Telescope of the Future: JWST Revolutionary Discoveries Quiz

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Telescope Of The Future: Jwst Revolutionary Discoveries Quiz - Quiz

Prepare to embark on an awe-inspiring journey through the cosmos with our "Telescope of the Future: JWST Revolutionary Discoveries Quiz." This quiz invites you to delve into the revolutionary world of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and test your knowledge of its groundbreaking discoveries that are reshaping our understanding of the universe.

The James Webb Space Telescope is nothing short of a marvel of modern science and engineering. Launched into space with the aim of exploring the cosmos like never before, it has already started to unveil the mysteries of the universe. As you embark on this quiz, you'll get Read moreto explore the profound impact of the JWST on our knowledge of space and astronomy.

The quiz begins by introducing you to the JWST itself, its impressive capabilities, and its mission objectives. You'll learn about the telescope's advanced technologies, including its state-of-the-art instruments and its ability to observe the universe in the infrared spectrum, allowing it to see through dust clouds and study distant objects with unprecedented clarity.

As you progress through the quiz, you'll encounter questions about the JWST's discoveries that have left astronomers and space enthusiasts in awe. These discoveries include the study of distant galaxies, the characterization of exoplanets and their atmospheres, the investigation of the early universe, and the observation of star-forming regions.

The JWST has already rewritten the textbooks of astronomy with its findings, such as the detection of water on exoplanets, the imaging of galaxies in their early cosmic infancy, and the study of the atmospheres of


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How many hexagonal segments make up the Primary Mirror of the JWST?

    • A.

      16

    • B.

      21

    • C.

      19

    • D.

      18

    Correct Answer
    D. 18
    Explanation
    The Primary Mirror of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is composed of 18 hexagonal segments. These segments work together to create the telescope's large and highly sensitive mirror, allowing it to capture and focus infrared light from distant celestial objects.

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  • 2. 

    What is the JWST's mirror made of?

    • A.

      Aluminum-coated glass

    • B.

      Platinum

    • C.

      Polished granite

    • D.

      Gold-coated beryllium

    Correct Answer
    D. Gold-coated beryllium
    Explanation
    The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) features a remarkable primary mirror that is constructed from hexagonal segments, each made of beryllium. Beryllium is chosen for its lightweight and stable properties, making it an ideal material for use in space telescopes. These segments are then coated with a thin layer of gold, which provides a highly reflective surface for capturing and focusing incoming infrared light.

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  • 3. 

    What is the approximate diameter of JWST's hexagonal mirrors?

    • A.

      2 meters

    • B.

      4 meters

    • C.

      1.32 meters

    • D.

      8 meters

    Correct Answer
    C. 1.32 meters
    Explanation
    The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) features a primary mirror composed of 18 hexagonal segments, each with an approximate diameter of 1.32 meters. These hexagonal segments fit together to create a larger, segmented mirror that effectively acts as a single mirror with a substantial collecting area for capturing light.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not a scientific instrument onboard JWST?

    • A.

      Near-Infrared Spectrograph (NIRSpec)

    • B.

      Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI)

    • C.

      James Webb's Camera (JWC)

    • D.

      Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam)

    Correct Answer
    C. James Webb's Camera (JWC)
    Explanation
    Webb has four science instruments: Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam), Near-Infrared Spectrograph (NIRSpec), Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI), and Near-Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS) with the Fine Guidance Sensor (FGS)

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  • 5. 

    What feature of JWST will enable it to unfold and deploy in space?

    • A.

      Solar panels

    • B.

      Rocket thrusters

    • C.

      Hinge mechanisms

    • D.

      Shape-memory alloy

    Correct Answer
    C. Hinge mechanisms
    Explanation
    The feature of JWST that will enable it to unfold and deploy in space is the **hinge mechanisms**. JWST is equipped with a complex system of hinge mechanisms that allow it to fold into a compact configuration for launch and then unfold and deploy its various components once it reaches its designated orbit in space. These hinge mechanisms play a critical role in the successful deployment of the telescope, including its sunshield and segmented mirror.

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  • 6. 

    Which planet's atmosphere will JWST primarily study in the solar system?

    • A.

      Mars

    • B.

      Jupiter

    • C.

      Saturn

    • D.

      Neptune

    Correct Answer
    A. Mars
    Explanation
    Webb will help us to understand the trace organics in Mars' atmosphere and be used to do studies that verify the findings of the Mars rovers and landers. Webb will observe Mars and the giant planets, minor planets like Pluto and Eris - and even the small bodies in our solar system: asteroids, comets, and Kuiper Belt Objects.

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  • 7. 

    What is the main advantage of JWST's orbit in space?

    • A.

      Low gravity environment

    • B.

      Protection from asteroids

    • C.

      Lets the telescope stay in line with the Earth as it moves around the Sun

    • D.

      Access to extraterrestrial resources

    Correct Answer
    C. Lets the telescope stay in line with the Earth as it moves around the Sun
    Explanation
    What is special about this orbit is that it lets the telescope stay in line with the Earth as it moves around the Sun. This allows the satellite's large sunshield to protect the telescope from the light and heat of the Sun and Earth (and Moon).

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following targets is not within the primary observational goals of JWST?

    • A.

      Exoplanets with potential habitable conditions

    • B.

      Early galaxies in the process of formation

    • C.

      Gravitational waves from merging black holes

    • D.

      The presence of organic molecules in nebulae

    Correct Answer
    C. Gravitational waves from merging black holes
    Explanation
    JWST's primary observational goals include studying exoplanets, early galaxies, and the presence of organic molecules in nebulae. Gravitational waves from merging black holes are not within its primary focus.

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  • 9. 

    What is the primary reason for using infrared instead of visible light for JWST's observations?

    • A.

      Infrared light is less affected by scattering and absorption in space

    • B.

      Infrared light carries more energy than visible light

    • C.

      There is an abundance of infrared sources in the universe

    • D.

      JWST's instruments are optimized for infrared detection

    Correct Answer
    A. Infrared light is less affected by scattering and absorption in space
    Explanation
    Infrared light has longer wavelengths than visible light, and these longer wavelengths are less susceptible to scattering and absorption by dust, gas, and other obstacles in space. This property allows the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) to observe celestial objects with greater clarity and sensitivity, especially when studying objects hidden behind dust clouds or distant objects with redshifted spectra due to the expansion of the universe. JWST's instruments are optimized to detect and study these infrared wavelengths, making it a powerful tool for exploring the universe in the infrared spectrum.

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  • 10. 

    What is the 'Golden Eye' of JWST?

    • A.

      Prime focus mirror

    • B.

      Near-Infrared Spectrograph (NIRSpec)

    • C.

      Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI)

    • D.

      Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam)

    Correct Answer
    D. Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam)
    Explanation
    The 'Golden Eye' of JWST is the Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam). This camera is often referred to as the 'Golden Eye' due to its significance and its role in capturing images and conducting observations in the near-infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. NIRCam is one of the key scientific instruments onboard the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).

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  • Current Version
  • Sep 29, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 28, 2023
    Quiz Created by
    Surajit Dey
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