Technological And Environmental Influences On Business

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 36

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Technological And Environmental Influences On Business

Exam revision Business studies


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If a printing firm purchased a new automatic printing press, it is most likely that:
    • A. 

      Some jobs would be lost in the firm

    • B. 

      No workers would need to be retrained

    • C. 

      Production costs per job completed would be higher

    • D. 

      Human error would lead to more waste products.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of information technology?
    • A. 

      A firm buys new computers with access to the internet.

    • B. 

      A supermarket equips all of its checkout staff with computerised tills to aid stock control.

    • C. 

      Computers are used in a market research agency to analyse and present results.

    • D. 

      A garage uses machines to spray cars rather than manual methods.

  • 3. 
    Which of these products was first introduced to the market in the last 25 years?
    • A. 

      Cars

    • B. 

      Mobile phones

    • C. 

      Passenger aircraft

    • D. 

      Televisions

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is the most likely result for a firm that decides not to introduce new technology in its factory?
    • A. 

      Resistance to change from the workforce

    • B. 

      Products that become more difficult to sell to consumers

    • C. 

      High output per worker

    • D. 

      High staff retraining costs

  • 5. 
    The managers of a firm decide not to purchase new technology machinery. The firm remains very successful. The best reason for this might be that:
    • A. 

      Other similar firms have all purchased the latest equipment

    • B. 

      The firm could not afford the latest equipment

    • C. 

      It makes a specialist, hand-built product

    • D. 

      It is involved in mass producing a standardised good in huge quantities.

  • 6. 
    The best example of an environmental constraint on a business is:
    • A. 

      Laws that prevent the dumping of waste at sea

    • B. 

      Workers who refuse to accept new machines

    • C. 

      New government controls on where a business can locate

    • D. 

      Consumers continue to buy petrol from an oil company with a bad record on oil tanker disasters.

  • 7. 
    A number of consumers agree to organise a boycott (refusal to buy goods) of a company’s products. The company uses very old equipment that pollutes the air. The consumers would be called a:
    • A. 

      Trade union

    • B. 

      Limited company

    • C. 

      Pressure group

    • D. 

      Partnership.

  • 8. 
    A pressure group is trying to stop a firm from dumping waste. Which of the following is most likely to lead to pressure group success?
    • A. 

      There is huge publicity about the problem in all national newspapers.

    • B. 

      Only a small number of people join the pressure group.

    • C. 

      The firm spends huge amounts of money on advertising how much it cares for the environment.

    • D. 

      The government decides not to change the law on dumping waste.

  • 9. 
    A business might decide to become more ‘environmentally friendly’ when:
    • A. 

      It saves so much money by dumping waste and polluting the air

    • B. 

      It is expensive to purchase more modern and ‘cleaner’ machines

    • C. 

      Bad publicity makes many consumers stop buying the firm’s products

    • D. 

      The government refuses to change the law to make these actions unlawful.

  • 10. 
    The government of one country has very few laws about protecting the environment from business activity. One of the reasons for this might be that:
    • A. 

      The government is very concerned about the environment

    • B. 

      Businesses will always protect the environment even if they do not have to

    • C. 

      Business activity never harms the environment

    • D. 

      Business activity is so important to the economy of the country and firms could easily relocate.

  • 11. 
    A business plans to build a new privately owned city airport. One of the social (external) costs of this would be:
    • A. 

      The construction costs of the airport

    • B. 

      The costs of running and maintaining the airport once it was built

    • C. 

      The noise from approaching aircraft to the airport

    • D. 

      The cost to the airlines of using the airport.

  • 12. 
    The government is building a new toll motorway around the main city. One of the main social (external) benefits of this would be:
    • A. 

      The cost to each motorist of using the motorway

    • B. 

      The profits made by the motorway construction firm

    • C. 

      Increased traffic and car use a result of the motorway

    • D. 

      Less time wasted in traffic jams and fewer accidents.

  • 13. 
    Cost-benefit analysis might be used by a government before deciding to build a new railway system. Cost-benefit analysis would try to find out:
    • A. 

      The total social costs and benefits of the new system and which was greater

    • B. 

      Whether the new system would make a profit or not

    • C. 

      Whether the railway system would actually work

    • D. 

      Just the social costs resulting from the building of the new system.

  • 14. 
    The result of the cost-benefit analysis into a new airport showed that social costs were greater than social benefits. The government will probably:
    • A. 

      Agree to the new airport being built

    • B. 

      Not allow the airport to be built

    • C. 

      Allow an even bigger airport to be built than was first planned

    • D. 

      Suggest that the airport is built closer to the city centre.

  • 15. 
    Technological and environmental factors that influence business activity are called:
    • A. 

      Factors of production

    • B. 

      Economies of scale

    • C. 

      Constraints

    • D. 

      Government economic objectives.