# Middle School Science Quiz

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| By Susanalbarcha
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Susanalbarcha
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 5,178
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 5,179

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Answer each of the following questions.

Questions and Answers
• 1.

### Most energy on Earth comes from the

Explanation
The sun is the primary source of energy on Earth through the process of solar radiation. Sunlight provides heat and light energy, which is crucial for various natural processes like photosynthesis in plants, evaporation of water, and the formation of weather patterns. Additionally, solar energy is harnessed through solar panels to generate electricity for human use. Therefore, the sun is the main contributor to the energy available on Earth.

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• 2.

### When an unbalanced force acts on an object, the force

• A.

Is equal to the weight of the object

• B.

Is cancelled by another force

• C.

Does not change the motion of the object

• D.

Changes the motion of the object

Correct Answer
D. Changes the motion of the object
Explanation
When an unbalanced force acts on an object, it changes the motion of the object. This means that the object will either start moving, stop moving, or change its speed or direction. An unbalanced force occurs when the forces acting on an object are not equal in magnitude and opposite in direction, causing a net force. This net force causes the object to accelerate or decelerate, resulting in a change in its motion.

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• 3.

### Which of these actions will help keep your home the coolest in the summer?

• A.

Opening and closing the fridge a lot

• B.

Turning off the t.v., radio, games, computer, ect.

• C.

Closing the shades or blinds over the windows

• D.

Opening the windows during the day

Correct Answer
C. Closing the shades or blinds over the windows
Explanation
Closing the shades or blinds over the windows will help keep the home coolest in the summer because it blocks the direct sunlight from entering the house. Sunlight carries heat, so by closing the shades or blinds, less heat will enter the home, keeping it cooler.

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• 4.

### Which would be the best material to use to separate heat from cold?

• A.

Wood

• B.

Glass

• C.

Iron

• D.

Steel

Correct Answer
A. Wood
Explanation
Wood is the best material to use to separate heat from cold because it is a poor conductor of heat. This means that it does not easily transfer heat from one side to the other, making it an effective insulator. Wood has small air pockets within its structure that trap heat, preventing it from passing through. Additionally, wood has a low thermal conductivity compared to materials like glass, iron, and steel, further enhancing its ability to separate heat from cold.

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• 5.

### You see your reflection in the mirror because light is

• A.

Refracted

• B.

Reflected

• C.

Diffracted

• D.

Absorbed

Correct Answer
B. Reflected
Explanation
When light hits a smooth surface, such as a mirror, it bounces back in a predictable manner. This phenomenon is known as reflection. When you look at yourself in the mirror, the light from your body reflects off the mirror's surface and enters your eyes, allowing you to see your reflection. Therefore, the correct answer is reflected.

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• 6.

### Which of the following are not examples of data?

• A.

Measurement

• B.

Theories

• C.

Quantitive observations

• D.

Qualitative observations

Correct Answer
B. Theories
Explanation
Theories are not examples of data because they are explanations or models that are based on data. Data refers to the raw facts or information that is collected or observed, such as measurements, quantitative observations, or qualitative observations. Theories, on the other hand, are interpretations or explanations of the data, often used to understand or predict phenomena. They are derived from analyzing and interpreting the data, but they are not the data itself.

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• 7.

### The measurement of the distance between two points on two waves is called wavelength.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that wavelength is indeed the measurement of the distance between two points on two waves. It is commonly used to describe the length of a wave, such as in light or sound waves. Wavelength is usually represented by the Greek letter lambda (λ) and is measured in units such as meters or nanometers. By measuring the distance between corresponding points on two waves, such as the distance between two crests or two troughs, we can determine the wavelength of the wave. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 8.

### Using one or more of your senses to gather information is called inferring.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
It is called observing

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• 9.

### When a new substance is formed with different properties unlike the original substance it is called a

• A.

Chemical change

• B.

Physical change

Correct Answer
A. Chemical change
Explanation
A chemical change occurs when a new substance is formed with different properties compared to the original substance. This change involves the breaking and forming of chemical bonds, resulting in a complete rearrangement of atoms. In contrast, a physical change only affects the physical properties of a substance, such as its shape, size, or state, without altering its chemical composition. Therefore, the correct answer is chemical change.

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• 10.

### Which cell organelle is responsible for making proteins?

• A.

Ribosomes

• B.

Nucleolus

Correct Answer
A. Ribosomes
Explanation
Ribosomes are responsible for making proteins. They are small, spherical structures found either freely floating in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes read the genetic information from the DNA and use it to assemble amino acids into proteins through a process called translation. This process is essential for the synthesis of all proteins in the cell, which play crucial roles in various cellular functions and structures. The nucleolus, on the other hand, is responsible for the production and assembly of ribosomes themselves, not proteins.

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