Trivia Quiz On Diseases, Conditions And Medical Test!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 214

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Trivia Quiz On Diseases, Conditions And Medical Test!

What do you know about diseases and conditions? A disease is a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a particular location and is not merely a direct result of physical injury. Conditions include diabetes, COPD, cancer, and sleep apnea. Take the diseases and conditions quiz and see what you know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A patient with a diagnosis of CVA presents with large balance and coordination deficits.  The patient is ataxic and has minimal strength deficits.  Upon reviewing the patient chart, you are not surprised to find that the area of the brain affected by the CVA is the
    • A. 

      Cerebellum

    • B. 

      Cerebrum left hemisphere

    • C. 

      Frontal lobe

    • D. 

      Broca’s area

  • 2. 
    Which symptom is not a clinical manifestation of infection?
    • A. 

      Fever

    • B. 

      Lymph node enlargement

    • C. 

      Intense pain

    • D. 

      Abrupt onset of illness

  • 3. 
    A stroke patient is exercising in supine.  As the therapist resists the adduction of the unaffected leg, the affected leg begins to adduct.  This should be documented as
    • A. 

      Souque’s phenomenon

    • B. 

      Overextension phenomenon

    • C. 

      Schunkel reflex

    • D. 

      Raimiste’s phenomenon

  • 4. 
    In which of the following sports would it be most beneficial to have a high percentage of slow-twitch muscle fibers?
    • A. 

      Distance running

    • B. 

      Weight lifting

    • C. 

      Javelin

    • D. 

      Alpine skiing

  • 5. 
    A physical therapist is uncertain if the polarity is important when using high voltage current.  Which of the following conditions would polarity consideration be particularly important?
    • A. 

      Chronic pain

    • B. 

      Protective muscle spasm

    • C. 

      Muscle-disuse atrophy

    • D. 

      Wound healing

  • 6. 
    A physical therapist is employed as a physician-owned physical therapy clinic that charges for treatment by the modality.  One of the physicians who is an owner of the practice requests that all of his patients receive a minimum of heat, ultrasound and electrical stimulating during each treatment session.  The therapist feels that in the majority of the physician’s patients the modalities are of little clinical benefit.  The most appropriate response would be to
    • A. 

      Ignore the physician’s request and treat each patient as you feel is indicated

    • B. 

      Discuss with the physician his rationale for requesting modalities on each patient

    • C. 

      Report the physician’s conduct to the American Medical Association

    • D. 

      Inform the physician he is abusing the health care system

  • 7. 
    A serious complication of a contusion is myositis ossificans.  Which of the following statements concerning myositis ossificans is not true?
    • A. 

      Myositis ossificans occurs when the part of a hematoma is replace with bone

    • B. 

      Myositis ossificans can be recognized by plain film radiographs

    • C. 

      Myositis ossificans usually results from a single injury and not repetitive trauma

    • D. 

      Myositis ossificans is believed to be caused by periosteal cells invading the hematoma following injury

  • 8. 
    At what age should a child be able to sit unsupported?
    • A. 

      7 months

    • B. 

      8 months

    • C. 

      10 months

    • D. 

      12 months

  • 9. 
    A physical therapist is required to train a 71-year-old patient to ascend and descend a flight of stairs.  The patient presents with a fractured left tibia and is weight-bearing as tolerated.  There is a moderate weakness in the involved lower extremity secondary to the fracture.  The most appropriate instructions are
    • A. 

      “One step at a time, right foot first to ascend and to descend the stairs.”

    • B. 

      “One step at a time, right foot first to ascend the stairs and left foot first to descend the stairs”

    • C. 

      “Step over step slowly”

    • D. 

      “One step at a time, left foot first to ascend and to descend the stairs”.

  • 10. 
    Diastasis recti can be a complication of pregnancy.  Diastasis recti is
    • A. 

      An incision made at the opening of the vagina to increase the diameter

    • B. 

      When the embryo develops in the fallopian tube

    • C. 

      A separation of the rectus abdominis muscle

    • D. 

      When the placenta pulls away from the uterine wall

  • 11. 
    A patient presents with severe orthostatic hypotension.  The most appropriate immediate technique to incorporate into treatment that will assist with standing is
    • A. 

      Standing in parallel bars with increasing time intervals

    • B. 

      Using a standing table

    • C. 

      Standing in a pool

    • D. 

      Tilt table with progressive vertical positioning

  • 12. 
    A therapist can obtain valuable information during an evaluation by using special orthopedic tests.  Which of the following special tests is not performed with the patient in supine?
    • A. 

      Anterior drawer test

    • B. 

      Apley’s compression test

    • C. 

      McMurray test

    • D. 

      Patella apprehension test

  • 13. 
    Which activity does not normally develop between the 9th and 12th months of normal development?
    • A. 

      Pincer grasp

    • B. 

      Begins walking

    • C. 

      Transfers objects from one hand to the other

    • D. 

      Stand with high guard

  • 14. 
    A therapist completes an isokinetic evaluation of an 18-year-old male rehabilitating from a medial meniscectomy.  The therapist notes that the patient produces 140 ft/lbs of force in the uninvolved quadriceps at 60 degrees per second.  Assuming a normal ration of hamstrings to quadriceps strength, which of the following would be an acceptable hamstring reading at 60 degrees per second?
    • A. 

      64 ft/lbs

    • B. 

      84 ft/lbs

    • C. 

      114 ft/lbs

    • D. 

      154 ft/lbs

  • 15. 
    During an evaluation of a traumatic brain-injured patient the therapist notes the patient's mumbling phrases, which are non-purposeful in nature.  As the physical therapist initiates a passive range of motion to the patient’s lower extremities the patient attempts to strike the therapist in the head.  According to the Ranchos Los Amigos Levels of cognitive functioning, this patient would be best described at the level.
    • A. 

      II

    • B. 

      III

    • C. 

      IV

    • D. 

      V

  • 16. 
    Compression of any part of the central nervous system causing ischemia for greater than ____ minutes will result in the death of nervous tissue.
    • A. 

      3-5

    • B. 

      6-8

    • C. 

      10-12

    • D. 

      15-20

  • 17. 
    A patient with hemiplegia should be positioned in side-lying on their affected side early in rehabilitation.  The advantages of this position include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Decrease in spasticity of the affected side

    • B. 

      Elongation of the affected side

    • C. 

      Improved gross motor coordination of the affected side

    • D. 

      Increased physical awareness of the affected side

  • 18. 
    A therapist identifies excessive femoral neck anteversion during an evaluation of a patient diagnosed with trochanteric bursitis.  This structure finding commonly results in
    • A. 

      An increase in hip external rotation

    • B. 

      An increase in hip internal rotation

    • C. 

      An increase in hip extension

    • D. 

      An increase in hip flexion

  • 19. 
    A 63-year-old female referred to physical therapy for gait training suddenly loses her balance and falls to the floor.  After rushing to the scene it becomes obvious that the patient is unconscious.  Which of the following would be the most appropriate immediate response?
    • A. 

      Secure and maintain an airway

    • B. 

      File an incident report

    • C. 

      Observe and record vital signs

    • D. 

      Attempt to define the specific cause for the loss of consciousness

  • 20. 
    A therapist evaluates a patient placed in respiratory isolation.  Which of the following diseases would require respiratory isolation?
    • A. 

      Diphtheria

    • B. 

      Pharyngitis

    • C. 

      Pertussis

    • D. 

      Hepatitis

  • 21. 
    A physical therapist working on a team with a physical therapist assistant would be incorrect in asking an assistant to perform which of the following tasks?
    • A. 

      Modify treatment plan or goals

    • B. 

      Apply and measure assistive or adaptive devices

    • C. 

      Identify changes in treatment outcome

    • D. 

      Administer therapeutic modalities

  • 22. 
    Which statement concerning the anterior cruciate ligament is true?
    • A. 

      It is maximally taut between 0-20 and 70-90 degrees of knee flexion

    • B. 

      It resists posterior tibial displacement

    • C. 

      It inserts on the medial femoral intercondylar notch

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 23. 
    The most common mechanism for an anterior talofibular ligament sprain is
    • A. 

      Inversion and dorsiflexion

    • B. 

      Inversion and plantarflexion

    • C. 

      Inversion

    • D. 

      Pronation, eversion, and dorsiflexion

  • 24. 
    A wheelchair designed for a paraplegic patient should include
    • A. 

      Reclining frame

    • B. 

      Elevating leg rests

    • C. 

      Handrims with 12 vertical projections

    • D. 

      Removable arms

  • 25. 
    A patient is referred to physical therapy diagnosed with right hip trochanteric bursitis.  Which clinical finding is usually not associated with trochanteric bursitis?
    • A. 

      Resisted abduction will reproduce symptoms

    • B. 

      No function limitations in active range of motion

    • C. 

      Positive Ober’s test

    • D. 

      Joint play motions are limited in a capsular pattern

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