Science Process Skills: Definitions And Examples

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Science Process Skills: Definitions And Examples - Quiz



The definitions and examples given below are based on a number of sources and represents commonly accepted uses of the process skill terms. First you will identify process skills by definition, then by examples. DIRECTIONS: Read each statement carefully and choose the best answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The process of using the senses and appropriate tools to gather information about an object, event, or phenomenon.                           

    • A.

      Communicating

    • B.

      Inferring

    • C.

      Hypothesizing

    • D.

      Observing

    Correct Answer
    D. Observing
    Explanation
    Observing is the process of using the senses and appropriate tools to gather information about an object, event, or phenomenon. It involves carefully watching and paying attention to details in order to collect data and information. Through observation, one can gather empirical evidence and facts, which can then be used to analyze and understand the object, event, or phenomenon. This process is essential in scientific research and investigation, as it provides a foundation for further analysis and interpretation of the observed data.

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  • 2. 

    The process of drawing conclusions based on reasoning or past experience.

    • A.

      Inferring

    • B.

      Interpreting

    • C.

      Communicating

    • D.

      Observing

    Correct Answer
    A. Inferring
    Explanation
    Inferring refers to the process of drawing conclusions based on reasoning or past experience. It involves using available information and making logical deductions or predictions. Through inference, one can make educated guesses or interpretations about a situation or event. It requires analyzing and interpreting the available data or evidence to arrive at a logical and reasonable conclusion.

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  • 3. 

    The process of developing testable explanations for occurrences.

    • A.

      Inferring

    • B.

      Observing

    • C.

      Hypothesizing

    • D.

      Predicting

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypothesizing
    Explanation
    Hypothesizing is the process of developing testable explanations for occurrences. It involves formulating a possible explanation or solution based on available evidence and knowledge. Hypotheses are proposed as educated guesses that can be tested and either confirmed or rejected through further observation and experimentation. This step is crucial in the scientific method as it allows researchers to make predictions and design experiments to gather more evidence and support for their hypotheses.

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  • 4. 

    The process of  relying on previously observed patterns to state in advance the expected result of a tested hypothesis.

    • A.

      Observing

    • B.

      Interpreting

    • C.

      Inferring

    • D.

      Predicting

    Correct Answer
    D. Predicting
    Explanation
    Predicting is the correct answer because it involves relying on previously observed patterns to state in advance the expected result of a tested hypothesis. By analyzing past data and trends, one can make an educated guess or forecast about what is likely to happen in the future. This process is commonly used in various fields such as science, economics, and weather forecasting to make informed decisions and plan accordingly.

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  • 5. 

    The process of using words, symbols, or graphics to describe an object, action or event.

    • A.

      Predicting

    • B.

      Communicating

    • C.

      Inferring

    • D.

      Observing

    Correct Answer
    B. Communicating
    Explanation
    The process described in the question involves using words, symbols, or graphics to convey information about an object, action, or event. This aligns with the concept of communicating, which involves sharing or exchanging information between individuals or groups. Therefore, the correct answer is communicating.

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  • 6. 

    The process of considering evidence and drawing a conclusion by assessing the data: In other words, answering the question, ”What do your findings tell you?” Finding a pattern or other meaning in a collection of data.

    • A.

      Inferring

    • B.

      Hypothesizing

    • C.

      Interpreting

    • D.

      Communicating

    Correct Answer
    C. Interpreting
    Explanation
    Interpreting is the correct answer because it involves considering evidence, assessing data, and finding patterns or meaning in a collection of data. This process allows individuals to draw conclusions and answer the question of what their findings tell them.

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  • 7. 

    Listing the similarities and differences of a cube of ice and a ball of ice, is an example of

    • A.

      Observing

    • B.

      Hypothesizing

    • C.

      Communicating

    • D.

      Inferring

    Correct Answer
    A. Observing
    Explanation
    Listing the similarities and differences of a cube of ice and a ball of ice involves directly observing the physical characteristics of both objects. This process does not involve making assumptions or forming hypotheses, as in hypothesizing. It also does not involve drawing conclusions based on available evidence, as in inferring. Additionally, it does not involve conveying information to others, as in communicating. Therefore, the most appropriate term to describe this activity is observing.

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  • 8. 

     Describing the relationship between the melting time for an ice cube and amount of salt sprinkled on the cube by writing about it or by constructing a graph, is an example of

    • A.

      Interpreting

    • B.

      Communicating

    • C.

      Hypothesizing

    • D.

      Observing

    Correct Answer
    B. Communicating
    Explanation
    Communicating is the correct answer because describing the relationship between the melting time for an ice cube and the amount of salt sprinkled on the cube involves effectively conveying this information to others. It requires presenting the information in a clear and understandable manner, either through written descriptions or by constructing a graph to visually represent the relationship. By communicating this information, others can understand and interpret the findings, leading to a better understanding of the relationship between the variables.

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  • 9. 

    After observing the melting rates of an ice cube sprinkled with salt and one without salt, concluding that salt reduces the freezing point of water, is an example of

    • A.

      Observing

    • B.

      Inferring

    • C.

      Hypothesizing

    • D.

      Interpreting

    Correct Answer
    D. Interpreting
    Explanation
    Interpreting is the correct answer because the statement describes the process of drawing a conclusion based on the observed melting rates of an ice cube with and without salt. By observing the different rates, one can infer that salt reduces the freezing point of water. This conclusion is an interpretation of the observed data and is not directly observable.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 15, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Scichair09
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