Chapter 1 Introducing Health Psychology

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 2195

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Chapter 1 Introducing Health Psychology - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In 1900, most deaths in the US were caused by ___, whereas today, most are due to _____.
    • A. 

      Pneumonia...cancer

    • B. 

      Chronic disease....cancer

    • C. 

      Infectious diseases...chronic diseases

    • D. 

      Cancer...alcohol-related causes

  • 2. 
    In the US, the three leading causes of death for adults ages 35 to 44 are...
    • A. 

      Unintentional injuries, cancer, and heart disease

    • B. 

      Suicide, homicide, and HIV infection

    • C. 

      HIV infection, heart disease, and pneumonia

    • D. 

      Cancer, HIV infection, and pneumonia

  • 3. 
    During the past 30 years, death rate from heart disease in the US has declined. AT the same time,
    • A. 

      Medical costs have increased

    • B. 

      Smoking rates have increased

    • C. 

      Life expectancy has decreased

    • D. 

      Acceptance of the biomedical model has increased

  • 4. 
    Presently, physicians and health psychologists are most likely to agree that psychosomatic illnesses are...
    • A. 

      Primary means of coping with acute pain

    • B. 

      All in the head of the person with the illness

    • C. 

      Diseases linked to a complex of biological, psychological, and social factors

    • D. 

      Flow from unconscious factors and are a means of reducing anxiet

  • 5. 
    Health Psychology is...
    • A. 

      A branch of medicine related to psychological health

    • B. 

      A discipline within psychology related to psychological health

    • C. 

      A new name for psychosomatic medicine

    • D. 

      A specialty within psychology related to health

  • 6. 
    Chronic diseases...
    • A. 

      Develop and persist over a period of time

    • B. 

      Are due to infectious agents such as bacteria or viruses

    • C. 

      Are not as common today as during the 19th century

    • D. 

      Include influenza and pneumonia

  • 7. 
    In the US, Hispanic Americans...
    • A. 

      Have about the same rate of poverty as European Americans

    • B. 

      Have longer life expectance than European Americans

    • C. 

      Have longer life expectancy than African Americans

    • D. 

      Have about the same life expectancy as Asian Americans

  • 8. 
    An inverse relationship exists between educational level and death rates, which means that...
    • A. 

      People who graduate from HS have higher death rates than those who do not

    • B. 

      People who attend college have higher death rates from those who drop out of HS

    • C. 

      People who attend college live longer than those who have never attended college

    • D. 

      Both a & b

  • 9. 
    A pathogen is...
    • A. 

      A disease

    • B. 

      The pattern of illness in a population

    • C. 

      Any agent, such as a microoganism or virus, that can cause a disease

    • D. 

      One of the healing forces of nature

  • 10. 
    Cade attributes catching a "cold" to not getting enough sleep and feelings of distress. Thus, Cade has an implicit acceptance of the ___model of truth
    • A. 

      Biochemical

    • B. 

      Biomedical

    • C. 

      Cartesian

    • D. 

      Biopsychosocial

  • 11. 
    Behavioral medicine assumes...
    • A. 

      A link between individual behaviors and health

    • B. 

      The existence of a specific pathogen in illness

    • C. 

      That disease can be controlled, but that health cannot be enhanced

    • D. 

      That the goals of medicine and psycholgy are incompatible

  • 12. 
    The work of health psychologists is similar to other psychologists because it includes...
    • A. 

      Counseling people with personal problems

    • B. 

      Conducting research on personality and health habits

    • C. 

      Assessment, research, and provision of services

    • D. 

      Working in health care settings (e.g. hospital)

  • 13. 
    The leading cause of death in the US is...
    • A. 

      Cancer

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      Stroke

    • D. 

      Cardiovascualr disease

  • 14. 
    Since the 1900, life expectancy in the US has...
    • A. 

      Decreased

    • B. 

      Remained the same

    • C. 

      Increased by 10 years

    • D. 

      Increased by 30 years

  • 15. 
    Which of these has been a major health trend in the US since 1900?
    • A. 

      Cost of medical care has risen faster than inflation

    • B. 

      Health has been more frequently defined as the absence of illness

    • C. 

      Acute illnesses have repalced chronic diseases as the leading cause of death

    • D. 

      The biomedical model has been accepted by most psychologists

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