Infection Control Quiz Part 4

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 50

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Infection Control Quiz Part 4

Infection control quiz part 4 deals with among other things latex as a medical product. How well do you understand latex? Well, the test below aims to test and advance your knowledge on the subject.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Intravenous tubing, blood pressure cuffs, bandages tourniquets and rubber gloves are only a few of products that could contain latex
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Everyone reacts to latex at the exact  the exact same level 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    With each additional exposure to latex, th symptoms become less advanced
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Which is worse
    • A. 

      Type I latex allergy

    • B. 

      Type IV latex allergy

  • 5. 
    If the latex allergen is introduced directly intp the blood, ______________________ can occur
    • A. 

      Anaphylacic shock which could be fatal

    • B. 

      Crying syndrome

    • C. 

      Dry bloody skin

  • 6. 
    Hospitals that do not switch totally to latex free devices do so because latex free devices are more expensive
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Latex allergies can occur in the following ways
    • A. 

      Direct skin contact causing skin problems

    • B. 

      Inhalation of the latex powder into the air causing respiratory poroblems

    • C. 

      Getting the powder in the eyes which become swollen and irritated

    • D. 

      Powder getting on the heel of the shoes making them whiter

  • 8. 
    How is OSHA able to enforce strong compliance to their rules and regulations?
    • A. 

      By leveling large fines up to $7,000 per infraction

    • B. 

      By yelling loud

    • C. 

      By slapping employers

    • D. 

      By throwing phlebotomist in jail for not wearing gloves

  • 9. 
    An OSHA inspector watches a phlebotomist who drew a patients blood without gloves, walk down the hallway with needle with blood dripping to the nearest room with sharps container. The phlebotomist tried to shove this needle into a sharps container that was already overflowing. based on these three infractions and a $7000  fine per infraction, how much will the employer at this lab be charged?
    • A. 

      $7000

    • B. 

      $14,000

    • C. 

      $21,000

    • D. 

      $28,000

  • 10. 
    What must be recorded after an exposure incident
    • A. 

      Type and brand of device

    • B. 

      Location of the incident

    • C. 

      Description of exposure incident

    • D. 

      Opacity of the device

  • 11. 
    Contaminated needles and other contaminated sharps should not be recapped.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Contaminated needles can be bent by never recapped
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    There are times, in which a phlebotomist can remove sharp materials from the sharps container
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    All needles and sharps must be placed in containers that are 
    • A. 

      Puncture resistant

    • B. 

      Leak proof

    • C. 

      Labeled as biohazard

    • D. 

      Purple in color

  • 15. 
    The Biohazard label must be affixed to 
    • A. 

      Containers of regulated waste

    • B. 

      Refrigerators containing blood or other infectious materials

    • C. 

      Any containers with infectious material used for transport

    • D. 

      Any containers used for storage of infectious material

    • E. 

      The tap for water in the lab

  • 16. 
    Exposure control plan
    • A. 

      Should be accessible to OSHA inspectors

    • B. 

      Should be accessible to employees

    • C. 

      Mustbe reviewed and updated anually

    • D. 

      Should have a blue colored logo

    • E. 

      Is a written plan designed to eliminate employee exposure

  • 17. 
    I understand that due to my occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials I may be at risk of acquiring hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. I have been given the opportunity to be vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine, at no charge to myself. However, I decline hepatitis B vaccination at this time. I understand that by declining this vaccine, I continue to be at risk of acquiring hepatitis B, a serious disease. If in the future I continue to have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials and I want to be vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine, I can receive the vaccination series at no charge to me. Signed:__(Employee Name)______________________________ Date:________________________ what is this
    • A. 

      HEPATITIS B VACCINE DECLINATION and it is mandatory for any personnel declining the HBV vaccine

    • B. 

      HEPATITIS B VACCINE DECLINATION and only high complexity hospitals perform it

    • C. 

      HEPATITIS B VACCINE acceptance and it is mandatory

  • 18. 
    WHAT GETS REPORTED ON THE FORM?
    • A. 

      Exposure incident

    • B. 

      Engineering control

    • C. 

      Exposure control plan

  • 19. 
    All percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps are also recorded in the Sharps Injury Log. All incidences must include at least:    
    • A. 

      The date of the injury

    • B. 

      The type and brand of the device involved

    • C. 

      The department or work area where the incident occurred

    • D. 

      An explanation of how the incident occurred

    • E. 

      Color of sharps

  • 20. 
    The Northwest Clinical Facility is committed to providing a safe and healthful work environment for our entire staff. In pursuit of this endeavor, the following exposure control plan (ECP) is provided to eliminate or minimize occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens in accordance with OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.1030, "Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens." The ECP (Exposure control plan) is a key document to assist our firm in implementing and ensuring compliance with the standard, thereby protecting our employees. This ECP includes:  
    • A. 

      Procedures for evaluating circumstances surrounding an exposure incident

    • B. 

      Recordkeeping

    • C. 

      Communication of hazards to employees and training

    • D. 

      Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up

    • E. 

      Hepatitis B vaccination

    • F. 

      Determination of employee exposure

    • G. 

      Where to have the annual holiday party

  • 21. 
    The various methods of exposure control include        
    • A. 

      Standard precautions

    • B. 

      Engineering and work practice controls

    • C. 

      Personal protective equipment

    • D. 

      Housekeeping with little or no agitation of textile

    • E. 

      Quality control

  • 22. 
    POST-EXPOSURE EVALUATION AND FOLLOW-UP  Should an exposure incident occur, contact ____(Name of responsible person) at the following number:_____________________________. An immediately available confidential medical evaluation and follow-up will be conducted by (Licensed health care professional) . Following the initial first aid (clean the wound, flush eyes or other mucous membrane, etc.), the following activities will be performed:  
    • A. 

      Document the routes of exposure and how the exposure occurred.

    • B. 

      Identify and document the source individual (unless the employer can establish that identification is infeasible or prohibited by state or local law).

    • C. 

      Obtain consent and make arrangements to have the source individual tested as soon as possible to determine HIV, HCV, and HBV infectivity; document that the source individual's test results were conveyed to the employee's health care provider.

    • D. 

      If the source individual is already known to be HIV, HCV and/or HBV positive, new testing need not be performed

    • E. 

      After obtaining consent, collect exposed employee's blood as soon as feasible after exposure incident, and test blood for HBV and HIV serological status

    • F. 

      Assure that the exposed employee is provided with the source individual's test results and with information about applicable disclosure laws and regulations concerning the identity and infectious status of the source individual (e.g., laws protecting confidentiality).

    • G. 

      Use mouth to suck out the HIV virus

  • 23. 
    Can a OSHA inspector question some phlebotomists at a healthcare facility to determine how their input was influential in the newer safer blood collection devices
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 24. 
    Engineering control is one of the 4 methods of exposure control. Engineering control includes
    • A. 

      Benchtop acrylic safety shield

    • B. 

      Biohazard containers

    • C. 

      Puncture resistant sharps container

    • D. 

      Safety needles

    • E. 

      Sharps with engineered sharps injury protection (SESIPs)

    • F. 

      Needless systems

    • G. 

      Scrubs

  • 25. 
    Work practice controls is one of the methods of exposure control. work practice control includes
    • A. 

      Using surface disinfectant regularly

    • B. 

      Wearing appropriate PPE when cleaning up biological spills

    • C. 

      Using hand hygiene practices such as washing hands with an appropriate antiseptic before donning gloves, after glove removal or any other time neccessary

    • D. 

      Removing and disposing of PPE when leaving a work area or completion of a task

    • E. 

      Use appropriate needle stick prevention practices to avoid exposure to bloodborne pathogen

    • F. 

      Bleaching your mouth after mouth-pipeting

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