Earth And Space Science Final Exam

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 1706

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Earth And Space Science Quizzes & Trivia

A study guide to help you study for you upcoming Earth and Space Science Final. Study hard, and good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    At the equator, the sun's rays always strike Earth
    • A. 

      At a low angle

    • B. 

      At nearly a 90 degree angle

    • C. 

      18 hours each day

    • D. 

      No more than 8 hours each day.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not used as evidence of past climates?
    • A. 

      Ice cores

    • B. 

      General circulation models

    • C. 

      Tree rings

    • D. 

      Fossils

  • 3. 
    Water cools
    • A. 

      More slowly than land does

    • B. 

      More quickly than land does

    • C. 

      Only during evaporation

    • D. 

      During global warming

  • 4. 
    Ocean currrents influence temperature by
    • A. 

      Eroding shorelines

    • B. 

      Heating or cooling the air

    • C. 

      Washing warm, dry sediments out to sea

    • D. 

      Dispersing the rays of the sun

  • 5. 
    Winds that blow in opposite directions in different seasons because of the differential heating of the land and the oceans are called
    • A. 

      Chinooks

    • B. 

      Foehn

    • C. 

      Monsoons

    • D. 

      El Nino

  • 6. 
    When a moving air mass encounters a mountain range, the air mass
    • A. 

      Stops moving

    • B. 

      Slows and sinks

    • C. 

      Rises and cools

    • D. 

      Reverses its direction

  • 7. 
    In regions that have a mediterranean climate, almost all of the yearly precipitation falls
    • A. 

      During monsoons

    • B. 

      In the summer

    • C. 

      In the winter

    • D. 

      During hurricanes

  • 8. 
    The climate that has the largest annual temperature range is the
    • A. 

      Subarctic climate

    • B. 

      Middle-latitude desert climate

    • C. 

      Mediterranean climate

    • D. 

      Humid continental climate

  • 9. 
    The pavement and buildings in cities affect the local climate by
    • A. 

      Decreasing the temperature

    • B. 

      Increasing the temperature

    • C. 

      Increasing the precipitation

    • D. 

      Decreasing the precipitation

  • 10. 
    Stars organized into a pattern are
    • A. 

      Perihelions

    • B. 

      Satellites

    • C. 

      Constellations

    • D. 

      Telescopes

  • 11. 
    Days are caused by Earth's 
    • A. 

      Perihelion

    • B. 

      Aphelion

    • C. 

      Revolution

    • D. 

      Rotation

  • 12. 
    The seasons are caused by
    • A. 

      Earth's distance from the sun

    • B. 

      The tilt of Earth's axis

    • C. 

      The sun's temperature

    • D. 

      The calendar

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is a tool that is used by astronomers to study radiation?
    • A. 

      A computer model

    • B. 

      A ground-based telescope

    • C. 

      A Foucalt pendulum

    • D. 

      A calendar

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is evidence of Earth's revolution?
    • A. 

      The Foucault pendulum

    • B. 

      The Coriolis effect

    • C. 

      Night and day

    • D. 

      Constellation movement

  • 15. 
    Which of the following forms of radiation can be shielded by Earth's atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Gamma rays

    • B. 

      Radio waves

    • C. 

      Visible light

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not a space telescope?
    • A. 

      Hubble Space Telescope

    • B. 

      Chandra X-ray Observatory

    • C. 

      Challenger

    • D. 

      Spitzer Space Telescope

  • 17. 
    Which of the following marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere?
    • A. 

      Vernal equinox

    • B. 

      Autumnal equinox

    • C. 

      Summer solstice

    • D. 

      Winter solstice

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is evidence of Earth's rotation?
    • A. 

      The Foucault pendulum

    • B. 

      Day and night

    • C. 

      The Coriolis effect

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Copernicus's model of the solar system is
    • A. 

      Geocentric

    • B. 

      Lunocentric

    • C. 

      Ethnocentric

    • D. 

      Heliocentric

  • 20. 
    Kepler's first law states that each planet orbits the sun in a path called a(n)
    • A. 

      Ellipse

    • B. 

      Circle

    • C. 

      Epicycle

    • D. 

      Period

  • 21. 
    The most distinctive feature of Jupiter is its
    • A. 

      Great Red Spot

    • B. 

      Great Dark Spot

    • C. 

      Ring

    • D. 

      Elongated orbit

  • 22. 
    The planet that has an axis of rotation that is almost parallel to the plane of its orbit is
    • A. 

      Venus

    • B. 

      Jupiter

    • C. 

      Uranus

    • D. 

      Neptune

  • 23. 
    The tilt of the axis of Mars is nearly the same as that of
    • A. 

      Mercury

    • B. 

      Venus

    • C. 

      Earth

    • D. 

      Jupiter

  • 24. 
    The planet that rotates faster than any other planet in the solar system is
    • A. 

      Earth

    • B. 

      Jupiter

    • C. 

      Uranus

    • D. 

      Pluto

  • 25. 
    Kepler's law hat describes how fast planets travel at different points in their orbits is called the law of 
    • A. 

      Ellipses

    • B. 

      Equal speeds

    • C. 

      Equal areas

    • D. 

      Periods

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