Chapter 14 -eyes-quiz For Assessment

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Chapter 14 -eyes-quiz For Assessment

We take them for granted all the time, but the eyes are two of the most important organs in the human body, allowing us to give visual representation to the beauty and splendour of our existence. How is vision maintained, however? Take “Chapter 14 – Eyes – Quiz for Assessment” to find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The most commonly used test for accurate measure of visual acuity is which of the following?
    • A. 

      Jaegar Card

    • B. 

      Confrontation Test

    • C. 

      Snellen Eye Chart

    • D. 

      Hirschberg Test

  • 2. 
    When assessing the eyes OD...refers to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Right

    • B. 

      Left

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      Neither

  • 3. 
    For the Snellen eye Chart Test results....the larger the denominator =.....
    • A. 

      The poorer the vision

    • B. 

      The better the vision

  • 4. 
    The result from the near vision test, that is equivalent to  20/20 is which of the following?
    • A. 

      12/12

    • B. 

      20/20

    • C. 

      14/14

    • D. 

      There is no equivalent

  • 5. 
    A 42 year old woman who has problems during the nearvision testing, due to the decrease in power of accomodation, suffers from which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Tropia

    • B. 

      Phoria

    • C. 

      Strabismus

    • D. 

      Presbyopia

  • 6. 
    A gross measure of peripheral vision, in which the patients peripheral vision is tested in comparison to the nurse's is referred to as
    • A. 

      Confrontation Test

    • B. 

      Cover Test

    • C. 

      The Hirschberg Test

    • D. 

      Diagnostic Positions Test

  • 7. 
    The assessment of the parallel alignment of the eye axes is done by shining a light toward's the person's eyes, and noting the symmetry or assemetry of the reflection on the corneas.  this test is known as which of the following?
    • A. 

      The Hirschberg Test

    • B. 

      Corneal Assessment

    • C. 

      Cover Test

    • D. 

      Confrontation Test

  • 8. 
    Which of the following tests detects small degrees of deviated alignment by interrupting the fusion reflex that normally keeps two eyes parallel?
    • A. 

      Confrontation Test

    • B. 

      Snellen Eye Chart Acuity Test

    • C. 

      Cover Test

    • D. 

      Diagnostic Positions Test

  • 9. 
    A fine oscillating movement best seen around the iris during the Diagnstic Positions Test is known as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Exophthalmos

    • B. 

      Nystagmus

    • C. 

      Diplopia

    • D. 

      Strabismus

  • 10. 
    When one eye is exposed to bright light, a ____________ occurs (concstriction of that pupil) as well as a _____________(simultaneous constriction of the other pupil).
    • A. 

      Consensual light reflex, primary light reflex

    • B. 

      Primary light reflex, secondary light reflex

    • C. 

      Direct light reflex, consensual light reflex

    • D. 

      Consensual ligh reflex, direct light reflex

  • 11. 
    Night Blindness occurs with which of the following...
    • A. 

      Optic atrophy

    • B. 

      Vitamin B deficiency

    • C. 

      Vitamin A deficiency

    • D. 

      Glaucoma

    • E. 

      Retinal detachment

  • 12. 
    Which of the following terms refers to the inability to tolerate light?
    • A. 

      Photopia

    • B. 

      Diplopia

    • C. 

      Photophobia

    • D. 

      Scotoma

  • 13. 
    Scotoma, a blind spot in the visual field surrounded by an area of normal or decreased vision, occurs with which of the following...
    • A. 

      Refractive errors

    • B. 

      Cataracts

    • C. 

      Glaucoma

    • D. 

      Optic nerve disorders

    • E. 

      Visual pathway disorders

  • 14. 
    Which of the following tests are direct inspections of extraocular muscle function?
    • A. 

      Confrontation Test

    • B. 

      Corneal Light Reflex (Hirschberg Test)

    • C. 

      Corneal Assessment

    • D. 

      Cover Test

    • E. 

      Diagnostic Positions Test

  • 15. 
    Jaundice is often indicated by even yellowing of the sclera extending up to the cornea, also know as which of the following terms?
    • A. 

      Exopthalmos

    • B. 

      Nystagmus

    • C. 

      Scleral icterus

    • D. 

      Arcus senilis

  • 16. 
    Eversion of the upper lid is part of the normal eye examination.
    • A. 

      True-upper lid eversion is a test always given to inspect the conjunctiva of the lid

    • B. 

      False- this maneuver is not part of the normal examination, but it is useful when you must inspect the conjunctiva of the upper lid, as with eye pain or suspicion of a foreign body

  • 17. 
    Arcus senilis is an abnormal and should be noted as an opacity in the cornea
    • A. 

      True- Arcus senilis is an abnormal cloudiness in the cornea

    • B. 

      False-Arcus senilis is a normal finding in the aging process.

  • 18. 
    The term that refers to pupils with two different sizes is which of the following?
    • A. 

      Anisocoria

    • B. 

      Bipoplia

    • C. 

      Bipuplia

    • D. 

      Xanthelasma

  • 19. 
    A normal response to the accomodation test includes...
    • A. 

      Pupillary dilation

    • B. 

      Convergence of the axes of the eyes

    • C. 

      Pupillary constriction

    • D. 

      Fixed pupils

    • E. 

      Assymetric response

  • 20. 
    While examining a person with an opthalmoscope, the red glow filling the person's pupil is know as the Red Reflex, this color change is caused by which of the following?  Reflection of the Opthalmascope light off of the __________________.
    • A. 

      Outer retina

    • B. 

      Optic disc

    • C. 

      Inner retina

    • D. 

      Physiologic Cup

  • 21. 
    Normal color range for the optic disc is--
    • A. 

      Creamy yellow-orange to pink

    • B. 

      Light pink to red

    • C. 

      Creamy yellow-to brown

    • D. 

      Bright yellow-white

  • 22. 
    The following term occurs from neuromuscular weakness,  oculomotor cranial nerve III damage, or sympathetic nerve dage (e.g. Horner's syndrome). It is a positional defect that gives the person a sleepy appearance and impairs vision.
    • A. 

      Ectropion

    • B. 

      Hordeolum

    • C. 

      Ptosis

    • D. 

      Chalazion

  • 23. 
    An elderly patient complains of dry itchy eyes, upon closer assessment the nurse notices that the lower lid is loose and is slightly rolling outward. This abnormality is known as which of the following...
    • A. 

      Entropian

    • B. 

      Esophoria

    • C. 

      Ectropian

    • D. 

      Ptosis

  • 24. 
    Red, scaly, greasy flakes and thickened, crusted lid margins occur with sthylococcal infection or seborrheic dermatitis of the lid edge.  Which of the following terms is used for this condition?
    • A. 

      Dacroyocystisis

    • B. 

      Dacryoadenitis

    • C. 

      Hordeolum

    • D. 

      Blepharitis

  • 25. 
    __________is an infection of the lacrimal gland, while _______________ is infection and blockage of the lacrimal duct and sac. 
    • A. 

      Esotropia exotropia

    • B. 

      Dacrocytosis, dacroadenitis

    • C. 

      Exotropia, esotropia

    • D. 

      Dacroadenitis, dacrocycytitis

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