Basic Science Test: Quiz!

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Vociferous
V
Vociferous
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,982
Questions: 17 | Attempts: 2,984

SettingsSettingsSettings
Basic Science Test: Quiz! - Quiz

Do you like researching? Are you curious by nature, who always need scientific proof for every phenomenon? If you fall into this category, then congrats, you're a 'Science lover.' This quiz will test your knowledge of biology, physics, computer science, chemistry, and astronomy. There is a list of 17 basic questions. Read the questions carefully and prove your worth.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A helium nucleus being ejected from the nucleus of an atom can be referred to as:

    • A.

      Alpha Decay

    • B.

      Beta Decay

    • C.

      Gamma Decay

    • D.

      Fusion

    • E.

      Electromagnetic Radiation

    Correct Answer
    A. Alpha Decay
    Explanation
    Alpha decay is the correct answer because it involves the ejection of a helium nucleus from the nucleus of an atom. In alpha decay, an unstable nucleus emits an alpha particle, which consists of two protons and two neutrons. This process reduces the atomic number of the nucleus by two and the mass number by four. Alpha decay is a common form of radioactive decay and is often observed in heavy and unstable elements.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which is the best example of convergent evolution.

    • A.

      Chimpanzees and Humans

    • B.

      Chimpanzees and Gorillas

    • C.

      Dolphins and Whales

    • D.

      Dolphins and Sharks

    • E.

      Dolphins and Humans

    Correct Answer
    D. Dolphins and Sharks
    Explanation
    Dolphins and sharks are the best example of convergent evolution. Despite being different species, they have evolved similar characteristics due to living in similar aquatic environments. Both dolphins and sharks have streamlined bodies, fins, and tails that allow them to swim efficiently in water. This convergence of traits is a result of natural selection favoring these adaptations for survival and successful hunting in their shared habitat.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Up, Down, Strange, Charmed

    • A.

      Baryons

    • B.

      Leptons

    • C.

      Positrons

    • D.

      Quarks

    • E.

      Tachyons

    Correct Answer
    D. Quarks
    Explanation
    Quarks are elementary particles that are the building blocks of protons and neutrons, which are types of baryons. Baryons are a type of subatomic particle that are made up of three quarks. Leptons, on the other hand, are another type of elementary particle that includes electrons and neutrinos. Positrons are the antiparticles of electrons. Tachyons are hypothetical particles that are believed to travel faster than the speed of light. Therefore, the correct answer is "Quarks" because they are the only option that is directly related to the concept of baryons.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A mole is a measurement that can be based on a common enumeration of:

    • A.

      Mass

    • B.

      Weight

    • C.

      Photons

    • D.

      Volume

    • E.

      Atoms

    Correct Answer
    E. Atoms
    Explanation
    A mole is a unit of measurement that represents the amount of a substance. It is based on the number of atoms present in a given sample. The concept of a mole allows scientists to easily compare and calculate the amount of different substances in chemical reactions. By using the number of atoms as a basis for measurement, scientists can accurately determine the quantity of a substance, regardless of its mass, weight, volume, or any other physical property.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The purpose of DNA in the cell is to:

    • A.

      Be transcribed into mRNA.

    • B.

      Be transcribed into rRNA.

    • C.

      Be transcribed into tRNA.

    • D.

      Act as an enzyme to catalyze reactions.

    • E.

      Store the blueprint for different forms of carbohydrates.

    Correct Answer
    A. Be transcribed into mRNA.
    Explanation
    DNA is transcribed into mRNA in a process called transcription. This is an essential step in protein synthesis, where the information encoded in DNA is transferred to mRNA. mRNA then carries this information from the nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where it serves as a template for protein synthesis. Therefore, the purpose of DNA in the cell is to be transcribed into mRNA.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Silicon is useful in microprocessors because it is a:

    • A.

      Superconductor.

    • B.

      Semiconductor.

    • C.

      Insulator.

    • D.

      Non-conductor.

    • E.

      Electrical Disruptor.

    Correct Answer
    B. Semiconductor.
    Explanation
    Silicon is useful in microprocessors because it is a semiconductor. Semiconductors are materials that have electrical conductivity between that of a conductor and an insulator. Silicon, in particular, has unique properties that make it an ideal material for microprocessors. It can be doped with impurities to create either a positive or negative charge, allowing it to control the flow of electrical current. This property is essential for the functioning of transistors, which are the building blocks of microprocessors. Therefore, silicon's ability to act as a semiconductor is what makes it indispensable in microprocessor technology.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What are the four basic forces of nature?

    • A.

      Gravitational, Electromagnetic, Kinematic, Strong

    • B.

      Motion, Potential Energy, Inertia, Momentum

    • C.

      Strong, Weak, Gravitational, Electromagnetic

    • D.

      Strong, Gravitational, Electric, Magnetic

    • E.

      Earth, Air, Wind, Fire

    Correct Answer
    C. Strong, Weak, Gravitational, Electromagnetic
    Explanation
    The four basic forces of nature are strong, weak, gravitational, and electromagnetic. The strong force is responsible for holding atomic nuclei together, while the weak force is involved in radioactive decay. The gravitational force is responsible for the attraction between objects with mass, and the electromagnetic force is responsible for interactions between charged particles.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Tritium is an isotope of:

    • A.

      Hydrogen

    • B.

      Helium

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Radium

    • E.

      Uranium

    Correct Answer
    A. Hydrogen
    Explanation
    Tritium is an isotope of hydrogen. Isotopes are variants of a chemical element that have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons. In the case of tritium, it has two extra neutrons compared to the most common isotope of hydrogen, which is called protium. Tritium is a radioactive isotope and is often used in nuclear reactions and as a tracer in scientific research.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Depleted Uranium:

    • A.

      Has less Uranium-235 isotope than natural Uranium.

    • B.

      Has had Plutonium-239 Isotope added.

    • C.

      Has more Uranium 235 isotope than natural Uranium.

    • D.

      Has more Uranium 239 isotope than natural Uranium

    • E.

      Is the oxidized material left over from yellow cake after the Uranium is removed.

    Correct Answer
    A. Has less Uranium-235 isotope than natural Uranium.
    Explanation
    Depleted uranium refers to uranium that has a lower concentration of the Uranium-235 isotope compared to natural uranium. This isotope is important for nuclear reactions and is used as fuel in nuclear reactors. Depleted uranium is produced when natural uranium is processed to extract the Uranium-235 isotope for use in nuclear reactors or weapons. The remaining uranium, which has a reduced concentration of Uranium-235, is considered depleted uranium.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    O+ blood can be transfused into people with which blood types?

    • A.

      Any blood type.

    • B.

      Only other O+ blood types.

    • C.

      Any blood type that is RH+.

    • D.

      Any blood type that is RH-

    • E.

      AB+ only

    Correct Answer
    C. Any blood type that is RH+.
    Explanation
    O+ blood is considered the universal donor for Rh+ blood types. This means that O+ blood can be safely transfused into people with any blood type as long as they are Rh+. The Rh factor refers to a specific antigen present on the surface of red blood cells. Since O+ blood does not have any antigens that can cause an immune response in Rh+ individuals, it can be transfused to them without any complications. However, O+ blood cannot be transfused into individuals with Rh- blood type, as they do not have the Rh antigen and may develop an immune response.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The number of transistors that can be inexpensively placed on an integrated circuit is increasing exponentially, doubling approximately every two years.

    • A.

      Exponential Transistor Theory

    • B.

      Costanza's Law

    • C.

      Moore's Law

    • D.

      Goldberg's Law

    • E.

      The Copenhagen Principle

    Correct Answer
    C. Moore's Law
    Explanation
    Moore's Law refers to the observation made by Gordon Moore, co-founder of Intel, that the number of transistors on a microchip doubles approximately every two years. This exponential growth in transistor density has been a driving force behind the rapid advancement of technology and the increasing capabilities of integrated circuits. It has allowed for smaller, faster, and more powerful electronic devices while also reducing their cost. Moore's Law has held true for several decades and has become a guiding principle in the semiconductor industry.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Light can be best described as:

    • A.

      A stream of particles

    • B.

      A wave.

    • C.

      A vibration in the space-time continuum.

    • D.

      A force

    • E.

      Both particle and wavelike.

    Correct Answer
    E. Both particle and wavelike.
    Explanation
    Light can be best described as both particle and wavelike. This is because light exhibits properties of both particles and waves. The particle nature of light is demonstrated by the photoelectric effect, where light behaves as discrete packets of energy called photons. On the other hand, the wave nature of light is evident in phenomena such as diffraction and interference. Therefore, light is best understood as having dual characteristics, existing as both particles and waves.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The Michelson-Morley experiment was first correctly explained by:

    • A.

      Galilean Relativity

    • B.

      Special Relativity

    • C.

      General Relativity

    • D.

      Quantum Field Theory

    • E.

      String Theory

    Correct Answer
    B. Special Relativity
    Explanation
    The Michelson-Morley experiment was first correctly explained by Special Relativity. This theory, proposed by Albert Einstein in 1905, revolutionized our understanding of space and time. The experiment aimed to detect the existence of the luminiferous ether, a hypothetical medium through which light waves were thought to propagate. However, the experiment yielded null results, indicating that the speed of light is constant in all inertial frames of reference. Special Relativity provided a new framework to explain this phenomenon, introducing concepts such as time dilation and length contraction. It has since become a fundamental theory in modern physics.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What type of cell is can have chloroplasts, cell walls, and a well-defined nucleus?

    • A.

      Eukaryote

    • B.

      Prokaryote

    • C.

      Moneran

    • D.

      Animal

    • E.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    A. Eukaryote
    Explanation
    Eukaryotes are the only type of cells that possess chloroplasts, cell walls, and a well-defined nucleus. Chloroplasts are responsible for photosynthesis and are found in plant cells, which are eukaryotic. Cell walls are present in plant cells and some other eukaryotes, providing structural support and protection. A well-defined nucleus, containing the genetic material, is a characteristic feature of eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotes, such as bacteria, lack chloroplasts, cell walls, and a well-defined nucleus. Monerans are a group of prokaryotes, so they also do not possess these features. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts or cell walls, but they do have a well-defined nucleus. Fungi cells have cell walls and a well-defined nucleus, but they lack chloroplasts.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Diamonds are:

    • A.

      A form of silicon created by extreme pressure.

    • B.

      A form of lithium created by extreme heat.

    • C.

      A form of carbon created by extreme pressures.

    • D.

      A form of silicon created by fossilization.

    • E.

      A form of carbon created by fossilization.

    Correct Answer
    C. A form of carbon created by extreme pressures.
    Explanation
    Diamonds are a form of carbon created by extreme pressures. Under intense heat and pressure deep within the Earth's mantle, carbon atoms are arranged in a crystal lattice structure, resulting in the formation of diamonds. This process takes millions of years and occurs at depths of around 150 kilometers below the Earth's surface. The extreme pressure causes the carbon atoms to bond tightly together, giving diamonds their characteristic hardness and brilliance.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The role of ribosomes is to:  

    • A.

      To synthesize a complementary strand of DNA using DNA as a template

    • B.

      To synthesize proteins by assembling amino acids together into chains

    • C.

      To synthesize a complementary strand of RNA using DNA as a template

    • D.

      To synthesize a complementary strand of RNA using RNA as a template

    • E.

      To regulate the amount of DNA in the cell.

    Correct Answer
    B. To synthesize proteins by assembling amino acids together into chains
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis in the cell. They accomplish this by assembling amino acids together into chains, forming proteins. This process occurs through the translation of the genetic information encoded in mRNA molecules. The ribosomes act as the site where mRNA is read and matched with the appropriate amino acids, which are brought in by transfer RNA (tRNA). The ribosomes catalyze the formation of peptide bonds between the amino acids, ultimately leading to the synthesis of proteins. Therefore, the correct answer is "To synthesize proteins by assembling amino acids together into chains."

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    The visible debris around a black hole is referred to as an:

    • A.

      Event Horizon

    • B.

      Asteroid Belt

    • C.

      Accretion Disk

    • D.

      Ergosphere

    • E.

      Dyson Sphere

    Correct Answer
    C. Accretion Disk
    Explanation
    An accretion disk is a disk of matter that forms around a black hole or other massive celestial object. It consists of gas, dust, and other debris that is pulled in by the strong gravitational force of the black hole. As this material spirals inward, it heats up and emits X-rays and other forms of radiation, making it visible to telescopes. The accretion disk is an important feature of black holes and provides valuable information about their properties and behavior.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.