Science- Geology Rocks Pretest

14 Questions

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

There are different sets of rock on the earth surface and each have a distinct way in which they were formed. The earth itself has layers that help it sustain life as we know it. How attentive have you been in geology especially on the topic of rocks? Take up this quiz and get to test your understanding. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are the layers of the earth in order from the inside tothe outside?
    • A. 

      Mantle, crust, outer core, inner core

    • B. 

      Crust, mantle, outer core, inner core

    • C. 

      Outer core, mantle, crust, inner core

    • D. 

      Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      A solid material that is formed by nature in or on earth’s crust.

    • B. 

      A material that always has a crystal form.

    • C. 

      A material formed by a living thing.

    • D. 

      A material that is non-solid.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is not a property of minerals?
    • A. 

      Hardness

    • B. 

      Streak

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Luster

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      They are both made from plant and animal remains.

    • B. 

      They are both solids that come in all different shapes and sizes.

    • C. 

      They both change with pressure and heat.

    • D. 

      Both are man made

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not an effect of water erosion?
    • A. 

      It carves out canyons.

    • B. 

      It creates gullies and rivers.

    • C. 

      It can form a delta at the mouth of a river.

    • D. 

      It forms sand dunes.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is the process of weathering?
    • A. 

      Tracking temperature patterns of an area.

    • B. 

      Breaking up of rocks on the earth’s surface.

    • C. 

      Transporting sediments to new locations.

    • D. 

      Dropping sediments in new locations.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not a cause of erosion?
    • A. 

      Gravity

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Wind

    • D. 

      Plant roots

  • 8. 
    Which of the following does not make up soil?
    • A. 

      Minerals

    • B. 

      Decayed plants and animals

    • C. 

      Rocks

    • D. 

      Magma

  • 9. 
    Identify which of the combinations would become part of soil over time.
    • A. 

      Stick, rock, can

    • B. 

      Twig, leaf, pebble

    • C. 

      Dead insect, plastic bag, sand

    • D. 

      Glass bottle, apple, grass

  • 10. 
    How does erosion change a beach?
    • A. 

      Waves move and carry sediments to new locations, changing the length of the beach.

    • B. 

      Waves create sand dunes which block the ocean.

    • C. 

      Waves move the tectonic plates and cause earthquakes.

    • D. 

      Waves push the sand farther up on the beach making it wider.

  • 11. 
    Which is the process of dropping sediments in new locations?
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Weathering

    • C. 

      Deposition

    • D. 

      Rock cycle

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is the process of moving sediment from one location to another?
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Weathering

    • C. 

      Deposition

    • D. 

      Rock cycle

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is an effect of ice erosion?
    • A. 

      It causes mudslides.

    • B. 

      It creates sand dunes.

    • C. 

      It makes valleys in the mountains.

    • D. 

      It creates arches and natural bridges.

  • 14. 
    Which is not an effect of wind erosion?
    • A. 

      It removes and shapes Earth’s surface.

    • B. 

      It creates arches and natural bridges.

    • C. 

      It carves out canyons.

    • D. 

      It creates sand dunes.