Quiz: Can You Answer These Fundamental Geology Questions?

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 3330

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Quiz: Can You Answer These Fundamental Geology Questions? - Quiz

Can you answer these fundamental geology questions? For this quiz, you will need to know the epicenter's focus, where do most earthquakes occur, and the significant characteristics of P and S waves. What is a seismic gap, the fastest type of seismic wave, and where do you find the deepest focus earthquakes. This quiz will release your energy to learn about geology, good luck


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the focus of an earthquake?
    • A. 

      Based on amplitudes of the largest seismic waves.

    • B. 

      The point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus.

    • C. 

      The place within the Earth where energy is released.

    • D. 

      Transmitted throughsolids and liquids.

  • 2. 
    What is the focus of the epicenter?
    • A. 

      The point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus.

    • B. 

      Vibrational energy waves that travel outward in all directions from the focus. They can be measured on a seismograph.

    • C. 

      Data from 3 seismic statins is used to triangulate the location of the epicenter.

    • D. 

      The place within the Earth where energy is released.

  • 3. 
    What is the difference in intensity between earthquakes with Richter magnitudes of 5 and 8?
    • A. 

      The place within the Earth where energy is released.

    • B. 

      Based on amplitudes of the largest seismic waves.

    • C. 

      Data from 3 seismic statins is used to triangulate the location of the epicenter.

    • D. 

      An increase of 1 fold increase of 1 on the scale =10 fold increase in intensity

  • 4. 
    What is the difference in energy released?
    • A. 

      Based on amplitudes of the largest seismic waves.

    • B. 

      A = 30 fold increase in energy released.

    • C. 

      The place within the Earth where energy is released.

    • D. 

      An increase of 1 fold increase of 1 on the scale =10 fold increase in intensity

  • 5. 
    What is the fastest type of seismic wave?
    • A. 

      Richter Scale

    • B. 

      Secondary waves

    • C. 

      Primary waves

    • D. 

      3 Seismic Stations

  • 6. 
    Where do most earthquakes occur?
    • A. 

      Along Plate Boundaries

    • B. 

      Oceanic divergent boundaries

    • C. 

      Landslides

    • D. 

      Liquifaction

  • 7. 
    Where do you find the deepest focus earthquakes?
    • A. 

      Subduction zones

    • B. 

      Oceanic divergent boundaries

    • C. 

      Continental rifts,collision zones and transforms

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    How many seismographs are required to determine the location of the epicenter of an earthquake?
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      9

  • 9. 
    What are the major characteristics of P and S waves?
    • A. 

      Compressional wave, slower seismic waves 6km per second, transmitted through only solids: Shear wave, fastest-3.5 km per second, transmitted through solids and liquids.

    • B. 

      Shear wave, slower-3.5 km per second, transmitted only through solids.

    • C. 

      Compressional wave, the fastest seismic waves 6km per second, transmitted through solids and liquids

    • D. 

      Compressional wave, fastest seismic waves 6km per second, transmitted through solids and liquids: Shear wave, slower-3.5 km per second, transmitted only through solids.

  • 10. 
    Which type of seismic wave is responsible for causing the most damage?
    • A. 

      Surface Wave

    • B. 

      Primary Wave

    • C. 

      Secondary Wave

    • D. 

      Seismic Wave

  • 11. 
    What is a seismic gap?
    • A. 

      Based on amplitudes of the largest seismic waves.

    • B. 

      No reliable method

    • C. 

      Areas known to be under strain that have not produced earthquakes.

    • D. 

      Shear wave,slower-3.5 km per second,transmitted only through solids.

  • 12. 
    All of the following are several examples of earthquake hazards EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Ground Motion

    • B. 

      Fire

    • C. 

      Tornado

    • D. 

      Tsunamis

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