A Quick Earth Science Practice Quiz Questions!

60 Questions | Total Attempts: 118

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
A Quick Earth Science Practice Quiz Questions!

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the diagram below, name the feature circled in red
    • A. 

      Longshore Current

    • B. 

      Badmouth bar

    • C. 

      Beach

    • D. 

      Spit

  • 2. 
    Low ridges of sand that are parallel to the coast, are characteristic of depositional coasts and, typically, are separated from land by water or a lagoon are known as_______________________.
    • A. 

      Spits

    • B. 

      Barrier islands

    • C. 

      Badmouth bars

    • D. 

      Beaches

  • 3. 
    The warm and fast western boundary current of the North Atlantic Gyre is known as the ____________.
    • A. 

      Gulf stream

    • B. 

      Canary current

    • C. 

      North equatorial current

    • D. 

      North Atlantic current

  • 4. 
    Most primary producers in the ocean are _______________
    • A. 

      Zooplankton

    • B. 

      Benthic creatures

    • C. 

      Phytoplankton

    • D. 

      Living on coral reefs

  • 5. 
    The alignment of the moon, sun and the earth at spring tide is characteristic of all the following except __________
    • A. 

      New moon, full moon phases

    • B. 

      Highest of high tides

    • C. 

      Opposing solar and lunar bulges

    • D. 

      Lowest of low tides

  • 6. 
    The average salinity of seawater is __________ parts per thousand (ppt)
    • A. 

      32

    • B. 

      38

    • C. 

      40

    • D. 

      35

  • 7. 
    The smallest ocean basin on earth is the ____________________.
    • A. 

      Pacific ocean

    • B. 

      Arctic ocean

    • C. 

      Indian ocean

    • D. 

      Atlantic Ocean 

  • 8. 
    The ______________________ is the part of the continental margin that contains the submerged edge of the continent
    • A. 

      Continental shelf

    • B. 

      Continental rise

    • C. 

       shelf break

    • D. 

      Continental slope

  • 9. 
    The most vast, flat areas on earth are the ___________________
    • A. 

      Continental margins

    • B. 

      Mid-ocean ridges

    • C. 

      Continental rise

    • D. 

      Abyssal plains

  • 10. 
    The ______________ is where the density of seawater is increasing rapidly with depth
    • A. 

      Pycnocline

    • B. 

      Halocline

    • C. 

      Mesocline

    • D. 

      Thermocline

  • 11. 
    Most photosynthesis in the ocean water column is achieved in the _________________ zone
    • A. 

      Benthic

    • B. 

      Photic

    • C. 

      Euphotic

    • D. 

      Photic

  • 12. 
    Areas of ___________ near coasts are where cool, nutrient - rich water is pushed to the surface causing areas of great biological productivity.
    • A. 

      Downwelling

    • B. 

      Aridity

    • C. 

      Upwelling

    • D. 

      Deep ocean circulation

  • 13. 
    Due to ocean acidification, the pH of the ocean decreases due to the input of dissolved ________________ causing calcifying marine organisms to have thinner shells.
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 14. 
    All animals capable of swimming and moving about under their own propulsion are ________________
    • A. 

      Nekton

    • B. 

      Plankton

    • C. 

      Benthos

    • D. 

      Phytoplankton

  • 15. 
    Submarine canyons are thought to be carved out or created by
    • A. 

      Thermohaline currents

    • B. 

      Surface currents

    • C. 

      Turbidity currents

    • D. 

      Coriolis effect

  • 16. 
    The chicks of the layman albatross are most threatened by ________________ during nesting season on midway atoll.
    • A. 

      Sea level rise

    • B. 

      Plastic ingestion

    • C. 

      Loss of habitat 

    • D. 

      Abandonment

  • 17. 
    A ________________ is a unique community that has many rare species and is based on the decomposition of the body of a marine organism that has come to rest on the sea floor.
    • A. 

      Methane seep

    • B. 

      Whale fall

    • C. 

      Hydrothermal vent community

    • D. 

      Coral reef

  • 18. 
    Two high tides and two low tides per day is considered a ________________ tide
    • A. 

      Semi-diurnal

    • B. 

      Mixed

    • C. 

      Diurnal

    • D. 

      Ebb

  • 19. 
    Look at the photograph of the beach below. What is the man made features circled in red?
    • A. 

      Sea wall

    • B. 

      Groin

    • C. 

      Jetty

    • D. 

      Breakwater

  • 20. 
    Ocean floor sediment that originates from land is classified by source as _________________.
    • A. 

      Cosmogenous

    • B. 

      Biogenous

    • C. 

      Terrigenous

    • D. 

      Hydrogenous

  • 21. 
    ___________ is related to the average kinetic energy of a material's atoms or molecules
    • A. 

      Heat

    • B. 

      Conduction

    • C. 

      Temperature

    • D. 

      Convection

  • 22. 
    The lowermost layer of the atmosphere where we live  is the ________________
    • A. 

      Stratosphere

    • B. 

      Mesophere

    • C. 

      Thermosphere

    • D. 

      Troposphere

  • 23. 
    Atmospheric cells in the Southern Hemisphere are diverted to the ____________ due to the Coriolis effect
    • A. 

      Right

    • B. 

      Clockwise

    • C. 

      Left

    • D. 

      South

  • 24. 
    An extratropical cyclone travels from west to east across North American and is also known as a ______________
    • A. 

      Hurricane

    • B. 

      Nor'easter

    • C. 

      Tornado

    • D. 

      Typhoon

  • 25. 
    The ratio of the air's actual water-vapor content to the amount of water vapor required for saturation at the temperature (and pressure) is ___________________
    • A. 

      Dew point

    • B. 

      Relative humidity

    • C. 

      Vapor pressure

    • D. 

      Adiabatic cooling

  • 26. 
    The intensity of hurricane is measured on the 
    • A. 

      Moment magnitude scale

    • B. 

      Saffic-simpson scale

    • C. 

      Enhanced Fujita scale

    • D. 

      Culip scale

  • 27. 
    In the greenhouse effect, greenhouse gases ___________________.
    • A. 

      Block infrared radiation and prevent heat from entering our atmosphere

    • B. 

      Prevent infrared radiation

    • C. 

      Reflect infrared radiation out into space

    • D. 

      Absorb infrared radiation and trap heat in our atmosphere

  • 28. 
    Hurricanes form within __________ air mass
    • A. 

      One humid

    • B. 

      Two dry

    • C. 

      Two humid

    • D. 

      One dry

  • 29. 
    The cooling of the equatorial Pacific Ocean is characteristic of ____________.
    • A. 

      El nino

    • B. 

      Upwelling

    • C. 

      La nina

    • D. 

      Maritime pacific

  • 30. 
    Clouds of vertical development that are towering and produce thunderstorms are 
    • A. 

      Cumulonimbus

    • B. 

      Stratocumulus

    • C. 

      Nimbostratus

    • D. 

      Cirrocumulus

  • 31. 
    The expression of the day to day atmospheric conditions of a particular place is 
    • A. 

      Koppen classification

    • B. 

      Weather

    • C. 

      Atmospheric classification

    • D. 

      Climate

  • 32. 
    The subtropical high is located at approximately _______________ degrees latitude
    • A. 

      0

    • B. 

      60

    • C. 

      45

    • D. 

      30

  • 33. 
    Clouds that are globular and look like cotton balls with a flat base are ____________ clouds
    • A. 

      Cirrus

    • B. 

      Stratus

    • C. 

      Cirrostratus

    • D. 

      Cumulus

  • 34. 
    The boundary between two air masses is a 
    • A. 

      Hurricane

    • B. 

      Front

    • C. 

      Tornado

    • D. 

      Anticyclone

  • 35. 
    The deposit of ice crystals formed by the freezing of supercooled fog or cloud droplets on objects whose surface temperature is below freezing is 
    • A. 

      Rime

    • B. 

      Snow

    • C. 

      Sleet

    • D. 

      Rain

  • 36. 
    The wind is controlled by all of the following except
    • A. 

      Latitude 

    • B. 

      Friction

    • C. 

      Coriolis effect

    • D. 

      Pressure gradient force

  • 37. 
    The enhanced fujity intensity scale is a measure of the damage caused by a 
    • A. 

      Hurricane

    • B. 

      Typhoon

    • C. 

      Nor'easter

    • D. 

      Tornado

  • 38. 
    Ozone depletion in the atmosphere has been caused by the use of __________________________.
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      Methane

    • C. 

      Chlorofluorocarbons

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 39. 
    The two major components of air are ______________________
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide and oxygen

    • B. 

      Nitrogen and oxygen

    • C. 

      Nitrogen and carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Oxygen and argon

  • 40. 
    The fraction of the total radiation that is reflected by a surface is called 
    • A. 

      Albedo

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Selective absorbers

    • D. 

      Scattering

  • 41. 
    ______________  proposed the Laws of Planetary Motion.
    • A. 

      Brahe

    • B. 

      Kepler

    • C. 

      Galileo

    • D. 

      Newton

  • 42. 
    A Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R Diagram) is a plot of ________.
    • A. 

      Size vs brightness

    • B. 

      Color vs size

    • C. 

      Brightness vs temperature

    • D. 

      Temperature vs color

  • 43. 
    The earth is closer to the sun, at about 91.5 million miles at _______________
    • A. 

      Aphelion

    • B. 

      Ecliptic plane

    • C. 

      Opposition

    • D. 

      Perihelion 

  • 44. 
    A group of stars names for mythical characters is a 
    • A. 

      Cluster

    • B. 

      Stellar orbiting group

    • C. 

      Constellation

    • D. 

      Galaxy

  • 45. 
    Our sun resides in the _________ galaxy
    • A. 

      M82

    • B. 

      Milky way

    • C. 

      Andromeda

    • D. 

      M54

  • 46. 
    The Big Bang happened about _____________
    • A. 

      2.3 billion years ago

    • B. 

      8.5 billion years ago

    • C. 

      13.7 billion years ago

    • D. 

      11.8 billion years ago

  • 47. 
    The part of a meteoroid that actually strikes the Earth's surface is a _______________.
    • A. 

      Tektite

    • B. 

      Meteorite

    • C. 

      Moldavite

    • D. 

      Meteor

  • 48. 
    The model that we use today to describe the motion of the heavenly bodies:
    • A. 

      States that a sequence of celestial spheres surrounds earth

    • B. 

      Is the heliocentric model

    • C. 

      Is the geocentric model

    • D. 

      States that the earth reverses direction in its orbit

  • 49. 
    Planets sometimes show a reverse or ________________ with respect to the stars when observed in the night sky.
    • A. 

      Retrospect

    • B. 

      Returning

    • C. 

      Repeating

    • D. 

      Retrograde

  • 50. 
    The rings of Saturn are believed to be composed of _________________
    • A. 

      An auroral display of ionized gasses

    • B. 

      Small particles of dust, rock and ice

    • C. 

      The remnants of a hurricane-like storm that was first recorded by galileo

    • D. 

      Particles of pure ice

  • 51. 
    The first person credited with observing heavenly bodies using a telescope was 
    • A. 

      Kepler

    • B. 

      Brahe

    • C. 

      Copernicus

    • D. 

      Gallileo

  • 52. 
    Our Sun is approximately ______________________, or halfway through its projected life cycle.
    • A. 

      5 billion years old

    • B. 

      10 billion years old

    • C. 

      2.5 million years old

    • D. 

      8 billion years old

  • 53. 
    Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are know as the ____________________ planets.
    • A. 

      Dwarf

    • B. 

      Solar

    • C. 

      Terrestrial

    • D. 

      Jovian

  • 54. 
    An Astronomical Unit is equal to the distance between the Earth and the Sun or approximately _________________.
    • A. 

      93 million miles

    • B. 

      150 billion miles

    • C. 

      127 million miles

    • D. 

      2 billion miles

  • 55. 
    Venus has a _________________ atmosphere.
    • A. 

      Hot and dense

    • B. 

      Cold and dense

    • C. 

      Cold and thin

    • D. 

      Hot and thin

  • 56. 
    This planet is known as the sideways planet
    • A. 

      Neptune

    • B. 

      Mercury

    • C. 

      Saturn

    • D. 

      Uranus

  • 57. 
    The largest volcano in the solar system is 
    • A. 

      Mauna loa

    • B. 

      Yellowstone

    • C. 

      Lo

    • D. 

      Olympus mons

  • 58. 
    The tendency for heavenly bodies to travel in a straight line is _______________.
    • A. 

      Gravity

    • B. 

      Inertia

    • C. 

      Precession

    • D. 

      Revolution

  • 59. 
    ____________________ is credited with proposing the Law of Universal Gravitation.
    • A. 

      Kepler

    • B. 

      Newton

    • C. 

      Galileo

    • D. 

      Brahe

  • 60. 
    The ________________is the effect of the position that an object appears to differ when viewed from different perspectives.
    • A. 

      Nebular hypothesis

    • B. 

      Heliocentric view

    • C. 

      Parallax

    • D. 

      Eclipse