Earth And Space Science Semester 1 Final

53 Questions | Total Attempts: 84

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Earth And Space Science Semester 1 Final

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Exploration provides answers to all of the world's questions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT a way that volcanoes cause death and destruction? (Select all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Volcanic ash and poisonous gases

    • B. 

      Sinkholes

    • C. 

      Lava flows

    • D. 

      Landslides and mudflows

  • 3. 
    Volcanoes can be beneficial because they provide large amounts of free energy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    By tracking celestial movements, the ancient Maya were able to __________.
    • A. 

      Develop the scientific process

    • B. 

      Figure out geometry

    • C. 

      Create accurate calendars

    • D. 

      Invent astrology

  • 5. 
    A building constructed on solid ground is much more likely to be damaged during an earthquake than a building constructed on loose soil because the solid ground does not allow the building to flex and not break.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The melting of rock does NOT depend on __________.
    • A. 

      Temperature

    • B. 

      Pressure

    • C. 

      The presence of fluid

    • D. 

      The rock's color

  • 7. 
    Where did scientists record earthquakes as early as 780 BC?
    • A. 

      Japan

    • B. 

      Greece

    • C. 

      China

    • D. 

      Mexico

  • 8. 
    A volcanic mountain is formed by __________.
    • A. 

      Magma that erupts onto Earth's surface

    • B. 

      Rock layers that are bent and squeezed through magma pressure

    • C. 

      The uplift of rock during continental plate collisions

    • D. 

      Pressure from magma that does not erupt onto Earth's surface

  • 9. 
    When rocks have more surface area, the rate of weather increases.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    What effect does Earth’s interior have on P waves and S waves?
    • A. 

      Earth's interior has virtually no effect, especially on P waves.

    • B. 

      Earth's interior can send them into seismic gaps.

    • C. 

      Earth's interior can absorb P waves, but not S waves.

    • D. 

      Earth's interior affects the speed and direction of the waves.

  • 11. 
    What is radioactivity?
    • A. 

      When radio waves are present in or around a mineral

    • B. 

      When stable atomic nuclei decay over time into unstable nuclei

    • C. 

      When unstable atomic nuclei decay over time, releasing particles and energy

    • D. 

      When minerals or living organisms get contaminated

  • 12. 
    How does science differ from art, architecture, and philosophy?
    • A. 

      The goal of science is a human endeavor.

    • B. 

      The goal of science is to explain natural phenomena.

    • C. 

      Science is the same as these other endeavors.

    • D. 

      Science takes more mental energy.

  • 13. 
    Corundum is a colorless mineral made of aluminum and oxygen atoms. Corundum is also the mineral of which rubies are made. In addition to aluminum and oxygen, rubies contain chromium. If corundum is colorless then why are rubies red?
    • A. 

      Small amounts of other elements affect mineral color.

    • B. 

      Most minerals have similar colors.

    • C. 

      When minerals have weathered surfaces this reveals their true color.

    • D. 

      Most minerals are virtually colorless.

  • 14. 
    Science impacts society by creating new technology that __________.
    • A. 

      Benefits society, but with some problems

    • B. 

      Benefits society without any downside

    • C. 

      Doesn't benefit society in any way

    • D. 

      Is slowing down progress and further scientific research

  • 15. 
    What makes hydrogen fuel cells such a promising source of energy for the future?
    • A. 

      They will be certified for safety.

    • B. 

      They will provide clean and renewable energy.

    • C. 

      They can run on fuel that can be produced by algae.

    • D. 

      They are made by teams of very skilled scientists.

  • 16. 
    In which of the following ways can mining NOT impact the environment?
    • A. 

      It can contaminate water resources with toxic substances.

    • B. 

      It can cause noise and air pollution.

    • C. 

      It can cause increased erosion and soil degradation.

    • D. 

      It can help reduce the formation of sinkholes

  • 17. 
    Presently, Earth's magnetic field points north. However it is possible for the polarity to reverse causing the poles to point south.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    What indicates the cardinal directions?
    • A. 

      A compass point

    • B. 

      A compass needle

    • C. 

      A compass legend

    • D. 

      A compass rose

  • 19. 
    Which of the following renewable energies is a major source of power in many developing countries?
    • A. 

      Biomass

    • B. 

      Hydroelectric energy

    • C. 

      Wind energy

    • D. 

      Solar energy

  • 20. 
    Which of the following explains why we do NOT get all of our energy from the sun?
    • A. 

      There are other Earth friendly technologies that are more affordable and user-friendly.

    • B. 

      The technology for solar power is expensive and not user-friendly.

    • C. 

      Engineers have been unable to figure out how to capture the mass amounts of energy coming form the sun.

    • D. 

      The weather is not always sunny, and the currently available solar systems do not store energy.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following series is NOT part of the rock cycle?
    • A. 

      Changing temperature and pressure

    • B. 

      Erosion, deposition, and cementation

    • C. 

      Tectonic plate movement and volcanic action

    • D. 

      Melting and cooling

  • 22. 
    According to __________, the force of attraction between any two objects depends on the masses of the objects and the distance between them.
    • A. 

      The law of the magnetosphere

    • B. 

      The law of plasticity

    • C. 

      The law of magnetism

    • D. 

      Newton's law of gravitation

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is an example of a passive system collecting renewable energy?
    • A. 

      A house that is warmed by sunlight coming through its windows

    • B. 

      A generator driven by blowing wind

    • C. 

      A power plant that uses dam water to spin turbines

    • D. 

      A power plant that spins turbines with steam made form hot springs

  • 24. 
    What are the three major types of subatomic particles?
    • A. 

      Proton, neutron, and electron

    • B. 

      Positron, neuron, and electron

    • C. 

      Atom, neutron, and proton

    • D. 

      Nucleus, proton, and byte

  • 25. 
    Which of the following have not helped scientists to learn more about Earth's core?
    • A. 

      Data from earthquakes

    • B. 

      Shadow zones

    • C. 

      Volcanic activity

    • D. 

      Seismic waves

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