Rock Test For 3rd Grade: Quiz!

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| By Celestew25
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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 5,916

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Rock Test For 3rd Grade: Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    _____________ rocks form from PRESSURE and TEMPERATURE CHANGES.

    • A.

      Sedimentary

    • B.

      Metamorphic

    • C.

      Igneous

    • D.

      Volcanic

    Correct Answer
    B. Metamorphic
    Explanation
    Metamorphic rocks form from pressure and temperature changes. These changes occur deep within the Earth's crust, where existing rocks are subjected to intense heat and pressure. The high temperatures and pressure cause the minerals within the rocks to recrystallize, resulting in the formation of new rocks with different physical and chemical properties. This process can occur due to tectonic activity, such as the collision of continental plates or the movement of magma. Metamorphic rocks are characterized by their banded or foliated appearance and can include rocks like marble, slate, and gneiss.

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  • 2. 

    What is the hardest rock?

    Correct Answer
    diamond
    Explanation
    Diamond is considered the hardest rock because it has a Mohs hardness scale rating of 10, which is the highest possible rating. The hardness of a mineral is determined by its ability to resist scratching and diamond is known for its exceptional hardness. It is composed of carbon atoms arranged in a crystal lattice structure, making it extremely strong and durable. Diamond is often used in industrial applications such as cutting, grinding, and drilling due to its hardness.

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  • 3. 

    A _____________ rock forms with wind and water breaking the rock into bits.  Then the wind and water carry the bits of rock and soil away.  The bits settle into layers.  After a long time, the layers harden into this kind of rock.

    • A.

      Igneous

    • B.

      Sedimentary

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    • D.

      Diamond

    Correct Answer
    B. Sedimentary
    Explanation
    Sedimentary rock forms when weathering and erosion break down existing rocks into smaller particles. These particles are then transported by wind or water and eventually settle in layers. Over time, these layers become compacted and cemented together, forming sedimentary rock. This process can take a long time, but eventually, the layers harden and become solid sedimentary rock.

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  • 4. 

    This kind of rock was melted then cooled and hardened.  Some cooled quickly and others more slowly.

    • A.

      Sedimentary

    • B.

      Igneous

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    Correct Answer
    B. Igneous
    Explanation
    Igneous rocks are formed when molten rock, called magma, cools and solidifies. This process can occur either underground or on the Earth's surface. Igneous rocks can be formed from the rapid cooling of magma, which results in fine-grained rocks, or from the slow cooling of magma, which results in coarse-grained rocks. Therefore, the description of the rock being melted, cooled, and hardened suggests that it is an igneous rock.

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  • 5. 

    A rock is naturally formed from ______________________.

    • A.

      Sediments

    • B.

      One or more minerals.

    • C.

      Diamonds

    • D.

      Crystals

    • E.

      Pressure and temperature changes.

    Correct Answer
    B. One or more minerals.
    Explanation
    A rock is naturally formed from one or more minerals. Rocks are composed of minerals, which are naturally occurring inorganic substances with a specific chemical composition and crystal structure. Rocks can be made up of a single mineral or a combination of different minerals. The minerals in rocks are formed through various geological processes such as cooling and solidification of molten lava or magma, precipitation from solution, or deposition of sediments. Therefore, the correct answer is one or more minerals.

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  • 6. 

    How do you identify rocks?

    • A.

      Color

    • B.

      Shape

    • C.

      Mohs Scale

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      Only A and C.

    Correct Answer
    E. Only A and C.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Only A and C." This means that to identify rocks, you can use color and the Mohs Scale. Color can be an indicator of the composition of the rock, while the Mohs Scale is used to determine the hardness of a mineral, which can help in identifying the type of rock. Shape is not mentioned as a method for identifying rocks in this question.

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  • 7. 

    The Mohs Scale identifies the rock by testing the ___________.

    • A.

      Shape

    • B.

      Color

    • C.

      Hardness

    • D.

      Softness

    Correct Answer
    C. Hardness
    Explanation
    The Mohs Scale is used to identify rocks by testing their hardness. Hardness refers to the ability of a material to resist scratching or abrasion. The scale assigns a numerical value to different minerals based on their hardness, with diamond being the hardest mineral at the top of the scale. By testing the hardness of a rock, one can determine its place on the Mohs Scale and identify it accordingly.

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  • 8. 

    What is a trace or remains of a living thing that died long ago?

    • A.

      A grave

    • B.

      A diamond

    • C.

      A fossil

    • D.

      A mineral

    Correct Answer
    C. A fossil
    Explanation
    A fossil is the trace or remains of a living thing that died long ago. Fossils are typically preserved in rocks or sediments and provide important evidence of past life on Earth. They can include the preserved bones, teeth, shells, or imprints of ancient organisms. Fossils help scientists understand the history of life on our planet and how different species have evolved over time.

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  • 9. 

    Fossils are found in what type of rock? Metamorphic or Igneous or Sedimentary.

    Correct Answer
    sedimentary rock., sedimentary
    Explanation
    Fossils are typically found in sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rocks are formed from layers of sediment that accumulate over time and eventually harden into rock. Fossils are often preserved in sedimentary rock because the layers can trap and preserve organic remains, such as bones or shells, within them. This is why sedimentary rock is the most common type of rock where fossils are found.

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  • 10. 

    Choose the answer that is NOT the reason why plant fossils are not as common as animal fossils.

    • A.

      Soft parts of plants are easily destroyed as the rock forms.

    • B.

      Animals have bones, plants have soft parts.

    • C.

      Plants have hard parts.

    Correct Answer
    C. Plants have hard parts.
    Explanation
    Plants having hard parts is not the reason why plant fossils are not as common as animal fossils. The correct answer is that the soft parts of plants are easily destroyed as the rock forms. This is because soft tissues like leaves, stems, and flowers decompose quickly, leaving behind only the harder parts like wood or seeds that can fossilize. Animal fossils, on the other hand, are often preserved in sediments or trapped in amber, which can protect their soft tissues from decay.

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