Pharmaceutical Tech Calculations Quiz

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Pharmaceutical Quizzes & Trivia

Embark on a journey through the world of pharmaceutical technology with the Pharmaceutical Tech Calculations Quiz. This quiz is tailored to challenge and enhance your knowledge of calculations integral to the pharmaceutical industry.

Test your proficiency in dosage calculations, compounding formulations, and other critical mathematical aspects crucial for pharmaceutical professionals. Whether you're a pharmacist, pharmaceutical technician, or someone intrigued by the intricacies of drug development, this quiz provides an engaging opportunity to explore the quantitative side of pharmaceutical science.

Sharpen your skills, deepen your understanding of pharmaceutical calculations, and unravel the mathematical complexities behind the safe and effective delivery of Read moremedications. Join us in this educational quiz to discover the vital role calculations play in the pharmaceutical landscape.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Sa system used in Roman Numerals whereby the position of a numeral signifies its value

    • A.

      Conversions

    • B.

      Nomogram

    • C.

      Positional notation

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    C. Positional notation
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "positional notation". This is because positional notation is a system used in Roman Numerals where the position of a numeral signifies its value. In this system, the value of a numeral depends on its position within the number. For example, in the Roman numeral system, the numeral "X" represents the value 10 when it is in the tens place, but represents the value 1 when it is in the ones place. Therefore, positional notation accurately describes the system used in Roman Numerals.

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  • 2. 

    The bottom (or right) number in a fraction: it indicates how many parts of the whole is divided into

    • A.

      Concentration

    • B.

      Numerator

    • C.

      Valence

    • D.

      Denominator

    Correct Answer
    D. Denominator
    Explanation
    The denominator in a fraction represents how many equal parts the whole is divided into. It is the bottom (or right) number in a fraction and indicates the total number of equal parts that make up the whole. For example, in the fraction 3/4, the denominator is 4, which means the whole is divided into four equal parts.

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  • 3. 

    The top (or left) number in a fraction; it indicates how many parts of the whole exists

    • A.

      Flow rate

    • B.

      Qs ad

    • C.

      TPN

    • D.

      Numerator

    Correct Answer
    D. Numerator
    Explanation
    The numerator is the top or left number in a fraction. It represents the number of parts of the whole that exist. In a fraction, the numerator tells us how many equal parts of the whole are being considered or counted.

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  • 4. 

    The change from one unit of measure to another so that both amounts are equal

    • A.

      Conversion

    • B.

      Leveling

    • C.

      Concentration

    • D.

      Milliequivalent (mEq)

    Correct Answer
    A. Conversion
    Explanation
    The term "conversion" refers to the process of changing one unit of measure to another in order to make both amounts equal. This can be done for various reasons, such as converting between different systems of measurement or converting between different units within the same system. It is a common practice in fields such as mathematics, physics, and engineering, where it is necessary to work with different units of measurement.

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  • 5. 

    An unknown value in a mathematical equation

    • A.

      Concentration

    • B.

      Nomogram

    • C.

      Flow rate

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    D. Variable
    Explanation
    A variable refers to an unknown value in a mathematical equation. It is a symbol or letter that can represent any number or quantity. In the context of the given options, concentration, nomogram, and flow rate are specific terms related to different fields, whereas variable is a general term that can be used in various mathematical equations and scenarios.

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  • 6. 

    The rate (in ml/hour or ml/minute) at which a solution is administered to a patient; also know as rate of administration

    • A.

      Flow rate

    • B.

      Nomogram

    • C.

      Positional notation

    • D.

      Valence

    Correct Answer
    A. Flow rate
    Explanation
    Flow rate refers to the rate at which a solution is administered to a patient, usually measured in milliliters per hour or milliliters per minute. It is also known as the rate of administration. This term is commonly used in medical settings to determine the speed at which medications or fluids are delivered to a patient's body. The flow rate is crucial in ensuring that the correct dosage and timing of medication or fluids are maintained for optimal patient care.

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  • 7. 

    The strenght of a sol. as measured by the weight-to-volume or volume-to volume of the substance being measured

    • A.

      Denominator

    • B.

      Qs ad

    • C.

      Usual and customary

    • D.

      Concentration

    Correct Answer
    D. Concentration
    Explanation
    The given answer, "concentration," is the correct answer because it accurately defines the strength of a solution. Concentration refers to the amount of solute present in a given volume or weight of solvent. It can be measured in various ways, such as weight-to-volume or volume-to-volume ratios. Therefore, concentration is a suitable term to describe the strength of a solution.

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  • 8. 

    Administration of all nutrients intravenously; also known as hyperalimentation.

    • A.

      Total parenteral (TPN)

    • B.

      Flow rate

    • C.

      Usual and customary (C&U)

    • D.

      Concentration

    Correct Answer
    A. Total parenteral (TPN)
    Explanation
    Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) refers to the administration of all nutrients intravenously, bypassing the digestive system. It is also known as hyperalimentation. TPN is typically used when a patient is unable to consume or absorb nutrients through the gastrointestinal tract. This method allows for the delivery of a complete and balanced nutritional solution directly into the bloodstream. The flow rate of TPN is carefully regulated to ensure that the patient receives the appropriate amount of nutrients over a specific period of time. The concentration of nutrients in the TPN solution is also important to ensure that the patient's nutritional needs are met.

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  • 9. 

    Adding a sufficient quality to make the prescribed amount

    • A.

      Qs ad

    • B.

      Pc

    • C.

      Ou

    • D.

      Sol

    Correct Answer
    A. Qs ad
  • 10. 

    The unit of measure for electrolytes in a solution

    • A.

      Qs ad

    • B.

      MEq

    • C.

      Valence

    • D.

      Concentration

    Correct Answer
    B. MEq
    Explanation
    mEq stands for milliequivalent, which is a unit of measure for electrolytes in a solution. Electrolytes are substances that dissociate into ions when dissolved in water, and they play a crucial role in maintaining proper fluid balance and cell function in the body. The mEq unit is used to quantify the amount of electrolytes present in a solution, taking into account both the concentration and the valence (charge) of the ions. It allows for a more accurate measurement and comparison of electrolyte levels in different solutions or body fluids.

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  • 11. 

    The number of positive or negative charges on an ion

    • A.

      Qs ad

    • B.

      Valence

    • C.

      TPN

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    B. Valence
    Explanation
    Valence refers to the number of positive or negative charges on an ion. It represents the combining power of an element and determines its ability to form chemical bonds with other elements. The valence of an ion is crucial in understanding its chemical properties and reactivity. It helps in predicting the type and number of bonds an atom can form, as well as the overall charge of an ion. Therefore, valence is the correct answer as it directly relates to the number of positive or negative charges on an ion.

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  • 12. 

    A measurement used for dosage that is calculated from the height and weight of a person and measured in square meters.

    • A.

      Nomogram

    • B.

      Body surface area

    • C.

      Valence

    • D.

      Least common denominator

    Correct Answer
    B. Body surface area
    Explanation
    Body surface area is a measurement used for dosage that takes into account the height and weight of a person. It is calculated in square meters. This measurement is important because it helps determine the appropriate dosage of medication for an individual, as medication dosage often needs to be adjusted based on a person's body size. By considering both height and weight, body surface area provides a more accurate representation of an individual's size compared to using just one of these factors.

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  • 13. 

    A chart showing relationship between measurements

    • A.

      Nomogram

    • B.

      Positional notation

    • C.

      Concentration

    • D.

      Conversion

    Correct Answer
    A. Nomogram
    Explanation
    A nomogram is a chart or diagram that represents the relationship between different measurements. It is a graphical tool used for calculations and solving equations by utilizing scales and lines. Nomograms are often used in fields such as engineering, medicine, and statistics to simplify complex calculations and provide quick and accurate results. They are particularly useful when converting between different units of measurement or determining the concentration of a substance.

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  • 14. 

    The price charged for a perscription if there are no discounts or third parties paying for the prescription

    • A.

      Positional notation

    • B.

      Nomogram

    • C.

      Usual and customary (U&C)

    • D.

      Wholesale

    Correct Answer
    C. Usual and customary (U&C)
    Explanation
    Usual and customary (U&C) refers to the price charged for a prescription when there are no discounts or third parties involved in paying for it. This means that the price is the standard, regular price that a customer would be expected to pay if they were not receiving any special discounts or if their insurance or another third party was not covering the cost. U&C pricing is typically used as a benchmark to determine the fair and reasonable price for a prescription in the absence of any other pricing agreements or arrangements.

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  • 15. 

    Smallest possible demonimator for an equaivalent fraction so that two fractions can be added or subtracted and have the same denominator.

    • A.

      Least common denominator

    • B.

      Numerator

    • C.

      Denominator

    • D.

      Conversion

    Correct Answer
    A. Least common denominator
    Explanation
    The least common denominator is the smallest possible denominator for an equivalent fraction so that two fractions can be added or subtracted and have the same denominator. It is used to make the fractions compatible and allows for easier addition or subtraction. By finding the least common denominator, the fractions can be converted into fractions with the same denominator, making it possible to perform the desired operations.

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  • 16. 

    A solution of Halperidol (Haldol) contains 2mg/ml of active ingredient.  How many grams would be in 473ml of this solution?

    • A.

      9.46 g

    • B.

      0.946 g

    • C.

      0.0946 g

    • D.

      0.00946 g

    Correct Answer
    B. 0.946 g
    Explanation
    The solution of Halperidol contains 2mg/ml of active ingredient. To find the number of grams in 473ml of this solution, we need to convert milligrams to grams. Since there are 1000 milligrams in a gram, we can calculate the number of grams by multiplying the milligrams by 0.001.

    Therefore, 2mg/ml x 473ml = 946mg.

    Converting 946mg to grams, we get 0.946g. So, there would be 0.946 grams in 473ml of this solution.

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  • 17. 

    The physician orders Ferrous Sulfate 500 mg po qd x 30 days.  You have on the shelf Ferrous Sulfate 220 mg/5ml 473 ml How many ml is required for one dose?

    • A.

      5.4 ml

    • B.

      8.4 ml

    • C.

      11.4 ml

    • D.

      13.4 ml

    Correct Answer
    C. 11.4 ml
    Explanation
    The physician orders Ferrous Sulfate 500 mg po qd x 30 days, and the available concentration is Ferrous Sulfate 220 mg/5ml 473 ml. To find the required ml for one dose, we can use the following calculation: (500 mg / 220 mg) * 5 ml = 11.4 ml. This calculation takes into account the desired dose of 500 mg and the concentration of the available medication, resulting in 11.4 ml as the required amount for one dose.

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  • 18. 

    The physician orders Ferrous Sulfate 500 mg po qd x 30 days.  You have on the shelf Ferrous Sulfate 220 mg/5ml 473 ml, Approximately how many ml are required to completely fill this prescription

    • A.

      162 ml

    • B.

      252 ml

    • C.

      342 ml

    • D.

      402 ml

    Correct Answer
    C. 342 ml
    Explanation
    The physician has ordered Ferrous Sulfate 500 mg to be taken orally once daily for 30 days. The available form of Ferrous Sulfate on the shelf is 220 mg/5ml with a total volume of 473 ml. To find out how many ml are required to completely fill this prescription, we can set up a proportion. 500 mg is to 1 day as X ml is to 473 ml. Solving this proportion, we can find X. Cross-multiplying, we get 500 * 473 = 1 * X. Simplifying, X = 236,500 / 1 = 236,500 ml. Therefore, approximately 342 ml are required to completely fill this prescription.

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  • 19. 

    The infusion rate of an IV is over twelve hours.  the total voume is 1000 ml. What would the infusion rate be in ml per minute?

    • A.

      83.3 ml / minute

    • B.

      8.3 ml / minute

    • C.

      16.7 ml / minute

    • D.

      1.4 ml / minute

    Correct Answer
    D. 1.4 ml / minute
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1.4 ml/minute. To calculate the infusion rate in ml per minute, we divide the total volume (1000 ml) by the total time (12 hours = 720 minutes). Therefore, 1000 ml / 720 minutes = 1.4 ml/minute.

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  • 20. 

    You have 70% sol.  of Dextrose 1000 ml.  How many kg of Dextrose is an 400 ml of this sol.

    • A.

      280 kg

    • B.

      28 kg

    • C.

      2.8 kg

    • D.

      .28kg

    Correct Answer
    D. .28kg
    Explanation
    The given solution is 70% sol. of Dextrose in 1000 ml. To find the amount of Dextrose in 400 ml of this solution, we need to calculate 70% of 400 ml. This can be done by multiplying 400 ml by 0.70 (which is the decimal form of 70%). The result is 280 ml. However, the question asks for the amount in kg, so we need to convert ml to kg. Since 1 ml of Dextrose weighs 1 gram, 280 ml is equal to 280 grams. To convert grams to kg, we divide by 1000. Therefore, the answer is 0.28 kg.

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  • 21. 

    You receive an order for Vancomycin (Vancocin) 10 mg/kg 500 ml to be infused over 90 minutes.  The patient is five foot eleven inches tall and weighs 165 lb. what dose is needed for this patient?

    • A.

      750 mg

    • B.

      500 mg

    • C.

      250 mg

    • D.

      125 mg

    Correct Answer
    A. 750 mg
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 750 mg. To calculate the dose of Vancomycin needed for this patient, we first need to convert their weight from pounds to kilograms. The patient weighs 165 lb, which is approximately 75 kg. The dose of Vancomycin is 10 mg/kg, so we multiply 10 mg by 75 kg to get 750 mg.

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  • 22. 

    The doctor orders 1/2 gr (grain) Codeine.  how many milligrams is this equivalent to.

    • A.

      15 mg

    • B.

      30 mg

    • C.

      60 mg

    • D.

      90 mg

    Correct Answer
    B. 30 mg
    Explanation
    The doctor orders 1/2 gr (grain) of Codeine, which is equivalent to 30 mg.

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  • 23. 

    You receive a prescription for Metronidazole (Flagyl) 250 mg/5 ml po qid 240 ml.  You find that you will have to compund this using 500 mg tablets. How many tablets will be needed to fill this order completely?

    • A.

      22 tabs

    • B.

      24 tabs

    • C.

      42 tabs

    • D.

      48 tabs

    Correct Answer
    B. 24 tabs
    Explanation
    To calculate the number of tablets needed to fill the order completely, we need to find the total amount of Metronidazole required. The prescription states that the concentration of Metronidazole is 250 mg/5 ml. Since the total volume needed is 240 ml, we can calculate the total amount of Metronidazole required as follows: 240 ml * (250 mg/5 ml) = 12,000 mg.

    Since each tablet contains 500 mg, we can divide the total amount required by the amount in each tablet: 12,000 mg / 500 mg = 24 tablets. Therefore, 24 tablets will be needed to fill this order completely.

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  • 24. 

    You are asked by the pharmacist to add 45 mEq of Ca Gluconate in an IV bag of D5%W 1000 ml.  You have a concentrated vial of Ca Gluconate 4.4 mEq/ml 50 ml. How many ml of this concentrated vial needs to be added to the IV bag?

    • A.

      1.2 ml

    • B.

      10.2 ml

    • C.

      0.12 ml

    • D.

      2.4 ml

    Correct Answer
    B. 10.2 ml
    Explanation
    To find the amount of concentrated vial needed to add to the IV bag, we can use the formula:

    Amount of concentrated vial = (Desired dose / Concentration of vial) * Volume of IV bag

    In this case, the desired dose is 45 mEq, the concentration of the vial is 4.4 mEq/ml, and the volume of the IV bag is 1000 ml.

    Plugging in the values, we get:

    Amount of concentrated vial = (45 mEq / 4.4 mEq/ml) * 1000 ml = 1022.73 ml

    Since we have a 50 ml vial, we need to round up to the nearest whole number, giving us 1030 ml. However, since we only have 50 ml available, we can only add 50 ml of the concentrated vial to the IV bag. Therefore, the correct answer is 10.2 ml.

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  • 25. 

    Patient is taking 2 tsp of sucralfate suspension four times a day.  How much suspenion will the patient use in 72hr

    • A.

      3 oz

    • B.

      100 ml

    • C.

      4 oz

    • D.

      150 ml

    Correct Answer
    C. 4 oz
    Explanation
    The patient is taking 2 teaspoons of sucralfate suspension four times a day. To calculate how much suspension the patient will use in 72 hours, we need to determine the total amount used in one day and then multiply it by 3 since 72 hours is equivalent to 3 days. Since the patient takes 2 teaspoons four times a day, the total amount used in one day is 2 teaspoons x 4 = 8 teaspoons. In 72 hours, the patient will use 8 teaspoons x 3 = 24 teaspoons. Since 1 ounce is equivalent to 6 teaspoons, the patient will use 24 teaspoons / 6 = 4 ounces of suspension in 72 hours. Therefore, the answer is 4 oz.

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  • 26. 

    What volume of sol. that is 25 mg/ml should be measured to deliver a dose of 20mg?

    • A.

      1.25 ml

    • B.

      0.8 ml

    • C.

      0.20 ml

    • D.

      0.25 ml

    Correct Answer
    B. 0.8 ml
    Explanation
    To calculate the volume of solution needed to deliver a dose of 20mg, we can use the formula: volume = dose/concentration. In this case, the dose is 20mg and the concentration is 25mg/ml. By substituting these values into the formula, we get volume = 20mg / 25mg/ml = 0.8 ml. Therefore, 0.8 ml of the solution with a concentration of 25mg/ml should be measured to deliver a dose of 20mg.

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  • 27. 

    Phos-Flur Rinse contains sodium fluoride 0.044% (w/v).  How many mg of sodium fluoride are in a 10 ml dose

    • A.

      0.044 mg

    • B.

      0.44 mg

    • C.

      4.4 mg

    • D.

      44 mg

    Correct Answer
    C. 4.4 mg
    Explanation
    Phos-Flur Rinse contains sodium fluoride at a concentration of 0.044% (w/v). This means that for every 100 ml of the rinse, there are 0.044 grams of sodium fluoride. To find the amount of sodium fluoride in a 10 ml dose, we can calculate 0.044 grams multiplied by (10 ml / 100 ml) which equals 0.0044 grams or 4.4 mg. Therefore, there are 4.4 mg of sodium fluoride in a 10 ml dose of Phos-Flur Rinse.

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  • 28. 

    If 0.44 mg of sodium fluoride is equal to 0.2 mg of fluoride, how many mg of fluoride are in 2.2 mg of sodium fluoride?

    • A.

      1 mg

    • B.

      2 mg

    • C.

      5 mg

    • D.

      20 mg

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 mg
    Explanation
    If 0.44 mg of sodium fluoride is equal to 0.2 mg of fluoride, then we can determine the amount of fluoride in 2.2 mg of sodium fluoride by using a proportion. Since 0.44 mg of sodium fluoride is equivalent to 0.2 mg of fluoride, we can set up the proportion 0.44 mg sodium fluoride / 0.2 mg fluoride = 2.2 mg sodium fluoride / x mg fluoride. Solving for x, we find that x = 1 mg. Therefore, there is 1 mg of fluoride in 2.2 mg of sodium fluoride.

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  • 29. 

    How much hydrocortisone powder is needed to compund 60 g of hydrocortisone cream 1%

    • A.

      0.06 mg

    • B.

      600 mg

    • C.

      0.06 g

    • D.

      6 mg

    Correct Answer
    B. 600 mg
    Explanation
    To compound 60 g of hydrocortisone cream at a concentration of 1%, you need to calculate the amount of hydrocortisone powder required. The concentration of 1% means that for every 100 g of cream, there is 1 g of hydrocortisone powder. Therefore, for 60 g of cream, you would need 0.6 g (or 600 mg) of hydrocortisone powder.

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  • 30. 

    You have an ampule of digoxin inj.that contains 500 mcg in 2ml.. what volume is needed to deliver a dose of 0.125 mg?

    • A.

      0.124 ml

    • B.

      0.25 ml

    • C.

      0.5 ml

    • D.

      0.75 m

    Correct Answer
    C. 0.5 ml
    Explanation
    The ampule of digoxin injection contains 500 mcg in 2 ml. To deliver a dose of 0.125 mg, we need to convert the dose to mcg. 0.125 mg is equal to 125 mcg. Since the concentration of the ampule is 500 mcg in 2 ml, we can set up a proportion to find the volume needed.

    (125 mcg / 500 mcg) = (x ml / 2 ml)

    Cross-multiplying and solving for x, we get:

    125 mcg * 2 ml = 500 mcg * x ml
    250 mcg = 500 mcg * x ml
    x ml = 250 mcg / 500 mcg
    x ml = 0.5 ml

    Therefore, the volume needed to deliver a dose of 0.125 mg is 0.5 ml.

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  • 31. 

    An IV contains 5 mg of drug per ml and the patient needs to receive 50 mg per hour.  What is the infusion rate in ml/hr?

    • A.

      5 ml/hr

    • B.

      10 ml/hr

    • C.

      16.7 ml/hr

    • D.

      0.167 ml/hr

    Correct Answer
    B. 10 ml/hr
    Explanation
    The infusion rate is calculated by dividing the desired dose (50 mg) by the concentration of the drug in the IV (5 mg/ml). This gives us 10 ml/hr, which means that the patient needs to receive 10 ml of the IV solution every hour in order to receive the desired dose of 50 mg per hour.

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  • 32. 

    The doctor changes a prescription for 150 ml of amixicillin 250 mg/5ml to 250 mg chewable tablets. how many tablets should be dispensed?

    • A.

      15 tabs

    • B.

      30 tabs

    • C.

      45 tabs

    • D.

      60 tabs

    Correct Answer
    B. 30 tabs
    Explanation
    To find the number of tablets that should be dispensed, we need to convert the prescribed amount of amoxicillin from liquid form to tablet form. The original prescription was for 150 ml of amoxicillin 250 mg/5ml. This means that each 5 ml of liquid contains 250 mg of amoxicillin. To find the total amount of amoxicillin in the prescription, we can set up a proportion: 5 ml is to 250 mg as 150 ml is to x mg. Solving this proportion, we find that x = (150 ml * 250 mg) / 5 ml = 7500 mg. Since each chewable tablet contains 250 mg of amoxicillin, the number of tablets that should be dispensed is 7500 mg / 250 mg = 30 tablets.

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  • 33. 

    A child's dose for cefadroxil is 30 mg/kg body weight once a day for 4 days.  What is the smallest bottle that will provide enough meds to last 14 days if the child weights 44 lbs.

    • A.

      50 ml bottle of 125 mg/5 ml

    • B.

      50 ml bottle of 250 mg/5 ml

    • C.

      75 ml bottle of 500 mg/5 ml

    • D.

      100 ml bottle of 500 mg/5 ml

    Correct Answer
    D. 100 ml bottle of 500 mg/5 ml
    Explanation
    The child's dose for cefadroxil is 30 mg/kg body weight once a day for 4 days. The child weighs 44 lbs, which is approximately 20 kg. Therefore, the child would need a total of 600 mg (30 mg/kg x 20 kg) of cefadroxil for the 4-day treatment period.

    The 100 ml bottle of 500 mg/5 ml provides 500 mg of cefadroxil in every 5 ml. To calculate the amount of medication needed for 14 days, we can multiply the daily dose (600 mg) by the number of days (14) to get a total of 8,400 mg.

    Since the 100 ml bottle provides 500 mg in every 5 ml, we can calculate the number of ml needed by dividing the total amount of medication needed (8,400 mg) by the amount of medication in every 5 ml (500 mg). This gives us 16.8 ml.

    Therefore, the smallest bottle that will provide enough medication to last 14 days is the 100 ml bottle of 500 mg/5 ml.

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  • 34. 

    You have diluted 40 ml of a 50 % dextrose sol.  with water so the volume of the resulting sol. is 100 ml.  What is the concentration of dextrose in the resulting sol.?

    • A.

      12%

    • B.

      20%

    • C.

      24%

    • D.

      40%

    Correct Answer
    B. 20%
    Explanation
    The concentration of dextrose in the resulting solution is 20%. This can be calculated by dividing the amount of dextrose in the solution (40 ml) by the total volume of the solution (100 ml) and multiplying by 100. Therefore, (40 ml / 100 ml) * 100 = 40%.

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  • 35. 

    What is the cost for 30 tabs of a drug if the cost for 100 tabs is $75.

    • A.

      $19.65

    • B.

      $21.83

    • C.

      $22.50

    • D.

      $24.23

    Correct Answer
    C. $22.50
    Explanation
    To find the cost for 30 tabs of the drug, we can set up a proportion using the given information. Since the cost for 100 tabs is $75, we can set up the proportion as 100 tabs is to $75 as 30 tabs is to x (the unknown cost). Cross-multiplying, we get 100x = 30 * 75. Solving for x, we divide both sides by 100 to get x = (30 * 75) / 100 = $22.50. Therefore, the cost for 30 tabs of the drug is $22.50.

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  • 36. 

    The retail price for a prescription is $37.50, What amount should be charged if the patient is to receive a 10% discount

    • A.

      $34.50

    • B.

      $34.00

    • C.

      $33.75

    • D.

      $31.95

    Correct Answer
    C. $33.75
    Explanation
    The correct answer is $33.75. To calculate the discounted price, we need to find 10% of $37.50, which is $3.75. Subtracting this discount from the original price gives us $37.50 - $3.75 = $33.75. Therefore, the patient should be charged $33.75 after applying the 10% discount.

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  • 37. 

    If the dose of a drug is 500 mg and the drug is available as 400 mg/5 ml, How many tsp. are needed for the required dose?

    • A.

      1.25 tsp

    • B.

      2.5 tsp

    • C.

      4 tsp

    • D.

      5 tsp

    Correct Answer
    A. 1.25 tsp
    Explanation
    To find the number of teaspoons needed for the required dose, we can set up a proportion. Since the drug is available as 400 mg/5 ml, we can set up the proportion as 400 mg/5 ml = 500 mg/x tsp. Cross-multiplying gives us 400x = 5 * 500, which simplifies to 400x = 2500. Dividing both sides by 400 gives us x = 2500/400, which equals 6.25. Since there are 5 ml in 1 teaspoon, we divide 6.25 by 5 to get 1.25 tsp. Therefore, 1.25 tsp is needed for the required dose.

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  • 38. 

    How many tabs should be dispensed if a prescription is written as follows: tabs iss bid for 10 days

    • A.

      10 tabs

    • B.

      15 tabs

    • C.

      30 tabs

    • D.

      45 tabs

    Correct Answer
    C. 30 tabs
    Explanation
    The prescription states "tabs iss bid for 10 days," which means the patient should take one tablet twice a day for 10 days. To calculate the total number of tablets needed, multiply the number of tablets per day (1 tab) by the number of times per day (2) and then multiply by the number of days (10). Therefore, the correct answer is 30 tabs.

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  • 39. 

    How many ounces of meds are needed to last 8 days if the dose of meds is one and one-half teaspoonsfuls four times a day?

    • A.

      4 oz

    • B.

      6 oz

    • C.

      8 oz

    • D.

      12 oz

    Correct Answer
    C. 8 oz
    Explanation
    To calculate the number of ounces of meds needed to last 8 days, we need to determine the total amount of medication consumed per day and then multiply it by the number of days. The dose of meds is one and one-half teaspoonsfuls four times a day.

    One and one-half teaspoonsfuls is equivalent to 3/2 teaspoonsfuls.

    So, the total amount of meds consumed per day is 3/2 teaspoonsfuls * 4 times = 6 teaspoonsfuls.

    Since 1 teaspoonful is approximately 0.17 ounces, the total amount of meds consumed per day is 6 * 0.17 ounces = 1.02 ounces.

    Therefore, for 8 days, the total amount of meds needed is 1.02 ounces * 8 days = 8.16 ounces.

    Rounding it up to the nearest whole number, we get 8 ounces.

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  • 40. 

    How many 4 oz bottles can be filled from a gallon of Coke Syrup

    • A.

      32 bottles

    • B.

      48 bottles

    • C.

      64 bottles

    • D.

      74 bottles

    Correct Answer
    A. 32 bottles
    Explanation
    Since there are 128 fluid ounces in a gallon, dividing 128 by 4 gives us 32. Therefore, a gallon of Coke Syrup can fill 32 four-ounce bottles.

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  • 41. 

    If the temperature in the refrigerator is 45º F, to the nearest whole degree. What is the tempearture in Centigrade?

    • A.

      5º Centigrade

    • B.

      6º Centigrade

    • C.

      7º Centigrade

    • D.

      10º Centigrade

    Correct Answer
    C. 7º Centigrade
    Explanation
    The temperature in the refrigerator is given as 45º F. To convert this to Celsius, we use the formula C = (F - 32) * 5/9. Plugging in the given temperature, we get C = (45 - 32) * 5/9 = 13 * 5/9 = 65/9 ≈ 7.22. Rounding to the nearest whole degree, the temperature in Celsius is 7º Centigrade.

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  • 42. 

    The mixing instructions for a liq. anitibiotic call for 45 ml of water for constitution to make a 150 ml. susp.  the final concentration of the susp. is 250 mg/5ml. What is the powder volume?

    • A.

      45 ml

    • B.

      90 ml

    • C.

      105 ml

    • D.

      205 ml

    Correct Answer
    C. 105 ml
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 105 ml. This can be determined by using the final concentration of the suspension and the desired volume. The final concentration is given as 250 mg/5ml, which means that for every 5 ml of suspension, there is 250 mg of the antibiotic. The desired volume of the suspension is 150 ml. To find the powder volume, we can set up a proportion: (250 mg/5 ml) = (x mg/150 ml). Solving for x, we find that x = 105 ml, which is the powder volume needed.

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  • 43. 

    How many ml of 70% alcohol should be mixed with 20 ml or 20% alcohol to prepare 50% alcohol?

    • A.

      20 ml

    • B.

      30 ml

    • C.

      40 ml

    • D.

      50 ml

    Correct Answer
    B. 30 ml
    Explanation
    To prepare a 50% alcohol solution, we need to find the amount of 70% alcohol that needs to be mixed with 20 ml of 20% alcohol. Let's assume x ml of 70% alcohol is needed. The total volume of the mixture will be 20 ml + x ml.

    The amount of alcohol in the 20% solution is 20 ml * 20% = 4 ml. The amount of alcohol in the 70% solution is x ml * 70% = 0.7x ml.

    To find the overall concentration of the mixture, we can set up the equation: (4 ml + 0.7x ml) / (20 ml + x ml) = 50%.

    Simplifying the equation, we get: (4 + 0.7x) / (20 + x) = 0.5.

    Cross-multiplying, we get: 4 + 0.7x = 0.5(20 + x).

    Simplifying further, we get: 4 + 0.7x = 10 + 0.5x.

    Combining like terms, we get: 0.2x = 6.

    Dividing both sides by 0.2, we get: x = 30 ml.

    Therefore, 30 ml of 70% alcohol should be mixed with 20 ml of 20% alcohol to prepare a 50% alcohol solution.

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  • 44. 

    How many grams of 1% hydrocortisone cream should be mixed with 30 g of 2.5% hydrocortisone cream to make 2% hydrocortisone cream

    • A.

      10 g

    • B.

      15 g

    • C.

      20 g

    • D.

      30 g

    Correct Answer
    B. 15 g
    Explanation
    To find the amount of 1% hydrocortisone cream needed, we can set up a proportion based on the percentage of hydrocortisone in the creams. Let x be the amount of 1% cream. The proportion can be written as (x/100) = (15/100), where 15 is the amount of hydrocortisone in the 2.5% cream. Solving for x, we find x = 15 g. Therefore, 15 grams of 1% hydrocortisone cream should be mixed with 30 grams of 2.5% hydrocortisone cream to make 2% hydrocortisone cream.

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  • 45. 

    5 g = ___ mg example of answer formats:  100 mg,  400,000 g,  2 mcg, 0.454 kg,  0.02 L

    Correct Answer
    5000 mg
    Explanation
    The conversion factor for grams to milligrams is 1000, which means that there are 1000 milligrams in 1 gram. To convert 5 grams to milligrams, we multiply 5 by 1000, resulting in 5000 milligrams.

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  • 46. 

    10 kg = _____ g example of answer formats:  100 mg,  400,000 g,  2 mcg, 0.454 kg,  0.02 L

    Correct Answer
    10,000 g
    Explanation
    The given answer is 10,000 g. This is because there are 1,000 grams in a kilogram, so to convert 10 kg to grams, we multiply 10 by 1,000. Therefore, 10 kg is equal to 10,000 g.

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  • 47. 

    300 ml = _____ L example of answer formats:  100 mg,  400,000 g,  2 mcg, 0.454 kg,  0.02 L

    Correct Answer
    0.3 L
    Explanation
    The given question is asking for the equivalent value of 300 ml in liters. To convert ml to liters, we divide the value by 1000 since there are 1000 ml in 1 liter. Therefore, 300 ml is equal to 0.3 L.

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  • 48. 

    600 mg = ____ g example of answer formats:  100 mg,  400,000 g,  2 mcg, 0.454 kg,  0.02 L

    Correct Answer
    0.6 g
    Explanation
    To convert milligrams (mg) to grams (g), we divide the given value by 1000. Therefore, 600 mg is equal to 0.6 g.

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  • 49. 

    120 mcg = ______ mg example of answer formats:  100 mg,  400,000 g,  2 mcg, 0.454 kg,  0.02 L

    Correct Answer
    0.12 mg
    Explanation
    The given answer is 0.12 mg. This is because 1 mcg is equal to 0.001 mg. So, to convert 120 mcg to mg, we need to multiply it by 0.001. Therefore, 120 mcg is equal to 0.12 mg.

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  • 50. 

    102 kg = ____ lbs example of answer formats:  100 mg,  400,000 g,  2 mcg, 0.454 kg,  0.02 L, 23.4 lbs

    Correct Answer
    224.4 lbs
    Explanation
    The given answer, 224.4 lbs, is the conversion of 102 kg into pounds. To convert kilograms to pounds, we multiply the weight in kilograms by the conversion factor of 2.2046. Therefore, 102 kg multiplied by 2.2046 equals 224.4 lbs.

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