Earth Science Quiz On Weathering And Erosion! Trivia

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 2650

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Earth Science Quiz On Weathering And Erosion! Trivia

Curious about Earth Science? What do you think about taking this quiz on weathering and erosion for earth science? Weathering is the breakdown of rocks, soil, minerals, wood, and artificial items through contact with water, atmospheric gases, and biological organisms. Erosion entails the transport of rocks and minerals such as water, ice, snow, wind, and waves. This quiz will teach you more about weathering and erosion. You can do it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are the four agents of erosion?
    • A. 

      Gravity, soil, landslides, water

    • B. 

      Wind, water, landslides, air

    • C. 

      Gravity, glaciers, wind, water

    • D. 

      Glaciers, gravity, air, soil

  • 2. 
    How do some farming and ranching practices increase soil erosion?
    • A. 

      By clearing plants.

    • B. 

      By allowing water to go on the land.

    • C. 

      By letting the land die and buring the crops.

    • D. 

      By clearing plants or allowing animals to overgraze destroys this groundcover.

    • E. 

      By removing all the horizons in the soil and letting bedrocks form.

  • 3. 
    Running what is the most effective agent of erosion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    What are five examples of mass movements?
    • A. 

      Creeps, talus's, avalanche, streams, mudflow.

    • B. 

      Avalanche, mudflow, landslide, dune.

    • C. 

      Gullying, creep, talus, landslide, earthquake.

    • D. 

      Avalanche, mudflow, creep, landslide, slump.

  • 5. 
    Definition of creep.
    • A. 

      Very, very slow down slope movement of rocks. (no water needed)

    • B. 

      Very, very slow down slope movement of soil. (water in soil adds to it)

    • C. 

      Very, very slow down hill movement of rocks. (no water needed)

    • D. 

      Very, very slow dow hill movement of soil. (water in soil adds to it)

  • 6. 
    Three examples of wind erosion.
    • A. 

      Sand storms, deflaton, abrasion

    • B. 

      Abrasion, erosion, dunes

    • C. 

      Dunes, deflation, abrasion

  • 7. 
    What are the factors that determine soil makeup?
    • A. 

      Climate, parent rock, topography, time and vegetation.

    • B. 

      Parent rock, climate, topography, time and humus.

    • C. 

      Vegetation, parent rock, time, age of soil, pedocals.

  • 8. 
    Soil made from local bedrock.
    • A. 

      Tropical soil.

    • B. 

      Arctic soil.

    • C. 

      Residual soil.

  • 9. 
    Found in the eastern half of the U.S. where amount of rainfall exceeds 25 inches a year, a lot of vegetation and acidic soil.
    • A. 

      Pedocal

    • B. 

      Desert areas

    • C. 

      Pedalfers

    • D. 

      Weathered soil

  • 10. 
    Soil that was moved by wind or glacier.
    • A. 

      Residual soil

    • B. 

      Tropical soil

    • C. 

      Transport soil

  • 11. 
    Rock is split or broken into smaller material without changing its composition.
    • A. 

      Oxidation

    • B. 

      Surface area

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • E. 

      Chemical weathering

  • 12. 
    The breakdown of rock due to exposure to the atmosphere, weather, plants, and animals.
    • A. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical weathering

    • C. 

      Expansion/contraction

    • D. 

      Oxidation

    • E. 

      Weathering

  • 13. 
    Topsoil, gray or black, has humus.
    • A. 

      "A (horizon)"

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)"

  • 14. 
    Found in western half of U.S. where rainfall is less than 25 inches a year, basic soil.
    • A. 

      Pedocal

    • B. 

      Pedalfers

    • C. 

      Mature soil

  • 15. 
    Rock fragments and slightly weathered bedrock..you keep digging here, you'll eventually hit soil rock.
    • A. 

      "A (horizon)"

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)"

  • 16. 
    Once the plants die that are on top of the horizon, the nutrients make
    • A. 

      "A (horizon)"

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)

  • 17. 
    This horizon is formed from the leaching of horizon A.
    • A. 

      No horizon is made

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)"

  • 18. 
    Zone of soil are called
    • A. 

      Horizons

    • B. 

      Profiles

    • C. 

      Young soil

  • 19. 
    The entire arrangement of horizons are called
    • A. 

      Dunes

    • B. 

      Young soil

    • C. 

      Profiles

  • 20. 
    Subsoil, more clay is washed down.
    • A. 

      "A (horizon)"

    • B. 

      "B (horizon)"

    • C. 

      "C (horizon)"

  • 21. 
    Most important factor affecting soil is
    • A. 

      Climate

    • B. 

      Topography

    • C. 

      Time

  • 22. 
    High elevation and latitude, very few layers, shallow..permafrost.
    • A. 

      Tropical soil

    • B. 

      Temperate soil

    • C. 

      Arctic soil

  • 23. 
    Removal of loose particles by wind--most important effect by wind.
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Deflation

    • C. 

      Dunes

  • 24. 
    Wearing down of particles.
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Delfation

    • C. 

      Dunes

  • 25. 
    Warm and wet, speed up chemical weathering.
    • A. 

      Arctic soil

    • B. 

      Tropical soil

    • C. 

      Temperate soil

Back to Top Back to top