Rocks And Minerals Trivia Questions

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Rocks And Minerals Trivia Questions - Quiz

We have been learning about rocks and minerals. This quiz will help you see if you know how they are formed, the differences, and if you can identify different names for each.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Rocks are made of minerals.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Rocks are composed of minerals, which are naturally occurring inorganic substances with a specific chemical composition and crystal structure. The minerals present in a rock determine its physical properties, such as color, hardness, and texture. Therefore, it is correct to say that rocks are made of minerals.

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  • 2. 

    Minerals are

    • A.

      Similar to rocks in the fact that they are made of minerals

    • B.

      Similar to rocks because they have 3 types: metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary

    • C.

      Different than rocks because they are made of chemicals

    Correct Answer
    C. Different than rocks because they are made of chemicals
    Explanation
    Minerals are different from rocks because they are made of chemicals. While rocks are composed of various minerals, minerals themselves are pure substances with a specific chemical composition. Rocks are formed through the combination of different minerals, but minerals are individual substances that occur naturally in the Earth's crust. Therefore, the answer is that minerals are different from rocks because they are made of chemicals.

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  • 3. 

    The following are types of rocks

    • A.

      Igneous

    • B.

      Sedimentary

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because the given options include all three types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Igneous rocks are formed from the solidification of molten material, sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and lithification of sediments, and metamorphic rocks are formed from the transformation of pre-existing rocks under high temperature and pressure. Therefore, all three types of rocks are covered in the given options.

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  • 4. 

    Metamorphic rocks are formed by

    • A.

      Heat and pressure

    • B.

      Cooling and hardening

    • C.

      The breaking down of other rocks and mountains

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat and pressure
    Explanation
    Metamorphic rocks are formed through the process of heat and pressure. This occurs when existing rocks, such as sedimentary or igneous rocks, are subjected to high temperatures and intense pressure deep within the Earth's crust. These conditions cause the minerals and textures of the rocks to change, resulting in the formation of new rocks with different characteristics. Cooling and hardening are associated with the formation of igneous rocks, while the breaking down of other rocks and mountains is related to the formation of sedimentary rocks. Therefore, the correct answer is heat and pressure.

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  • 5. 

    The following is a metamorphic rock

    • A.

      Granite

    • B.

      Marble

    • C.

      Shale

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Marble
    Explanation
    Marble is a metamorphic rock because it is formed from the metamorphism of limestone. During the metamorphic process, the original minerals in limestone recrystallize and form new interlocking crystals, giving marble its characteristic texture and appearance. Marble is known for its smoothness, durability, and variety of colors, making it a popular choice for sculptures, countertops, and flooring.

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  • 6. 

    Sedimentary rock is made by the breaking down of mountains due to erosion

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sedimentary rock is formed through a process called sedimentation, which involves the breaking down of mountains and erosion. As mountains are exposed to weathering and erosion, rocks and minerals are gradually broken down into smaller pieces called sediment. These sediments are then transported by wind, water, or ice and eventually settle in layers. Over time, the weight of the overlying sediment compacts the lower layers, causing them to harden and form sedimentary rock. Therefore, it is true that sedimentary rock is made by the breaking down of mountains due to erosion.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Dec 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 05, 2007
    Quiz Created by
    Mrskpiazza
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