A Quiz On Personal Health: MCQ Trivia!

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A Quiz On Personal Health: MCQ Trivia! - Quiz

What do you know about personal health, and do you think you can pass this quiz? Personal Health information is also referred to as protected health information, medical history, test and laboratory results, insurance information, and other data that a health care professional obtains to identify an individual and establish the appropriate course of care. Taking this quiz will put your understanding of personal health to the test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which one of the statements below describes a Balanced Diet?

    • A.

      A balanced diet is making sure that you do not consume any Fat. The more fat you consume, the less effective you will be for physical activity and sport.

    • B.

      A balanced diet is making sure that you eat large quantities of Protein and Carbohydrates to ensure that you are effective in your chosen sport.

    • C.

      A balanced diet means eating a variety of foods from all different groups of food in the correct proportions.

    • D.

      A balanced diet means eating the correct amount of Micronutrients of Fats, Proteins, and Carbohydrates.

    Correct Answer
    C. A balanced diet means eating a variety of foods from all different groups of food in the correct proportions.
    Explanation
    A balanced diet refers to the practice of consuming a variety of foods from all food groups in appropriate proportions. This ensures that the body receives essential nutrients from different sources, promoting overall health and well-being. By including a diverse range of foods, individuals can obtain a balanced intake of macronutrients (such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats) as well as micronutrients (such as vitamins and minerals), which are necessary for optimal bodily functions. This approach helps maintain a healthy weight, supports physical activity, and reduces the risk of chronic diseases.

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  • 2. 

    Protein is a Macronutrient and is an essential part of the diet.  Which of the following statements correctly describes why Protein is an essential part of the diet?

    • A.

      To help digestion

    • B.

      To transport oxygen during activity

    • C.

      To increase blood flow during activity

    • D.

      To help with muscle growth as a result of training adaptations

    Correct Answer
    D. To help with muscle growth as a result of training adaptations
    Explanation
    Protein is an essential part of the diet because it helps with muscle growth as a result of training adaptations. When we engage in physical activity or exercise, our muscles undergo stress and damage. Protein plays a crucial role in repairing and rebuilding these muscles, leading to muscle growth and strength development. It provides the necessary building blocks (amino acids) for muscle tissue synthesis, ensuring that our muscles recover and adapt to the demands placed on them during training. Therefore, consuming an adequate amount of protein is important for individuals looking to build and maintain muscle mass.

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  • 3. 

    Water is an essential component of a Balanced Diet.  True or False?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Water is indeed an essential component of a balanced diet. It plays a crucial role in maintaining various bodily functions and overall health. Our body needs water for digestion, absorption, circulation, transportation of nutrients, regulation of body temperature, and elimination of waste products. It helps in keeping the body hydrated, which is essential for optimal organ function, healthy skin, and proper metabolism. Therefore, including an adequate amount of water in our daily diet is vital for maintaining a balanced and healthy lifestyle.

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  • 4. 

    Which one of the Micronutrients below is found in dairy foods such as milk, cheese, and eggs?  It helps the body to absorb the mineral Calcium.

    • A.

      Vitamin C

    • B.

      Fibre

    • C.

      Vitamin D

    • D.

      Calcium

    Correct Answer
    C. Vitamin D
    Explanation
    Vitamin D is the correct answer because it is found in dairy foods such as milk, cheese, and eggs. It helps the body to absorb the mineral Calcium.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the Macronutrients below is found in butter, oil, and meat?  This should form the smallest percentage of a person's balanced diet. 

    • A.

      Fats

    • B.

      Carbohydrates

    • C.

      Protein

    • D.

      Fibre

    Correct Answer
    A. Fats
    Explanation
    Fats are the macronutrients found in butter, oil, and meat. They should form the smallest percentage of a person's balanced diet because excessive intake of fats can lead to weight gain and other health issues. It is important to consume fats in moderation and choose healthier sources such as unsaturated fats found in nuts, seeds, and fish.

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  • 6. 

    The loss below gives different combinations of important nutritional requirements of a balanced diet.  Which one of them does NOT include a micronutrient?

    • A.

      Fibre, Water, Vitamin A, Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Water, Fibre, Carbohydrates, Fats

    • C.

      Carbohydrates, Calcium, Protein, Fibre

    • D.

      Protein, Fats, Vitamin A, Vitamin A

    Correct Answer
    B. Water, Fibre, Carbohydrates, Fats
    Explanation
    The combination of Water, Fibre, Carbohydrates, and Fats does not include a micronutrient. Micronutrients are essential nutrients that are required in small amounts by the body, such as vitamins and minerals. In this combination, there is no mention of any specific vitamin or mineral, indicating that it does not include a micronutrient.

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  • 7. 

    The following should be present in a balanced diet.  Which of them aids bone development?

    • A.

      Fibre

    • B.

      Vitamins

    • C.

      Minerals

    • D.

      Protein

    Correct Answer
    C. Minerals
    Explanation
    Minerals aid bone development. They are essential nutrients that play a crucial role in maintaining bone health. Certain minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium, are particularly important for bone formation and strength. These minerals contribute to the development and maintenance of the skeletal system, helping to prevent conditions like osteoporosis and fractures. Therefore, including minerals in a balanced diet is necessary to support bone development.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following would be the most appropriate amount of time to leave before exercising after a large meal?

    • A.

      Half an hour

    • B.

      Over an hour

    • C.

      5 minutes

    • D.

      No need to wait as food will provide essential energy for exercise

    Correct Answer
    B. Over an hour
    Explanation
    It is most appropriate to wait for over an hour before exercising after a large meal. This is because after eating, blood flow is directed towards the digestive system to aid in the digestion process. Exercising immediately after a meal can divert blood flow away from the digestive system, potentially leading to discomfort, indigestion, and reduced nutrient absorption. Waiting for over an hour allows the body enough time to digest the meal and for blood flow to return to normal before engaging in physical activity.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 07, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Houlty
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