Youth Criminal Justice Act Quiz

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Criminal Justice Quizzes & Trivia

Just a basic quiz on a few of the concepts from the Canadian Issues Textbook (Chapter 2), including: parts ad roles in a trial, crime outcomes (charges/punishmenets), definitions and elements of offence.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is it called when the crown prosecutor must prove all the facts of a case?

    • A.

      Onus of Proof

    • B.

      Rea of Proof

    • C.

      Mens Rea

    • D.

      Actus Reus

    Correct Answer
    A. Onus of Proof
    Explanation
    The term "Onus of Proof" refers to the legal responsibility of the crown prosecutor to provide evidence and demonstrate beyond a reasonable doubt that all the facts of a case are true. It is the prosecutor's duty to convince the court or jury of the defendant's guilt by presenting sufficient evidence and disproving any reasonable doubt. This concept is fundamental in criminal law and ensures that the burden of proof lies with the prosecution rather than the defendant.

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  • 2. 

    The accused may remain _______ in a trial etc. 

    Correct Answer
    silent
    Silent
    Quite
    quite
    Mute
    mute
    Explanation
    In a trial or similar situation, the accused has the right to choose to remain silent. This means they do not have to speak or provide any information that may incriminate themselves. They can choose to stay quiet throughout the proceedings. Another term that can be used to describe this is "mute," which means the same thing - not speaking or remaining silent. "Silent," "Quite," and "mute" all convey the same idea of not speaking or remaining silent in the given context.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these are the elements of an offence?

    • A.

      Actus Reus

    • B.

      Mens Rea

    • C.

      Identity of the accused

    • D.

      Time, Date and Place

    • E.

      Actus Rea

    • F.

      Mens Reus

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Actus Reus
    B. Mens Rea
    C. Identity of the accused
    D. Time, Date and Place
    Explanation
    The elements of an offence include Actus Reus, which refers to the guilty act or the physical act committed by the accused, and Mens Rea, which refers to the guilty mind or the intention or knowledge behind the act. The identity of the accused is also an element as it is necessary to establish who committed the offence. Additionally, the time, date, and place of the offence are important in determining the context and circumstances surrounding the act.

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  • 4. 

    The meaning of Actus Reus is....

    • A.

      The act that makes up the criminal offence

    • B.

      The mental element of the offence/ the intention

    • C.

      Evidence that clearly shows the accused is the person who committed the crime

    • D.

      The establishment of the time, date and place

    Correct Answer
    A. The act that makes up the criminal offence
    Explanation
    Actus Reus refers to the physical act or conduct that constitutes a criminal offense. It is the external element of a crime that involves the voluntary actions or omissions of the accused. This term excludes any mental state or intention of the offender and focuses solely on their behavior. In order to establish guilt, it is essential to prove both the actus reus and the mens rea (mental element) of the offense. Therefore, the correct answer is "the act that makes up the criminal offense."

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  • 5. 

    The meaning of Mens Rea is....

    • A.

      The act that makes up the criminal offence

    • B.

      The mental element of the offence/ the intention

    • C.

      Evidence that clearly shows the accused is the person who committed the crime

    • D.

      The establishment of the time, date and place

    Correct Answer
    B. The mental element of the offence/ the intention
    Explanation
    Mens Rea refers to the mental element of a criminal offense, specifically the intention or state of mind of the person committing the crime. It is the mental state that accompanies the act and determines the culpability and degree of guilt of the offender. Mens Rea is an essential element in determining whether a person is guilty of a crime, as it establishes their intention or knowledge of the wrongful act they are committing. This term is commonly used in legal systems to differentiate between intentional and unintentional acts and to assess the level of criminal liability.

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  • 6. 

    The meaning of the Identity of the Accused is....

    • A.

      The act that makes up the criminal offence

    • B.

      The mental element of the offence/ the intention

    • C.

      Evidence that clearly shows the accused is the person who committed the crime

    • D.

      The establishment of the time, date and place

    Correct Answer
    C. Evidence that clearly shows the accused is the person who committed the crime
    Explanation
    The meaning of the Identity of the Accused refers to the evidence that clearly shows the accused is the person who committed the crime. This can include various forms of evidence such as eyewitness testimonies, DNA evidence, fingerprints, or any other proof that establishes the accused's involvement in the criminal act. It is crucial in the legal process to establish the identity of the accused beyond a reasonable doubt to ensure a fair trial and proper administration of justice.

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  • 7. 

    The meaning of Time, Date and Place is....

    • A.

      The act that makes up the criminal offence

    • B.

      The mental element of the offence/ the intention

    • C.

      Evidence that clearly shows the accused is the person who committed the crime

    • D.

      The establishment of the time, date and place

    Correct Answer
    D. The establishment of the time, date and place
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the establishment of the time, date and place." In the context of a criminal offense, time, date, and place refer to the specific details regarding when and where the offense occurred. Establishing these details is crucial for building a case, as it helps determine the sequence of events and provides a framework for investigating and prosecuting the crime.

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  • 8. 

    Being fair and equitable is being/ having.....

    • A.

      Governed by rules that apply to everyone, into account individual needs and circumstances

    • B.

      Applying laws

    • C.

      The institutions and procedures for applying laws in a society

    • D.

      A consequence for a crime, such as imprisonment

    Correct Answer
    A. Governed by rules that apply to everyone, into account individual needs and circumstances
    Explanation
    Being fair and equitable means that rules and regulations are applied to everyone in a consistent and unbiased manner. It also involves considering the individual needs and circumstances of each person, ensuring that justice is served in a way that takes into account their unique situation. This approach ensures that everyone is treated fairly and that the outcome is just and appropriate for each individual.

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  • 9. 

    Justice is...

    • A.

      Governed by rules that apply to everyone, into account individual needs and circumstances

    • B.

      Applying laws

    • C.

      The institutions and procedures for applying laws in a society

    • D.

      A consequence for a crime, such as imprisonment

    Correct Answer
    B. Applying laws
    Explanation
    Justice is the act of applying laws in a fair and impartial manner. It involves ensuring that the rules and regulations are upheld and enforced for everyone in society. By applying laws, justice aims to maintain order, protect individual rights, and hold individuals accountable for their actions. It is a fundamental aspect of any legal system and plays a crucial role in maintaining social harmony and equality.

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  • 10. 

    The justice system is...

    • A.

      Governed by rules that apply to everyone, into account individual needs and circumstances

    • B.

      Applying laws

    • C.

      The institutions and procedures for applying laws in a society

    • D.

      A trial, including a judge, jury, defending lawyer and crown prosecutor

    Correct Answer
    C. The institutions and procedures for applying laws in a society
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the institutions and procedures for applying laws in a society." This answer best captures the overall concept of the justice system. It includes the institutions, such as courts and law enforcement agencies, as well as the procedures, such as trials and legal processes, that are involved in applying laws to maintain order and ensure justice in a society.

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  • 11. 

    The defence lawyer in a trial....

    • A.

      Includes evidence that supports the innocence of the accused

    • B.

      Includes evidence that support the guilt of the accused

    • C.

      Decides whether the accused is guilty or not

    • D.

      Record important information for later reference

    Correct Answer
    A. Includes evidence that supports the innocence of the accused
    Explanation
    The defence lawyer in a trial includes evidence that supports the innocence of the accused. This is because it is the lawyer's responsibility to present all relevant evidence and arguments that will help prove the innocence of their client. They aim to cast doubt on the prosecution's case and demonstrate that the accused is not guilty of the crime they are being charged with. By presenting evidence that supports the accused's innocence, the defence lawyer strengthens their case and tries to convince the judge or jury of their client's innocence.

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  • 12. 

    The crown prosecutor in a trial....

    • A.

      Includes evidence that supports the innocence of the accused

    • B.

      Includes evidence that support the guilt of the accused

    • C.

      Decides whether the accused is guilty or not

    • D.

      Record important information for later reference

    Correct Answer
    B. Includes evidence that support the guilt of the accused
    Explanation
    The crown prosecutor in a trial includes evidence that supports the guilt of the accused. This means that the prosecutor presents evidence and arguments to prove that the accused is guilty of the crime they are being charged with. The prosecutor's role is to build a strong case against the accused by presenting evidence, questioning witnesses, and making legal arguments to convince the judge or jury of the accused's guilt.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 11, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Smartiecheez
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