Disorders Of The Posterior Pituitary

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| By Jeslarson2225
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Jeslarson2225
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 184
Questions: 23 | Attempts: 184

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Pituitary Gland Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What kind of hormone is GH

    Explanation
    GH, or growth hormone, is an anabolic hormone. Anabolic hormones promote growth and development in the body by stimulating protein synthesis and increasing muscle mass. GH specifically plays a crucial role in stimulating bone and tissue growth, as well as promoting the growth of organs and muscles. It also helps regulate metabolism and enhance the utilization of fats for energy. Therefore, GH's anabolic properties make it essential for overall growth and development in the body.

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  • 2. 

    Where is IGF-1 made?

    Explanation
    IGF-1, also known as insulin-like growth factor 1, is primarily produced in the liver. It is a hormone that plays a crucial role in promoting cell growth and development throughout the body. The liver synthesizes and releases IGF-1 in response to stimulation by growth hormone (GH) from the pituitary gland. Once released, IGF-1 travels through the bloodstream to various tissues, where it exerts its effects on cell growth, metabolism, and other physiological processes. Therefore, the liver is the main site of production for IGF-1.

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  • 3. 

    What 3 are responsible for blood sugar

    Explanation
    GH (growth hormone), insulin, and cortisol are responsible for regulating blood sugar levels in the body. GH stimulates the liver to produce glucose, which increases blood sugar levels. Insulin helps to lower blood sugar levels by facilitating the uptake of glucose into cells. Cortisol, a stress hormone, also plays a role in regulating blood sugar by promoting the breakdown of glycogen and increasing glucose production. Together, these three hormones work to maintain the balance of blood sugar in the body.

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  • 4. 

    What is the main cause of death in Acromegaly?

    Explanation
    Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder caused by excessive growth hormone production, usually due to a pituitary tumor. Over time, this excess hormone leads to an enlargement of body tissues, including the heart. Cardiomegaly, or an enlarged heart, is a common complication of acromegaly. The increased workload on the heart can result in heart failure, arrhythmias, and other cardiovascular problems, ultimately leading to death. Therefore, cardiomegaly is considered the main cause of death in acromegaly.

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  • 5. 

    Why cant people with GH excess fully inflate there lungs?

    Explanation
    When a person has GH (growth hormone) excess, their body produces an excessive amount of growth hormone. This can lead to an enlarged body structure, including an enlarged rib cage and diaphragm. As the diaphragm becomes enlarged, it can become overstretched, making it difficult for the lungs to fully inflate. This is because the diaphragm plays a crucial role in the breathing process, contracting and relaxing to allow for the expansion and contraction of the lungs. When it is overstretched, it loses its ability to contract effectively, limiting the lung's capacity to fully inflate.

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  • 6. 

    How many years does it take to be completely diagnosed with Acromegaly

    Explanation
    It takes approximately 7-9 years to be completely diagnosed with Acromegaly. This means that it can take several years for the symptoms to develop and for medical professionals to accurately diagnose the condition. Acromegaly is a rare hormonal disorder that occurs when the pituitary gland produces excessive growth hormone. The slow progression of symptoms and the need for specialized testing and evaluation contribute to the lengthy diagnostic process.

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  • 7. 

    Parasinal and frontal sinuses enlarge is also called what?

    Explanation
    Parasinal and frontal sinuses enlarging is a condition known as frontal bossing. This refers to the protrusion or bulging of the forehead and the upper part of the face. It can be caused by various factors such as genetic disorders, hormonal imbalances, or certain medical conditions. Frontal bossing can be visually noticeable and may be associated with other symptoms depending on the underlying cause.

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  • 8. 

    What is the under bite called

    Explanation
    Prognathism refers to a condition where the lower jaw protrudes forward, causing an underbite. This misalignment of the upper and lower jaw can affect the appearance and functionality of the mouth. Prognathism can be caused by genetic factors, abnormal growth patterns, or skeletal abnormalities. Treatment options for prognathism may include orthodontic braces, jaw surgery, or other corrective measures depending on the severity of the condition.

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  • 9. 

    What does increased GH do to blood sugars?

    Explanation
    Increased GH (growth hormone) levels in the body can lead to an increase in blood sugars. This is because GH stimulates the breakdown of glycogen (stored glucose) in the liver, resulting in the release of glucose into the bloodstream. Additionally, GH can decrease the uptake of glucose by muscle and fat cells, further contributing to elevated blood sugar levels. Therefore, increased GH activity can have a hyperglycemic effect, causing an increase in blood sugars.

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  • 10. 

    What is the most accurate GH levels or plasma IGF -1 levels?

  • 11. 

    With a patient with Acromegaly what will the Oral glucose challenge test show?

    Explanation
    The oral glucose challenge test is used to diagnose Acromegaly, a condition caused by excessive growth hormone (GH) production. In a patient with Acromegaly, the test will show an increase in GH levels. This is because the excessive production of GH in Acromegaly leads to an inability to suppress GH secretion in response to glucose ingestion. Therefore, the oral glucose challenge test is a useful diagnostic tool for detecting Acromegaly.

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  • 12. 

    What disorder is most common after cranial surgery?

    Explanation
    DI stands for Diabetes Insipidus, which is a disorder that is commonly seen after cranial surgery. This condition occurs when the body is unable to properly regulate fluid balance, leading to excessive thirst and urination. Cranial surgery can damage the pituitary gland or hypothalamus, which are responsible for producing and regulating the hormone vasopressin, causing DI to develop. Therefore, DI is the most common disorder that occurs after cranial surgery.

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  • 13. 

    What does Octreotide do?

    Explanation
    Octreotide is a medication that is used to decrease the production and release of growth hormone (GH) in the body. It is commonly used in the treatment of conditions such as acromegaly, a disorder characterized by excessive GH production. By reducing GH levels, octreotide helps to alleviate the symptoms associated with this condition, such as enlarged hands and feet, facial changes, and organ enlargement.

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  • 14. 

    What do dopamine agonist's inhibit?

    Explanation
    Dopamine agonists inhibit the release of prolactin. Prolactin is a hormone that is primarily responsible for milk production in the mammary glands. Dopamine agonists bind to dopamine receptors in the hypothalamus, inhibiting the release of prolactin from the anterior pituitary gland. This inhibition of prolactin release can be used therapeutically to treat conditions such as hyperprolactinemia, which is characterized by excessive levels of prolactin in the blood. By inhibiting prolactin, dopamine agonists can help to reduce symptoms associated with hyperprolactinemia, such as infertility, irregular periods, and milk production in non-pregnant individuals.

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  • 15. 

    For Prolactinomas what is the treatment of choice?

    Explanation
    The treatment of choice for Prolactinomas is medication. Prolactinomas are benign tumors of the pituitary gland that produce excessive amounts of prolactin hormone. Medication, such as dopamine agonists, is the first-line treatment for Prolactinomas. These medications help to lower prolactin levels and shrink the tumor. Surgery or radiation therapy may be considered if medication fails to control the tumor or if there are complications. However, medication is generally the preferred and most effective treatment option for Prolactinomas.

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  • 16. 

    What does increase Prolactin due to LH and FSH?

    Explanation
    The question is asking about the effect of LH and FSH on prolactin levels. LH and FSH are hormones released by the pituitary gland that play a role in regulating the reproductive system. Prolactin, on the other hand, is a hormone responsible for milk production in females. The correct answer, "Decreases," suggests that the increase in LH and FSH levels leads to a decrease in prolactin levels. This is because LH and FSH inhibit the release of prolactin, thus decreasing its levels in the body.

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  • 17. 

    What kind of disorder is it when the pituitary with other gland involved?

    Explanation
    Secondary disorder refers to a condition where the pituitary gland, which is responsible for regulating other endocrine glands, is affected. In this type of disorder, the dysfunction or abnormality lies in the pituitary gland itself, leading to a disruption in the production and release of hormones that control the other glands. This can result in various hormonal imbalances and symptoms related to the specific glands that are affected.

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  • 18. 

    Problem in the Adrenal Gland itself is what kind of disorder?

    Explanation
    A disorder in the adrenal gland itself is classified as a primary disorder. Primary disorders originate within the adrenal gland and can be caused by various factors such as genetic mutations, infections, or autoimmune conditions. These disorders directly affect the functioning of the adrenal gland and can lead to an imbalance in hormone production. Primary disorders may result in symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss or gain, high blood pressure, and hormonal abnormalities. Treatment for primary adrenal gland disorders typically involves medication and, in some cases, surgery to remove tumors or repair any damage to the gland.

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  • 19. 

    What does somatropin act like ? 

    Explanation
    Somatropin acts like natural growth hormone (GH). It is a synthetic form of GH that is used to treat growth hormone deficiency in children and adults. Somatropin works by stimulating the growth of bones, muscles, and organs in the body. It is designed to mimic the effects of natural GH, which is produced by the pituitary gland. By acting like natural GH, somatropin helps to regulate growth and development in individuals who have a deficiency in this hormone.

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  • 20. 

    When should you take somatropin?

    Explanation
    Somatropin is a medication that stimulates growth and is commonly used to treat growth hormone deficiency in children and adults. Taking somatropin at night is recommended because it mimics the natural release of growth hormone by the body, which typically occurs during sleep. By taking somatropin at night, it can help optimize the effectiveness of the medication and enhance its growth-promoting effects.

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  • 21. 

    Hyposecretion ACTH is important because ?

    Explanation
    Hyposecretion of ACTH is important because it can lead to life-threatening conditions. ACTH, or adrenocorticotropic hormone, is produced by the pituitary gland and plays a crucial role in regulating the production of cortisol by the adrenal glands. Cortisol is important for maintaining blood pressure, regulating blood sugar levels, and responding to stress. When there is a hyposecretion of ACTH, the adrenal glands do not receive enough stimulation to produce adequate levels of cortisol, leading to a condition called adrenal insufficiency. This can result in a range of symptoms, including fatigue, weakness, weight loss, low blood pressure, and even life-threatening adrenal crisis.

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  • 22. 

    How does someone get Sheenans Syndrome?

    Explanation
    Post Partum Hemorrhage is a condition characterized by excessive bleeding after childbirth. It occurs when the uterus fails to contract properly after delivery, leading to the inability to control bleeding. This can be caused by various factors such as uterine atony, retained placenta, or trauma during delivery. Post Partum Hemorrhage can result in Sheenans Syndrome, a rare but serious complication characterized by the development of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and multiorgan failure.

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  • 23. 

    What is the first line of Sheenans Syndrome?

    Explanation
    The first line of Sheenans Syndrome is "no milk production." This suggests that individuals with Sheenans Syndrome are unable to produce milk.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 23, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Jeslarson2225
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