Eye Quiz For Assessment With Answers

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Eye Quiz For Assessment With Answers - Quiz

Welcome to our Eye Assessment Quiz! Designed to evaluate your visual health and eye care awareness, this interactive quiz is perfect for anyone curious about their eyes' well-being. Whether you spend long hours in front of a computer, enjoy reading under dim light, or just want to check on your vision health, our quiz provides valuable insights and recommendations.

Throughout the quiz, you'll encounter a series of questions tailored to assess various aspects of your eye health, including your daily habits, common symptoms you might experience, and your understanding of eye care practices. Each question is crafted to help identify Read moreany potential issues early and guide you toward appropriate eye care solutions.

Completing this quiz not only enlightens you about your current eye condition but also arms you with the essential knowledge to maintain optimal eye health. It's quick, informative, and crucial for anyone prioritizing their visual wellness. Dive in to discover more about your eyes and learn tips to keep them healthy!


Eye Assessment Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    The most commonly used test for accurate measure of visual acuity is _________________. 

    • A.

      Jaegar Card

    • B.

      Confrontation Test

    • C.

      Snellen Eye Chart

    • D.

      Hirschberg Test

    Correct Answer
    C. Snellen Eye Chart
    Explanation
    The Snellen Eye Chart is the most commonly used test for accurate measure of visual acuity. It consists of multiple rows of letters or symbols that decrease in size as you move down the chart. The person being tested is asked to read the smallest line of letters or symbols that they can see clearly. This test is widely used by optometrists and ophthalmologists to assess a person's visual acuity and determine if they need corrective lenses.

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  • 2. 

    When assessing the eyes, OD ____________ refers to which of the following?

    • A.

      Right

    • B.

      Left

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    A. Right
    Explanation
    OD stands for "oculus dexter," a Latin term used in medical contexts to refer specifically to the right eye. It is commonly used by healthcare professionals, especially in ophthalmology and optometry, to denote observations and prescriptions that apply to a patient's right eye, ensuring precise and effective communication regarding eye-related assessments and treatments.

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  • 3. 

    For the Snellen eye Chart Test results ______ the larger the denominator, _________. 

    • A.

      The poorer the vision

    • B.

      The better the vision

    Correct Answer
    A. The poorer the vision
    Explanation
    In the Snellen eye Chart Test, the larger the denominator of the visual acuity measurement, the poorer the vision. This is because the denominator represents the distance at which a person with normal vision can read the line of letters on the chart. So, if someone has a larger denominator, it means they need to stand closer to the chart in order to read the same line of letters, indicating that their vision is poorer.

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  • 4. 

    The result from the near vision test that is equivalent to 20/20 is which of the following?

    • A.

      12/12

    • B.

      20/20

    • C.

      14/14

    • D.

      There is no equivalent

    Correct Answer
    B. 20/20
    Explanation
    The result from the near vision test that is equivalent to 20/20 is J1 or sometimes noted as N5 or N6, depending on the specific notation used. These notations are used for reading or near vision charts and are roughly equivalent to having normal vision, similar to 20/20 in a distance vision test. None of the options listed (12/12, 20/20, 14/14) are standard for near vision testing results.

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  • 5. 

    A 42-year-old woman who has problems during the near vision testing due to the decrease in the power of accommodation, suffers from which of the following conditions?

    • A.

      Tropia

    • B.

      Phoria

    • C.

      Strabismus

    • D.

      Presbyopia

    Correct Answer
    D. Presbyopia
    Explanation
    Presbyopia is a condition that commonly occurs with age and is characterized by a decrease in the power of accommodation, leading to difficulty in near vision testing. This condition is caused by the natural hardening of the lens in the eye, making it less flexible and unable to focus on close objects. Tropia and phoria refer to types of eye misalignment, while strabismus is a specific type of misalignment. None of these conditions directly relate to the decrease in accommodation power seen in presbyopia.

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  • 6. 

    A gross measure of peripheral vision, in which the patients peripheral vision is tested in comparison to the nurse's is referred to as ___________________. 

    • A.

      Confrontation Test

    • B.

      Cover Test

    • C.

      The Hirschberg Test

    • D.

      Diagnostic Positions Test

    Correct Answer
    A. Confrontation Test
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Confrontation Test. This test is used to assess the patient's peripheral vision by comparing it to the nurse's. It involves the nurse and patient facing each other and the patient covering one eye while the nurse moves their hand or finger from the periphery towards the center of the patient's visual field. The patient is then asked to indicate when they can first see the nurse's hand or finger. This test helps to identify any visual field defects or abnormalities.

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  • 7. 

    The assessment of the parallel alignment of the eye axes is done by shining a light toward the person's eyes and noting the symmetry or asymmetry of the reflection on the corneas. This test is known as ______________________. 

    • A.

      The Hirschberg Test

    • B.

      Corneal Assessment

    • C.

      Cover Test

    • D.

      Confrontation Test

    Correct Answer
    A. The Hirschberg Test
    Explanation
    The Hirschberg Test is used to assess the parallel alignment of the eye axes. By shining a light toward the person's eyes and observing the symmetry or asymmetry of the light reflected on the corneas, medical professionals can evaluate the presence of strabismus or other alignment issues. This test is a quick and effective method for detecting anomalies in eye alignment.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following tests detects small degrees of deviated alignment by interrupting the fusion reflex that normally keeps two eyes parallel?

    • A.

      Confrontation Test

    • B.

      Snellen Eye Chart Acuity Test

    • C.

      Cover Test

    • D.

      Diagnostic Positions Test

    Correct Answer
    C. Cover Test
    Explanation
    The Cover Test is the correct answer because it is a test that detects small degrees of deviated alignment by interrupting the fusion reflex that normally keeps two eyes parallel. This test involves covering one eye and observing the movement of the uncovered eye to determine if there is any misalignment or deviation in eye alignment.

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  • 9. 

    A fine oscillating movement best seen around the iris during the Diagnstic Positions Test is known as which of the following?

    • A.

      Exophthalmos

    • B.

      Nystagmus

    • C.

      Diplopia

    • D.

      Strabismus

    Correct Answer
    B. Nystagmus
    Explanation
    Nystagmus is a fine oscillating movement that can be observed around the iris during the Diagnostic Positions Test. It is characterized by involuntary, rhythmic eye movements that can be horizontal, vertical, or rotary in nature. Nystagmus can occur due to various reasons, including neurological disorders, inner ear problems, or certain medications. It can affect vision and cause symptoms like blurred vision, dizziness, and difficulty focusing. Therefore, nystagmus is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 10. 

    When one eye is exposed to bright light, a ____________ occurs (concstriction of that pupil) as well as a _____________(simultaneous constriction of the other pupil).

    • A.

      Consensual light reflex, primary light reflex

    • B.

      Primary light reflex, secondary light reflex

    • C.

      Direct light reflex, consensual light reflex

    • D.

      Consensual ligh reflex, direct light reflex

    Correct Answer
    C. Direct light reflex, consensual light reflex
    Explanation
    When one eye is exposed to bright light, a direct light reflex occurs as the pupil of the eye that is exposed to the light constricts. At the same time, a consensual light reflex also occurs as the pupil of the other eye, which is not directly exposed to the light, also constricts. This reflex is a protective mechanism of the eyes to regulate the amount of light entering the eyes and prevent damage from excessive light.

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  • 11. 

    Night Blindness occurs with which of the following?

    • A.

      Optic atrophy

    • B.

      Vitamin B deficiency

    • C.

      Vitamin A deficiency

    • D.

      Glaucoma

    • E.

      Retinal detachment

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Vitamin A deficiency
    E. Retinal detachment
    Explanation
    Night blindness primarily occurs due to Vitamin A deficiency, essential for forming rhodopsin, a pigment necessary for low-light vision. It can also result from retinal detachment, which impairs the retina's ability to process light. Conditions like optic atrophy and glaucoma impact overall and peripheral vision but do not directly cause night blindness, nor does Vitamin B deficiency, which affects neurological functions.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following terms refers to the inability to tolerate light?

    • A.

      Photopia

    • B.

      Diplopia

    • C.

      Photophobia

    • D.

      Scotoma

    Correct Answer
    C. Photophobia
    Explanation
    Photophobia refers to the inability to tolerate light. This condition is characterized by extreme sensitivity to light, causing discomfort, pain, and even headaches or migraines. People with photophobia may experience discomfort in bright sunlight, fluorescent lighting, or even with normal indoor lighting. It can be a symptom of various underlying conditions such as migraines, eye disorders, or neurological conditions. Treatment options for photophobia may include wearing sunglasses, using tinted lenses, or managing the underlying cause of the sensitivity to light.

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  • 13. 

    Scotoma, a blind spot in the visual field surrounded by an area of normal or decreased vision, occurs with _______________. 

    • A.

      Refractive errors

    • B.

      Cataracts

    • C.

      Glaucoma

    • D.

      Optic nerve disorders

    • E.

      Visual pathway disorders

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Glaucoma
    D. Optic nerve disorders
    E. Visual pathway disorders
    Explanation
    Scotoma, a blind spot in the visual field surrounded by an area of normal or decreased vision, can occur with glaucoma, optic nerve disorders, and visual pathway disorders. These conditions can cause damage to the optic nerve or affect the transmission of visual information from the eye to the brain, leading to the development of blind spots in the visual field. Refractive errors and cataracts, on the other hand, do not typically cause scotoma.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following tests are direct inspections of extraocular muscle function?

    • A.

      Confrontation Test

    • B.

      Corneal Light Reflex (Hirschberg Test)

    • C.

      Corneal Assessment

    • D.

      Cover Test

    • E.

      Diagnostic Positions Test

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Corneal Light Reflex (Hirschberg Test)
    D. Cover Test
    E. Diagnostic Positions Test
    Explanation
    The Corneal Light Reflex (Hirschberg Test) is a direct inspection of extraocular muscle function that assesses the alignment of the eyes by observing the reflection of a light source on the cornea. The Cover Test is another direct inspection that involves covering one eye and observing the movement of the uncovered eye to detect any misalignment or strabismus. The Diagnostic Positions Test is also a direct inspection that assesses the six cardinal positions of gaze to evaluate the function of the extraocular muscles. These tests directly assess the movement and alignment of the eyes, making them direct inspections of extraocular muscle function.

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  • 15. 

    Jaundice is often indicated by even yellowing of the sclera extending up to the cornea, also know as which of the following terms?

    • A.

      Exopthalmos

    • B.

      Nystagmus

    • C.

      Scleral icterus

    • D.

      Arcus senilis

    Correct Answer
    C. Scleral icterus
    Explanation
    Jaundice is a condition characterized by the yellowing of the skin and eyes due to an excess of bilirubin in the bloodstream. In this question, the correct answer is "Scleral icterus." Scleral icterus refers specifically to the yellowing of the sclera, which is the white part of the eye. It is an important clinical sign of jaundice and can help in diagnosing and monitoring the condition. The other options, exophthalmos, nystagmus, and arcus senilis, are unrelated to jaundice and do not involve yellowing of the sclera.

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  • 16. 

    Eversion of the upper lid is part of the normal eye examination.

    • A.

      True-upper lid eversion is a test always given to inspect the conjunctiva of the lid

    • B.

      False- this maneuver is not part of the normal examination, but it is useful when you must inspect the conjunctiva of the upper lid, as with eye pain or suspicion of a foreign body

    Correct Answer
    B. False- this maneuver is not part of the normal examination, but it is useful when you must inspect the conjunctiva of the upper lid, as with eye pain or suspicion of a foreign body
    Explanation
    The statement is false because upper lid eversion is not a routine part of a normal eye examination. However, it is a useful maneuver when there is a need to inspect the conjunctiva of the upper lid, such as in cases of eye pain or suspicion of a foreign body.

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  • 17. 

    Arcus senilis is an abnormal and should be noted as an opacity in the cornea. State true or false.

    • A.

      True- Arcus senilis is an abnormal cloudiness in the cornea

    • B.

      False-Arcus senilis is a normal finding in the aging process.

    Correct Answer
    B. False-Arcus senilis is a normal finding in the aging process.
    Explanation
    Arcus senilis is a common condition that occurs with aging, particularly in individuals over the age of 60. It is characterized by a grayish-white ring or opacity that forms around the outer edge of the cornea. Although it may appear abnormal, it is actually a normal finding in the aging process and is not associated with any visual impairment or other health concerns. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 18. 

    The term that refers to pupils with two different sizes is ____________________. 

    • A.

      Anisocoria

    • B.

      Bipoplia

    • C.

      Bipuplia

    • D.

      Xanthelasma

    Correct Answer
    A. Anisocoria
    Explanation
    Anisocoria refers to a condition where the pupils of the eyes are of different sizes. This condition can occur due to various reasons, including nerve damage, certain medications, or underlying medical conditions. It is important to note that anisocoria can be a symptom of a more serious underlying issue, such as a brain injury or neurological disorder, and should be evaluated by a healthcare professional.

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  • 19. 

    A normal response to the accommodation test includes _____________. 

    • A.

      Pupillary dilation

    • B.

      Convergence of the axes of the eyes

    • C.

      Pupillary constriction

    • D.

      Fixed pupils

    • E.

      Assymetric response

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Convergence of the axes of the eyes
    C. Pupillary constriction
    Explanation
    A normal response to the accommodation test includes convergence of the axes of the eyes and pupillary constriction. When we focus on a near object, our eyes converge or turn inward to maintain a single image. This convergence helps in binocular vision and depth perception. Additionally, the pupils constrict or become smaller to reduce the amount of light entering the eyes, allowing for better focus on the near object.

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  • 20. 

    While examining a person with an Ophthalmoscope, the red glow filling the person's pupil is know as the Red Reflex. This color change is caused by which of the following?  Reflection of the Ophthalmoscope light off of the __________________.

    • A.

      Outer retina

    • B.

      Optic disc

    • C.

      Inner retina

    • D.

      Physiologic Cup

    Correct Answer
    C. Inner retina
    Explanation
    The Red Reflex observed during ophthalmoscopic exams results from the ophthalmoscope's light reflecting off the inner retina and the choroid beneath it. These layers contain blood-rich vessels that reflect red light back through the pupil, creating the distinctive red glow. This reflex is a crucial indicator of eye health and alignment during eye examinations.

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  • 21. 

    Normal color range for the optic disc is ______________. 

    • A.

      Creamy yellow-orange to pink

    • B.

      Light pink to red

    • C.

      Creamy yellow-to brown

    • D.

      Bright yellow-white

    Correct Answer
    A. Creamy yellow-orange to pink
    Explanation
    The optic disc is the spot on the retina where the optic nerve enters the eye. It is usually described as having a normal color range of creamy yellow-orange to pink. This range is due to the presence of blood vessels and nerve fibers in the optic disc. The creamy yellow-orange color is a result of the melanin pigment in the nerve fibers, while the pink color is due to the blood vessels that supply the optic disc.

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  • 22. 

    The following term occurs from neuromuscular weakness, oculomotor cranial nerve III damage, or sympathetic nerve damage (e.g., Horner's syndrome). It is a positional defect that gives the person a sleepy appearance and impairs vision.

    • A.

      Ectropion

    • B.

      Hordeolum

    • C.

      Ptosis

    • D.

      Chalazion

    Correct Answer
    C. Ptosis
    Explanation
    Ptosis is the correct answer because it is a condition characterized by drooping or sagging of the upper eyelid. It can occur due to neuromuscular weakness, damage to the oculomotor cranial nerve III, or sympathetic nerve damage. This positional defect gives the person a sleepy appearance and can impair vision. Ectropion, Hordeolum, and Chalazion are not associated with these symptoms and conditions.

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  • 23. 

    An elderly patient complains of dry itchy eyes, upon closer assessment the nurse notices that the lower lid is loose and is slightly rolling outward. This abnormality is known as __________. 

    • A.

      Entropion

    • B.

      Esophoria

    • C.

      Ectropion

    • D.

      Ptosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Ectropion
    Explanation
    Ectropion is the correct answer. Ectropion is a condition where the lower eyelid turns outward, causing the inner surface of the eyelid to be exposed. This can lead to dryness, redness, and irritation in the eyes. In the given scenario, the patient's complaint of dry itchy eyes and the nurse's observation of the lower lid rolling outward indicate the presence of ectropion.

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  • 24. 

    Red, scaly, greasy flakes and thickened, crusted lid margins occur with sthylococcal infection or seborrheic dermatitis of the lid edge. Which of the following terms is used for this condition?

    • A.

      Dacryocystisis

    • B.

      Dacryoadenitis

    • C.

      Hordeolum

    • D.

      Blepharitis

    Correct Answer
    D. Blepharitis
    Explanation
    Red, scaly, greasy flakes and thickened, crusted lid margins are symptoms commonly associated with blepharitis. Blepharitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the eyelid margins. It can be caused by staphylococcal infection or seborrheic dermatitis. The symptoms mentioned in the question, such as redness, scaliness, greasiness, and crusting, are typical manifestations of blepharitis. Therefore, the correct answer is Blepharitis.

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  • 25. 

    __________is an infection of the lacrimal gland, while _______________ is infection and blockage of the lacrimal duct and sac. 

    • A.

      Esotropia, exotropia

    • B.

      Dacryocystitis, dacroadenitis

    • C.

      Exotropia, esotropia

    • D.

      Dacroadenitis, dacryocystitis

    Correct Answer
    D. Dacroadenitis, dacryocystitis
    Explanation
    Dacroadenitis refers to an infection of the lacrimal gland, which is responsible for producing tears. On the other hand, dacryocystitis is an infection and blockage of the lacrimal duct and sac. The lacrimal duct and sac are part of the tear drainage system, which helps tears flow from the eye to the nose. Therefore, the correct answer is "Dacroadenitis, dacryocystitis".

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  • 26. 

    Constricted and fixed pupils, occurring with the use of pilocarpine drops for glaucoma treatment, the use of narcotics, iritis, and brain damage of the pons, are known as which of the following terms?

    • A.

      Miosis

    • B.

      Argyll Robertson Pupil

    • C.

      Horner's Syndrome

    • D.

      Mydriasis

    Correct Answer
    A. Miosis
    Explanation
    Miosis refers to the constricted and fixed pupils that can occur in various conditions, such as the use of pilocarpine drops for glaucoma treatment, the use of narcotics, iritis, and brain damage of the pons. It is characterized by the abnormal constriction of the pupil, leading to a smaller than normal pupil size. This is in contrast to mydriasis, which refers to the dilation of the pupils. Argyll Robertson Pupil and Horner's Syndrome are both conditions that can cause abnormal pupillary responses, but they are not specifically characterized by constricted and fixed pupils.

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  • 27. 

    Pupils with no reaction to light and no constriction with accommodation sometimes appear small and irregular bilaterally. This condition commonly occurs with CNS syphilis, brain tumor, meningitis, and chronic alcoholism.

    • A.

      Mydriasis

    • B.

      Adie's Pupil

    • C.

      Argyll Robertson Pupil

    • D.

      Cranial Nerve III Damage

    Correct Answer
    C. Argyll Robertson Pupil
    Explanation
    Argyll Robertson Pupil is the correct answer because it is characterized by pupils that are small and irregular bilaterally, with no reaction to light and no constriction with accommodation. This condition is commonly associated with CNS syphilis, brain tumor, meningitis, and chronic alcoholism. Adie's Pupil is characterized by a dilated and poorly reactive pupil, while Cranial Nerve III Damage would typically cause a dilated and fixed pupil. Mydriasis refers to pupil dilation, but it does not capture the specific characteristics described in the question.

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  • 28. 

    Unilateral dilated pupil with no reaction to light or accommodation, occurring with oculomotor nerve damage, and sometimes accompanied by ptosis with eye deviation down and lateral is referred to as _________________________.

    • A.

      Cranial Nerve III Damage

    • B.

      Horner's Syndrome

    • C.

      Tonic Pupil

    • D.

      Miosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Cranial Nerve III Damage
    Explanation
    Unilateral dilated pupil with no reaction to light or accommodation, occurring with oculomotor nerve damage, and sometimes accompanied by ptosis with eye deviation down and lateral is referred to as Cranial Nerve III Damage.

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  • 29. 

    Dilated fixed pupils occur with stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, reaction to sympathomimetic drugs, use of dilating drops, acute glaucoma, and past or recent trauma. They herald CNS injury, circulatory arrest, or deep anesthesia, and are known as ___________.

    • A.

      Tonic Pupil

    • B.

      Miosis

    • C.

      Aniscoria

    • D.

      Mydriasis

    Correct Answer
    D. Mydriasis
    Explanation
    Mydriasis refers to the dilation of the pupils. This can occur due to various reasons such as stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, reaction to sympathomimetic drugs, use of dilating drops, acute glaucoma, or past or recent trauma. Dilated fixed pupils can be a sign of CNS injury, circulatory arrest, or deep anesthesia. Therefore, mydriasis is the correct term to describe the condition of dilated fixed pupils in this context.

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  • 30. 

    While assessing a patient's pupillary reflex, the nurse notes a sluggish reaction to light and accommodation unilaterally. Which of the following pupil abnormalities do these characteristics describe?

    • A.

      Tonic Pupil (Adie's Pupil)

    • B.

      Horner's Syndrome

    • C.

      Argyll Robertson Syndrome

    • D.

      Anisocoria

    Correct Answer
    A. Tonic Pupil (Adie's Pupil)
    Explanation
    The nurse notes a sluggish reaction to light and accommodation unilaterally, which indicates a pupil abnormality known as Tonic Pupil (Adie's Pupil). This condition is characterized by a pupil that is larger than normal and reacts slowly or poorly to light and accommodation. It typically affects only one eye. Horner's Syndrome is characterized by a small, constricted pupil and other symptoms like drooping eyelid and decreased sweating on one side of the face. Argyll Robertson Syndrome is characterized by small, irregular pupils that do not react to light but do accommodate. Anisocoria refers to unequal pupil size.

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  • 31. 

    A unilateral, small, regular pupil that does react to light and accommodation occurs with a lesion of the sympathetic nerve. Noted also is ptosis and absence of sweat on the same side. Which of the following terms refers to this pupil abnormality?

    • A.

      Monocular Blindness

    • B.

      Horner's Syndrome

    • C.

      Argyll Robertson Pupil

    • D.

      Adie's Pupil

    Correct Answer
    B. Horner's Syndrome
    Explanation
    Horner's Syndrome refers to a pupil abnormality characterized by a unilateral, small, regular pupil that reacts to light and accommodation. This condition is caused by a lesion of the sympathetic nerve, which also leads to other symptoms such as ptosis (drooping of the eyelid) and absence of sweat on the same side. Therefore, the given answer is correct.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following terms refers to purulent matter in the anterior chamber that occurs with iritis and with inflammation in the anterior chamber?

    • A.

      Hypopyon

    • B.

      Hyphema

    • C.

      Pterygium

    • D.

      Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypopyon
    Explanation
    Hypopyon refers to the purulent matter that accumulates in the anterior chamber of the eye. It is commonly associated with iritis, which is inflammation in the anterior chamber. Hyphema, on the other hand, refers to the presence of blood in the anterior chamber. Pterygium is a growth of tissue on the conjunctiva, and subconjunctival hemorrhage is bleeding beneath the conjunctiva.

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  • 33. 

    A serious result of blunt trauma results in blood in the anterior chamber or spontaneous hemorrhage. This condition is referred to as which of the following?

    • A.

      Hypopyon

    • B.

      Hyphema

    • C.

      Pterygium

    • D.

      Papilledema

    Correct Answer
    B. Hyphema
    Explanation
    Hyphema is the correct answer because it refers to the condition of blood in the anterior chamber or spontaneous hemorrhage resulting from blunt trauma. Hypopyon is the accumulation of pus in the anterior chamber, Pterygium is the growth of fleshy tissue on the conjunctiva, and Papilledema is the swelling of the optic nerve head due to increased intracranial pressure.

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  • 34. 

    Increased extraocular pressure can cause a red patch on the eye, which is not a serious problem and is known as which of the following?

    • A.

      Conjunctivitis

    • B.

      Iritis

    • C.

      Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

    • D.

      Corneal Abrasion

    Correct Answer
    C. Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
    Explanation
    Increased extraocular pressure can cause a red patch on the eye, known as a subconjunctival hemorrhage. This occurs when a blood vessel in the conjunctiva, the clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye, bursts and blood leaks into the surrounding area. It is not a serious problem and usually resolves on its own within a few weeks. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, iritis is an inflammation of the iris, and corneal abrasion is a scratch on the cornea.

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  • 35. 

    Yellowish elevated nodules due to thickening of the bulbar conjunctiva from prolonged exposure to sun, wind, and dust are within the normal range of findings of the eyes.

    • A.

      Arcus senilis

    • B.

      Xanthelasma

    • C.

      Pingueculae

    • D.

      Pterygium

    Correct Answer
    C. Pingueculae
    Explanation
    Pingueculae are yellowish elevated nodules that form on the bulbar conjunctiva due to prolonged exposure to sun, wind, and dust. They are a common and normal finding in the eyes and do not typically cause any symptoms or require treatment. Arcus senilis refers to a grayish-white ring that forms around the cornea in older adults, while xanthelasma is a yellowish deposit of fat under the skin, typically around the eyelids. Pterygium is a growth of pink, fleshy tissue on the conjunctiva that can extend onto the cornea and may cause vision problems.

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  • 36. 

    __________ are soft, raised yellow plaques occurring on the lids at the inner canthus, found frequently in women around the fifth decade.

    • A.

      Papilledema

    • B.

      Brushfield's spots

    • C.

      Arcus senilis

    • D.

      Xanthelasma

    Correct Answer
    D. Xanthelasma
    Explanation
    Xanthelasma refers to soft, raised yellow plaques that appear on the lids at the inner canthus. They are commonly found in women around the fifth decade of life. This condition is characterized by the accumulation of cholesterol and other lipids under the skin. Xanthelasma is typically harmless and painless, but it may be a sign of underlying lipid abnormalities or other medical conditions. Treatment options include surgical removal, laser therapy, or chemical cauterization, depending on the size and location of the plaques.

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  • 37. 

    Benign degenerative hyaline deposits that are small, round, yellow dots and scattered haphazardly on the retinal surface are referred to as which of the following?

    • A.

      Drusen

    • B.

      Pinguecula

    • C.

      Arcus senilis

    • D.

      Opthalmia neonatorum

    Correct Answer
    A. Drusen
    Explanation
    Drusen are small, round, yellow dots that are commonly found on the retinal surface. They are benign degenerative hyaline deposits. These deposits are typically scattered haphazardly and can be seen in conditions such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Drusen are important to identify as their presence can indicate an increased risk for developing AMD, a leading cause of vision loss in older adults. Therefore, drusen is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 38. 

    A ____________cataract may be observed as an opaque gray surrounded by black background as it forms in the center of lens nucleus, a _____________ cataract shows as asymmetrical, radial, white spokes with black center formed in the outer cortex of the lens.

    • A.

      Central Gray Cataract - Nuclear Cataract

    • B.

      Central Shaped Opacity - Nuclear Cataract

    • C.

      Star-Shaped Opacity - Cortical Cataract

    • D.

      Nuclear Cataract - Senile Cataract

    Correct Answer
    C. Star-Shaped Opacity - Cortical Cataract
    Explanation
    A star-shaped opacity in the lens is characteristic of a cortical cataract. This type of cataract forms in the outer cortex of the lens and appears as asymmetrical, radial, white spokes with a black center. It is different from a central gray cataract, which is a nuclear cataract that forms in the center of the lens nucleus. The term "senile cataract" is not applicable to this question as it refers to cataracts that occur with age, rather than describing the specific appearance of a cataract.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 18, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 18, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Epeleti
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