# 7th Grade Scientific Method Quiz

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The scientific method is often described as a procedure that has defined natural science since the 17th Century. It consists of systematic observations, measurements, experimentations, and formulations of hypothesis to name a few. Now, how much do you really know about this procedure? Take your chance and pass our 7th-grade quiz about it.

• 1.

### How is a hypothesis defined?

• A.

As a suggestion

• B.

As a conjecture

• C.

As a point of view

• D.

As a idea

B. As a conjecture
Explanation
A hypothesis is defined as a conjecture because it is a proposed explanation or assumption that is based on limited evidence. It is an educated guess that is made in order to test and investigate a specific phenomenon or problem. A hypothesis is not a proven fact, but rather a starting point for further research and experimentation.

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• 2.

### What does a prediction involve?

• A.

Determining the logical consequences of the hypothesis

• B.

Determining the outcome of the experiments

• C.

Determining what are the controls of the experiment

• D.

Determining the variables of the experiment

A. Determining the logical consequences of the hypothesis
Explanation
A prediction involves determining the logical consequences of the hypothesis. This means analyzing the hypothesis and its implications to make an educated guess about what is likely to happen or be observed in the future. By considering the logical consequences, one can make a prediction about the expected outcome or result of an experiment or situation based on the hypothesis.

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• 3.

### What is testing?

• A.

It is an investigation of whether a change will occur

• B.

It is an investigation of whether room temperature can be tempered with

• C.

It is an investigation of whether the real world behaves as predicted by the hypothesis

• D.

It is an investigation on your question

C. It is an investigation of whether the real world behaves as predicted by the hypothesis
Explanation
Testing is the process of verifying whether the real world behaves as expected or predicted by a hypothesis. It involves conducting experiments or investigations to gather evidence and validate the accuracy of the hypothesis. By testing, we can assess whether the observed results align with the expected outcomes, allowing us to make informed decisions and conclusions about the hypothesis being tested.

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• 4.

### Who is considered as the father of the scientific method?

• A.

Isaac Newton

• B.

• C.

Ibn Al-Haytham

• D.

Albert Einstein

C. Ibn Al-Haytham
Explanation
Ibn Al-Haytham is considered as the father of the scientific method because he made significant contributions to the development of the scientific method during the Islamic Golden Age. He emphasized the importance of experimentation, observation, and evidence-based reasoning in scientific inquiry. Ibn Al-Haytham's work, particularly his book "Kitab al-Manazir" (Book of Optics), laid the foundation for the scientific method that is still used today. His approach to scientific investigation greatly influenced later scientists, including Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein.

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• 5.

### Who has provided us with the best piece of retroductive reasoning ever?

• A.

Johannes Baker

• B.

Johan Beker

• C.

Johannes Kepler

• D.

Johannes Stapler

C. Johannes Kepler
Explanation
Johannes Kepler has provided us with the best piece of retroductive reasoning ever. Kepler was a renowned mathematician and astronomer who formulated three laws of planetary motion, known as Kepler's Laws. These laws were based on retroductive reasoning, which involves making inferences from observed phenomena to explain the underlying causes. Kepler used retroductive reasoning to explain the elliptical shape of planetary orbits and the relationship between a planet's distance from the sun and its orbital period. His work revolutionized our understanding of the solar system and laid the foundation for Isaac Newton's laws of motion.

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• 6.

### Who said that "all knowledge of reality starts from experience and ends in it?"

• A.

Charles Darwin

• B.

Pascal

• C.

Isaac Newton

• D.

Albert Einstein

D. Albert Einstein
Explanation
Albert Einstein is the correct answer because he believed that all knowledge of reality starts from experience and ends in it. Einstein emphasized the importance of empirical evidence and observation in understanding the natural world. He believed that scientific theories should be based on experimental data and confirmed through observation and experience. Einstein's theory of relativity, for example, was developed through a combination of theoretical work and experimental evidence, demonstrating his commitment to the empirical approach in acquiring knowledge about reality.

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• 7.

### Who is considered as the father of modern physics?

• A.

Thomas Edison

• B.

Nikola Tesla

• C.

Galileo Galilei

• D.

James Watson

C. Galileo Galilei
Explanation
Galileo Galilei is considered the father of modern physics because of his significant contributions to the field. He made groundbreaking discoveries and advancements in the study of motion, astronomy, and the scientific method. Galileo's experiments and observations challenged the prevailing beliefs of his time and laid the foundation for the development of modern physics. His work on the laws of motion and the concept of inertia revolutionized our understanding of the physical world and paved the way for future scientific advancements.

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• 8.

### What's the purpose of an analysis?

• A.

It determines the material needed to conduct a good experiment.

• B.

It determines what the results of the experiment show and deciding on the next actions to take.

• C.

It determines the environment where the experiment will take place.

• D.

It determines the techniques used to conduct the experiment.

B. It determines what the results of the experiment show and deciding on the next actions to take.
Explanation
The purpose of an analysis is to determine what the results of the experiment show and decide on the next actions to take. This involves examining the data collected during the experiment, identifying patterns or trends, and drawing conclusions based on the findings. The analysis helps researchers understand the implications of the results and make informed decisions about further experiments, modifications to the experimental setup, or adjustments to the research approach. It is a critical step in the scientific process that guides researchers in their pursuit of knowledge and understanding.

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• 9.

### What other components does the scientific method have?

• A.

Replication, external review, data recording and sharing.

• B.

Errors

• C.

Errors and replication.

• D.

Errors, external review, data recording.

A. Replication, external review, data recording and sharing.
Explanation
The scientific method involves several components to ensure the validity and reliability of research findings. Replication is important as it involves repeating the experiment to confirm the results. External review refers to the process of having other experts in the field evaluate and critique the research. Data recording is crucial for accurately documenting the observations and measurements made during the experiment. Lastly, sharing the data with the scientific community allows for transparency and collaboration, enabling others to verify and build upon the research.

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• 10.

### What is the purpose of the scientific inquiry?

• A.

It helps stay rational when an event occurs.

• B.

It helps observe phenomenons

• C.

It helps get true facts.

• D.

It aims at obtaining knowledge in the form of testable explanation that scientists can use.

D. It aims at obtaining knowledge in the form of testable explanation that scientists can use.
Explanation
Scientific inquiry is a systematic process that aims to obtain knowledge through the formulation and testing of hypotheses. By using this method, scientists can gather information and develop testable explanations for natural phenomena. This process helps ensure that the knowledge obtained is reliable and based on evidence. It allows scientists to make objective observations, analyze data, and draw conclusions, contributing to the advancement of scientific understanding.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Apr 10, 2018
Quiz Created by
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