Professor Tate's Test 1: Ch 22- 25

118 Questions | Total Attempts: 66

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Professor Quizzes & Trivia

Questions from previous tests for Tate's A&P class: Chapters 22- 25.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A fluid secreted into small intestine during digestion that contains cholesterol, emulsification agents and phospholipids is:
    • A. 

      Bile.

    • B. 

      Gastric juice.

    • C. 

      Intestinal juice.

    • D. 

      Pancreatic juice.

  • 2. 
    Select the correct statement about the ureters.
    • A. 

      Ureters contain sphincters at the entrance to the bladder to prevent the back-flow of urine.

    • B. 

      The ureter is innervated by parasympathetic nerve endings only.

    • C. 

      The epithelium is stratified squamous like the skin, which allows a great deal of stretch.

    • D. 

      The ureters are capable of peristalsis like that of the gastrointestinal tract.

  • 3. 
    The mechanism of water reabsorption by the renal tubules is:
    • A. 

      Osmosis.

    • B. 

      Active transport.

    • C. 

      Cotransport with sodium ions.

    • D. 

      Solvent drag.

  • 4. 
    The lamina propria is composed of:
    • A. 

      Reticular connective tissue.

    • B. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue.

    • C. 

      Loose connective tissue.

    • D. 

      Dense regular connective tissue.

  • 5. 
    The fluid in the glomerular (Bowman's ) capsule is similar to plasma except that it does not contain a significant amount:
    • A. 

      Plasma protein.

    • B. 

      Glucose.

    • C. 

      Electrolytes.

    • D. 

      Hormones.

  • 6. 
    The fatty tissue surrounding the kidney is important because:
    • A. 

      It stabilizes the position of the kidneys by holding them in their normal position.

    • B. 

      It ensures adequate energy for the adrenal glands to operate efficiently.

    • C. 

      It is necessary as a barrier between the adrenal glands and kidneys.

    • D. 

      It produces vitamin D.

  • 7. 
    Select the correct statement about the physical factors influencing pulmonary ventilation.
    • A. 

      Surfactant helps increase alveolar surface tension.

    • B. 

      A decrease in compliance causes an increase in ventilation.

    • C. 

      As alveolar surface tension increases, additional muscle action will be required.

    • D. 

      A lung that is less elastic will require less muscle action to perform adequate ventilation.

  • 8. 
    The enzymatic breakdown of any type of food molecule is called _____.
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Active transport

    • C. 

      Denatured

    • D. 

      Hydrolysis

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is not reabsorbed by the proximal convoluted tubule?
    • A. 

      Creatinine

    • B. 

      K+

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Na+

  • 10. 
    The propulsion of food down the gastrointestinal tract includes:
    • A. 

      The pharyngeal-esophageal phase, an involuntary process.

    • B. 

      Deglutition which is the elimination of undigested materials.

    • C. 

      The gastric phase, activated by distension of the stomach receptors.

    • D. 

      The buccal phase, an involuntary phase controlled by swallowing centers in the medulla and pons.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following does not occur in the mitochondria?
    • A. 

      Krebs cycle.

    • B. 

      Formation of malic acid from fumaric acid.

    • C. 

      Electron transport.

    • D. 

      Glycolysis.

  • 12. 
    Factors that influence the rate and depth of breathing include:
    • A. 

      Stretch receptors in the alveoli.

    • B. 

      Voluntary cortical control.

    • C. 

      Thalamic control.

    • D. 

      Composition of alveolar gas.

  • 13. 
    A Bowman's capsule does not contian:
    • A. 

      A podocyte.

    • B. 

      A fenestrated capillary.

    • C. 

      An efferent arteriole.

    • D. 

      A vasa recta.

  • 14. 
    Since the lungs are filled with fluid during fetal life which of the following statements is true regarding respiratory exchange?
    • A. 

      Respiratory exchanges are made through the ductus arterious.

    • B. 

      Respiratory exchanges are not necessary.

    • C. 

      Since the lungs develop later in gestation, fetuses do not need a mechanism for respiratory exchange.

    • D. 

      Respiratory exchanges are made through the placenta.

  • 15. 
    You have just eaten french fries, buttered toast, ice cream and whole milk. Which of the following glands would be active in helping you to digest this food?
    • A. 

      The pancreas.

    • B. 

      The buccal glands.

    • C. 

      The parotid glands.

    • D. 

      The thyroid gland.

  • 16. 
    The amount of ______ produced is probably the most important factor in determining BMR.
    • A. 

      Norepinephrine

    • B. 

      ADH

    • C. 

      Prolactin

    • D. 

      Thyroxine

  • 17. 
    The functional and structural unit of the kidneys is:
    • A. 

      The loop of Henle.

    • B. 

      Bowman's capsule.

    • C. 

      The basement membrane of the capillaries.

    • D. 

      The nephron.

  • 18. 
    The ______ contains lobules with sinusoids (lined with macrophages) that lead to a central venous structure.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Spleen

  • 19. 
    The mechanical and chemical receptors that control digestive activity are located:
    • A. 

      In the glandular tissue that lines the organ lumen.

    • B. 

      In the pons and medulla.

    • C. 

      Only in the esophagus because this is the only part of the tract that needs to change to accommodate food passage.

    • D. 

      In the walls of the tract organ.

  • 20. 
    Hydrochloric acid is secreted by which of the secretory cells of the stomach?
    • A. 

      Serous cells

    • B. 

      Parietal cells

    • C. 

      Chief cells

    • D. 

      Mucous neck cells

  • 21. 
    The most powerful respiratory stimulus for breathing in a healthy person is:
    • A. 

      PH (alkalosis).

    • B. 

      Loss of oxygen in tissues.

    • C. 

      PH (acidosis).

    • D. 

      Increase of carbon dioxide.

  • 22. 
    The dental formula for an adult is 2-1-2-3. What does 1 stand for?
    • A. 

      Premolar tooth

    • B. 

      Canine tooth

    • C. 

      Molar tooth

    • D. 

      Incisor tooth

  • 23. 
    The kidneys are stimulated to produce renin:
    • A. 

      When the specific gravity of urine rises above 1.10.

    • B. 

      When the peritubular capillaries are dilated.

    • C. 

      By a decrease in the blood pressure

    • D. 

      When the pH of the urine decreases.

  • 24. 
    An increase in the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubule to water is due to:
    • A. 

      A decrease in the concentration of the blood plasma.

    • B. 

      An increase in the production of aldosterone.

    • C. 

      A decrease in the production of ADH.

    • D. 

      An increase in the production of ADH.

  • 25. 
    The larynx contains:
    • A. 

      A cricoid cartilage also called the Adam's apple.

    • B. 

      The thyroid cartilage.

    • C. 

      An upper pair of avascular mucosal folds called true vocal folds.

    • D. 

      Lateral cartilage ridges called false vocal folds.

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