume displaced by the object pushes the level of liquid up so that the before and after measurement will give the volume of the object accurately. So the answer to the question is volume.

  • Why are lava flows typically finer grained than intrusive igneous rocks?
    Why are lava flows typically finer grained than intrusive igneous rocks?
    Letter C is the right answer among the choices. Intrusive igneous rocks are made from magma that are in the Earth’s crust. These rocks are cross-grained due to they have a slow cooldown time. One can easily identify the rocks as they are coarse and have large particles. Extrusive igneous rocks, on the other hand, are made from lava and formed on the surface of the Earth. Because of this phenomenon, these rocks cool more quickly than the intrusive rocks as they are on the surface of the planet that has several factors that can contribute to solidifying them at a faster rate. The result is the lava or extrusive igneous rocks, are finer and smoother.

  • What is the term given to the idea that continents slowly move over Earth's surface?
    What is the term given to the idea that continents slowly move over Earth's surface?
    The idea continets sowly move over earths suface is called continental drift

  • What is the dense metallic layer of the Earth?
    What is the dense metallic layer of the Earth?
    The answer is debatable. Read the latest science on crystalline iron at the core.

  • Which information would be most helpful for someone trying to identify a mineral sample? 
    Which information would be most helpful for someone trying to identify a mineral sample? 
    People may find a mineral and need to be able to identify it. In history, before the minerals were discovered, they would have to be identified through a system of tests. Today, we use the same tests. First, the scientist would look at the color of it. This is probably the easiest thing to see on the mineral. Streak is another thing to observe in mineral identification. Streak is when a scientist rubs or draws the mineral across a white porcelain plate and then see what the remnants look like on the plate. Luster is the way the light looks on the mineral. Some sparkle like diamonds. Another way is for hardness. It is believed that the diamond is the hardest mineral with talc being the least hard.

  • Which property of the galena and calcite is indicated by the color of the powder each leaves on the ceramic tile? The diagram below shows a method for determining a physical property of a mineral....
    Which property of the galena and calcite is indicated by the color of the powder each leaves on the ceramic tile? The diagram below shows a method for determining a physical property of a mineral....
    The correct answer to this question is C, Streak. In geology, a streak appears in a mineral. It is the color of powder that produces when it is dragged through an unweathered surface. Galena is a lead surface and a primary metal. It is one of the most common metals that contain lead. Galena comes in many different shapes and sizes. It has a streak that goes from gray to black. Calcite is a rock-forming mineral. Its chemical formula is CaCO3. Calcite can be found on in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. The streak on calcite is white.

  • Which principle best explains why some flies survived? Five hundred flies of one species were sprayed with a new insecticide.  Twenty-four hours later, nearly all the flies were dead....
    Which principle best explains why some flies survived? Five hundred flies of one species were sprayed with a new insecticide.  Twenty-four hours later, nearly all the flies were dead....
    I don't think that animals them self adapt, it is the environment that selects the animals who have certain mutations or characteristics that are adventageous, here being their immunity to the insecticide. the proportion of flys with the immune characteristic will indeed increase within the population, however, the fly itself did not change to 'adapt' to the environment. The answer of being lucky is in fact more viable.

  • Which one of the following statements best describes erosion?
    Which one of the following statements best describes erosion?
    Erosion is the weathering away of the soil based on one of several reasons. Erosion can occur on farmland. Many farmers can’t live in one area for a long time. When they use the soil to grow crops, the nutrients are used from the soil to make the crops grow. Nutrients can be put back into the soil to an extent, but over time it will lose all of nutrients and the soil has been eroded. Other types of erosion are when the ground is blown away by wind. Wind erosion is common in windy and dusty areas where the soil can be easily blown away. The main definition of erosion is the process by which weathered rock and mineral particles are removed from one area and transported elsewhere.

  • Why would a plume of solid silicate rock rising slowly from deep in the mantle begin melting as it neared the base of the lithosphere?
    Why would a plume of solid silicate rock rising slowly from deep in the mantle begin melting as it neared the base of the lithosphere?
    Correct answer is option B A plume of solid rock rising slowly from the deep in the mantle will begin to melt as it nears the base of the lithosphere because temperatures remain high as lowered pressures decrease melting temperatures. For most substances, decreasing the pressure when a system is in equilibrium between liquid and solid phases will decrease the phase of transition temperature (temperature at which a substance changes from one crystal state to another). This simply means the decrease in pressure causes a decrease in the temperature required to begin melting process.

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