Panel Tests In Chemistry Laboratory

By Lola Agbetunsin
Lola Agbetunsin, Teacher & Student Mentor
Lola Agbetunsin, an educator with a mission to guide students on their journey to success and provide them with the tools they need for a bright future.
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Panel tests in chemistry laboratory


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Thyroid panel consists of the following. CHECK ALL THAT APPLY

    • A.

      TSH

    • B.

      T3

    • C.

      T4

    • D.

      CORTISOL

    • E.

      ALDOSTERONE

    • F.

      ADH

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. TSH
    B. T3
    C. T4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is TSH, T3, and T4 because these three hormones are commonly measured in a thyroid panel to assess the functioning of the thyroid gland. TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) is produced by the pituitary gland and stimulates the thyroid gland to produce T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). T3 and T4 are the main thyroid hormones that regulate metabolism, growth, and development in the body. Measuring TSH, T3, and T4 levels can help diagnose thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Cortisol, aldosterone, and ADH are not part of the thyroid panel and are not directly related to thyroid function.

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  • 2. 

    Renal Function Panel consists of

    • A.

      Creatinine

    • B.

      Blood Urea Nitrogen

    • C.

      Uric acid

    • D.

      Hemoglobin

    • E.

      Cortisol

    • F.

      Aldosterone

    • G.

      ALT

    • H.

      Bilirubin

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Creatinine
    B. Blood Urea Nitrogen
    C. Uric acid
    Explanation
    The Renal Function Panel consists of creatinine, Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), and uric acid. These three tests are commonly used to assess kidney function. Creatinine is a waste product produced by the muscles and filtered out of the blood by the kidneys. Elevated levels of creatinine may indicate kidney dysfunction. BUN is a measure of the amount of nitrogen in the blood that comes from the waste product urea. High BUN levels can indicate kidney problems. Uric acid is a waste product from the breakdown of purines, which are found in certain foods. High levels of uric acid can be a sign of kidney disease or gout.

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  • 3. 

    Hepatic function panel usually includes the following

    • A.

      AST

    • B.

      ALT

    • C.

      GGT

    • D.

      Bilirubin

    • E.

      Total protein

    • F.

      Albumin

    • G.

      FSH

    • H.

      TSH

    • I.

      LH

    • J.

      Estrogen

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. AST
    B. ALT
    C. GGT
    D. Bilirubin
    E. Total protein
    F. Albumin
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes AST, ALT, GGT, bilirubin, total protein, and albumin. These are all markers used to assess liver function. AST and ALT are enzymes found in liver cells and are released into the bloodstream when the liver is damaged. GGT is another enzyme that can indicate liver or bile duct problems. Bilirubin is a waste product produced by the liver and high levels can indicate liver disease. Total protein and albumin are measures of liver synthetic function. FSH, TSH, LH, and estrogen are not typically included in a hepatic function panel as they are hormones related to reproductive function.

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  • 4. 

    Lipid panel includes 

    • A.

      Total cholesterol

    • B.

      HDL

    • C.

      LDL

    • D.

      TRIGLYCERIDES

    • E.

      TTL

    • F.

      GGT

    • G.

      HGTT

    • H.

      MDL

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Total cholesterol
    B. HDL
    C. LDL
    D. TRIGLYCERIDES
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, and triglycerides. These are all components of a lipid panel, which is a blood test used to measure the levels of different types of fats in the bloodstream. Total cholesterol refers to the overall amount of cholesterol in the blood, while HDL (high-density lipoprotein) and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) are specific types of cholesterol. Triglycerides are another type of fat found in the blood. These measurements are important for assessing cardiovascular health and determining the risk of developing heart disease.

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  • 5. 

    ELECTROLYTE PANEL most commonly includes these four ion

    • A.

      Na+

    • B.

      Mg2+

    • C.

      K+

    • D.

      Cl-

    • E.

      HCO3-

    • F.

      No3-

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Na+
    C. K+
    D. Cl-
    E. HCO3-
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the ions Na+, K+, Cl-, and HCO3-. These ions are commonly included in an electrolyte panel because they are important for maintaining the body's fluid balance, acid-base balance, and nerve and muscle function. Sodium (Na+) and potassium (K+) are essential for nerve and muscle function, while chloride (Cl-) helps maintain fluid balance and acid-base balance. HCO3- (bicarbonate) is involved in regulating the body's pH levels. Therefore, including these ions in an electrolyte panel allows healthcare professionals to assess a patient's overall electrolyte balance and identify any imbalances that may need to be corrected.

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  • 6. 

    Cardiac Panel most commonly includes

    • A.

      Creatine kinase

    • B.

      B type Ntriuretic peptide

    • C.

      Homocysteine

    • D.

      Troponin

    • E.

      Hs-CRP

    • F.

      Protein

    • G.

      BUN

    • H.

      Uric acid

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Creatine kinase
    B. B type Ntriuretic peptide
    C. Homocysteine
    D. Troponin
    E. Hs-CRP
    Explanation
    A Cardiac Panel is a set of tests that are commonly performed to evaluate the functioning of the heart. The panel typically includes creatine kinase, B type Ntriuretic peptide, homocysteine, troponin, and hs-CRP. Creatine kinase is an enzyme found in the heart and its levels can indicate damage to the heart muscle. B type Ntriuretic peptide is a hormone released by the heart in response to increased pressure and can help diagnose heart failure. Homocysteine is an amino acid that, when elevated, can indicate an increased risk of heart disease. Troponin is a protein released into the bloodstream after heart muscle damage. hs-CRP is a marker of inflammation and can be elevated in cases of heart disease.

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  • 7. 

    The vacuum tube to be tested for ionized calcium should not be open before testing in order to preserve the ionized calcium content

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The reason why the vacuum tube should not be open before testing for ionized calcium is to preserve the ionized calcium content. Opening the tube could expose the sample to air, which can lead to the loss or alteration of the ionized calcium ions. By keeping the tube sealed, the integrity of the sample is maintained, ensuring accurate and reliable test results for ionized calcium levels.

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  • 8. 

    A gel barrier tube (SST) is usually used to test for ionized calcium.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A gel barrier tube, also known as a serum separator tube (SST), is commonly used for testing ionized calcium levels. The gel in the tube helps to separate the serum from the blood cells, allowing for accurate measurement of ionized calcium. This type of tube is preferred for this test because it prevents clotting and ensures the sample remains stable during transportation and processing. Therefore, the statement "A gel barrier tube (SST) is usually used to test for ionized calcium" is true.

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  • 9. 

    Choose 8 tests below that would most likely be seen in a basic metabolic panel

    • A.

      Glucose

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Na+

    • D.

      K+

    • E.

      Cl-

    • F.

      HCO3-

    • G.

      BUN

    • H.

      Creatinine

    • I.

      Parathyoid hormone

    • J.

      Creatine kinase

    • K.

      ACTH

    • L.

      TSH

    • M.

      Vitamin

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Glucose
    B. Calcium
    C. Na+
    D. K+
    E. Cl-
    F. HCO3-
    G. BUN
    H. Creatinine
    Explanation
    The basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a group of blood tests that provides information about a person's metabolism and organ function. The tests included in a BMP are typically used to assess kidney function, electrolyte levels, and blood sugar levels. Glucose, calcium, sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), chloride (Cl-), bicarbonate (HCO3-), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine are all commonly included in a BMP because they provide important information about kidney function, acid-base balance, and blood sugar control. These tests help healthcare providers diagnose and monitor conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, and electrolyte imbalances.

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  • 10. 

    The comprehensive metabolic panel will most likely contain the following 13 tests

    • A.

      Glucose

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Na+

    • D.

      HCO3_

    • E.

      BUN

    • F.

      Creatinine

    • G.

      Total protein

    • H.

      Bilirubin

    • I.

      ALT

    • J.

      AST

    • K.

      Albumin

    • L.

      K+

    • M.

      Cl-

    • N.

      Water

    • O.

      ATP

    • P.

      NO3-

    • Q.

      Mg

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Glucose
    B. Calcium
    C. Na+
    D. HCO3_
    E. BUN
    F. Creatinine
    G. Total protein
    H. Bilirubin
    I. ALT
    J. AST
    K. Albumin
    L. K+
    M. Cl-
    Explanation
    The comprehensive metabolic panel is a blood test that provides information about a person's overall health and organ function. It typically includes tests for glucose (to measure blood sugar levels), calcium (to assess bone health and nerve function), sodium (to evaluate fluid balance), bicarbonate (to measure acid-base balance), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (to assess kidney function), total protein (to evaluate liver and kidney function), bilirubin (to assess liver function), ALT and AST (to evaluate liver health), albumin (to assess nutritional status and liver function), potassium and chloride (to evaluate electrolyte balance), and magnesium (to assess overall mineral balance). The inclusion of water, ATP, and NO3- in the list is incorrect as these are not typically included in a comprehensive metabolic panel.

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Lola Agbetunsin |Teacher & Student Mentor |
Lola Agbetunsin, an educator with a mission to guide students on their journey to success and provide them with the tools they need for a bright future.
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