1.
A series of logical steps that is followed in order to solve a problem is called the __________
Correct Answer
A. Scientific method
Explanation
The scientific method is a series of logical steps that are followed in order to solve a problem. It involves making observations, formulating a hypothesis, conducting experiments to test the hypothesis, analyzing the results, and drawing conclusions. This method is widely used in scientific research and helps to ensure that investigations are carried out systematically and objectively. The other options, such as experimental process, scientific theory, and model method, do not accurately describe the process of solving a problem through logical steps.
2.
Which of the following steps to solve a problem must be completed first _____________________
Correct Answer
C. Identify the Problem
Explanation
The first step to solve a problem is to identify the problem itself. Without knowing what the problem is, it is impossible to come up with an effective solution. Once the problem is identified, then the other steps such as analyzing data, stating a hypothesis, and conducting experiments can be carried out in order to find a resolution.
3.
A factor in an experiment that can change is a(n)______________
Correct Answer
A. Variable
Explanation
In an experiment, a factor that can change is known as a variable. Variables are the elements that researchers manipulate or measure in order to understand their impact on the outcome of the experiment. They can be independent variables, which are deliberately manipulated by the researcher, or dependent variables, which are observed and measured to determine the effect of the independent variables. Variables are crucial in scientific experiments as they allow researchers to identify cause-and-effect relationships and draw meaningful conclusions from their findings.
4.
A good way to organize and record your experiment is using a ________
Correct Answer
B. Data Table
Explanation
A data table is a good way to organize and record your experiment because it allows you to systematically collect and present data in a structured format. It helps to keep track of variables, measurements, and observations in an organized manner, making it easier to analyze and draw conclusions from the data. A data table also allows for easy comparison and identification of patterns or trends in the data, which is essential for scientific experiments.
5.
What does a Pascal measure ________?
Correct Answer
A. Pressure
Explanation
A Pascal is a unit of measurement used to quantify pressure. It is named after the French mathematician Blaise Pascal and is defined as one newton of force per square meter. Therefore, the correct answer is Pressure.
6.
A meter measures ________________?
Correct Answer
B. Length
Explanation
A meter is a unit of measurement used to measure length. It is commonly used to measure the distance between two points or the size of an object. Therefore, the correct answer is "Length".
7.
The Joule is part of the metric system?
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The Joule is indeed part of the metric system. It is the unit of measurement for energy and work in the International System of Units (SI). The SI system is a decimal-based system of measurement used worldwide, and the Joule is one of the derived units in this system. It is defined as the amount of work done when a force of one newton is applied over a distance of one meter. Therefore, the correct answer is true.
8.
What does a gram measure?
Correct Answer
C. Wieght
Explanation
A gram is a unit of measurement used to quantify weight. It is commonly used to measure the mass or heaviness of an object. Therefore, the correct answer is "Weight."
9.
How can you abbreviate millilmeters?
Correct Answer
A. Mm
Explanation
Millimeters can be abbreviated as "mm". This is a widely recognized abbreviation for millimeters and is commonly used in various fields such as engineering, manufacturing, and science. It represents one-thousandth of a meter and is a standard unit of measurement for small distances. The abbreviation "mm" is derived from the Latin word "millimus" which means "thousandth".
10.
How can you abbreviate milliigrams?
Correct Answer
C. Mg
Explanation
The correct abbreviation for milligrams is "mg".
11.
How can you abbreviate dekagram?
Correct Answer
A. Dag
Explanation
"Dag" is the correct abbreviation for dekagram. The abbreviation "dag" is derived from the Greek word "deka," which means ten, and the unit "gram." It is commonly used in scientific and culinary contexts to represent a unit of mass equal to ten grams. The other options, "Dg," "dg," and "g," do not accurately represent the abbreviation for dekagram.
12.
How much is a Liter worth in the metric system?
Correct Answer
A. 1
Explanation
In the metric system, a liter is worth 1. This is because the metric system is based on powers of 10, and a liter is defined as the volume of a cube that measures 10 centimeters on each side. Therefore, 1 liter is equal to 1 unit in the metric system.
13.
How much is a centi worth in the metric system?
Correct Answer
B. .01
Explanation
In the metric system, a centi- is a prefix that represents one hundredth of a unit. Therefore, a centi is worth .01 in the metric system.
14.
How much is a hecto worth in the metric system?
Correct Answer
B. 100
Explanation
A hecto is a metric prefix that represents 100. Therefore, in the metric system, a hecto is worth 100.
15.
If snails move faster on smoother plane, then a snail will move faster on glass than on sand.
Correct Answer
A. Hypothesis
Explanation
The given question presents a scenario where it is stated that snails move faster on a smoother plane. Based on this information, a hypothesis can be formulated that a snail will move faster on glass than on sand. A hypothesis is a proposed explanation or prediction based on limited evidence or observations. In this case, the hypothesis is that the smoothness of the surface affects the snail's speed. To confirm or refute this hypothesis, an experiment can be conducted, data can be collected, and a conclusion can be drawn based on the results.
16.
What makes the pupil in the eye change size?
Correct Answer
C. Question
Explanation
The pupil in the eye changes size in response to the amount of light entering the eye. When the amount of light is low, the pupil dilates (gets bigger) to allow more light to enter the eye and improve vision in dim conditions. Conversely, when the amount of light is high, the pupil constricts (gets smaller) to limit the amount of light entering the eye and prevent overexposure. This automatic adjustment of the pupil size is controlled by the iris muscles, which contract or relax in response to the brightness of the environment.
17.
Which color lights cause plants to grow more effectively?
Correct Answer
D. Question
18.
28 mL = ______ cL
Correct Answer
A. 2.8
Explanation
28 mL is equal to 2.8 cL. This is because there are 10 centiliters in 1 liter, and 1 liter is equal to 1000 milliliters. Therefore, to convert mL to cL, we divide the mL value by 100. In this case, dividing 28 mL by 100 gives us 2.8 cL.
19.
8000dam = _______km
Correct Answer
B. 80
Explanation
8000dam is equal to 80 km. This conversion is based on the fact that 1 kilometer is equal to 100 decameters (dam). Therefore, to convert dam to km, we divide the given value by 100. In this case, dividing 8000 by 100 gives us 80, which represents the equivalent value in kilometers.
20.
Which system of measurement is easier?
Correct Answer
B. Metric
Explanation
The metric system of measurement is easier because it is based on a decimal system, making conversions between units straightforward. It uses prefixes such as kilo, centi, and milli to denote multiples and submultiples of the base unit. In contrast, the customary system used in the United States is more complex and less intuitive, with conversions involving fractions and different conversion factors for each unit. The Galactic Empire and Empire options are not relevant to the question and can be disregarded.
21.
What is the difference between a hypothesis and theory?
Correct Answer
C. Theories have been confirmed through tests; hypothesis haven't
Explanation
The answer states that theories have been confirmed through tests, while hypotheses have not. This means that a theory is supported by evidence and has been shown to be true or accurate, whereas a hypothesis is a proposed explanation or prediction that has not yet been tested or proven. The distinction lies in the level of evidence and confirmation that each concept possesses.
22.
What might cause a theory to change over time?
Correct Answer
D. The discovery of new evidence
Explanation
Theories are based on existing evidence and knowledge, but as new evidence is discovered, it may contradict or challenge the existing theory. This new evidence can lead to a reevaluation of the theory and potentially result in changes or modifications to it. Therefore, the discovery of new evidence is a plausible reason for a theory to change over time.
23.
Which units measure the same basic quantities?
Correct Answer
D. Yards and feet
Explanation
Yards and feet are units of measurement that measure the same basic quantity, which is length. Both yards and feet are commonly used to measure distances and lengths, especially in the United States. They are part of the imperial system of measurement and are often used interchangeably depending on the context. For example, when measuring the length of a room or the height of a person, yards and feet can be used to express the same measurement.
24.
If a recipe calls for 3 and 1/4 cups of flour, you can tell that it's using:
Correct Answer
A. The customary system
Explanation
The correct answer is The customary system. In the customary system, measurements are typically expressed in cups, teaspoons, tablespoons, etc. The use of fractions, such as 1/4, is also common in this system. The metric system, on the other hand, uses units such as grams and liters, and does not typically use fractions in measurements. Since the recipe calls for 3 and 1/4 cups of flour, it is clear that it is using the customary system of measurement.
25.
Quantitative means to express something as a number.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Quantitative refers to the measurement or expression of something in numerical terms. It involves using numbers and mathematical calculations to describe or analyze data. Therefore, the statement "Quantitative means to express something as a number" is true, as it accurately describes the concept of quantifying information using numerical values.