Quiz : How Much You're Aware About Business Writing?

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Quiz : How Much Youre Aware About Business Writing? - Quiz

Business Writing is a type of professional writing used in the professional setting. In this quiz, we ask you how much you're aware about business writing. Business writing is used to convey important messages, information, and requests. The writing includes emails, memos, newsletters, notices, and important business proposals. Let's see how much you know about formal writing. All the questions are asked to-the-point manner. Make sure to pick the correct answer. You are expected to attempt all questions carefully. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Phase 2 of the 3x3 writing process begins with doing which of the following?

    • A.

      Writing the rough draft

    • B.

      Deciding how to organize the message

    • C.

      Selecting a communication channel

    • D.

      Gathering necessary information

    Correct Answer
    D. Gathering necessary information
    Explanation
    Phase 2 of the 3x3 writing process involves gathering necessary information. This step is crucial as it allows the writer to gather all the relevant facts, data, and details needed to support their message. By gathering necessary information, the writer can ensure that their writing is accurate, well-informed, and credible. This step also helps the writer to have a clear understanding of the topic and to identify any gaps in their knowledge that need to be filled before proceeding to the next step of writing the rough draft.

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  • 2. 

    Spencer has been asked to find out what features his customers consider most important when purchasing a car. Probably the most useful way to research this information would be by

    • A.

      Searching manually.

    • B.

      Searching electronically.

    • C.

      Investigating primary sources.

    • D.

      Experimenting scientifically.

    Correct Answer
    D. Experimenting scientifically.
    Explanation
    Experimenting scientifically would be the most useful way for Spencer to research what features his customers consider most important when purchasing a car. This approach would involve conducting controlled experiments and collecting data to analyze customer preferences objectively. By using a scientific approach, Spencer can gather reliable and unbiased information to make informed decisions about the features to focus on in his cars.

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  • 3. 

    Select the statement that most accurately describes brainstorming. 

    • A.

      The goal of a brainstorming session is quality, not quantity.

    • B.

      Critique and evaluate each idea as it is presented during a brainstorming session.

    • C.

      To encourage the maximum number of ideas, avoid defining the problem at the beginning of a brainstorming session.

    • D.

      A brainstorming session should be kept short and have an established time limit.

    Correct Answer
    D. A brainstorming session should be kept short and have an established time limit.
  • 4. 

    Formal research methods include

    • A.

      Setting up an experiment.

    • B.

      Searching through previous correspondence.

    • C.

      Developing a cluster diagram.

    • D.

      Brainstorming.

    Correct Answer
    A. Setting up an experiment.
    Explanation
    Formal research methods typically involve setting up an experiment to gather data and test hypotheses. This approach allows researchers to control variables, manipulate conditions, and collect objective and reliable data. Searching through previous correspondence may be a part of the literature review process, but it is not a formal research method. Developing a cluster diagram and brainstorming are creative techniques that may be used during the research process, but they are not considered formal research methods.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is an example of using an informal research method?

    • A.

      Gwen accesses an Internet database with her computer.

    • B.

      Alex locates books on a subject in the public library’s card catalogue.

    • C.

      Marina searches the company’s files for previous reports on an issue.

    • D.

      Junko develops a survey to learn consumers’ opinions about a product.

    Correct Answer
    C. Marina searches the company’s files for previous reports on an issue.
    Explanation
    Marina searching the company's files for previous reports on an issue is an example of using an informal research method. This is because she is gathering information from internal sources within the company, rather than conducting a formal study or survey. Unlike Gwen accessing an internet database or Alex locating books in the library, Marina's method does not involve external sources of information. Similarly, Junko developing a survey would be considered a more formal research method as it involves collecting data from external participants.

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  • 6. 

    Informal research methods include

    • A.

      Experimenting scientifically.

    • B.

      Accessing electronic databases.

    • C.

      Developing a cluster diagram.

    • D.

      Investigating primary sources.

    Correct Answer
    C. Developing a cluster diagram.
    Explanation
    Informal research methods refer to approaches that are less structured and formal compared to traditional scientific methods. Experimenting scientifically and accessing electronic databases are examples of formal research methods. Investigating primary sources involves gathering information directly from original documents or firsthand accounts. Developing a cluster diagram, on the other hand, is a technique used in informal research to visually organize and categorize information. It is a tool that helps researchers identify patterns, relationships, and connections between different data points.

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  • 7. 

    Cluster diagramming helps writers 

    • A.

      Generate and organize ideas.

    • B.

      Gather primary information by sampling a group of individuals.

    • C.

      Gather information from indexes, encyclopedias, and references books.

    • D.

      Organize focus groups and develop outlines.

    Correct Answer
    A. Generate and organize ideas.
    Explanation
    Cluster diagramming is a technique used by writers to visually generate and organize their ideas. It involves creating a diagram or map with a central topic or idea in the center and branching out to related subtopics or supporting ideas. This process helps writers to brainstorm and explore different connections between ideas, allowing them to develop a clear and coherent structure for their writing. By visually organizing their thoughts, writers can better understand the relationships between ideas and ensure that their writing flows logically and effectively.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is NOT a typical outline format?

    • A.

      Decimal

    • B.

      Alphanumeric

    • C.

      Alpha decimal

    • D.

      All of the above are typical outline formats.

    Correct Answer
    C. Alpha decimal
    Explanation
    The given question asks for the outline format that is NOT typical. The options provided are Decimal, Alphanumeric, Alpha decimal, and All of the above are typical outline formats. The correct answer is Alpha decimal because it is not a commonly used outline format. Decimal, Alphanumeric, and All of the above are typical outline formats that are widely used in organizing and structuring information.

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  • 9. 

    Outlining forces a writer to 

    • A.

      Focus on the topic.

    • B.

      Identify major ideas.

    • C.

      Support ideas with details, illustrations, or evidence.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Outlining is a writing technique that helps a writer organize their thoughts and ideas before they start writing. By creating an outline, the writer is forced to focus on the topic and identify the major ideas that they want to include in their writing. Additionally, outlining also requires the writer to support their ideas with details, illustrations, or evidence. Therefore, all of the given options are correct, as outlining encompasses all of these aspects.

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  • 10. 

    Ideas in an outline should usually be grouped into

    • A.

      Four to six major components or categories.

    • B.

      Three to five major components or categories.

    • C.

      Five to ten major components or categories.

    • D.

      Six to nine major components or categories.

    Correct Answer
    B. Three to five major components or categories.
    Explanation
    When creating an outline, it is generally recommended to group ideas into a manageable number of major components or categories. Having too few categories may result in a lack of organization and clarity, while having too many categories may make the outline too detailed and overwhelming. Therefore, the most appropriate option is to group ideas into three to five major components or categories, striking a balance between organization and conciseness.

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  • 11. 

    Each major category in an outline should be divided into at least 

    • A.

      Three subcategories.

    • B.

      Four subcategories.

    • C.

      Five subcategories.

    • D.

      Two subcategories.

    Correct Answer
    D. Two subcategories.
    Explanation
    Each major category in an outline should be divided into at least two subcategories. This ensures that there is enough depth and organization within the outline. Having only one subcategory may not provide enough detail or differentiation within the major category. On the other hand, having more than two subcategories may result in an overly complex outline. Therefore, dividing each major category into two subcategories strikes a balance between providing enough information and maintaining clarity in the outline.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following should be a major category for this outline?

    • A.

      Setting margins and tabs

    • B.

      Formatting documents

    • C.

      Changing line spacing

    • D.

      Adding page numbers

    Correct Answer
    B. Formatting documents
    Explanation
    The major category for this outline should be "Formatting documents" because all the other options are specific tasks or actions that fall under the broader category of formatting documents. Setting margins and tabs, changing line spacing, and adding page numbers are all formatting options that are commonly used to adjust the appearance and layout of a document. Therefore, they can be considered subcategories or subtopics within the broader category of formatting documents.

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  • 13. 

    Wich of the following should be a major category for this outline?

    • A.

      Travel arrangements

    • B.

      Hotel reservations

    • C.

      Car rental

    • D.

      Airline reservations

    Correct Answer
    A. Travel arrangements
    Explanation
    The major category for this outline should be "Travel arrangements" because it encompasses all the other options listed (hotel reservations, car rental, and airline reservations). Travel arrangements typically involve planning and organizing all aspects of a trip, including accommodations, transportation, and any necessary reservations. Therefore, "Travel arrangements" is the most suitable category to cover all the mentioned options.

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  • 14. 

    An outline that presents the main idea followed by details, explanation, and evidence represents the 

    • A.

      Indirect organizational pattern.

    • B.

      Direct organizational pattern.

    • C.

      Geographical organizational pattern.

    • D.

      Informational organizational pattern.

    Correct Answer
    B. Direct organizational pattern.
    Explanation
    An outline that presents the main idea followed by details, explanation, and evidence represents the direct organizational pattern. This pattern is characterized by a clear and straightforward structure, where the main idea is stated first and then supported by specific details and evidence. It is commonly used in expository and persuasive writing to present a logical and coherent argument.

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  • 15. 

    If an audience will be receptive to a message, the most effective organizational pattern is the 

    • A.

      Indirect pattern.

    • B.

      Direct pattern.

    • C.

      Informational pattern.

    • D.

      Geographical pattern.

    Correct Answer
    B. Direct pattern.
    Explanation
    When an audience is receptive to a message, the most effective organizational pattern is the direct pattern. In this pattern, the main point or message is stated upfront, followed by supporting details and evidence. This approach is effective because it grabs the audience's attention immediately and allows them to understand the main point without having to wait for it. It is particularly useful when the audience is already interested and open to the message, as it allows for a more straightforward and concise delivery of information.

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  • 16. 

    Frontloading means 

    • A.

      Presenting the recommendations at the end of the message where they will receive more emphasis.

    • B.

      Giving the details at the beginning of the message.

    • C.

      Supporting ideas with details.

    • D.

      Presenting the main idea at the beginning of the message.

    Correct Answer
    D. Presenting the main idea at the beginning of the message.
    Explanation
    Frontloading means presenting the main idea at the beginning of the message. This technique is used to grab the reader's attention and provide them with a clear understanding of the main point or recommendation right from the start. By presenting the main idea upfront, it ensures that the message is concise and easily comprehensible, allowing the reader to quickly grasp the key information without having to sift through unnecessary details.

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  • 17. 

    The direct organizational plan 

    • A.

      Saves the reader’s time.

    • B.

      Ensures a fair hearing.

    • C.

      Minimizes a negative reaction.

    • D.

      Respects the feelings of the audience.

    Correct Answer
    A. Saves the reader’s time.
    Explanation
    The direct organizational plan saves the reader's time because it presents information in a clear and concise manner. By organizing the content in a direct and straightforward way, the reader can quickly understand the main points without having to sift through unnecessary details or confusing language. This saves the reader's time and allows them to efficiently gather the information they need.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following should be organized in a direct pattern?

    • A.

      A sales letter encouraging current automobile insurance customers to purchase term life insurance

    • B.

      A letter explaining why a customer’s insurance rates have increased significantly

    • C.

      A letter denying a customer’s request for credit

    • D.

      A memo informing new employees of the medical benefits they will receive

    Correct Answer
    D. A memo informing new employees of the medical benefits they will receive
    Explanation
    A memo informing new employees of the medical benefits they will receive should be organized in a direct pattern because it is a straightforward communication that provides information about the medical benefits. The information can be presented in a clear and logical order, starting with an introduction of the benefits, followed by details about coverage, eligibility, and any additional information. This direct pattern ensures that the recipients can easily understand and access the information they need without any confusion or unnecessary complexity.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following should be organized in an indirect pattern?

    • A.

      A manual showing owners how to operate a new VCR

    • B.

      A proposal submitted to a governmental agency requesting funding for a project

    • C.

      A memo detailing the steps employees will follow when requesting vacation time

    • D.

      A company’s annual report to its stockholders

    Correct Answer
    C. A memo detailing the steps employees will follow when requesting vacation time
    Explanation
    A memo detailing the steps employees will follow when requesting vacation time should be organized in an indirect pattern. This is because the memo is providing instructions or steps for employees to follow, and an indirect pattern would be more effective in this case. An indirect pattern typically starts with a general statement or introduction and then provides the specific details or steps later on. This allows the reader to understand the context and importance of the information before diving into the specific instructions.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following should be organized in an indirect pattern?

    • A.

      A report focusing on the company’s sales volume for the last quarter.

    • B.

      A letter granting a customer’s request for a refund on a defective tire.

    • C.

      A letter requesting donations to a shelter for the homeless.

    • D.

      A memo requesting that employees attend an upcoming conference.

    Correct Answer
    C. A letter requesting donations to a shelter for the homeless.
  • 21. 

    Ideas that require persuasion should usually be organized 

    • A.

      In an indirect pattern.

    • B.

      By geographical area.

    • C.

      In a direct pattern.

    • D.

      In a pivoting pattern.

    Correct Answer
    A. In an indirect pattern.
    Explanation
    Ideas that require persuasion should usually be organized in an indirect pattern. This means that instead of stating the main point directly, the speaker or writer presents supporting evidence and builds up to the main idea gradually. This approach is effective in convincing the audience because it allows them to come to their own conclusions based on the evidence presented, rather than being told what to think. It also helps to address potential objections or counterarguments along the way, making the overall argument stronger.

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  • 22. 

    One effective way to overcome writer's block is to 

    • A.

      Stare at the page until you think of something to write.

    • B.

      Concentrate on finding the right word and perfect sentence structure before putting your ideas on paper.

    • C.

      Research your topic and prepare an outline before beginning to write.

    • D.

      Write your ideas on paper to be transferred to the computer at a later time.

    Correct Answer
    C. Research your topic and prepare an outline before beginning to write.
    Explanation
    Researching a topic and preparing an outline before beginning to write is an effective way to overcome writer's block. By conducting research, one can gather information and ideas that can be used to develop a coherent and well-structured piece of writing. Additionally, creating an outline helps to organize thoughts and provides a clear roadmap for the writing process, making it easier to start and continue writing.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following is a phrase?

    • A.

      Such as a businessperson

    • B.

      I like movies

    • C.

      Since Jim organized the event

    • D.

      Although we decided to participate

    Correct Answer
    A. Such as a businessperson
    Explanation
    The phrase "Such as a businessperson" is a group of words that does not contain a subject and a verb. It functions as a single unit and adds information to the sentence. In this case, it provides an example or clarification of the subject "a businessperson".

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is a phrase?

    • A.

      Joan and I attended

    • B.

      Who joins the committee

    • C.

      If you wish to go

    • D.

      To be decided by the board of directors

    Correct Answer
    D. To be decided by the board of directors
    Explanation
    The phrase "to be decided by the board of directors" is a group of words that does not contain a subject and a verb. It functions as a single unit and does not express a complete thought. It is a noun phrase that describes an action or state that is yet to be determined by the board of directors.

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  • 25. 

    Clauses that begin with words like if, when, because and as are usually

    • A.

      Independent.

    • B.

      Dependent

    • C.

      Direct.

    • D.

      Indirect.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent
    Explanation
    Clauses that begin with words like if, when, because, and as are usually dependent. This is because these words introduce a condition, time, cause, or reason, which means that the clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the rest of the sentence for its meaning. Therefore, these clauses are dependent on the main clause to make sense.

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  • 26. 

    Independent clauses have a 

    • A.

      Subject.

    • B.

      Verb.

    • C.

      Complete thought.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because independent clauses have a subject, a verb, and express a complete thought. An independent clause is a group of words that can stand alone as a sentence and convey a clear meaning. It must have a subject, which is the person or thing that performs the action, and a verb, which is the action or state of being. Additionally, it must express a complete thought, meaning it can function as a complete sentence on its own. Therefore, all three options are true for independent clauses.

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  • 27. 

    Dependent clauses contain a 

    • A.

      Subject

    • B.

      Verb.

    • C.

      Complete thought.

    • D.

      A and b only.

    Correct Answer
    D. A and b only.
    Explanation
    Dependent clauses contain a subject and a verb, which means that they have both a subject and a predicate. They can also be part of a complete thought. Therefore, the correct answer is "a and b only."

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is a dependent clause?

    • A.

      Running up and down the street

    • B.

      During the course of the semester

    • C.

      If we were to win the election

    • D.

      I was pleased with the results of the election

    Correct Answer
    C. If we were to win the election
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "If we were to win the election." This is a dependent clause because it starts with the subordinating conjunction "if" and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It relies on the rest of the sentence for its meaning and is dependent on the main clause.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following is an independent clause?

    • A.

      When the board decided

    • B.

      In case of a change in plans

    • C.

      Schedule the meeting for tomorrow.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above.
    Explanation
    None of the given options is an independent clause because they all lack a subject and a verb. An independent clause is a complete sentence that can stand alone and express a complete thought. In the given options, "When the board decided" and "In case of a change in plans" are dependent clauses because they do not express a complete thought. "Schedule the meeting for tomorrow" is a sentence fragment because it lacks a subject. Therefore, the correct answer is None of the above.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is an independent clause?

    • A.

      If Carol thinks the plan will solve the problem

    • B.

      In the decision-making process

    • C.

      Since we are certain of the outcome of the election

    • D.

      Then the decision was made

    Correct Answer
    D. Then the decision was made
    Explanation
    An independent clause is a group of words that can stand alone as a complete sentence. "Then the decision was made" is the only option that forms a complete thought and can function as a sentence on its own. The other options either lack a subject or a verb, or they are dependent clauses that cannot stand alone.

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  • 31. 

    To be easily understood, sentences should 

    • A.

      Be at least 15 words in length.

    • B.

      Be about 20 or fewer words.

    • C.

      Be no longer than 30 words.

    • D.

      Average about 28 words.

    Correct Answer
    B. Be about 20 or fewer words.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "be about 20 or fewer words." This is because shorter sentences are generally easier to understand and process compared to longer sentences. They are more concise and allow for clearer communication, making it easier for the reader or listener to grasp the intended message.

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  • 32. 

    Important ideas receive the MOST emphasis by placing them 

    • A.

      In the middle of a sentence.

    • B.

      Either in the middle or at the end of a sentence.

    • C.

      At the beginning of a sentence.

    • D.

      In the middle of a paragraph.

    Correct Answer
    C. At the beginning of a sentence.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is at the beginning of a sentence. This is because when important ideas are placed at the beginning of a sentence, they grab the reader's attention and set the tone for the rest of the sentence. By starting with the important idea, the writer can ensure that it is the first thing the reader sees and understands.

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  • 33. 

    In which of the following sentences does the board receive the most emphasis?

    • A.

      The board approved the plan.

    • B.

      The plan was approved by the board.

    • C.

      At its last meeting, the board approved the plan.

    • D.

      This announcement is to inform all employees that the plan has been approved by the board.

    Correct Answer
    D. This announcement is to inform all employees that the plan has been approved by the board.
    Explanation
    The sentence "This announcement is to inform all employees that the plan has been approved by the board" receives the most emphasis on the board because it explicitly mentions that the plan has been approved by the board and is being announced to all employees. This sentence highlights the authority and decision-making power of the board in approving the plan and emphasizes their role in the process.

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  • 34. 

    Select the passive sentence. 

    • A.

      A change was indicated in the note at the bottom of the page.

    • B.

      Both companies agreed to the merger.

    • C.

      Global competition forces businesses to re-evaluate their products and services.

    • D.

      Entry-level employees must complete the training by June.

    Correct Answer
    A. A change was indicated in the note at the bottom of the page.
    Explanation
    The given sentence "A change was indicated in the note at the bottom of the page" is in the passive voice because the subject "A change" is receiving the action of indicating. In passive voice, the subject is being acted upon rather than performing the action.

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  • 35. 

    To direct attention away from people and focus on an action, use 

    • A.

      Dependent clauses.

    • B.

      Passive voice.

    • C.

      Active voice.

    • D.

      Independent clauses.

    Correct Answer
    B. Passive voice.
    Explanation
    Passive voice is used to direct attention away from people and focus on the action being performed. By using the passive voice, the subject of the sentence becomes the receiver of the action rather than the doer, shifting the focus away from individuals and onto the action itself. This allows for a more objective and impersonal tone in writing.

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  • 36. 

    Select the active-voice sentence.

    • A.

      Your vacation request must be submitted by this Friday.

    • B.

      Europeans usually take four-week vacations in the summer.

    • C.

      The suggestion will be implemented as soon as funding is available.

    • D.

      The performance appraisal was conducted by Mr. Jones.

    Correct Answer
    B. Europeans usually take four-week vacations in the summer.
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Europeans usually take four-week vacations in the summer" is in active voice because the subject (Europeans) is performing the action (take). In active voice, the subject of the sentence is the doer of the action.

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  • 37. 

    To be hired, an application form must be completed is a sentence that contains a 

    • A.

      Limiting sentence.

    • B.

      Dangling modifier.

    • C.

      Limiting clause.

    • D.

      Misplaced dangler.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dangling modifier.
    Explanation
    This sentence contains a dangling modifier. A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that does not have a clear grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence. In this case, the phrase "To be hired" is the dangling modifier because it does not clearly modify or describe anything in the sentence. It is unclear who or what needs to be hired based on the sentence structure.

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  • 38. 

    By changing the schedule, production was increased substantially is a sentence that contains a 

    • A.

      Limiting clause.

    • B.

      Pivoting clause.

    • C.

      Limiting sentence.

    • D.

      Dangling modifier.

    Correct Answer
    D. Dangling modifier.
    Explanation
    The given sentence "By changing the schedule, production was increased substantially" contains a dangling modifier. This is because the introductory phrase "By changing the schedule" does not clearly modify or describe the subject of the main clause "production was increased substantially." The sentence does not specify who or what changed the schedule, leading to a lack of clarity and coherence in the sentence.

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  • 39. 

    The patient was referred to a psychiatrist with a severe emotional problem is a sentence that contains a 

    • A.

      Misplaced modifier.

    • B.

      Pivoting sentence.

    • C.

      Misplaced dangler.

    • D.

      Limiting clause.

    Correct Answer
    A. Misplaced modifier.
    Explanation
    The sentence "The patient was referred to a psychiatrist with a severe emotional problem" contains a misplaced modifier. This means that the modifier, "with a severe emotional problem," is not placed correctly in the sentence and creates confusion about who has the emotional problem. It is unclear whether the patient or the psychiatrist has the emotional problem.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following sentences avoids a dangling or misplaced modifier? 

    • A.

      While pumping gas, an unoccupied car rolled into mine.

    • B.

      Please take time to examine the brochure that is enclosed with your family.

    • C.

      Reported stolen, the car was located by the police.

    • D.

      As the winner of the contest, the judge awarded a prize to Lisa.

    Correct Answer
    D. As the winner of the contest, the judge awarded a prize to Lisa.
    Explanation
    The sentence "As the winner of the contest, the judge awarded a prize to Lisa" avoids a dangling or misplaced modifier because the subject "the judge" is clearly stated and is the one who awarded the prize to Lisa, who is identified as the winner of the contest. There is no confusion or ambiguity in the sentence.

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  • 41. 

    The train was late that pulled into the station is a sentence that contains a 

    • A.

      Limiting clause.

    • B.

      Dangling sentence.

    • C.

      Misplaced modifier.

    • D.

      Limiting sentence.

    Correct Answer
    C. Misplaced modifier.
    Explanation
    This sentence contains a misplaced modifier because the phrase "that pulled into the station" is intended to modify "the train," but it is placed incorrectly at the end of the sentence. It creates confusion as to what exactly pulled into the station.

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  • 42. 

    A paragraph that describes a new procedure for scheduling a leave of absence would most likely follow the 

    • A.

      Direct paragraph plan.

    • B.

      Indirect paragraph plan.

    • C.

      Pivoting paragraph plan.

    • D.

      Linked paragraph plan.

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct paragraph plan.
    Explanation
    A direct paragraph plan is most likely to follow a paragraph that describes a new procedure for scheduling a leave of absence. This is because a direct paragraph plan presents information in a straightforward and logical manner, providing clear and concise details about the topic. In this case, describing a new procedure for scheduling a leave of absence would require a direct approach, outlining the steps and guidelines involved in the process.

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  • 43. 

    A paragraph that begins with a limiting sentence before presenting the main sentence follows the 

    • A.

      Indirect paragraph plan.

    • B.

      Direct paragraph plan.

    • C.

      Modified paragraph plan.

    • D.

      Pivoting paragraph plan.

    Correct Answer
    D. Pivoting paragraph plan.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is pivoting paragraph plan. This type of paragraph plan begins with a limiting sentence that sets the context or introduces a specific topic, before presenting the main sentence or idea. This helps to create a clear structure and flow in the paragraph, allowing the reader to easily follow the writer's thoughts and arguments.

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  • 44. 

    Use the pivoting paragraph plan to 

    • A.

      Describe an action to be taken.

    • B.

      Clarify a new procedure.

    • C.

      Build a rationale for an idea.

    • D.

      Compare and contrast ideas.

    Correct Answer
    D. Compare and contrast ideas.
    Explanation
    The pivoting paragraph plan is a method used to compare and contrast ideas. It involves presenting different perspectives or arguments on a particular topic and analyzing their similarities and differences. By using this plan, one can effectively evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of each idea and make informed decisions based on the comparison. This process helps in understanding the various aspects of the ideas and their implications, allowing for a comprehensive analysis and comparison.

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  • 45. 

    A paragraph that begins with supporting sentences followed by the main sentence follows the 

    • A.

      Direct paragraph plan.

    • B.

      Indirect paragraph plan.

    • C.

      Pivoting paragraph plan.

    • D.

      Linked paragraph plan.

    Correct Answer
    B. Indirect paragraph plan.
    Explanation
    The given paragraph structure is an example of an indirect paragraph plan. This is because it starts with supporting sentences that provide information and context, followed by the main sentence that presents the main idea or argument. This type of paragraph structure is commonly used in academic writing to build up to a central point or thesis statement.

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  • 46. 

    Which of the following is NOT a useful technique for linking ideas in paragraphs?

    • A.

      Dovetailing sentences

    • B.

      Pivoting sentences

    • C.

      Sustaining the key idea

    • D.

      Using pronouns

    Correct Answer
    B. Pivoting sentences
    Explanation
    Pivoting sentences is not a useful technique for linking ideas in paragraphs. Pivoting sentences typically introduce a new idea or shift the focus of the paragraph, rather than connecting ideas. Dovetailing sentences, on the other hand, help to smoothly transition from one idea to another. Sustaining the key idea involves consistently referring back to the main topic throughout the paragraph. Using pronouns can also aid in linking ideas by replacing repetitive nouns and maintaining coherence. Therefore, the correct answer is pivoting sentences.

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  • 47. 

    Furthermore, as a result, however, and on the other hand, are examples of 

    • A.

      Limiting phrases.

    • B.

      Dovetailing.

    • C.

      Supporting modifiers.

    • D.

      Transitional expressions

    Correct Answer
    D. Transitional expressions
    Explanation
    Furthermore, as a result, however, and on the other hand are examples of transitional expressions. Transitional expressions are words or phrases that help to connect ideas and show the relationship between different parts of a text. In this case, these phrases are used to indicate a shift or transition between different ideas or points of view. Therefore, the correct answer is transitional expressions.

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  • 48. 

    For instance, likewise, and similarly are transitions that introduce 

    • A.

      Examples.

    • B.

      Contrasting thoughts.

    • C.

      Comparisons.

    • D.

      Analogies.

    Correct Answer
    A. Examples.
    Explanation
    The transitions "likewise," "similarly," and "for instance" are used to introduce examples. These words signal that the speaker or writer is about to provide specific instances or illustrations to support their point. Therefore, the correct answer is examples.

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  • 49. 

    Paragraphs are generally easier to read when they contain 

    • A.

      Eight or fewer printed lines.

    • B.

      Eight or fewer printed sentences.

    • C.

      Five or fewer printed sentences.

    • D.

      At least five printed lines.

    Correct Answer
    A. Eight or fewer printed lines.
    Explanation
    Paragraphs are easier to read when they contain fewer lines because shorter paragraphs are visually less intimidating and easier to digest. They allow readers to focus on a smaller amount of information at a time, making it easier to understand and retain the content. Additionally, shorter paragraphs create more white space on the page, which can enhance readability and make the text less overwhelming. Therefore, paragraphs with eight or fewer printed lines are generally considered more reader-friendly.

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