Acrylic Nail Theory Exam

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| By Slrhiggins93
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Slrhiggins93
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,586
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 2,586

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Acrylic Nail Theory Exam - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the proximal nail fold?

  • 2. 

    What is the lateral nail fold?

  • 3. 

    What is the process of preparing the natural nail for acrylics?

  • 4. 

    Eponychium is also known as 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is cuticle. The eponychium is the thin layer of skin that covers the base of the nail. It is also commonly referred to as the cuticle. The cuticle acts as a protective barrier, sealing the area between the nail plate and the surrounding skin, preventing bacteria and other harmful substances from entering. It also helps to keep the nail bed moisturized and healthy.

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  • 5. 

    The epnychium sheds a thin,colourless layer of skin also known as the

    Explanation
    The epnychium is a layer of skin that sheds a thin, colorless layer known as the true cuticle. The true cuticle is a protective layer that helps to prevent water loss and protect the underlying tissues. It is transparent and does not have any pigmentation. This shedding process helps to renew the protective barrier and maintain the health of the skin.

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  • 6. 

    The eponychium is the visible part of the proximal nail fold that appears to the end of the base of the nail.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The eponychium is indeed the visible part of the proximal nail fold that appears at the end of the base of the nail. This is the area of skin that covers the base of the nail and helps protect it from infection. It is commonly referred to as the "cuticle" and is often pushed back or removed during manicures. Therefore, the statement "The eponychium is the visible part of the proximal nail fold that appears to the end of the base of the nail" is true.

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  • 7. 

    The nail plate is made from keratin protein.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The nail plate is composed of keratin protein, which is a tough and protective protein found in the outer layers of the skin, hair, and nails. This protein provides strength and durability to the nail plate, allowing it to withstand daily activities and protect the underlying nail bed. Therefore, the statement that the nail plate is made from keratin protein is true.

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  • 8. 

    Should you cut or file the cuticle?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    The cuticle should not be cut, the true cuticle(transparent skin) should only be removed to avoid the false nail lifting.

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  • 9. 

    The half moon at the base of the nail is also called the

    Correct Answer
    Lunula
    Explanation
    The half moon at the base of the nail is called the lunula. The lunula is a whitish, crescent-shaped area of the nail bed that is visible through the nail. It is the visible part of the nail matrix, which is responsible for nail growth. The lunula is often more visible on the thumbnail, but can also be seen on other nails. It is named after its resemblance to a small moon or crescent shape.

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  • 10. 

    What happens when the nail plate cells at the base of the nail grow forward?

    • A.

      They get soft

    • B.

      They get hard

    • C.

      They lose their inner material

    • D.

      They get weak

    • E.

      They get flat and transparent

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. They get hard
    C. They lose their inner material
    E. They get flat and transparent
    Explanation
    When the nail plate cells at the base of the nail grow forward, they undergo several changes. Firstly, they get hard, which means they become more rigid and solid. Secondly, they lose their inner material, implying that the cells undergo a process of maturation where their inner contents are reabsorbed or transformed. Lastly, they get flat and transparent, suggesting that the cells flatten out and become clear in appearance. These changes are a natural part of the nail growth process.

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  • 11. 

    The 'free edge' is the most common reference for the

    Correct Answer(s)
    distal edge
    Explanation
    The term "free edge" is commonly used to refer to the distal edge.

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  • 12. 

    Are the keratin proteins soft and flexible?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The keratin proteins in nails are strong and flexible, these proteins are also found in skin and hair but are much softer and more flexible.

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  • 13. 

    What are the proteins in the nail plate made from?

    • A.

      Many layers of living cells

    • B.

      Many layers of dead cells

    • C.

      Many layers of dead, flattened cells

    • D.

      Many layers of plump, living cells

    Correct Answer
    C. Many layers of dead, flattened cells
    Explanation
    The proteins in the nail plate are made from many layers of dead, flattened cells. The nail plate is composed of a tough protein called keratin, which is produced by the cells in the nail matrix. As these cells move forward and away from the matrix, they become flattened and eventually die, forming the hard and protective nail plate. The layers of dead cells provide strength and durability to the nail.

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  • 14. 

    The matrix determines the width and thickness of the nail plate

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The matrix, which is found at the base of the nail, is responsible for producing the cells that make up the nail plate. It determines the width and thickness of the nail plate by controlling the rate of cell production. Therefore, the statement that the matrix determines the width and thickness of the nail plate is true.

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  • 15. 

    The solehorn should not be removed during the manicure process

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The solehorn normally sheds itself or is removed during the manicure process.

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  • 16. 

    The epidermis is attached to the dermis by tiny 'rails and grooves' that move forward when the nail grows.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of the skin, is indeed attached to the dermis, the layer beneath it, by small structures called "rails and grooves." These structures allow the epidermis to move forward as the nail grows, ensuring that it remains firmly attached to the underlying dermis.

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  • 17. 

    The protein in the nail plate is made from

    Correct Answer
    amino acids
    Explanation
    Proteins are made up of long chains of amino acids. These amino acids are linked together through peptide bonds to form the protein structure. In the case of the nail plate, the protein present is also composed of amino acids. Therefore, it can be concluded that the protein in the nail plate is made from amino acids.

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  • 18. 

    After preparing the nail, it should be:

    • A.

      Clean

    • B.

      Smooth

    • C.

      Oily

    • D.

      Oil free

    • E.

      No dust

    • F.

      Rough

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Clean
    D. Oil free
    E. No dust
    F. Rough
    Explanation
    After preparing the nail, it should be clean to ensure that there is no dirt or residue left on the surface. It should also be oil-free to allow nail polish or other products to adhere properly. Additionally, it should be free from any dust particles to achieve a smooth and flawless application. Lastly, the nail should be rough to provide a better grip for the nail polish or other nail products to adhere to.

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  • 19. 

    What does the proximal nail fold mean?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Nearest attached end
    Explanation
    The proximal nail fold refers to the nearest attached end of the nail. It is the fold of skin that covers the base of the nail and helps protect the nail matrix. This area is important for maintaining the health and growth of the nail, as it provides support and nourishment to the nail plate.

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  • 20. 

    What is another term for the matrix?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Mother of the nail
  • 21. 

    Any damage to the matrix can be seen on the emerging nail plate

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Any damage to the matrix, which is the area at the base of the nail where new cells are formed, can be seen on the emerging nail plate. This is because the matrix is responsible for producing the cells that make up the nail plate. Therefore, if there is any damage or disruption to the matrix, it will directly affect the growth and appearance of the nail plate.

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  • 22. 

    What three factors determine a strong nail?

    Correct Answer
    flexibility, hardness and strength
    Explanation
    Flexibility, hardness, and strength are the three factors that determine a strong nail. Flexibility refers to the ability of the nail to bend without breaking, allowing it to withstand pressure and prevent breakage. Hardness is the measure of the nail's resistance to scratching or indentation, ensuring it does not easily chip or crack. Strength is the overall durability and ability of the nail to withstand external forces, such as impacts or pressure. These three factors work together to create a strong and resilient nail.

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  • 23. 

    Explain paronychia - what happens, its symptoms, how it occurs

    Correct Answer
    It infects the nail fold and can be caused by fungi, bacteria and some viruses. It is normally recognised by pain, redness and swelling. People who have their hands in water for long periods of time normally get this and it is highly contagious.
    Explanation
    Paronychia is an infection that occurs in the nail fold and can be caused by various microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, and viruses. The infection is characterized by symptoms like pain, redness, and swelling. It is commonly seen in individuals who frequently immerse their hands in water for extended periods of time. Moreover, paronychia is highly contagious, meaning it can easily spread from person to person.

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  • 24. 

    Explain Pseudomonas - what happens, its symptoms, how it occurs

    Correct Answer
    A bacterial infection - Also known as the greenies, it thrives in moist places and is caused primarily by iron compounds.
    Explanation
    Pseudomonas is a bacterial infection commonly known as the greenies. It usually occurs in moist environments and is primarily caused by iron compounds. The symptoms of Pseudomonas infection can vary depending on the affected area. It can cause skin infections, urinary tract infections, respiratory infections, and even sepsis in severe cases. The infection can lead to symptoms such as redness, swelling, pain, discharge, fever, and fatigue. Prompt medical attention and appropriate antibiotic treatment are necessary to manage Pseudomonas infections effectively.

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  • 25. 

    What does onychomysis mean?

    Correct Answer
    It is a yeast or fungal infection that causes the nail plate to separate.
    Explanation
    Onychomysis refers to a condition where the nail plate separates from the nail bed. This separation is typically caused by a yeast or fungal infection. The infection weakens the bond between the nail plate and the nail bed, leading to the detachment. This condition can result in discoloration, thickening, and crumbling of the affected nail.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 05, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Slrhiggins93
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