Chapter 10- Planning, Purchasing, And Serving Food

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Chapter 10- Planning, Purchasing, And Serving Food - Quiz

Mt. Neva Nursing School International/Online Learning. Being a Homemaker Home Health Aide by. Elana Zucker Visit our Website: https://www. Mtnevanursingschoolinternational. ComLet us help you Get Ahead!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    List all you had yesterday and evaluate if you had a well-balanced diet.

  • 2. 

    You can eat a well-balanced diet if you follow the food ______________.

    Correct Answer
    pyramid
    Explanation
    The food pyramid is a visual representation of the different food groups and their recommended proportions for a healthy diet. By following the food pyramid, individuals can ensure that they are consuming a variety of foods from each group in the right amounts, promoting a well-balanced diet.

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  • 3. 

    Substances that our bodies need to repair, maintain, and grow new cells are called ________________.

    Correct Answer
    nutrients
    Explanation
    Nutrients are substances that our bodies require in order to repair, maintain, and grow new cells. They provide the essential components and energy needed for various bodily functions. Nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals, which are obtained through the foods we eat. These substances are vital for the overall health and well-being of our bodies.

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  • 4. 

    Proteins are divided into two types:________________ and ______________.

    Correct Answer
    complete
    incomplete
    Explanation
    Proteins are classified into two types based on their structure and composition: complete proteins and incomplete proteins. Complete proteins contain all the essential amino acids that the body needs for proper functioning. They are usually found in animal sources such as meat, fish, eggs, and dairy products. Incomplete proteins, on the other hand, lack one or more essential amino acids and are typically found in plant sources such as legumes, grains, and vegetables. It is important to have a balanced diet that includes both complete and incomplete proteins to ensure a sufficient intake of all essential amino acids.

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  • 5. 

    The nutrient that builds and renews hemoglobin is ______________.

    Correct Answer
    iron
    Explanation
    Iron is the nutrient that builds and renews hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. Iron is a crucial component of hemoglobin, as it binds to oxygen and allows it to be transported to tissues and organs. Without sufficient iron, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin, leading to a condition called iron deficiency anemia. Therefore, iron is essential for the synthesis and maintenance of hemoglobin in the body.

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  • 6. 

    The nutrient responsible for normal functioning of the eyes is ________________.

    Correct Answer
    vitamin A
    Explanation
    Vitamin A is the nutrient responsible for the normal functioning of the eyes. It plays a crucial role in maintaining good vision, especially in low light conditions. It is essential for the production of rhodopsin, a pigment in the retina that helps with night vision. Vitamin A also supports the health of the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eye, and helps prevent dryness and damage to the surface of the eye. Additionally, it is involved in the growth and development of the eye tissues.

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  • 7. 

    The nutrient that enables the thyroid gland to perform is _________________.

    Correct Answer
    iodine
    Explanation
    Iodine is the nutrient that enables the thyroid gland to perform. The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism, growth, and development. Iodine is essential for the synthesis of these hormones, specifically thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Without sufficient iodine, the thyroid gland cannot produce enough hormones, leading to various health issues such as goiter and hypothyroidism. Therefore, iodine is crucial for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland.

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  • 8. 

    The nutrient that maintains a healthy condition of the nerves is _________________.

    Correct Answer
    B complex
    Explanation
    B complex is the correct answer because it is a group of vitamins that are essential for maintaining a healthy condition of the nerves. B vitamins, such as B1 (thiamine), B6 (pyridoxine), and B12 (cobalamin), play a crucial role in the proper functioning of the nervous system. They help in the production of neurotransmitters, which are responsible for transmitting signals between nerve cells. B complex vitamins also support the myelin sheath, a protective covering around nerves, and aid in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, providing energy for nerve cells. Therefore, B complex is necessary for the overall health and function of the nerves.

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  • 9. 

    List the five factors to be considered when planning a meal: 

    Correct Answer
    variety
    texture
    flavors
    cost
    colors
    Explanation
    When planning a meal, it is important to consider a variety of factors. Variety ensures that the meal includes a diverse range of food groups and nutrients. Texture adds interest and enjoyment to the meal, with a mix of crunchy, smooth, and chewy elements. Flavors contribute to the overall taste experience, balancing sweet, savory, and spicy tastes. Cost is an important consideration to ensure that the meal is affordable and fits within budget constraints. Colors play a role in making the meal visually appealing, as different colored foods are often associated with different nutrients.

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  • 10. 

    List two types of considerations when reading a food label: 

    Correct Answer
    allergies
    salt restriction, sugar restriction
    Explanation
    When reading a food label, there are two types of considerations to keep in mind. The first is allergies, which refers to any specific food allergies or sensitivities that a person may have. It is important to check the ingredients list for any potential allergens that could cause an adverse reaction. The second consideration is salt and sugar restriction. This means being mindful of the amount of salt and sugar present in the food product, as excessive consumption of these ingredients can have negative health effects. By being aware of these considerations, individuals can make informed choices about the foods they consume.

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  • 11. 

    List three helpful hints to consider when planning a diet for a client receiving chemotherapy or radiation.

    Correct Answer
    decrease red meat
    give small and frequent meals
    no sweets or gas forming food.
    Explanation
    These three helpful hints are important when planning a diet for a client receiving chemotherapy or radiation. Decreasing red meat is recommended because it can be difficult to digest and may cause discomfort for the client. Providing small and frequent meals is beneficial as it helps to maintain energy levels and prevent nausea or vomiting. Avoiding sweets and gas forming foods is crucial as they can exacerbate digestive issues and cause discomfort for the client. Overall, these hints focus on providing easily digestible and nutritious meals to support the client's health during treatment.

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  • 12. 

    List four guidelines to follow when feeding a client.

    Correct Answer
    assist only as needed, do not rush, be gentle with cutlery
    keep conversation pleasant, feed foods separately
    when offering liquids first touch it to the lips
    record I&Q, record observations
    Explanation
    The answer provides four guidelines to follow when feeding a client. These guidelines include assisting the client only as needed, not rushing the feeding process, being gentle with cutlery, keeping the conversation pleasant, feeding foods separately, touching liquids to the lips before offering them, and recording intake and quality as well as any observations made during the feeding process. These guidelines ensure that the client is provided with proper assistance, a comfortable and enjoyable feeding experience, and that their intake and well-being are properly monitored.

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  • 13. 

    The substances our bodies need to repair, maintain, and grow new cells are called: 

    • A.

      Vitamins

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Carbohydrates

    • D.

      Nutrients

    Correct Answer
    D. Nutrients
    Explanation
    Nutrients are the substances that our bodies require for various functions such as repairing, maintaining, and growing new cells. They provide the necessary energy and building blocks for our body to function properly. While vitamins, proteins, and carbohydrates are all types of nutrients, the term "nutrients" is a more general and inclusive term that encompasses all essential substances needed for our body's health and growth.

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  • 14. 

    You can prepare a well-balanced diet if you use food from the:

    • A.

      Four basic groups

    • B.

      Vegetables, fruit and breads group only

    • C.

      Food guide pyramid only

    • D.

      Milk, yogurt, and cheese group only

    Correct Answer
    C. Food guide pyramid only
    Explanation
    The food guide pyramid provides a comprehensive and balanced approach to creating a healthy diet. It includes recommendations for all major food groups, including fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy, and protein. By following the food guide pyramid, individuals can ensure that they are getting a variety of nutrients and maintaining a balanced intake of different food groups. Therefore, using food from the food guide pyramid only would allow for the preparation of a well-balanced diet.

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  • 15. 

    Which group would have a kosher kitchen?

    • A.

      German

    • B.

      Jewish

    • C.

      Italian

    • D.

      Catholic

    Correct Answer
    B. Jewish
    Explanation
    A kosher kitchen is a kitchen that follows Jewish dietary laws and regulations. These laws dictate what foods can be eaten, how they should be prepared, and how they should be stored. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the group that would have a kosher kitchen is the Jewish group, as they adhere to these specific dietary requirements.

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  • 16. 

    Meat should be:

    • A.

      Wrapped in foil

    • B.

      Not be purchased often due to the cost

    • C.

      Refrigerated

    • D.

      De-boned

    Correct Answer
    C. Refrigerated
    Explanation
    Meat should be refrigerated to maintain its freshness and prevent bacterial growth. Refrigeration helps to slow down the spoilage process and extend the shelf life of meat. By keeping meat at a low temperature, harmful bacteria that can cause foodborne illnesses are inhibited from multiplying rapidly. Refrigeration also helps to preserve the quality and texture of the meat. Therefore, it is important to refrigerate meat to ensure its safety and to maximize its freshness.

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  • 17. 

    When preparing food:

    • A.

      Always use the largest burner.

    • B.

      Only make enough for one serving so there will be no waste.

    • C.

      Cover pots when they are cooking.

    • D.

      Always use the oven to prepare only one food at a time.

    Correct Answer
    C. Cover pots when they are cooking.
    Explanation
    Covering pots when they are cooking helps to retain heat and moisture, which can result in faster and more efficient cooking. This can also help to prevent the food from drying out and losing its flavor. Additionally, covering pots can help to prevent any splattering or spilling of the food while it is cooking, which can make the cooking process cleaner and easier to manage.

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  • 18. 

    Chemotherapy is:

    • A.

      IV fluids

    • B.

      Physical therapy treatments

    • C.

      Mouth care

    • D.

      Drug therapy

    Correct Answer
    D. Drug therapy
    Explanation
    Chemotherapy is a form of drug therapy used to treat cancer. It involves the use of powerful medications that are designed to kill or slow down the growth of cancer cells. These drugs can be administered in various ways, including intravenously, orally, or through injection. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with other treatments, such as surgery or radiation therapy, to increase its effectiveness. It can be used to shrink tumors before surgery, destroy remaining cancer cells after surgery, or to control the growth of cancer that cannot be cured.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is NOT a safety factor when feeding a client:

    • A.

      Temperature of food

    • B.

      Amount of food on the table

    • C.

      Keep food on table away from client

    • D.

      If client is blind, name each mouthful

    Correct Answer
    B. Amount of food on the table
    Explanation
    The amount of food on the table is not a safety factor when feeding a client. Safety factors typically refer to measures that ensure the client's well-being and prevent any harm or accidents. While the temperature of food, keeping food away from the client, and naming each mouthful for a blind client are all safety considerations, the amount of food on the table does not directly impact the client's safety.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 22, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Azra
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