Biggest Loser Team Challenge Health, Exercise & Nutrition Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 329
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 329

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Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz has questions ranging from easy to difficult and focuses on health, nutrition and exercise. The questions are both multiple choice and T/F. Good luck! Each team's score will be added & the team with the HIGHEST score wins! NO CHEATING! Please only have THIS window open when completing your quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The three major nutrients in food are carbohydrates, protein and...

    • A.

      Yeast

    • B.

      Fat

    • C.

      Vitamins

    • D.

      Fiber

    Correct Answer
    B. Fat
    Explanation
    The three major nutrients in food are carbohydrates, protein, and fat. Fat is an essential nutrient that provides energy, helps absorb certain vitamins, and plays a role in cell function. It is also a source of essential fatty acids that the body needs but cannot produce on its own. While yeast, vitamins, and fiber are also important components of a balanced diet, they are not considered major nutrients like carbohydrates, protein, and fat.

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  • 2. 

    Phytonutrients are...

    • A.

      Minerals essential for life

    • B.

      Are a form of macronutrients and provide energy

    • C.

      Non-essential nutrients that still have beneficial effects on health

    • D.

      Are another name for vitamins and are essential for human life

    Correct Answer
    C. Non-essential nutrients that still have beneficial effects on health
    Explanation
    Phytonutrients are non-essential nutrients that still have beneficial effects on health. Although they are not considered essential for life, they have been found to have various health benefits, such as acting as antioxidants, reducing inflammation, and supporting the immune system. These compounds are commonly found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other plant-based foods. While they are not required for basic bodily functions, including phytonutrients in the diet has been associated with a reduced risk of chronic diseases and overall improved health.

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  • 3. 

    1 gram of fat has how many calories?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      9

    • C.

      12

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    B. 9
    Explanation
    1 gram of fat contains 9 calories. This is because fat is a concentrated source of energy, providing more than double the calories per gram compared to carbohydrates or protein. Therefore, consuming foods high in fat can contribute to a higher calorie intake, which can lead to weight gain if not balanced with physical activity and a healthy diet.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these foods is highest in Vitamin A?

    • A.

      Milk

    • B.

      Tuna

    • C.

      Bananas

    • D.

      Tofu

    Correct Answer
    A. Milk
    Explanation
    Milk is the highest in Vitamin A among the given options. Milk is a good source of Vitamin A, which is essential for maintaining healthy vision, immune function, and cell growth. It contains retinol, a form of Vitamin A that is easily absorbed by the body. Tuna, bananas, and tofu do not contain significant amounts of Vitamin A compared to milk.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following nutrients is needed to build and maintain the structural components of the body?

    • A.

      Fat

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Fiber

    • D.

      Carbohydrates

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Protein is the correct answer because it is an essential nutrient that is needed to build and maintain the structural components of the body. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the building blocks of tissues, muscles, organs, and bones. They play a crucial role in cell growth, repair, and maintenance, as well as in the production of enzymes, hormones, and antibodies. Protein is necessary for the development and maintenance of a healthy body structure.

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  • 6. 

    Why do experts recommend losing no more than 1-2 lbs per week?

    • A.

      It isn't possible to lose more than 2 pounds in one week

    • B.

      Losing more than 2 pounds may strain your kidneys and liver function

    • C.

      It's too boring to lose more than 2 pounds a week

    • D.

      Losing weight in a slow, steady fashion can help you lose fat while preserving your lean muscle tissue

    Correct Answer
    D. Losing weight in a slow, steady fashion can help you lose fat while preserving your lean muscle tissue
    Explanation
    Losing weight in a slow, steady fashion can help you lose fat while preserving your lean muscle tissue. This is because when you lose weight too quickly, a significant portion of the weight loss may come from muscle loss rather than fat loss. Losing muscle can slow down your metabolism and make it harder to maintain weight loss in the long term. By losing weight at a rate of 1-2 pounds per week, you are more likely to maintain muscle mass and achieve sustainable weight loss.

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  • 7. 

    Why do experts recommend eating breakfast each day to help maintain weight loss?

    • A.

      During sleep, your body expends calories to repair physical damage to the body. These calories need to be replaced each morning.

    • B.

      When you skip breakfast, your metabolism, blood sugar and energy levels drop. This often leads to overeating later in the day.

    • C.

      Studies show that breakfast-eaters burn more calories during cardio exercise.

    • D.

      Skipping breakfast causes your heart to pump less blood throughout the body, causing fatigue, headaches and drowsiness.

    Correct Answer
    B. When you skip breakfast, your metabolism, blood sugar and energy levels drop. This often leads to overeating later in the day.
    Explanation
    Skipping breakfast can cause a drop in metabolism, blood sugar, and energy levels. This can lead to overeating later in the day as the body tries to compensate for the lack of energy and nutrients. When the body is deprived of breakfast, it may also experience fatigue, headaches, and drowsiness due to the decrease in blood flow caused by the heart pumping less blood throughout the body. Therefore, eating breakfast is recommended to maintain weight loss and prevent these negative effects.

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  • 8. 

    What's the primary role of your muscles?

    • A.

      To store carbohydrates and sugars that your body digests.

    • B.

      To hold your ligaments and joints together.

    • C.

      To help us move, think, breathe and urinate.

    • D.

      To store protein.

    Correct Answer
    C. To help us move, think, breathe and urinate.
    Explanation
    The primary role of muscles is to help us move, think, breathe, and urinate. Muscles are responsible for generating force and enabling movement in the body. They also play a crucial role in supporting cognitive functions, such as thinking and concentration. Additionally, muscles are involved in the process of breathing, as they assist in expanding and contracting the chest cavity. Muscles also contribute to the control and elimination of urine through the contraction and relaxation of the bladder.

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  • 9. 

    What is the greatest threat to your arteries?

    • A.

      An elevated blood pressure of 160/90.

    • B.

      An elevated amount of time spent on the couch.

    • C.

      An elevated helping of salty foods.

    • D.

      An elevated LDL (bad) cholesterol of 200.

    Correct Answer
    A. An elevated blood pressure of 160/90.
    Explanation
    An elevated blood pressure of 160/90 is the greatest threat to your arteries because it indicates hypertension, which puts excessive pressure on the artery walls. High blood pressure can lead to the hardening and narrowing of arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems. Elevated amounts of time spent on the couch, a high intake of salty foods, and high levels of LDL cholesterol are also risk factors for cardiovascular disease, but an elevated blood pressure is considered the most significant threat to arterial health.

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  • 10. 

    When should you do your stretching exercises?

    • A.

      In the car on the way to the gym.

    • B.

      As a way to warm up your body for an aerobic or weight-training exercise session.

    • C.

      After your body is already warmed up.

    • D.

      In the car after your workout.

    Correct Answer
    C. After your body is already warmed up.
    Explanation
    Stretching exercises should be done after your body is already warmed up. This is because stretching cold muscles can lead to injury. When you warm up your body through activities like light cardio exercises, it increases blood flow to your muscles, making them more flexible and less prone to injury during stretching. Therefore, it is important to do stretching exercises after your body is already warmed up to maximize the benefits and minimize the risk of injury.

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  • 11. 

    According to Dr. James Levine, a leading obesity researcher at the Mayo Clinic, which method of expending calories is best for health and weight loss?

    • A.

      Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (activities you perform (other than sleeping) on a daily basis).

    • B.

      Structured cardio workouts such as walking or running.

    • C.

      Regular strength training workouts

    • D.

      A combination of cardio and strength training.

    Correct Answer
    A. Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (activities you perform (other than sleeping) on a daily basis).
    Explanation
    According to Dr. James Levine, non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) is the best method for expending calories for both health and weight loss. NEAT refers to the calories burned through activities performed on a daily basis, such as walking, standing, and fidgeting. These activities can contribute significantly to calorie expenditure and can be more sustainable and practical for long-term weight management compared to structured cardio workouts or strength training alone. NEAT can be easily incorporated into daily routines and can help individuals maintain an active lifestyle without relying solely on dedicated exercise sessions.

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  • 12. 

    What are the exercise recommendations for weight loss set out by the government?

    • A.

      20 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise at least 3 days a week.

    • B.

      30-60 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise 3-5 days a week.

    • C.

      60-90 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise daily.

    • D.

      30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

    Correct Answer
    C. 60-90 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise daily.
    Explanation
    The government's exercise recommendations for weight loss include 60-90 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise daily. This means that individuals should engage in physical activity at a moderate intensity level for an extended period of time each day in order to promote weight loss. This recommendation suggests that a higher frequency and duration of exercise is necessary for achieving weight loss goals.

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  • 13. 

    Experts recommend you perform "moderate-intensity" activity. The best example of that is:

    • A.

      Washing dishes by hand.

    • B.

      Watering plants.

    • C.

      Running at 6.5 mph.

    • D.

      Brisk walking, cutting the grass (with a push-mower), swimming or cycling on flat terrain.

    Correct Answer
    D. Brisk walking, cutting the grass (with a push-mower), swimming or cycling on flat terrain.
    Explanation
    The best example of "moderate-intensity" activity is brisk walking, cutting the grass (with a push-mower), swimming, or cycling on flat terrain. These activities require a moderate amount of effort and can increase heart rate and breathing, helping to improve cardiovascular health. Washing dishes by hand and watering plants are not considered moderate-intensity activities as they do not provide the same level of physical exertion. Running at 6.5 mph is a high-intensity activity and may not be suitable for everyone.

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  • 14. 

    How is Body Mass Index (BMI) calculated and what is it used for?

    • A.

      BMI is calculated by dividing weight (in kilograms) by height (in meters, squared). It is used to assess overweight and obesity.

    • B.

      BMI is calculated by multiplying weight (in kilograms) by height (in meters) and dividing by 220. It is used to assess ideal body weight.

    • C.

      BMI is calculated by multiplying body fat percentage by waist circumference. It is used to assess overweight and obesity.

    • D.

      BMI is calculated by dividing height by weight and multiplying by 100. It is used to diagnose obesity.

    Correct Answer
    A. BMI is calculated by dividing weight (in kilograms) by height (in meters, squared). It is used to assess overweight and obesity.
    Explanation
    BMI is calculated by dividing weight (in kilograms) by height (in meters, squared). This formula takes into account both weight and height, giving a more accurate assessment of a person's body weight in relation to their height. BMI is commonly used to assess whether a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. It is a useful tool in evaluating the risk of developing health conditions related to weight, such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is most important when training with weights?

    • A.

      That you do enough repetitions and weight so that your muscles fatigue

    • B.

      That you have a good view of the mirror

    • C.

      That you use exercise machines

    • D.

      That you follow the form of other people in the gym

    Correct Answer
    A. That you do enough repetitions and weight so that your muscles fatigue
    Explanation
    When training with weights, it is important to do enough repetitions and use enough weight so that your muscles fatigue. This is because muscle fatigue is an indicator that you have challenged your muscles enough to stimulate growth and strength gains. By pushing your muscles to fatigue, you are creating micro-tears in the muscle fibers, which then repair and grow stronger during the recovery process. Therefore, focusing on reaching muscle fatigue during weight training sessions is crucial for achieving progress and improving muscular strength and endurance.

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  • 16. 

    Vegetables contain...

    • A.

      Vitamins

    • B.

      Minerals

    • C.

      Fiber

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Vegetables contain a variety of essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Vitamins are organic compounds that are necessary for various bodily functions and are found in vegetables, such as vitamin C in citrus fruits and vitamin A in carrots. Minerals, such as potassium and magnesium, are important for maintaining proper body function and are present in vegetables like leafy greens and legumes. Additionally, vegetables are a good source of dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and helps maintain a healthy weight. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above."

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  • 17. 

    Which of these vitamins is produced naturally by your body, when you expose yourself to sunlight?

    • A.

      Vitamin A

    • B.

      Vitamin B

    • C.

      Vitamin D

    • D.

      Vitamin E

    Correct Answer
    C. Vitamin D
    Explanation
    Vitamin D is produced naturally by the body when exposed to sunlight. When the skin is exposed to sunlight, it triggers the production of vitamin D in the body. This is because the ultraviolet B (UVB) rays from the sun convert a compound in the skin called 7-dehydrocholesterol into vitamin D3. This inactive form of vitamin D is then converted into its active form by the liver and kidneys. Vitamin D plays a crucial role in maintaining healthy bones and teeth, supporting the immune system, and regulating mood.

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  • 18. 

    Complex carbohydrates consist of...

    • A.

      Only one sugar molecule

    • B.

      Two sugar molecules

    • C.

      Three or more sugar molecules

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Three or more sugar molecules
    Explanation
    Complex carbohydrates consist of three or more sugar molecules. These molecules are linked together in a chain-like structure, forming a larger and more complex molecule. This is in contrast to simple carbohydrates, which consist of only one or two sugar molecules. Complex carbohydrates are typically found in foods like whole grains, vegetables, and legumes, and they provide a more sustained release of energy compared to simple carbohydrates.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is true when comparing muscle to fat?

    • A.

      Muscle is denser and takes up less space than fat.

    • B.

      A pound of muscle weighs more than a pound of fat.

    • C.

      A pound of fat weighs more than a pound of muscle.

    • D.

      Fat will become muscle once you begin a comprehensive strength training program.

    Correct Answer
    A. Muscle is denser and takes up less space than fat.
    Explanation
    Muscle is denser and takes up less space than fat because muscle tissue is more compact and contains less water than fat tissue. This means that even though a pound of muscle and a pound of fat both weigh the same, muscle will appear smaller and more toned compared to fat. Therefore, when comparing muscle to fat, muscle will take up less space in the body.

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  • 20. 

    Shorter, more intense workouts (e.g., 20-30 minutes of high-intensity physical activity):

    • A.

      Won't burn as many calories as moderate-intensity workouts.

    • B.

      Offer the same benefits as longer, more moderately intense workouts.

    • C.

      Aren't allowed, according to the exercise guidelines.

    • D.

      Are a waste of time.

    Correct Answer
    B. Offer the same benefits as longer, more moderately intense workouts.
    Explanation
    Shorter, more intense workouts can offer the same benefits as longer, more moderately intense workouts. This is because high-intensity physical activity can increase heart rate, improve cardiovascular fitness, and stimulate muscle growth, just like moderate-intensity workouts. The duration of the workout does not necessarily determine the benefits received, but rather the intensity at which the body is pushed. Therefore, individuals who are short on time can still achieve significant fitness gains by engaging in shorter, high-intensity workouts.

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  • 21. 

    During strength training, you might have heard that it's a bad idea to hold your breath. Why?

    • A.

      It causes a drop in blood sugar.

    • B.

      Holding your breath during exertion can cause a rapid increase in blood pressure.

    • C.

      It reduces the amount of weight you can lift.

    • D.

      Your muscle cells become damaged when they don't receive oxygen during strength training.

    Correct Answer
    B. Holding your breath during exertion can cause a rapid increase in blood pressure.
    Explanation
    When you hold your breath during exertion, it can cause a rapid increase in blood pressure. This is because when you hold your breath, it creates a buildup of pressure in your chest, which in turn puts pressure on your blood vessels. This increased pressure can lead to a temporary spike in blood pressure. It is important to breathe properly during strength training to avoid this potential increase in blood pressure and maintain a healthy cardiovascular system.

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  • 22. 

    The best way to meet the exercise guidelines is to:

    • A.

      Schedule several 10-15 minute workouts (such as brisk walking and/or strength training) throughout the day.

    • B.

      Start with smaller exercise goals and work your way up to longer or more intense workouts.

    • C.

      Do a variety of activities (including cardio and strength training) and vary the intensity, frequency and time each week.

    • D.

      Any or all of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. Any or all of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Any or all of the above" because all of the given options are effective ways to meet the exercise guidelines. Scheduling several short workouts throughout the day, starting with smaller goals and gradually increasing intensity, and doing a variety of activities with varying intensity, frequency, and time each week are all recommended strategies for meeting exercise guidelines. Therefore, any or all of these options can help individuals meet the guidelines effectively.

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  • 23. 

    When you lift weights, you should breathe as follows:

    • A.

      Hold your breath as you're lifting

    • B.

      Inhale as you're lifting

    • C.

      You don't need to pay attention to your breathing

    • D.

      Exhale as you're lifting

    Correct Answer
    D. Exhale as you're lifting
    Explanation
    When lifting weights, it is important to exhale as you're lifting. This is because exhaling during the exertion phase of the lift helps to stabilize the core muscles and increase intra-abdominal pressure, which provides support to the spine and helps to prevent injury. Exhaling also helps to release tension and allows for better oxygen intake during the lift. Holding your breath or inhaling during the lift can lead to increased blood pressure and decreased oxygen supply to the muscles, making the lift more difficult and potentially dangerous.

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  • 24. 

    When you exercise aerobically, you should feel:

    • A.

      An increase in breathing rate, but the ability to carry on a conversation

    • B.

      Your heart beating wildly; breathless

    • C.

      No change in breathing; you don't have to tax your heart too much

    • D.

      The need to hold your breath

    Correct Answer
    A. An increase in breathing rate, but the ability to carry on a conversation
    Explanation
    When you exercise aerobically, your body requires more oxygen to meet the increased demand for energy. This leads to an increase in breathing rate to take in more oxygen and remove carbon dioxide. However, if the exercise intensity is moderate, you should still be able to carry on a conversation while breathing faster. This indicates that your heart and lungs are working efficiently to supply oxygen to your muscles without causing excessive strain.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is the best advice about diets?

    • A.

      The less you eat the more weight you lose.

    • B.

      The best diet is the one you can follow forever.

    • C.

      A good weight-loss diet includes foods with little to no fat.

    • D.

      Eat only high fat, high sodium foods.

    Correct Answer
    B. The best diet is the one you can follow forever.
    Explanation
    The best advice about diets is to choose a diet that can be followed in the long term. This means finding a diet that is sustainable and can be maintained consistently over time. Crash diets or extreme restrictions may lead to short-term weight loss, but they are often difficult to stick to and can result in regaining the weight once the diet is stopped. It is important to focus on making healthy and balanced food choices that can be incorporated into a lifestyle rather than relying on quick fixes or temporary solutions.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following is not an inherited taste?

    • A.

      Sweet

    • B.

      Sour

    • C.

      Fat

    • D.

      Savory

    Correct Answer
    C. Fat
    Explanation
    Fat is not considered an inherited taste because it is not directly detected by taste buds. Unlike sweet, sour, and savory tastes, which can be sensed through specific taste receptors on the tongue, the perception of fat is primarily influenced by other factors such as texture, aroma, and temperature. While individuals may have different preferences for fatty foods, the ability to taste fat itself is not inherited.

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  • 27. 

    Eating after 8 p.m. causes weight gain.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    There is no scientific evidence to support the claim that eating after 8 p.m. directly causes weight gain. Weight gain is determined by the overall balance between calories consumed and calories burned throughout the day, regardless of the time of day when food is consumed. What matters most is the total calorie intake and the quality of the food consumed, rather than the specific timing of meals.

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  • 28. 

    Skipping a meal is a good way to lose weight.

    • A.

      False

    • B.

      True

    Correct Answer
    A. False
    Explanation
    Skipping a meal is not a good way to lose weight. While it may create a calorie deficit in the short term, skipping meals can lead to overeating later in the day and a slower metabolism. It can also negatively impact energy levels and nutrient intake, which are important for overall health. It is generally recommended to have balanced meals throughout the day and focus on portion control and healthy food choices for sustainable weight loss.

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  • 29. 

    Certain foods, like grapefruit, celery or cabbage soup, can burn fat and make you lose weight.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Foods don't burn fat.

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  • 30. 

    Nuts are fattening and shouldn't be eaten if you want to lose weight

    • A.

      False

    • B.

      True

    Correct Answer
    A. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because nuts are actually a good source of healthy fats, protein, and fiber, which can help with weight loss. While nuts are high in calories, they are also very filling and can help to curb appetite. Additionally, the fats found in nuts are mostly monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are considered heart-healthy. Therefore, when consumed in moderation, nuts can be a beneficial part of a weight loss diet.

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