Can You Pass 7th Grade Earth And Space Science Quiz?

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 455

Settings
Please wait...
Can You Pass 7th Grade Earth And Space Science Quiz?

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    At the equator, the sun's rays always strike Earth
    • A. 

      At a low angle

    • B. 

      At nearly a 90 degree angle

    • C. 

      18 hours each day

    • D. 

      No more than 8 hours each day.

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Ice cores

    • B. 

      General circulation models

    • C. 

      Tree rings

    • D. 

      Fossils

  • 3. 
    Water cools
    • A. 

      More slowly than land does

    • B. 

      More quickly than land does

    • C. 

      Only during evaporation

    • D. 

      During global warming

  • 4. 
    Ocean currrents influence temperature by
    • A. 

      Eroding shorelines

    • B. 

      Heating or cooling the air

    • C. 

      Washing warm, dry sediments out to sea

    • D. 

      Dispersing the rays of the sun

  • 5. 
    Winds that blow in opposite directions in different seasons because of the differential heating of the land and the oceans are called
    • A. 

      Chinooks

    • B. 

      Foehn

    • C. 

      Monsoons

    • D. 

      El Nino

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Stops moving

    • B. 

      Slows and sinks

    • C. 

      Rises and cools

    • D. 

      Reverses its direction

  • 7. 
    In regions that have a mediterranean climate, almost all of the yearly precipitation falls
    • A. 

      During monsoons

    • B. 

      In the summer

    • C. 

      In the winter

    • D. 

      During hurricanes

  • 8. 
    The climate that has the largest annual temperature range is the
    • A. 

      Subarctic climate

    • B. 

      Middle-latitude desert climate

    • C. 

      Mediterranean climate

    • D. 

      Humid continental climate

  • 9. 
    The pavement and buildings in cities affect the local climate by
    • A. 

      Decreasing the temperature

    • B. 

      Increasing the temperature

    • C. 

      Increasing the precipitation

    • D. 

      Decreasing the precipitation

  • 10. 
    Stars organized into a pattern are
    • A. 

      Perihelions

    • B. 

      Satellites

    • C. 

      Constellations

    • D. 

      Telescopes

  • 11. 
    Days are caused by Earth's 
    • A. 

      Perihelion

    • B. 

      Aphelion

    • C. 

      Revolution

    • D. 

      Rotation

  • 12. 
    The seasons are caused by
    • A. 

      Earth's distance from the sun

    • B. 

      The tilt of Earth's axis

    • C. 

      The sun's temperature

    • D. 

      The calendar

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is a tool that is used by astronomers to study radiation?
    • A. 

      A computer model

    • B. 

      A ground-based telescope

    • C. 

      A Foucalt pendulum

    • D. 

      A calendar

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is evidence of Earth's revolution?
    • A. 

      The Foucault pendulum

    • B. 

      The Coriolis effect

    • C. 

      Night and day

    • D. 

      Constellation movement

  • 15. 
    Which of the following forms of radiation can be shielded by Earth's atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Gamma rays

    • B. 

      Radio waves

    • C. 

      Visible light

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not a space telescope?
    • A. 

      Hubble Space Telescope

    • B. 

      Chandra X-ray Observatory

    • C. 

      Challenger

    • D. 

      Spitzer Space Telescope

  • 17. 
    Which of the following marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere?
    • A. 

      Vernal equinox

    • B. 

      Autumnal equinox

    • C. 

      Summer solstice

    • D. 

      Winter solstice

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is evidence of Earth's rotation?
    • A. 

      The Foucault pendulum

    • B. 

      Day and night

    • C. 

      The Coriolis effect

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Copernicus's model of the solar system is
    • A. 

      Geocentric

    • B. 

      Lunocentric

    • C. 

      Ethnocentric

    • D. 

      Heliocentric

  • 20. 
    Kepler's first law states that each planet orbits the sun in a path called a(n)
    • A. 

      Ellipse

    • B. 

      Circle

    • C. 

      Epicycle

    • D. 

      Period

  • 21. 
    The most distinctive feature of Jupiter is its
    • A. 

      Great Red Spot

    • B. 

      Great Dark Spot

    • C. 

      Ring

    • D. 

      Elongated orbit

  • 22. 
    The planet that has an axis of rotation that is almost parallel to the plane of its orbit is
    • A. 

      Venus

    • B. 

      Jupiter

    • C. 

      Uranus

    • D. 

      Neptune

  • 23. 
    The tilt of the axis of Mars is nearly the same as that of
    • A. 

      Mercury

    • B. 

      Venus

    • C. 

      Earth

    • D. 

      Jupiter

  • 24. 
    The planet that rotates faster than any other planet in the solar system is
    • A. 

      Earth

    • B. 

      Jupiter

    • C. 

      Uranus

    • D. 

      Pluto

  • 25. 
    Kepler's law hat describes how fast planets travel at different points in their orbits is called the law of 
    • A. 

      Ellipses

    • B. 

      Equal speeds

    • C. 

      Equal areas

    • D. 

      Periods

  • 26. 
    All of the outer planets rotate with their axes perpendicular to their orbital planes except
    • A. 

      Saturn

    • B. 

      Jupiter

    • C. 

      Neptune

    • D. 

      Uranus

  • 27. 
    The first atmosphere of Earth contained a large amount of
    • A. 

      Helium

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Methane

  • 28. 
    The hypothesis that states that the sun and the planets developed out of the same cloud of gas and dust is called the 
    • A. 

      Copernicus hypothesis

    • B. 

      Solar hypothesis

    • C. 

      Nebular hypothesis

    • D. 

      Galileo hypothesis

  • 29. 
    In the process of photosynthesis, green plants give off
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Helium

  • 30. 
    Dark areas on the moon that are smooth and that reflect little light are called
    • A. 

      Rilles

    • B. 

      Rays

    • C. 

      Maria

    • D. 

      Breccia

  • 31. 
    What happened in the most recent stage in the development of the moon?
    • A. 

      The densest material sank to the core

    • B. 

      The crust began to break

    • C. 

      Earth's gravity captured the moon

    • D. 

      The number of meteorites hitting the moon decreased

  • 32. 
    During each orbit around Earth, the moon spins ons its axis
    • A. 

      1 time

    • B. 

      About 29 times

    • C. 

      About 27 times

    • D. 

      365 times

  • 33. 
    In a lunar eclipse, the moon
    • A. 

      Casts a shadow on Earth

    • B. 

      Is in Earth's shadow

    • C. 

      Is between Earth and the sun

    • D. 

      Blocks part of the sun from view

  • 34. 
    When the size of the lighted part of the moon's near side is decreasing, the moon is
    • A. 

      Full.

    • B. 

      Waxing.

    • C. 

      Annular.

    • D. 

      Waning.

  • 35. 
    Compared with the other moons of Jupiter, the four Galilean moons are
    • A. 

      Larger

    • B. 

      Farther from Jupiter

    • C. 

      Lighter

    • D. 

      Younger

  • 36. 
    The main asteroid belt exists in a region between the orbits of 
    • A. 

      Mercury and Venus

    • B. 

      Earth and Mars

    • C. 

      Venus and Earth

    • D. 

      Mars and Jupiter

  • 37. 
    Meteorites can provide information about
    • A. 

      The composition of the solar system before the planets formed.

    • B. 

      The size of Earth.

    • C. 

      The destiny of the solar system.

    • D. 

      The size of the universe

  • 38. 
    According to Einstein's theory of relativity, in the formula E = mc2, the c stands for 
    • A. 

      Corona

    • B. 

      Core

    • C. 

      The speed of light

    • D. 

      The length of time

  • 39. 
    A nuclear reaction in which atomic nuclei combine is called 
    • A. 

      Fission

    • B. 

      Fusion

    • C. 

      Magnetism

    • D. 

      Granulation

  • 40. 
    The part of the sun in which energy moves from atom to atom in the form of electromagnetic waves is called the
    • A. 

      Radiative zone

    • B. 

      Convective zone

    • C. 

      Solar wind

    • D. 

      Chromosphere

  • 41. 
    The number of hydrogen atoms that fuse to form a helium atom is 
    • A. 

      Two

    • B. 

      Four

    • C. 

      Six

    • D. 

      Eight

    • E. 

      WHO

    • F. 

      DO

    • G. 

      WE

    • H. 

      APPRECIATE?

  • 42. 
    The part of the sun that is normally visible from Earth is the
    • A. 

      Core

    • B. 

      Photosphere

    • C. 

      Corona

    • D. 

      Solar nebula

  • 43. 
    Sunspots are regions of 
    • A. 

      Intense magnetism

    • B. 

      The core

    • C. 

      High temperature

    • D. 

      Lighter color

  • 44. 
    The sunspot cycle repeats about every 
    • A. 

      Month

    • B. 

      5 years

    • C. 

      11 years

    • D. 

      19 years

  • 45. 
    Sudden outward eruptions of electrically charged particles from the sun are called
    • A. 

      Prominences

    • B. 

      Coronas

    • C. 

      Sunspots

    • D. 

      Solar flares

  • 46. 
    Gusts of solar wind can cause
    • A. 

      Rotation

    • B. 

      Magnetic storms

    • C. 

      Nuclear fission

    • D. 

      Nuclear fusion

  • 47. 
    Northern lights and southern lights are other names for
    • A. 

      Prominences

    • B. 

      Auroras

    • C. 

      Granulations

    • D. 

      Total solar irradiance

  • 48. 
    The most common element in most stars is 
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      Helium

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 49. 
    Cosmic background radiation
    • A. 

      Is very hot

    • B. 

      Is blue-green

    • C. 

      Comes from supernovas

    • D. 

      Comes equally from all directions

  • 50. 
    Stars appear to move in circular paths through the sky because 
    • A. 

      Earth rotates on its axis

    • B. 

      Earth orbits the sun

    • C. 

      The stars orbit Polaris

    • D. 

      The Milky Way is a spiral galaxy