# 1.5 What Is Scientific Inquiry?

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These questions will provide an assessment of your understanding of the concepts of Scientific Inquiry.

• 1.

### Which of the following procedures IS considered a scientific method?

• A.

Collecting data

• B.

Making a hypothesis

• C.

Observing

• D.

D. All the answers are correct
Explanation
All of the given procedures - collecting data, making a hypothesis, and observing - are considered part of the scientific method. The scientific method involves systematically gathering data, formulating hypotheses based on that data, and then testing those hypotheses through observation and experimentation. Therefore, all of the answers are correct as they are all essential steps in the scientific method.

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• 2.

### To simplify the results of an experiment, many researchers hold all variables constant EXCEPT for one.   They then compare the results with respect to that one variable.  This type of experiment is known as a(n)

• A.

Variable experiment.

• B.

Multi-factor experiment.

• C.

Controlled experiment.

• D.

None of the answers are correct

C. Controlled experiment.
Explanation
In a controlled experiment, researchers manipulate and control one variable while keeping all other variables constant. This allows them to isolate the effect of the manipulated variable on the outcome or results of the experiment. By holding all variables constant except for one, researchers can determine the specific impact of that variable on the experiment's outcome. This type of experiment helps to establish cause-and-effect relationships and draw reliable conclusions.

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• 3.

### A scientist uses graphs, tables, and charts to publish the results of his/her research.  What type of research was he probably performing?

• A.

Descriptive research

• B.

Quantitative research

• C.

GrapHical research

• D.

None of the answers are correct

B. Quantitative research
Explanation
The scientist is most likely performing quantitative research because they are using graphs, tables, and charts to publish their results. Quantitative research involves collecting and analyzing numerical data to answer research questions and test hypotheses. The use of graphs, tables, and charts is common in quantitative research to visually represent and communicate the data findings.

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• 4.

### Is this right?

• A.

Yes

• B.

No

A. Yes
Explanation
The given correct answer is "yes" because the question asks if something is right, and "yes" indicates that it is indeed right.

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• 5.

### What comes first?

• A.

Explaination

• B.

Try

• C.

• D.

Know the background

Explanation
When trying to gather information or solve a problem, the first step is usually to ask a question. By asking a question, you can begin the process of seeking knowledge and understanding. This allows you to gather relevant information and form a foundation for further exploration or problem-solving.

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• 6.

### Do you need to prove your findings?

• A.

Yes

• B.

No

• C.

In some cases

A. Yes
Explanation
The correct answer is "Yes" because proving your findings is an essential part of the scientific process. By providing evidence and supporting data, you can validate your results and establish the credibility of your research. Proving your findings also allows others to replicate your experiments and verify the accuracy of your conclusions. Without proof, your findings may be seen as unreliable or inconclusive.

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• 7.

• A.

Give up

• B.

Try again

• C.

Find someone to cheat off of

• D.

B. Try again
Explanation
If your answer comes out wrong, the best course of action is to try again. This means going back to the problem or question and reevaluating your approach or calculations. By trying again, you give yourself the opportunity to correct any mistakes or errors that may have occurred in your initial attempt. It allows for a second chance to analyze the problem and potentially arrive at the correct answer. Persistence and perseverance are key in learning from mistakes and improving your understanding.

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• 8.

### What is the last thing you do?

• A.

Try again

• B.

Experiment

• C.

• D.

Analyze

Explanation
The correct answer is "Report your findings." This suggests that after conducting an experiment or analysis, the next step is to communicate the results or conclusions to others. This could involve writing a report, presenting the findings, or sharing the information in some other way. It is important to report findings to contribute to the body of knowledge and allow others to build upon or validate the research.

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• 9.

### What is the definition of procedure?

• A.

An explanation of an observation that must be logical and can change after observations are made.

• B.

Anything that can change in an experiment

• C.

Information that is collected

• D.

Step by step instructions to complete an investigation

D. Step by step instructions to complete an investigation
Explanation
The definition of procedure refers to step-by-step instructions that are followed in order to complete an investigation. Procedures provide a clear and systematic approach to conducting experiments or investigations, ensuring that the same steps are followed each time. This helps to maintain consistency and allows for the replication of results. By following a procedure, researchers can minimize errors and biases, and ensure that their investigation is conducted in a systematic and organized manner.

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• 10.

### _________________ is the information that is collected.

• A.

Inference

• B.

Variable

• C.

Data

• D.

Procedures

C. Data
Explanation
Data refers to the information that is collected. It can be in the form of numbers, text, images, or any other format. Data is collected through various methods such as surveys, experiments, observations, or from existing sources. It is then analyzed to extract meaningful insights and make informed decisions. In the context of the given question, data is the correct answer as it is the information that is collected.

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• 11.

### A(n) _____________________ variable is something that the scientist wants to remain the same throughout the entire experiment.

• A.

Independent

• B.

Controlled

• C.

Dependent

• D.

Staysame

B. Controlled
Explanation
A controlled variable is something that the scientist wants to remain the same throughout the entire experiment. This variable is carefully controlled and kept constant so that any changes observed in the experiment can be attributed to the independent variable being tested. By keeping the controlled variable constant, the scientist can ensure that any changes in the dependent variable are not influenced by other factors.

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• 12.

### A inference is......?

• A.

Step by step instructions to complete an investigation

• B.

Information that is collected

• C.

An educated guess based on prior experiences

• D.

An explanation of an observation that must be logical and can change after more observations are made

D. An explanation of an observation that must be logical and can change after more observations are made
Explanation
An inference is an explanation of an observation that must be logical and can change after more observations are made. It is not step by step instructions to complete an investigation, information that is collected, or an educated guess based on prior experiences. Inferences are conclusions drawn from evidence and observations, and they are subject to change as new information is gathered.

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• 13.

### A hypothesis is....?

• A.

An educated guess based on prior knowledge and experience.

• B.

Anything that can be changed in an experiment.

• C.

An explanation of an observation that must be logical and can change after more observations are made

• D.

Information that is collected

A. An educated guess based on prior knowledge and experience.
Explanation
A hypothesis is an educated guess based on prior knowledge and experience. It is a statement that suggests a possible explanation for an observed phenomenon or a prediction about the outcome of an experiment. It is not just any information that is collected or anything that can be changed in an experiment. A hypothesis must be logical and can potentially change after more observations are made.

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• 14.

### A(n) _______________________ is the 1 thing in an experiment that is changed or manipulated by the scientist.

• A.

Dependent

• B.

Controlled

• C.

Independent

• D.

Variable

C. Independent
Explanation
The independent variable is the one thing in an experiment that is changed or manipulated by the scientist. This means that the scientist has control over the independent variable and can intentionally alter it to observe its effects on the dependent variable. The dependent variable, on the other hand, is the outcome or response that is measured or observed as a result of the changes made to the independent variable.

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• 15.

### A(n) _____________________ is anything that can be changed in an experiment.

• A.

Dependent

• B.

Controlled

• C.

Independent

• D.

Variable

D. Variable
Explanation
A variable is anything that can be changed in an experiment. It is a factor or condition that can be manipulated or measured in order to observe its effect on the outcome of the experiment. Variables can be categorized into different types such as independent variables, which are purposely changed by the experimenter, and dependent variables, which are the outcomes or results that are influenced by the independent variable. Controlled variables are the factors that are kept constant throughout the experiment to ensure that only the independent variable is affecting the outcome.

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• 16.

### A(n) _____________________ variable is the results that change in response to the change the scientist makes to the __________________ variable.

• A.

Independent; controlled

• B.

Independent; independent

• C.

Dependent: controlled

• D.

Dependent; independent

D. Dependent; independent
Explanation
The dependent variable is the variable that is being measured or observed in an experiment. It is the variable that changes in response to the independent variable, which is the variable that the scientist manipulates or changes. In this case, the correct answer is "dependent; independent" because the dependent variable changes in response to the changes made to the independent variable.

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• 17.

### What makes a good hypothesis?

Specific,Testable, and a statement, not a question.
Explanation
A good hypothesis should be specific, meaning that it clearly defines the variables and the relationship between them. It should also be testable, meaning that it can be supported or refuted through empirical evidence. Lastly, a good hypothesis should be a statement rather than a question, as it provides a clear and concise prediction or explanation.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Jun 22, 2011
Quiz Created by
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