Syndrome And Disorder Quiz!

By Kar
Kar, Assistant Professor (Biochemistry)
Karthikeyan Pethusamy is an assistant professor in the Department of Biochemistry at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi
Quizzes Created: 33 | Total Attempts: 43,655
, Assistant Professor (Biochemistry)
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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 106

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Syndrome And Disorder Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Warthin'stumor is restricted to the parotid gland only.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Warthin's tumor, also known as papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum, is a benign tumor that typically occurs in the parotid gland, which is the largest salivary gland located near the ear. It is a slow-growing tumor that is most commonly found in older individuals and is more common in males. While it is possible for Warthin's tumor to occur in other salivary glands, it is predominantly restricted to the parotid gland. Therefore, the statement that Warthin's tumor is restricted to the parotid gland only is true.

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  • 2. 

     Antibiotics will worsen the hemolytic uremic syndrome.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Antibiotics can worsen hemolytic uremic syndrome, a condition characterized by the destruction of red blood cells, kidney damage, and low platelet count. The use of antibiotics can lead to an increase in toxin production by the bacteria responsible for causing the syndrome, thereby worsening the symptoms and complications associated with it. It is important to carefully consider the use of antibiotics in patients with hemolytic uremic syndrome to avoid exacerbating the condition.

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  • 3. 

    Rash in Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever involves palm and soles too.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in cases of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, the rash typically involves not only the rest of the body but also the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. This is a characteristic feature of the disease and helps differentiate it from other types of rashes.

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  • 4. 

    Bundle of kent is an aberrant pathway seen in lown-ganong-levine syndrome.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Bundle of kent - WPW syndrome (slurred QRS) |||||
    Bundle of mahaim - lown-ganong-levine syndrome (QRS complex normal)

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  • 5. 

    Congenital rubella syndrome affects mainly in the second trimester.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Congenital rubella syndrome can affect a fetus if the mother is infected with rubella during pregnancy. The syndrome can occur at any stage of pregnancy, but it is most severe when the infection occurs during the first trimester. Infection during the second trimester can also lead to complications, but they are generally less severe compared to the first trimester. Therefore, the given statement that congenital rubella syndrome mainly affects in the second trimester is false.

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  • 6. 

    Periventricular calcification is seen with CMV infection.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Periventricular calcification refers to the presence of calcium deposits around the ventricles of the brain. This condition is commonly associated with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. CMV is a virus that can be transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy and can cause various complications, including brain abnormalities. The presence of periventricular calcification on imaging studies is a characteristic finding in infants with congenital CMV infection. Therefore, the statement "Periventricular calcification is seen with CMV infection" is true.

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  • 7. 

    Sections taken from a healing fracture can mimic osteosarcoma.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sections taken from a healing fracture can mimic osteosarcoma because both conditions can show similar histological features. When a fracture is healing, there can be increased cellularity, increased vascularity, and the presence of immature bone formation, which can resemble the appearance of osteosarcoma. This similarity can make it challenging to differentiate between the two conditions based solely on histological examination. Therefore, it is true that sections taken from a healing fracture can mimic osteosarcoma.

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  • 8. 

    Pyogenic granuloma occurs during pregnancy needs no treatment since the lesion may heal spontaneously.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During pregnancy, hormonal changes can cause the development of pyogenic granuloma, a benign skin growth. In many cases, these lesions will heal on their own without any treatment. Therefore, the statement that pyogenic granuloma occurring during pregnancy needs no treatment since the lesion may heal spontaneously is true.

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  • 9. 

    The likelihood of a salivary gland tumor being benign is inversely proportional to the size of the gland.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The likelihood of a salivary gland tumor being benign is not inversely proportional to the size of the gland. In other words, the size of the gland does not determine whether the tumor is benign or not. There are various factors that determine the nature of a salivary gland tumor, such as its location, histological characteristics, and other clinical features. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 10. 

    Influenza vaccine should be avoided in children with egg protein allergy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Children with egg protein allergy should avoid the influenza vaccine because most influenza vaccines are produced using eggs. This means that the vaccine may contain traces of egg protein, which can trigger an allergic reaction in individuals with egg allergies. Therefore, it is recommended for children with egg protein allergy to avoid the influenza vaccine to prevent any potential allergic reactions.

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Kar |Assistant Professor (Biochemistry) |
Karthikeyan Pethusamy is an assistant professor in the Department of Biochemistry at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi
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