Earth Science Quiz On Weathering And Erosion! Trivia

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 2386

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Earth Science Quiz On Weathering And Erosion! Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are the four agents of erosion?
    • A. 

      Gravity, soil, landslides, water

    • B. 

      Wind, water, landslides, air

    • C. 

      Gravity, glaciers, wind, water

    • D. 

      Glaciers, gravity, air, soil

  • 2. 
    How do some farming and ranching practices increase soil erosion?
    • A. 

      By clearing plants.

    • B. 

      By allowing water to go on the land.

    • C. 

      By letting the land die and buring the crops.

    • D. 

      By clearing plants or allowing animals to overgraze destroys this groundcover.

    • E. 

      By removing all the horizons in the soil and letting bedrocks form.

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    What are five examples of mass movements?
    • A. 

      Creeps, talus's, avalanche, streams, mudflow.

    • B. 

      Avalanche, mudflow, landslide, dune.

    • C. 

      Gullying, creep, talus, landslide, earthquake.

    • D. 

      Avalanche, mudflow, creep, landslide, slump.

  • 5. 
    Definition of creep.
    • A. 

      Very, very slow down slope movement of rocks. (no water needed)

    • B. 

      Very, very slow down slope movement of soil. (water in soil adds to it)

    • C. 

      Very, very slow down hill movement of rocks. (no water needed)

    • D. 

      Very, very slow dow hill movement of soil. (water in soil adds to it)

  • 6. 
    Three examples of wind erosion.
    • A. 

      Sand storms, deflaton, abrasion

    • B. 

      Abrasion, erosion, dunes

    • C. 

      Dunes, deflation, abrasion

  • 7. 
    What are the factors that determine soil makeup?
    • A. 

      Climate, parent rock, topography, time and vegetation.

    • B. 

      Parent rock, climate, topography, time and humus.

    • C. 

      Vegetation, parent rock, time, age of soil, pedocals.

  • 8. 
    Soil made from local bedrock.
    • A. 

      Tropical soil.

    • B. 

      Arctic soil.

    • C. 

      Residual soil.

  • 9. 
    Found in the eastern half of the U.S. where amount of rainfall exceeds 25 inches a year, a lot of vegetation and acidic soil.
    • A. 

      Pedocal

    • B. 

      Desert areas

    • C. 

      Pedalfers

    • D. 

      Weathered soil

  • 10. 
    Soil that was moved by wind or glacier.
    • A. 

      Residual soil

    • B. 

      Tropical soil

    • C. 

      Transport soil

  • 11. 
    Rock is split or broken into smaller material without changing its composition.
    • A. 

      Oxidation

    • B. 

      Surface area

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • E. 

      Chemical weathering

  • 12. 
    The breakdown of rock due to exposure to the atmosphere, weather, plants, and animals.
    • A. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical weathering

    • C. 

      Expansion/contraction

    • D. 

      Oxidation

    • E. 

      Weathering

  • 13. 
    Topsoil, gray or black, has humus.
    • A. 

      "A (horizon)"

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)"

  • 14. 
    Found in western half of U.S. where rainfall is less than 25 inches a year, basic soil.
    • A. 

      Pedocal

    • B. 

      Pedalfers

    • C. 

      Mature soil

  • 15. 
    Rock fragments and slightly weathered bedrock..you keep digging here, you'll eventually hit soil rock.
    • A. 

      "A (horizon)"

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)"

  • 16. 
    Once the plants die that are on top of the horizon, the nutrients make
    • A. 

      "A (horizon)"

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)

  • 17. 
    This horizon is formed from the leaching of horizon A.
    • A. 

      No horizon is made

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)"

  • 18. 
    Zone of soil are called
    • A. 

      Horizons

    • B. 

      Profiles

    • C. 

      Young soil

  • 19. 
    The entire arrangement of horizons are called
    • A. 

      Dunes

    • B. 

      Young soil

    • C. 

      Profiles

  • 20. 
    Subsoil, more clay is washed down.
    • A. 

      "A (horizon)"

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)"

  • 21. 
    Most important factor affecting soil is
    • A. 

      Climate

    • B. 

      Topography

    • C. 

      Time

  • 22. 
    High elevation and latitude, very few layers, shallow..permafrost.
    • A. 

      Tropical soil

    • B. 

      Temperate soil

    • C. 

      Arctic soil

  • 23. 
    Removal of loose particles by wind--most important effect by wind.
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Deflation

    • C. 

      Dunes

  • 24. 
    Wearing down of particles.
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Delfation

    • C. 

      Dunes

  • 25. 
    Warm and wet, speed up chemical weathering.
    • A. 

      Arctic soil

    • B. 

      Tropical soil

    • C. 

      Temperate soil