Chapter 14 The Evolution Of Our Behavior: Putting IT All Together

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 1377

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Evolution Quizzes & Trivia

The questions in this quiz are not of my creation. They are solely used as study material.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to the text, cultural behaviors have:
    • A. 

      Only practical value

    • B. 

      Only symbolic meaning

    • C. 

      Both practical value and symbolic meaning

    • D. 

      Value only as a means of adapting to the natural environment

  • 2. 
    According to the Bible, why are Jews prohibited from eating pork?
    • A. 

      Pigs are not clean

    • B. 

      You could get trichinosis

    • C. 

      Pigs were hard to raise in Southwest Asia

    • D. 

      Pigs have cloven hooves but don't chew cud

  • 3. 
    According to the Bible, which of these dishes would be acceptable to eat?
    • A. 

      Boiled lobster

    • B. 

      A tuna salad sandwich

    • C. 

      Crab cakes

    • D. 

      Fried clams

  • 4. 
    According to a literal interpretation of the Bible, which of these dishes would be acceptable to eat?
    • A. 

      Mice

    • B. 

      Snails

    • C. 

      Grasshoppers

    • D. 

      Lizards

  • 5. 
    Mary Douglas stresses which role of cultural behaviors?
    • A. 

      Practical

    • B. 

      Materialistic

    • C. 

      Symbolic

    • D. 

      Biological

  • 6. 
    In her analysis of the dietary laws, Mary Douglas seems to stress categories based on:
    • A. 

      Cleanliness

    • B. 

      Form of locomotion

    • C. 

      Ease of hunting or herding

    • D. 

      Health considerations

  • 7. 
    Marvin Harris's approach to cultural analysis is called:
    • A. 

      Cultural materialism

    • B. 

      Symbolism

    • C. 

      Cultural relativity

    • D. 

      Sociobiology

  • 8. 
    How, in general, does Marvin Harris explain the biblical dietary laws?
    • A. 

      They were means of establishing the identity of the ancient Hebrews

    • B. 

      They were all health or hygiene related

    • C. 

      They resulted from some practical, usually economic considerations

    • D. 

      They functioned to impose order on one part of the ancient Hebrews' world

  • 9. 
    The author of the text feels that the biblical dietary laws are a result of:
    • A. 

      Symbolic considerations

    • B. 

      Practical considerations

    • C. 

      An inherent need for people to order important aspects of their world

    • D. 

      A combination and interaction of all of these

  • 10. 
    The dietary laws also provide a good example of a:
    • A. 

      Set of religious beliefs

    • B. 

      Folk taxonomy

    • C. 

      Subsistence pattern

    • D. 

      Legal system

  • 11. 
    The Dani of West Iran are:
    • A. 

      Foragers

    • B. 

      Hunter gatherers

    • C. 

      Horticulturalists

    • D. 

      Pastoralists

  • 12. 
    The Dani's stated reason for their ritual warfare is to:
    • A. 

      Placate the ghosts of the slain

    • B. 

      Avenge the theft of property

    • C. 

      Symbolize and channel existing tensions

    • D. 

      Acquire additional pigs, wives, and land

  • 13. 
    A holistic anthropological analysis of Dani ritual warfare suggests that its function is to:
    • A. 

      Placate the ghosts of the slain

    • B. 

      Avenge the theft of property

    • C. 

      Symbolize and channel existing tensions

    • D. 

      Acquire additional pigs, wives, and land

  • 14. 
    How might the warfare among the Dani aid in maintaining the quality of their environment?
    • A. 

      War deaths keep the population down

    • B. 

      It alters land holdings and allows some land to lie fallow

    • C. 

      Its expense helps establish trade networks with the outside

    • D. 

      It promotes reproduction to try to counter war deaths

  • 15. 
    The Dani also have secular wars.  Which of the following is NOT a reason for these?
    • A. 

      Disputes over pigs

    • B. 

      Disputes over wives

    • C. 

      Inability to resolve some conflict

    • D. 

      Defense from outside invaders

  • 16. 
    Kuru among the Fore of Papua New Guinea is caused by:
    • A. 

      Cannibalism

    • B. 

      A bacterial infection

    • C. 

      A inherited genetic condition

    • D. 

      An abnormal protein

  • 17. 
    Kuru among the Fore of Papua New Guinea is passed from person to person by:
    • A. 

      Cannibalism

    • B. 

      Sharing drinking vessels

    • C. 

      Airborne microorganisms

    • D. 

      Sexual contact

  • 18. 
    Anthropological analysis indicates that the function of Fore cannibalism among mainly the women was:
    • A. 

      To help cure kuru

    • B. 

      As a "fertilizer" to aid growth of crops

    • C. 

      To supplement their diet in an increasingly protein poor society

    • D. 

      To try to possess the power of the men whose bodies they ate

  • 19. 
    The Fore attributed the kuru epidemic to:            
    • A. 

      The coming of Europeans

    • B. 

      The work of sorcerers hired by the less well-off Fore

    • C. 

      The invasion of a new microorganism

    • D. 

      The reintroduction of cannibalism among the women

  • 20. 
    How did the kuru epidemic affect Fore economics?
    • A. 

      Wealth decreased due to the high cost of medical care

    • B. 

      People had to rely more heavily on cash crops to get money from the outside

    • C. 

      Wealth was redistributed as money went to sorcerers to help stop kuru

    • D. 

      Because most victims were women the labor force was severely depleted

  • 21. 
    Altruism is:
    • A. 

      A statement that is, by definition, true

    • B. 

      An act performed mainly to benefit the performer

    • C. 

      An act that leads to one's death

    • D. 

      An act performed for the benefit of another

  • 22. 
    In the "nature vs. nurture" debate, the position that emphasizes the "nature" part is formally called:
    • A. 

      Biological determinism

    • B. 

      Cultural determinism

    • C. 

      Cultural relativity

    • D. 

      Sociobiology

  • 23. 
    In the "nature vs. nurture" debate, the position that emphasizes the "nurture" part is formally called:
    • A. 

      Biological determinism

    • B. 

      Cultural determinism

    • C. 

      Cultural relativity

    • D. 

      Sociobiology

  • 24. 
    Kin selection refers to:
    • A. 

      The conscious choosing of mates

    • B. 

      Instinctive behaviors that help one choose the best mate

    • C. 

      Passing on of one's genes by aiding the survival and reproduction of close kin

    • D. 

      Deciding whether a society is bilateral or unilineal

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is NOT a synonym for a fairly new area of evolutionary biology?
    • A. 

      Sociobiology

    • B. 

      Evolutionary psychology

    • C. 

      Behavior ecology

    • D. 

      Ethnographic analogy

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