Chapter 1 The Changing Earth

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 522

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The earth is one of the most fascinating planets and this is some part due to the fact that it is the only one known to support human life and plant growth. The earth has undergone a lot of changes throughout time and is believed to have been formed as a result of collision. Take up the review quiz below on chapter one on the changing earth. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The core is
    • A. 

      Solid.

    • B. 

      Liquid in the outer core and solid at its center.

    • C. 

      Liquid.

    • D. 

      Solid in the outer core and liquid in the center.

  • 2. 
    The earth's surface is broken into about how many plates?
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      20

    • C. 

      25

    • D. 

      15

  • 3. 
    The theory that states the earth's surface is broken into plates that move is known as
  • 4. 
    The earth's plates move
    • A. 

      Rapidly.

    • B. 

      Counterclockwise.

    • C. 

      At the speed your fingernails grow

  • 5. 
    Where two plates are pulled apart
    • A. 

      New crust forms.

    • B. 

      Volcanoes occur.

    • C. 

      Earthquakes happen.

    • D. 

      Mountains form.

  • 6. 
    Where two plates collide (are pushed together)
    • A. 

      New crust forms.

    • B. 

      Volcanoes occur.

    • C. 

      Earthquakes happen.

    • D. 

      Mountains form.

  • 7. 
    Where one plate is pushed under another plate
    • A. 

      New crust forms.

    • B. 

      Volcanoes occur.

    • C. 

      Earthquakes happen.

    • D. 

      Mountains form.

  • 8. 
    Where two plates strain against each other and then move suddenly
    • A. 

      New crust forms.

    • B. 

      Volcanoes occur.

    • C. 

      Earthquakes happen.

    • D. 

      Mountains form.

  • 9. 
    The earth's plates move
    • A. 

      Due to earthquakes.

    • B. 

      Due to the heat of the core causing hot mantle to rise and push against the crust.

    • C. 

      Due to ocean currents.

  • 10. 
    Volcanoes and earthquakes usually occur
    • A. 

      In the center of a plate.

    • B. 

      At plate boundaries.

    • C. 

      Along the coast of a continent.

  • 11. 
    The process that breaks down and changes rock is
    • A. 

      Erosion.

    • B. 

      Weathering.

    • C. 

      Deposition.

  • 12. 
    What evidence suggests that the continents were once connected as a "super conintent" that has moved apart over time?
    • A. 

      Ancient mountains

    • B. 

      Location of coal deposists

    • C. 

      Fossil discoveries

    • D. 

      Glacial deposists

    • E. 

      All the above

  • 13. 
    Physical weathering
    • A. 

      Breaks rocks apart, but dosesn't change what they are made of.

    • B. 

      Changes the substances that rocks are made of.

  • 14. 
    Two types of weathering are
  • 15. 
    An example of chemical weathering is
    • A. 

      Iron rusting.

    • B. 

      Water freezing in a crack in a rock, causing the rock to break.

    • C. 

      Plants growing in a rock, causing it to split.

  • 16. 
    An example of physical weathering is
    • A. 

      Air pollution.

    • B. 

      Water freezing in a crack in a rock, causing the rock to break.

    • C. 

      Acidic water dissolving limestone to form caves.

    • D. 

      Moss or lichen growing on rock.

  • 17. 
    The moving of weathered rock and soil is
    • A. 

      Erosion.

    • B. 

      Weathering.

    • C. 

      Deposition.

  • 18. 
     The main cause of erosion is
    • A. 

      Plants .

    • B. 

      Flowing water.

    • C. 

      Pollution.

  • 19. 
    Erosion can
    • A. 

      Carry away rich farmland.

    • B. 

      Change the shoreline.

    • C. 

      Cause buildings to collapse.

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 20. 
    The dropping of eroded materials is
    • A. 

      Weathering.

    • B. 

      Erosion.

    • C. 

      Deposition.

  • 21. 
    Deposistion can build all of the following except
    • A. 

      Deltas.

    • B. 

      Dunes.

    • C. 

      Beaches.

    • D. 

      Mountains.

  • 22. 
    Rocks formed when melted rock from deep in the earth cools are called
    • A. 

      Sedimentary rock.

    • B. 

      Metamorphic rock.

    • C. 

      Igneous rock.

  • 23. 
    Rocks can change form through a process known as the
  • 24. 
    Rocks formed when layers of sediment are pressed or cemented together at the bottom of a body of water are called
    • A. 

      Sedimentary rock.

    • B. 

      Metamorphic rock.

    • C. 

      Igneous rock.

  • 25. 
    Rock formed when rocks are changed due to heat and pressure are called
    • A. 

      Sedimentary rock.

    • B. 

      Metamorphic rock.

    • C. 

      Igneous rock.

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