Infection Control Quiz Part 4

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Infection Control Quiz Part 4 - Quiz

Infection control quiz part 4 deals with among other things latex as a medical product. How well do you understand latex? Well, the test below aims to test and advance your knowledge on the subject.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Intravenous tubing, blood pressure cuffs, bandages tourniquets and rubber gloves are only a few of products that could contain latex

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that various medical products such as intravenous tubing, blood pressure cuffs, bandages, tourniquets, and rubber gloves could potentially contain latex. This implies that these products may be made from or include latex materials. Therefore, the correct answer is True.

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  • 2. 

    Everyone reacts to latex at the exact  the exact same level 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that everyone reacts to latex at the exact same level. However, this is not true as people can have different levels of sensitivity or allergies to latex. Some individuals may have severe reactions, while others may have no reaction at all. Therefore, the correct answer is false, indicating that not everyone reacts to latex at the exact same level.

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  • 3. 

    With each additional exposure to latex, th symptoms become less advanced

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that with each additional exposure to latex, the symptoms become less advanced. However, the correct answer is False. This means that the statement is not true. Each additional exposure to latex can actually result in more advanced symptoms or allergic reactions, rather than lessening them.

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  • 4. 

    Which is worse

    • A.

      Type I latex allergy

    • B.

      Type IV latex allergy

    Correct Answer
    A. Type I latex allergy
    Explanation
    Type I latex allergy is worse than type IV latex allergy. Type I latex allergy is an immediate hypersensitivity reaction that occurs within minutes of exposure to latex. It can cause symptoms such as hives, itching, swelling, and in severe cases, anaphylaxis. On the other hand, type IV latex allergy is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction that develops over time and causes a localized skin rash. While both types of allergies can cause discomfort and inconvenience, type I latex allergy poses a greater risk of severe and life-threatening reactions, making it worse than type IV latex allergy.

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  • 5. 

    If the latex allergen is introduced directly intp the blood, ______________________ can occur

    • A.

      Anaphylacic shock which could be fatal

    • B.

      Crying syndrome

    • C.

      Dry bloody skin

    Correct Answer
    A. Anaphylacic shock which could be fatal
    Explanation
    If the latex allergen is introduced directly into the blood, it can trigger an anaphylactic shock. Anaphylactic shock is a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening. It occurs when the immune system overreacts to an allergen and releases a large amount of chemicals, causing a rapid and severe response throughout the body. This can lead to difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, loss of consciousness, and even death if not treated promptly.

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  • 6. 

    Hospitals that do not switch totally to latex free devices do so because latex free devices are more expensive

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hospitals that do not switch totally to latex-free devices likely do so because these devices are more expensive. This suggests that cost is a significant factor in the decision-making process for hospitals when it comes to switching to latex-free devices.

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  • 7. 

    Latex allergies can occur in the following ways

    • A.

      Direct skin contact causing skin problems

    • B.

      Inhalation of the latex powder into the air causing respiratory poroblems

    • C.

      Getting the powder in the eyes which become swollen and irritated

    • D.

      Powder getting on the heel of the shoes making them whiter

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Direct skin contact causing skin problems
    B. Inhalation of the latex powder into the air causing respiratory poroblems
    C. Getting the powder in the eyes which become swollen and irritated
    Explanation
    Latex allergies can occur through direct skin contact, inhalation of latex powder, and getting the powder in the eyes. Direct skin contact with latex can cause skin problems such as rashes or hives. Inhalation of latex powder into the air can lead to respiratory problems such as coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath. If the powder gets into the eyes, they can become swollen and irritated. Additionally, the powder can also get on the heel of shoes, causing them to become whiter.

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  • 8. 

    How is OSHA able to enforce strong compliance to their rules and regulations?

    • A.

      By leveling large fines up to $7,000 per infraction

    • B.

      By yelling loud

    • C.

      By slapping employers

    • D.

      By throwing phlebotomist in jail for not wearing gloves

    Correct Answer
    A. By leveling large fines up to $7,000 per infraction
    Explanation
    OSHA is able to enforce strong compliance to their rules and regulations by leveling large fines up to $7,000 per infraction. This serves as a strong deterrent for employers to ensure they adhere to OSHA standards and regulations. The threat of significant financial penalties motivates employers to prioritize workplace safety and take necessary measures to prevent violations. By imposing substantial fines, OSHA creates a strong incentive for organizations to comply with their rules and regulations, ultimately leading to safer working conditions for employees.

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  • 9. 

    An OSHA inspector watches a phlebotomist who drew a patients blood without gloves, walk down the hallway with needle with blood dripping to the nearest room with sharps container. The phlebotomist tried to shove this needle into a sharps container that was already overflowing. based on these three infractions and a $7000  fine per infraction, how much will the employer at this lab be charged?

    • A.

      $7000

    • B.

      $14,000

    • C.

      $21,000

    • D.

      $28,000

    Correct Answer
    C. $21,000
    Explanation
    Based on the three infractions mentioned (drawing blood without gloves, walking with a dripping needle, and attempting to dispose of it in an overflowing sharps container), each infraction carries a $7000 fine. Since there are three infractions, the total amount that the employer will be charged is $7000 x 3 = $21,000.

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  • 10. 

    What must be recorded after an exposure incident

    • A.

      Type and brand of device

    • B.

      Location of the incident

    • C.

      Description of exposure incident

    • D.

      Opacity of the device

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Type and brand of device
    B. Location of the incident
    C. Description of exposure incident
    Explanation
    After an exposure incident, it is important to record the type and brand of the device involved, as this information helps in identifying potential risks and taking appropriate preventive measures. The location of the incident should also be recorded to determine if any specific areas or equipment are prone to such incidents and to implement necessary safety measures. Additionally, a detailed description of the exposure incident should be documented to understand the severity, identify any patterns, and facilitate future investigations or improvements. The opacity of the device is not relevant in recording an exposure incident.

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  • 11. 

    Contaminated needles and other contaminated sharps should not be recapped.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Contaminated needles and other sharps should not be recapped because it can lead to accidental needlestick injuries and the potential transmission of infectious diseases. By leaving the needle uncapped, healthcare workers can safely dispose of it in a sharps container, reducing the risk of harm to themselves and others. Recapping contaminated needles is considered unsafe practice and should be avoided.

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  • 12. 

    Contaminated needles can be bent by never recapped

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that contaminated needles can be bent by never recapping them. This statement is false because the act of not recapping the needles does not have any impact on their ability to be bent. The bending of needles is not related to whether or not they are recapped.

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  • 13. 

    There are times, in which a phlebotomist can remove sharp materials from the sharps container

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A phlebotomist is not authorized to remove sharp materials from the sharps container. The sharps container is specifically designed for the safe disposal of sharp objects such as needles, lancets, and scalpels. Removing sharp materials from the container can pose a risk of injury and potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens. It is important for phlebotomists to follow proper protocols and guidelines for the safe handling and disposal of sharps to ensure the safety of themselves and others.

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  • 14. 

    All needles and sharps must be placed in containers that are 

    • A.

      Puncture resistant

    • B.

      Leak proof

    • C.

      Labeled as biohazard

    • D.

      Purple in color

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Puncture resistant
    B. Leak proof
    C. Labeled as biohazard
    Explanation
    The correct answer is puncture resistant, leak proof, labeled as biohazard. This is because needles and sharps can cause injury if not properly contained, so they must be placed in containers that are puncture resistant to prevent accidental punctures. The containers must also be leak proof to prevent any potential contamination or exposure to infectious materials. Additionally, they should be labeled as biohazard to indicate the presence of potentially hazardous materials and ensure proper handling and disposal. The color purple is not mentioned as a requirement for the containers.

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  • 15. 

    The Biohazard label must be affixed to 

    • A.

      Containers of regulated waste

    • B.

      Refrigerators containing blood or other infectious materials

    • C.

      Any containers with infectious material used for transport

    • D.

      Any containers used for storage of infectious material

    • E.

      The tap for water in the lab

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Containers of regulated waste
    B. Refrigerators containing blood or other infectious materials
    C. Any containers with infectious material used for transport
    D. Any containers used for storage of infectious material
    Explanation
    The Biohazard label must be affixed to containers of regulated waste, refrigerators containing blood or other infectious materials, any containers with infectious material used for transport, and any containers used for storage of infectious material. The label is used to indicate that the contents of these containers pose a potential biohazard and should be handled with caution.

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  • 16. 

    Exposure control plan

    • A.

      Should be accessible to OSHA inspectors

    • B.

      Should be accessible to employees

    • C.

      Mustbe reviewed and updated anually

    • D.

      Should have a blue colored logo

    • E.

      Is a written plan designed to eliminate employee exposure

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Should be accessible to OSHA inspectors
    B. Should be accessible to employees
    C. Mustbe reviewed and updated anually
    E. Is a written plan designed to eliminate employee exposure
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the exposure control plan should be accessible to OSHA inspectors, should be accessible to employees, must be reviewed and updated annually, and is a written plan designed to eliminate employee exposure. This means that the plan should be available for OSHA inspectors to review during inspections, as well as accessible to employees so they can understand and follow the guidelines. It should also be reviewed and updated on a yearly basis to ensure it remains effective and compliant with regulations. The purpose of the plan is to eliminate or reduce employee exposure to hazards in the workplace.

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  • 17. 

    I understand that due to my occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials I may be at risk of acquiring hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. I have been given the opportunity to be vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine, at no charge to myself. However, I decline hepatitis B vaccination at this time. I understand that by declining this vaccine, I continue to be at risk of acquiring hepatitis B, a serious disease. If in the future I continue to have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials and I want to be vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine, I can receive the vaccination series at no charge to me. Signed:__(Employee Name)______________________________ Date:________________________ what is this

    • A.

      HEPATITIS B VACCINE DECLINATION and it is mandatory for any personnel declining the HBV vaccine

    • B.

      HEPATITIS B VACCINE DECLINATION and only high complexity hospitals perform it

    • C.

      HEPATITIS B VACCINE acceptance and it is mandatory

    Correct Answer
    A. HEPATITIS B VACCINE DECLINATION and it is mandatory for any personnel declining the HBV vaccine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is HEPATITIS B VACCINE DECLINATION and it is mandatory for any personnel declining the HBV vaccine. This is because the statement provided is a declination form for the hepatitis B vaccine. It states that the individual understands the risks of not getting vaccinated and declines the vaccine at that time. It also mentions that if they change their mind in the future, they can still receive the vaccination series at no charge. Therefore, it is mandatory for personnel declining the vaccine to sign this form.

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  • 18. 

    WHAT GETS REPORTED ON THE FORM?

    • A.

      Exposure incident

    • B.

      Engineering control

    • C.

      Exposure control plan

    Correct Answer
    A. Exposure incident
    Explanation
    The form would report an exposure incident. This refers to a situation where an individual has been exposed to a hazardous substance or potentially infectious material. The purpose of reporting such incidents is to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to prevent further exposure and to provide necessary medical treatment if required. The form would document details of the incident, including the date, time, location, individuals involved, and any actions taken following the exposure.

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  • 19. 

    All percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps are also recorded in the Sharps Injury Log. All incidences must include at least:    

    • A.

      The date of the injury

    • B.

      The type and brand of the device involved

    • C.

      The department or work area where the incident occurred

    • D.

      An explanation of how the incident occurred

    • E.

      Color of sharps

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The date of the injury
    B. The type and brand of the device involved
    C. The department or work area where the incident occurred
    D. An explanation of how the incident occurred
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the necessary information that must be recorded in the Sharps Injury Log. This includes the date of the injury, the type and brand of the device involved, the department or work area where the incident occurred, and an explanation of how the incident occurred. These details are important for tracking and investigating percutaneous injuries from contaminated sharps.

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  • 20. 

    The Northwest Clinical Facility is committed to providing a safe and healthful work environment for our entire staff. In pursuit of this endeavor, the following exposure control plan (ECP) is provided to eliminate or minimize occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens in accordance with OSHA standard 29 CFR 1910.1030, "Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens." The ECP (Exposure control plan) is a key document to assist our firm in implementing and ensuring compliance with the standard, thereby protecting our employees. This ECP includes:  

    • A.

      Procedures for evaluating circumstances surrounding an exposure incident

    • B.

      Recordkeeping

    • C.

      Communication of hazards to employees and training

    • D.

      Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up

    • E.

      Hepatitis B vaccination

    • F.

      Determination of employee exposure

    • G.

      Where to have the annual holiday party

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Procedures for evaluating circumstances surrounding an exposure incident
    B. Recordkeeping
    C. Communication of hazards to employees and training
    D. Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up
    E. Hepatitis B vaccination
    F. Determination of employee exposure
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the key components of an exposure control plan (ECP) as mentioned in the passage. These components are procedures for evaluating circumstances surrounding an exposure incident, recordkeeping, communication of hazards to employees and training, post-exposure evaluation and follow-up, hepatitis B vaccination, and determination of employee exposure. The last option, "where to have the annual holiday party," is not mentioned in the passage and is unrelated to the ECP.

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  • 21. 

    The various methods of exposure control include        

    • A.

      Standard precautions

    • B.

      Engineering and work practice controls

    • C.

      Personal protective equipment

    • D.

      Housekeeping with little or no agitation of textile

    • E.

      Quality control

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Standard precautions
    B. Engineering and work practice controls
    C. Personal protective equipment
    D. Housekeeping with little or no agitation of textile
    Explanation
    This answer lists the various methods of exposure control, which include standard precautions, engineering and work practice controls, personal protective equipment, and housekeeping with little or no agitation of textile. These methods are used to minimize or eliminate exposure to hazards in the workplace. Standard precautions involve following basic infection control practices, such as hand hygiene and the use of personal protective equipment. Engineering and work practice controls refer to physical changes or procedures implemented to reduce exposure, such as ventilation systems or safe work practices. Personal protective equipment includes items like gloves, masks, and goggles that are used to protect workers from hazards. Housekeeping with little or no agitation of textile refers to the practice of cleaning without causing the release of hazardous particles or substances.

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  • 22. 

    POST-EXPOSURE EVALUATION AND FOLLOW-UP  Should an exposure incident occur, contact ____(Name of responsible person) at the following number:_____________________________. An immediately available confidential medical evaluation and follow-up will be conducted by (Licensed health care professional) . Following the initial first aid (clean the wound, flush eyes or other mucous membrane, etc.), the following activities will be performed:  

    • A.

      Document the routes of exposure and how the exposure occurred.

    • B.

      Identify and document the source individual (unless the employer can establish that identification is infeasible or prohibited by state or local law).

    • C.

      Obtain consent and make arrangements to have the source individual tested as soon as possible to determine HIV, HCV, and HBV infectivity; document that the source individual's test results were conveyed to the employee's health care provider.

    • D.

      If the source individual is already known to be HIV, HCV and/or HBV positive, new testing need not be performed

    • E.

      After obtaining consent, collect exposed employee's blood as soon as feasible after exposure incident, and test blood for HBV and HIV serological status

    • F.

      Assure that the exposed employee is provided with the source individual's test results and with information about applicable disclosure laws and regulations concerning the identity and infectious status of the source individual (e.g., laws protecting confidentiality).

    • G.

      Use mouth to suck out the HIV virus

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Document the routes of exposure and how the exposure occurred.
    B. Identify and document the source individual (unless the employer can establish that identification is infeasible or prohibited by state or local law).
    C. Obtain consent and make arrangements to have the source individual tested as soon as possible to determine HIV, HCV, and HBV infectivity; document that the source individual's test results were conveyed to the employee's health care provider.
    D. If the source individual is already known to be HIV, HCV and/or HBV positive, new testing need not be performed
    E. After obtaining consent, collect exposed employee's blood as soon as feasible after exposure incident, and test blood for HBV and HIV serological status
    F. Assure that the exposed employee is provided with the source individual's test results and with information about applicable disclosure laws and regulations concerning the identity and infectious status of the source individual (e.g., laws protecting confidentiality).
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the necessary steps to be taken in the event of an exposure incident. These steps include documenting the routes of exposure and how it occurred, identifying and documenting the source individual, obtaining consent for testing the source individual, collecting the exposed employee's blood for testing, and providing the exposed employee with the source individual's test results and information about applicable disclosure laws. The answer also states that if the source individual is already known to be positive for HIV, HCV, and/or HBV, new testing is not necessary.

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  • 23. 

    Can a OSHA inspector question some phlebotomists at a healthcare facility to determine how their input was influential in the newer safer blood collection devices

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    An OSHA inspector has the authority to question phlebotomists at a healthcare facility to gather information about their input in the development and implementation of newer, safer blood collection devices. This is because OSHA's primary goal is to ensure workplace safety and health, and understanding the perspectives and experiences of the workers is crucial in this process. By questioning the phlebotomists, the inspector can gain valuable insights into the effectiveness and impact of the new devices, and identify any potential areas of improvement.

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  • 24. 

    Engineering control is one of the 4 methods of exposure control. Engineering control includes

    • A.

      Benchtop acrylic safety shield

    • B.

      Biohazard containers

    • C.

      Puncture resistant sharps container

    • D.

      Safety needles

    • E.

      Sharps with engineered sharps injury protection (SESIPs)

    • F.

      Needless systems

    • G.

      Scrubs

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Benchtop acrylic safety shield
    B. Biohazard containers
    C. Puncture resistant sharps container
    D. Safety needles
    E. Sharps with engineered sharps injury protection (SESIPs)
    F. Needless systems
    Explanation
    Engineering control is a method of exposure control that focuses on modifying the work environment or equipment to minimize the risk of exposure to hazards. In this case, the listed items all fall under the category of engineering control measures. The benchtop acrylic safety shield, biohazard containers, puncture resistant sharps container, safety needles, Sharps with engineered sharps injury protection (SESIPs), and needless systems are all examples of engineering controls that can be implemented to reduce the risk of exposure to hazardous materials or injuries in a healthcare or laboratory setting. Scrubs, on the other hand, do not fall under the category of engineering controls as they are related to personal protective equipment (PPE).

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  • 25. 

    Work practice controls is one of the methods of exposure control. work practice control includes

    • A.

      Using surface disinfectant regularly

    • B.

      Wearing appropriate PPE when cleaning up biological spills

    • C.

      Using hand hygiene practices such as washing hands with an appropriate antiseptic before donning gloves, after glove removal or any other time neccessary

    • D.

      Removing and disposing of PPE when leaving a work area or completion of a task

    • E.

      Use appropriate needle stick prevention practices to avoid exposure to bloodborne pathogen

    • F.

      Bleaching your mouth after mouth-pipeting

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Using surface disinfectant regularly
    B. Wearing appropriate PPE when cleaning up biological spills
    C. Using hand hygiene practices such as washing hands with an appropriate antiseptic before donning gloves, after glove removal or any other time neccessary
    D. Removing and disposing of PPE when leaving a work area or completion of a task
    E. Use appropriate needle stick prevention practices to avoid exposure to bloodborne pathogen
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes a list of work practice controls that help to minimize exposure to pathogens. These controls include using surface disinfectant regularly to keep the work environment clean, wearing appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) when cleaning up biological spills to protect oneself from potential contamination, practicing hand hygiene by washing hands with an appropriate antiseptic before donning gloves, after glove removal, or whenever necessary, removing and disposing of PPE when leaving a work area or completing a task to prevent cross-contamination, and using appropriate needle stick prevention practices to avoid exposure to bloodborne pathogens. This comprehensive approach ensures the safety and well-being of individuals working in environments where exposure to pathogens is a concern.

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  • 26. 

    Personal protective equipment is a exposure control method. Personal protective equipment includes

    • A.

      Mask

    • B.

      Gloves

    • C.

      Scrubs

    • D.

      Lab coat

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Mask
    B. Gloves
    D. Lab coat
    Explanation
    Personal protective equipment (PPE) is a method used to control exposure to harmful substances or hazards. It includes various items such as masks, gloves, and lab coats. Masks are worn over the mouth and nose to protect against airborne particles or droplets. Gloves provide a barrier between the hands and potentially hazardous materials, preventing direct contact. Lab coats are worn to protect clothing from spills, splashes, or contamination. Therefore, the correct answer includes all three items, as they are essential components of personal protective equipment.

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  • 27. 

    Standard precautions is a method exposure control

    • A.

      False

    • B.

      True

    Correct Answer
    B. True
    Explanation
    Standard precautions is a method of exposure control that is used to prevent the spread of infection in healthcare settings. It includes practices such as hand hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment, safe injection practices, and proper handling and disposal of sharps. By following standard precautions, healthcare workers can minimize the risk of transmitting infections to themselves, their colleagues, and their patients. Therefore, the statement "standard precautions is a method of exposure control" is true.

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  • 28. 

    Latex is made from the natural rubber of trees and can be found in many household and healthcare products

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Latex is indeed made from the natural rubber of trees and is commonly found in various household and healthcare products. It is a flexible and durable material that is used in the production of items such as gloves, balloons, condoms, rubber bands, and many more. Therefore, the statement "Latex is made from the natural rubber of trees and can be found in many household and healthcare products" is true.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 13, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Lola Agbetunsin
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