Medical Term Quiz Questions Part - 6

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Saraswatastar
S
Saraswatastar
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 23 | Total Attempts: 4,626
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 407

SettingsSettingsSettings
Medical Term Quiz Questions Part - 6 - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Injury to corpus striatum leads to

    • A.

      Chorea

    • B.

      Athetosis

    • C.

      Hemiballismus

    • D.

      Parkinsons disease

    Correct Answer
    A. Chorea
    Explanation
    Injury to the corpus striatum can lead to Chorea, which is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary, jerky movements of the limbs, face, and trunk. The corpus striatum is a part of the basal ganglia, which is involved in the control of movement. Damage to this area can disrupt the normal functioning of the basal ganglia, resulting in the uncontrolled and abnormal movements seen in Chorea.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Symptoms of acute mountain sickness are A/E

    • A.

      Headache

    • B.

      Dyspnoea

    • C.

      Tachycardia

    • D.

      Light headedness

    Correct Answer
    C. Tachycardia
    Explanation
    Tachycardia refers to a faster than normal heart rate. In the context of acute mountain sickness, the body experiences a decrease in oxygen levels due to the high altitude. As a compensatory mechanism, the heart beats faster to try and supply more oxygen to the body. Therefore, tachycardia is not a symptom of acute mountain sickness, but rather a physiological response to it. The other symptoms listed, such as headache, dyspnea (shortness of breath), and lightheadedness, are commonly associated with acute mountain sickness.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Picket fence fever is seen in 

    • A.

      Petrositis

    • B.

      Lateral sinus thrombosis

    • C.

      Meningitis

    • D.

      Temporal lobe abscess

    Correct Answer
    B. Lateral sinus thrombosis
    Explanation
    Picket fence fever refers to the characteristic pattern of fever spikes seen in lateral sinus thrombosis. This condition occurs when a blood clot forms in the lateral sinus, a large vein located near the ear. As the clot obstructs blood flow, it leads to inflammation and infection, resulting in recurrent fevers that resemble the shape of a picket fence. Other symptoms of lateral sinus thrombosis may include headache, ear pain, swelling around the ear, and neurological deficits. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent complications such as brain abscess or meningitis.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Cytoprotective drug in peptic ulcer is

    • A.

      Omeprazole

    • B.

      Ranitidine

    • C.

      Magnesium hydroxide

    • D.

      Sucralfate

    Correct Answer
    D. Sucralfate
    Explanation
    Sucralfate is a cytoprotective drug commonly used in the treatment of peptic ulcers. It works by forming a protective layer over the ulcer, which helps to prevent further damage and promotes healing. Unlike other medications like omeprazole, ranitidine, and magnesium hydroxide, sucralfate specifically targets the ulcer site and provides a physical barrier against stomach acid and other irritants. This mechanism of action makes sucralfate an effective choice for treating peptic ulcers and providing relief from symptoms.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    ECG with ST elevation, low BP. Best line of management is

    • A.

      IABP

    • B.

      Vasopressors

    • C.

      Reperfusion

    • D.

      Thrombolytics

    Correct Answer
    C. Reperfusion
    Explanation
    Reperfusion is the best line of management for a patient with ECG showing ST elevation and low blood pressure. Reperfusion refers to the restoration of blood flow to the affected area, which is crucial in cases of myocardial infarction (heart attack) where there is a blockage in the coronary arteries. Reperfusion can be achieved through various methods such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or thrombolytic therapy. By restoring blood flow, reperfusion helps to minimize the damage to the heart muscle and improve outcomes for the patient.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Ekiri syndrome is seen in infection with

    • A.

      Salmonella

    • B.

      E.coli

    • C.

      Shigella

    • D.

      Pseudomonas

    Correct Answer
    C. Shigella
    Explanation
    Ekiri syndrome is a condition that is associated with infection caused by Shigella bacteria. Shigella is a type of bacteria that can cause severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. This condition is characterized by the presence of blood and mucus in the stool, along with symptoms such as dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. Shigella is transmitted through contaminated food or water, and it is commonly associated with poor sanitation and hygiene practices. Prompt treatment with antibiotics is necessary to control the infection and prevent complications.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Vogt Koyanagi Harada syndrome is

    • A.

      Cataract

    • B.

      CNS tumor

    • C.

      Uveitis

    • D.

      Polycystic kidney

    Correct Answer
    C. Uveitis
    Explanation
    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome is an autoimmune condition that affects multiple systems in the body, including the eyes. Uveitis refers to inflammation of the uvea, which is the middle layer of the eye that includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. VKH syndrome is characterized by bilateral uveitis, along with other symptoms such as skin and hair changes, neurological symptoms, and auditory disturbances. Therefore, the correct answer is uveitis.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The following should be avoided in asthma patient

    • A.

      NSAID

    • B.

      Terbutaline

    • C.

      Theophylline

    • D.

      Steroids

    Correct Answer
    A. NSAID
    Explanation
    NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) should be avoided in asthma patients because they can trigger bronchospasm and worsen asthma symptoms. NSAIDs inhibit the production of prostaglandins, which are involved in maintaining normal lung function. In asthma patients, the inhibition of prostaglandins can lead to the constriction of airways and increased inflammation, resulting in breathing difficulties. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid NSAIDs in asthma patients to prevent exacerbation of their condition.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    PID after insertion of IUD is seen in how many weeks? 

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      14

    Correct Answer
    A. 3
    Explanation
    After the insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD), the presence of a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can be observed within 3 weeks. PID is an infection of the reproductive organs and can occur as a complication of IUD insertion. It is important to monitor for symptoms such as pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, and fever, and seek medical attention if any signs of PID develop.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    What is the diagnosis?

    • A.

      Empyema

    • B.

      Effusion

    • C.

      Lung tumor

    • D.

      Pleural tumor

    Correct Answer
    A. Empyema
    Explanation
    Empyema is the correct diagnosis because it refers to a condition where pus accumulates in the pleural cavity, the space between the lungs and the chest wall. This condition is usually caused by a bacterial infection, such as pneumonia, and can lead to symptoms like chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing. Effusion, lung tumor, and pleural tumor are incorrect diagnoses as they do not specifically refer to the accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 29, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Saraswatastar
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.