Can You Answer These Fundamental Geology Questions?

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Can You Answer These Fundamental Geology Questions? - Quiz


Can you answer these fundamental geology questions? For this quiz, you will need to know the epicenter's focus, where do most earthquakes occur, and the significant characteristics of P and S waves. What is a seismic gap, the fastest type of seismic wave, and where do you find the deepest focus earthquakes. This quiz will release your energy to learn about geology, good luck


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the focus of the epicenter?

    • A.

      The point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus.

    • B.

      Vibrational energy waves that travel outward in all directions from the focus. They can be measured on a seismograph.

    • C.

      Data from 3 seismic statins is used to triangulate the location of the epicenter.

    • D.

      The place within the Earth where energy is released.

    Correct Answer
    A. The point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus.
    Explanation
    The focus of the epicenter refers to the point within the Earth where energy is released during an earthquake. The epicenter itself is the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the focus. This means that the focus is the actual source of the earthquake, where the seismic energy is generated and then radiates outwards in the form of vibrational energy waves. These waves can be detected and measured using a seismograph. To determine the precise location of the epicenter, data from at least three seismic stations is used to triangulate its position.

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  • 2. 

    What is the difference in intensity between earthquakes with Richter magnitudes of 5 and 8?

    • A.

      The place within the Earth where energy is released.

    • B.

      Based on amplitudes of the largest seismic waves.

    • C.

      Data from 3 seismic statins is used to triangulate the location of the epicenter.

    • D.

      An increase of 1 fold increase of 1 on the scale =10 fold increase in intensity

    Correct Answer
    D. An increase of 1 fold increase of 1 on the scale =10 fold increase in intensity
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that there is a 10-fold increase in intensity for every 1-fold increase on the Richter scale. This means that an earthquake with a magnitude of 8 is 1,000 times more intense than an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.

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  • 3. 

    What is the difference in energy released?

    • A.

      Based on amplitudes of the largest seismic waves.

    • B.

      A = 30 fold increase in energy released.

    • C.

      The place within the Earth where energy is released.

    • D.

      An increase of 1 fold increase of 1 on the scale =10 fold increase in intensity

    Correct Answer
    B. A = 30 fold increase in energy released.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A = 30 fold increase in energy released. This is because the question asks for the difference in energy released, and the given statement states that there is a 30 fold increase in energy released. This means that the energy released is 30 times greater than the previous amount.

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  • 4. 

    What is the fastest type of seismic wave?

    • A.

      Richter Scale

    • B.

      Secondary waves

    • C.

      Primary waves

    • D.

      3 Seismic Stations

    Correct Answer
    C. Primary waves
    Explanation
    Primary waves, also known as P-waves, are the fastest type of seismic waves. These waves are compressional waves that travel through the Earth's interior, causing particles to move back and forth in the same direction as the wave. They can travel through solids, liquids, and gases, and have the ability to travel through the Earth's core. Due to their ability to travel through different mediums and their high velocity, primary waves are the first to be detected by seismic stations during an earthquake.

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  • 5. 

    Where do most earthquakes occur?

    • A.

      Along Plate Boundaries

    • B.

      Oceanic divergent boundaries

    • C.

      Landslides

    • D.

      Liquifaction

    Correct Answer
    A. Along Plate Boundaries
    Explanation
    Most earthquakes occur along plate boundaries because these are the areas where tectonic plates interact and collide. The Earth's crust is divided into several large plates that float on the semi-fluid asthenosphere beneath them. When these plates move, they can create stress and pressure, which eventually leads to earthquakes. The majority of seismic activity happens at plate boundaries, such as convergent boundaries where plates collide, divergent boundaries where plates move apart, and transform boundaries where plates slide past each other. These interactions result in the release of energy in the form of earthquakes.

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  • 6. 

    Where do you find the deepest focus earthquakes?

    • A.

      Subduction zones

    • B.

      Oceanic divergent boundaries

    • C.

      Continental rifts,collision zones and transforms

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because earthquakes with the deepest focus can be found in subduction zones, oceanic divergent boundaries, continental rifts, collision zones, and transforms. These areas are characterized by intense tectonic activity, where plates are either colliding, pulling apart, or sliding past each other. The movement and interaction of these plates can generate seismic activity, including earthquakes with deep focus points. Therefore, all of these locations can experience earthquakes with the deepest focus.

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  • 7. 

    How many seismographs are required to determine the location of the epicenter of an earthquake?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      9

    Correct Answer
    A. 3
    Explanation
    To determine the location of the epicenter of an earthquake, at least three seismographs are required. Seismographs are devices that measure and record the vibrations caused by an earthquake. By analyzing the data from multiple seismographs, scientists can triangulate the epicenter based on the time it took for the seismic waves to reach each location. Having only two seismographs would not provide enough data for accurate triangulation, and having four or more would provide redundant information. Therefore, three seismographs are the minimum requirement for determining the location of the epicenter.

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  • 8. 

    What are the major characteristics of P and S waves?

    • A.

      Compressional wave, slower seismic waves 6km per second, transmitted through only solids: Shear wave, fastest-3.5 km per second, transmitted through solids and liquids.

    • B.

      Shear wave, slower-3.5 km per second, transmitted only through solids.

    • C.

      Compressional wave, the fastest seismic waves 6km per second, transmitted through solids and liquids

    • D.

      Compressional wave, fastest seismic waves 6km per second, transmitted through solids and liquids: Shear wave, slower-3.5 km per second, transmitted only through solids.

    Correct Answer
    D. Compressional wave, fastest seismic waves 6km per second, transmitted through solids and liquids: Shear wave, slower-3.5 km per second, transmitted only through solids.
    Explanation
    The major characteristics of P waves are that they are compressional waves, they travel at a speed of 6 km per second, and they can be transmitted through both solids and liquids. On the other hand, S waves are shear waves, they travel at a slower speed of 3.5 km per second, and they can only be transmitted through solids.

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  • 9. 

    Which type of seismic wave is responsible for causing the most damage?

    • A.

      Surface Wave

    • B.

      Primary Wave

    • C.

      Secondary Wave

    • D.

      Seismic Wave

    Correct Answer
    A. Surface Wave
    Explanation
    Surface waves are responsible for causing the most damage during an earthquake. These waves travel along the Earth's surface and have a larger amplitude compared to other seismic waves. This results in strong shaking and can cause buildings and infrastructure to collapse. Surface waves also have a longer duration, further contributing to the damage. Therefore, the correct answer is Surface Wave.

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  • 10. 

    What is a seismic gap?

    • A.

      Based on amplitudes of the largest seismic waves.

    • B.

      No reliable method

    • C.

      Areas known to be under strain that have not produced earthquakes.

    • D.

      Shear wave,slower-3.5 km per second,transmitted only through solids.

    Correct Answer
    C. Areas known to be under strain that have not produced earthquakes.
    Explanation
    A seismic gap refers to areas that are known to be under strain but have not yet experienced any earthquakes. This means that there is potential for a significant earthquake to occur in these areas in the future. By identifying seismic gaps, scientists can better understand the patterns of earthquake occurrence and assess the risk in different regions.

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  • 11. 

    All of the following are several examples of earthquake hazards EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Ground Motion

    • B.

      Fire

    • C.

      Tornado

    • D.

      Tsunamis

    Correct Answer
    C. Tornado
    Explanation
    Tornadoes are not examples of earthquake hazards. Tornadoes are violent windstorms that are typically associated with severe thunderstorms, while earthquake hazards refer to the dangers and risks that result from an earthquake, such as ground shaking, landslides, aftershocks, and tsunamis. Therefore, tornadoes do not fall under the category of earthquake hazards.

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  • 12. 

    What is the focus of an earthquake?

    • A.

      Based on amplitudes of the largest seismic waves.

    • B.

      The point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus.

    • C.

      The place within the Earth where energy is released.

    • D.

      Transmitted through solids and liquids.

    Correct Answer
    C. The place within the Earth where energy is released.
    Explanation
    The focus of an earthquake refers to the place within the Earth where energy is released. During an earthquake, stress and strain build up along a fault line, and when the stress exceeds the strength of the rocks, it causes them to rupture and release energy in the form of seismic waves. This release of energy is what causes the ground shaking and the destructive effects associated with earthquakes. Therefore, the focus of an earthquake is the location deep within the Earth where this energy is released.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 29, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 02, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Danyya30
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