Logical Framework Certification Test Quiz!

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Logical Framework Certification Test Quiz! - Quiz

Are you ready for this "Logical Framework Certification Test Quiz!?" This quiz is to test your understanding of the Logical framework certification. The test has well-researched questions that will give you an idea of your understanding of the subject and provide you with extra knowledge. The quiz contains all types of questions related to the Logical Framework Certification test. Get ready for this amazing quiz. Best of luck to you!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The real focus of the Results-Based Management (RBM) approach is on:

    • A.

      Deliverables, or the Outputs of a project or effort

    • B.

      The Outcome of a project or effort

    • C.

      The overall result, or Goal, of which the project is one cause

    • D.

      The work plans or Activities needed to get a project or effort done

    Correct Answer
    B. The Outcome of a project or effort
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Outcome of a project or effort. The Results-Based Management (RBM) approach emphasizes the desired outcomes or impacts that a project or effort aims to achieve. It focuses on the changes or benefits that are expected to occur as a result of the project, rather than just the outputs or deliverables produced. RBM considers the broader context and ultimate goals of the project, recognizing that it is one cause among many factors contributing to the overall result. This approach helps ensure that resources and efforts are directed towards achieving meaningful and sustainable outcomes.

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  • 2. 

    The Logical Framework Approach:   

    • A.

      Is, in reality, a Results-Based Management system

    • B.

      Is the same as a Results Matrix

    • C.

      Includes the internal (results chain) and external (Conditions Precedent and Assumptions/Risks) causal logic of a project

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Logical Framework Approach is a Results-Based Management system because it focuses on achieving desired results and outcomes. It is also the same as a Results Matrix, which is a tool used to organize and present information about a project's objectives, activities, and indicators. Additionally, the Logical Framework Approach includes both internal and external causal logic, which means it considers the results chain as well as the Conditions Precedent and Assumptions/Risks that may impact the project's success. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above."

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  • 3. 

    Once a project is defined, the LogFRAME should:    

    • A.

      Not be altered

    • B.

      Be refined during implementation as a result of team learning

    • C.

      Be discarded, and implementation plans used it in place

    • D.

      Published immediately as a good practice example

    Correct Answer
    B. Be refined during implementation as a result of team learning
    Explanation
    The LogFRAME should be refined during implementation as a result of team learning because as the project progresses, the team may gain new insights and information that can lead to improvements or adjustments in the project plan. By refining the LogFRAME, the team can ensure that it remains aligned with the project's goals and objectives, and that any necessary changes are made to ensure the project's success. This allows for flexibility and adaptability throughout the implementation process.

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  • 4. 

    The Logical Framework Approach is most valuable:    

    • A.

      When used for project design, exclusively

    • B.

      When used for M&E, exclusively

    • C.

      When the basis for implementation work planning

    • D.

      When used throughout the project cycle to integrate learning and improvement

    • E.

      When influencing donor support

    Correct Answer
    D. When used throughout the project cycle to integrate learning and improvement
    Explanation
    The Logical Framework Approach is most valuable when used throughout the project cycle to integrate learning and improvement. This approach allows for continuous monitoring and evaluation, enabling the project team to identify and address any issues or challenges that arise during implementation. By integrating learning and improvement into every stage of the project, the team can make necessary adjustments and ensure that the project is on track to achieve its objectives. This approach also promotes transparency and accountability, as it allows for regular reflection and learning from both successes and failures.

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  • 5. 

    A well-crafted LogFRAME design guarantees that the project will be managed well during implementation.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A well-crafted LogFRAME design does not guarantee that the project will be managed well during implementation. While a LogFRAME design can provide a framework and structure for managing a project, successful implementation also depends on factors such as effective leadership, clear communication, adequate resources, and adaptability to unforeseen challenges. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 6. 

    To be most effective, Project LogFRAME should be    

    • A.

      Prepared by expert consultants

    • B.

      Prepared by Project Management and stakeholders

    • C.

      Prepared by clients

    • D.

      Prepared by the Project Management team

    Correct Answer
    B. Prepared by Project Management and stakeholders
    Explanation
    Project LogFRAME is a tool used in project management to outline the project's objectives, activities, and expected outcomes. It is important for the LogFRAME to be prepared by the Project Management team and stakeholders because they have the necessary knowledge and understanding of the project. They can provide valuable insights and expertise to ensure that the LogFRAME accurately reflects the project's goals and aligns with the stakeholders' expectations. By involving both the Project Management team and stakeholders in the preparation of the LogFRAME, it increases the likelihood of its effectiveness and successful project implementation.

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  • 7. 

    The Outcome of a project is the set of results a project team can produce?  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The outcome of a project refers to the final deliverables or products that are produced as a result of the project. It does not necessarily imply the involvement of a project team. The outcome can be achieved by an individual or a group of people working together, but it is not limited to the efforts of a project team alone. Therefore, the statement that the outcome of a project is the set of results a project team can produce is false.

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  • 8. 

    The Outcome of a project.      

    • A.

      Is the change in clients’/beneficiaries’ behavior

    • B.

      Is a reformulation of the project Outputs using performance indicators

    • C.

      Is the actual products or services the implementers can deliver

    • D.

      Should include as many results as possible to assure sufficient value

    Correct Answer
    A. Is the change in clients’/beneficiaries’ behavior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "is the change in clients’/beneficiaries’ behavior". This answer suggests that the outcome of a project refers to the change in behavior exhibited by the clients or beneficiaries of the project. This change in behavior is a result of the project's implementation and is considered a measure of the project's success in achieving its objectives.

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  • 9. 

    The Outcome can be measured by:    

    • A.

      The effect a project has on its clients’ behavior or performance

    • B.

      The degree to which the project’s Outputs are completed on a timely basis

    • C.

      The degree to which project disbursements are on track

    • D.

      The leading indicators of Goal level results

    Correct Answer
    A. The effect a project has on its clients’ behavior or performance
    Explanation
    The outcome of a project refers to the impact or result it has on its clients' behavior or performance. This means that the project's success is measured by how it affects the clients and brings about changes in their behavior or performance. This measurement focuses on the actual impact and end results of the project, rather than just looking at the completion of project outputs or disbursements. It also considers the leading indicators of goal level results, which means that it looks at the early signs or indicators that suggest the project is on track to achieve its intended outcomes.

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  • 10. 

    The End-of-Project success is measured at the   

    • A.

      Output level

    • B.

      Activity level

    • C.

      Goal level

    • D.

      Outcome level

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Outcome level
    Explanation
    The end-of-project success is measured at the outcome level because this level focuses on the overall impact and results achieved by the project. It looks at whether the desired outcomes and objectives of the project have been met and evaluates the long-term effects and benefits of the project. Measuring success at the outcome level provides a comprehensive assessment of the project's effectiveness and its ability to deliver the intended outcomes.

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  • 11. 

    All of the conditions necessary for the project’s success must be fully under the control of project management:    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the answer "False" is that not all conditions necessary for a project's success can be fully under the control of project management. There are external factors such as market conditions, economic changes, and unforeseen events that can impact the success of a project. Project management can influence and mitigate some of these factors, but they cannot have complete control over them. Therefore, it is not true that all conditions necessary for a project's success are fully under the control of project management.

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  • 12. 

    Although the project management team is concerned about and focused on Outcome achievement, its Manageable Interest (real accountability), is related to the achievement of the Outputs:    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that while the project management team may be concerned about and focused on achieving the desired outcome of a project, their real accountability lies in the achievement of the outputs. Outputs are the specific deliverables or results that are produced during the project, and the project management team is responsible for ensuring that these outputs are successfully delivered. Therefore, it is true that the team's manageable interest, or real accountability, is related to the achievement of the outputs.

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  • 13. 

    The Outcome of a project is    

    • A.

      Outside the Manageable Interest (accountability) of project management

    • B.

      Within the Manageable Interest of Project Management

    • C.

      Is the responsibility of the client to achieve

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Outside the Manageable Interest (accountability) of project management
    Explanation
    The outcome of a project is outside the manageable interest (accountability) of project management because project management can only control and influence the processes and activities within the project. The final outcome and success of the project often depend on factors beyond the control of project management, such as external market conditions, client decisions, and other external stakeholders. While project management is responsible for managing the project and its deliverables, the ultimate achievement of the project's outcome lies with the client and other external factors.

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  • 14. 

    The project Outcome defines the    

    • A.

      Change in behavior of the client

    • B.

      Change in institutional performance

    • C.

      Change in a client’s system performance

    • D.

      Could be any of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Could be any of the above
    Explanation
    The project outcome can refer to any of the given options: change in behavior of the client, change in institutional performance, or change in a client's system performance. This means that the project could aim to achieve any of these outcomes depending on its objectives and goals.

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  • 15. 

    The Outcome of a project is    

    • A.

      The concern of the beneficiary and would be nice if it happened

    • B.

      The rationale, the reason why you are doing a project

    • C.

      Not necessary, as the achievement of Outputs is more than satisfactory

    • D.

      Senior management’s concern, not the project management’s

    Correct Answer
    B. The rationale, the reason why you are doing a project
    Explanation
    The outcome of a project refers to the rationale or the reason why the project is being undertaken. It is the desired result or objective that the project aims to achieve. The outcome is the driving force behind the project and provides the justification for its existence. It helps to define the purpose and scope of the project and guides the decision-making process throughout its execution. The outcome is not just a nice-to-have, but rather a critical component that determines the success or failure of the project.

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  • 16. 

    If the Outcome is not achieved, the project would be considered to have been    

    • A.

      Irrelevant

    • B.

      Ineffective

    • C.

      Without value or return on investment

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    If the outcome of a project is not achieved, it means that the project did not fulfill its intended purpose or objectives. This implies that the project was irrelevant because it did not address the desired outcome. Additionally, it can be considered ineffective because it did not produce the desired results or impact. Lastly, if a project does not deliver the expected value or return on investment, it means that it was without value or did not provide the expected benefits. Therefore, all of the above options are correct in describing the status of a project if the outcome is not achieved.

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  • 17. 

    The intended goal of a project can be realized by the    

    • A.

      The achievement of the Outcome, alone

    • B.

      The project Outcome and other interventions assumed in the causal logic

    • C.

      By other projects that don’t depend on this project

    • D.

      By Development Partner’s commitment to the MDGs

    Correct Answer
    B. The project Outcome and other interventions assumed in the causal logic
    Explanation
    The intended goal of a project can be realized by the project Outcome and other interventions assumed in the causal logic. This means that in order to achieve the desired outcome of the project, other interventions or actions may need to be implemented alongside the project. These additional interventions are assumed to have a causal relationship with the project outcome, meaning that they contribute to the achievement of the goal. Simply relying on the project outcome alone may not be sufficient to achieve the intended goal.

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  • 18. 

    The project Outcome describes what must be done in order to produce the Outputs.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The project Outcome does not describe what must be done in order to produce the Outputs. The project Outcome refers to the desired result or impact that the project aims to achieve, while the Outputs are the tangible deliverables or products that are produced as a result of the project activities. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 19. 

    The Goal level indicators do not need to be specified with quality, quality, and time and maybe left as general statements describing the Goal.      

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that the Goal level indicators do need to be specified with quality, quantity, and time. They cannot be left as general statements describing the Goal.

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  • 20. 

    Outputs are considered stronger when they are    

    • A.

      Interrelated and interdependent

    • B.

      Define the sub-systems improvements needed for improved Outcome level performance

    • C.

      Have synergy among them

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above." This means that outputs are considered stronger when they are interrelated and interdependent, define the sub-systems improvements needed for improved Outcome level performance, and have synergy among them. In other words, for outputs to be effective, they should be interconnected, contribute to the improvement of sub-systems, and work together in a synergistic manner.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following sets of verbs would be better for designing a results statement?     

    • A.

      Managed, improved, enabled

    • B.

      Installed, eradicated, established

    • C.

      Enhanced, promoted, facilitated

    • D.

      Liaised, coordinated, supported

    Correct Answer
    B. Installed, eradicated, established
    Explanation
    The set of verbs "installed, eradicated, established" would be better for designing a results statement because they convey concrete actions that have been taken to achieve a specific outcome. These verbs suggest that something has been put into place (installed), something negative has been eliminated (eradicated), and something new has been created (established). This set of verbs provides a clear and specific description of the results that have been achieved.

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  • 22. 

    Performance indicators should be    

    • A.

      Stated in general terms, providing flexibility to adjust to actual performance

    • B.

      As numerous as possible; increasing the Shane that something of value will be observed

    • C.

      Left opened ended to be more precisely defined during implementation

    • D.

      Measurable with quality and time, at a minimum

    Correct Answer
    D. Measurable with quality and time, at a minimum
    Explanation
    Performance indicators should be measurable with quality and time, at a minimum. This means that the indicators should be quantifiable and observable, allowing for objective assessment of performance. Additionally, they should be specific to quality and time, ensuring that these aspects are considered in the evaluation. This requirement sets a minimum standard for performance indicators, indicating that they should at least meet these criteria.

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  • 23. 

    If a project has two Outcomes, it is often an indication that there are  

    • A.

      The project will ha a greater value and secure more funding

    • B.

      The project will satisfy more stakeholders

    • C.

      The project is stronger in design

    • D.

      Really two projects

    Correct Answer
    D. Really two projects
    Explanation
    If a project has two outcomes, it is often an indication that there are really two projects. This means that the project is not focused on a single objective or goal, but rather trying to achieve multiple objectives simultaneously. Having multiple outcomes can make the project more complex and difficult to manage, as it may require different resources, timelines, and strategies for each outcome. Therefore, it is important to assess whether the project should be split into two separate projects to ensure better focus, efficiency, and success.

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  • 24. 

    Activities summarize the key actions required to achieve the Outputs and are used as the   

    • A.

      The % of progress as stated in the Work Plan

    • B.

      The achievement of the intervention

    • C.

      The % of disbursement against what is budgeted

    • D.

      The effect it has on clients

    Correct Answer
    B. The achievement of the intervention
    Explanation
    Activities summarize the key actions required to achieve the outputs, which refer to the desired results or outcomes of a project or intervention. Therefore, measuring the achievement of the intervention is the most appropriate way to track progress and determine the effectiveness of the activities being implemented. This answer aligns with the purpose of activities and their relationship to the overall goals of the intervention.

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  • 25. 

    The measure of the project’s Output interventions is    

    • A.

      The % of progress as stated in the Work Plan

    • B.

      The achievement of the intervention

    • C.

      The % of disbursement against what is budgeted

    • D.

      The effect it has on clients

    Correct Answer
    B. The achievement of the intervention
    Explanation
    The measure of the project's Output interventions is the achievement of the intervention. This means that the success or completion of the intervention is being measured. It is important to track and assess the progress and outcomes of the interventions to determine if they are meeting the desired goals and objectives. This measure helps to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of the interventions on the project and its clients.

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  • 26. 

    Achievement of the Activities, on schedule and within budget, is a    

    • A.

      Measure of the achievement of Outputs

    • B.

      Measure of Outcome achievement

    • C.

      Measure of the Work Plan performance

    • D.

      A relief to the Project Management and cause for celebration

    Correct Answer
    C. Measure of the Work Plan performance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is measure of the Work Plan performance. This is because the achievement of activities, on schedule and within budget, is a direct reflection of how well the work plan has been executed. If the activities are completed as planned and within the allocated budget, it indicates that the work plan has been effectively implemented and managed. It also signifies that the project is progressing as intended and meeting its objectives. Therefore, measuring the work plan performance is an appropriate way to assess the achievement of activities.

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  • 27. 

    The Activities should be, in most cases, fully within the control of the project management.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is true because project management should have control over the activities in order to ensure successful completion of the project. If the activities are not within the control of the project management, it can lead to delays, miscommunication, and lack of accountability. By having full control over the activities, project management can effectively plan, execute, and monitor the progress of the project.

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  • 28. 

    Outputs are   

    • A.

      Necessary for the achievement of the Outcome but not sufficient

    • B.

      Sufficient to achieve Outcome

    • C.

      An end in themselves, and have value whether outcomes are achieved or not

    • D.

      The only real concern for the Project Management team

    Correct Answer
    A. Necessary for the achievement of the Outcome but not sufficient
    Explanation
    Outputs are necessary for the achievement of the Outcome but not sufficient means that outputs are essential components for achieving the desired outcome but alone they are not enough. While outputs contribute to the overall success of a project, other factors such as proper planning, effective execution, and stakeholder involvement are also required to ensure the desired outcome is achieved. Outputs have value regardless of whether the outcomes are achieved or not, but they are not the sole focus of the project management team.

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  • 29. 

    As a rule, the project should have a single Outcome.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because having a single outcome for a project helps to provide clarity and focus. It allows the project team to align their efforts towards achieving a specific goal and ensures that resources are allocated effectively. Having multiple outcomes can lead to confusion, conflicting priorities, and a lack of accountability. Therefore, it is generally recommended to have a single outcome for a project.

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  • 30. 

    The achievement of Outcome results should be defined    

    • A.

      Within the specific timeframe of the project’s life

    • B.

      Without a specific timeframe

    • C.

      Beyond the lifetime of the project’s timeframe

    • D.

      Without regard to a timeframe

    Correct Answer
    A. Within the specific timeframe of the project’s life
    Explanation
    The achievement of Outcome results should be defined within the specific timeframe of the project's life in order to set clear goals and objectives. By setting a specific timeframe, it helps to establish a sense of urgency and accountability for the project team. It also allows for effective planning and resource allocation to ensure that the desired outcomes are achieved within the given time constraints. Without a specific timeframe, it would be difficult to measure progress and track the success of the project. Additionally, defining outcomes beyond the lifetime of the project's timeframe may not be feasible or realistic.

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  • 31. 

    Outcome indicators should be  

    • A.

      Loosely defined to provide more flexibility

    • B.

      A summary of the Output indicators but in greater detail

    • C.

      Dependent on Goal level indicators for their achievement

    • D.

      Independent from Output indicators

    Correct Answer
    D. Independent from Output indicators
    Explanation
    Outcome indicators should be independent from Output indicators because they measure the long-term impact or change that a program or intervention has on the intended beneficiaries or target population. Output indicators, on the other hand, measure the immediate or short-term results or activities of a program. By being independent from Output indicators, Outcome indicators provide a more comprehensive and accurate assessment of the overall effectiveness and success of the program in achieving its goals and objectives.

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  • 32. 

    Locating the project Outcome and Outputs on the results chain (the hierarchy of results)  

    • A.

      Depends on the project management’s “point of view” and is relative

    • B.

      Is always the same for senior management, implementers, and clients

    • C.

      Depends on industry or sector standards on a case-by-case basis

    • D.

      Is based on UN protocols agreed to by most development organizations in 1978

    Correct Answer
    A. Depends on the project management’s “point of view” and is relative
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "depends on the project management’s 'point of view' and is relative." This means that the location of the project outcome and outputs on the results chain can vary depending on the perspective of the project management team. It is not a fixed position and can be interpreted differently by different individuals or stakeholders involved in the project.

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  • 33. 

    Performance Indicators    

    • A.

      Define what is implied by the statement of results (Output, Outcome, Goal)

    • B.

      Provide a rational basis for comparison of planned versus actual achievement

    • C.

      At the Output level, define the deliverables for which project management is accountable

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above". This means that all of the options provided in the question are correct and valid explanations for performance indicators. The statement of results can imply output, outcome, or goal. Performance indicators provide a rational basis for comparing planned versus actual achievement. At the output level, project management is accountable for delivering specific deliverables.

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  • 34. 

    Monitoring & Evaluation provide the data sources and methods of collecting the data that will verify project achievement.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Monitoring and evaluation are essential components of project management. They involve systematically collecting and analyzing data to assess the progress and effectiveness of a project. By monitoring and evaluating, project managers can track project achievements and identify any areas that need improvement. Therefore, it is true that monitoring and evaluation provide the data sources and methods for collecting the data needed to verify project achievement.

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  • 35. 

    Assumptions are conditions    

    • A.

      That are outside the real concerns of the project management and can be ignored until the final Evaluation

    • B.

      That are essential to the causal logic of the project but outside the project control

    • C.

      That cause management to lose its focus and waste time on unnecessary issues

    • D.

      That are best analyzed in isolation of the project design to ensure transparency

    • E.

      That used to be considered important, but all now agree can be handled outside the project design discussions

    Correct Answer
    B. That are essential to the causal logic of the project but outside the project control
    Explanation
    Assumptions are conditions that are essential to the causal logic of the project but are outside the project control. This means that these assumptions are necessary for the project to succeed, but the project management team does not have direct control over them. Therefore, they cannot be managed or influenced by the project team. However, it is important to identify and understand these assumptions as they can have a significant impact on the project's outcomes.

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  • 36. 

    The risk that a key Output level assumption may fail has a direct effect on the expected value a project may bring.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because if a key output level assumption fails, it can lead to a deviation from the expected value of a project. Assumptions about the level of output are crucial in determining the profitability and success of a project. If these assumptions are not met, it can result in lower revenue, increased costs, or even project failure. Therefore, the risk of a key output level assumption failing directly impacts the expected value that a project may bring.

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  • 37. 

    The benefit/cost relationship can be observed in the relationship between  

    • A.

      Project Activities and Outputs

    • B.

      Project inputs (people/time /money) and project Goal

    • C.

      Project inputs (people/time/money) and the project Outcome indicators

    • D.

      Project Outputs and the Assumptions at that level and the Outcomes

    Correct Answer
    C. Project inputs (people/time/money) and the project Outcome indicators
    Explanation
    The benefit/cost relationship can be observed in the relationship between project inputs (people/time/money) and the project outcome indicators. This means that the resources invested in a project, such as the people involved, the time spent, and the money allocated, should be directly linked to the desired outcomes of the project. By measuring and monitoring the project outcome indicators, it becomes possible to assess whether the benefits of the project outweigh the costs. This relationship helps in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of the project and in making informed decisions about resource allocation.

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  • 38. 

    Assumptions need to be within the Manageable Interest (accountability/control) of the project management.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer is that assumptions do not necessarily need to be within the manageable interest or control of project management. Assumptions are made based on certain beliefs or hypotheses about the project and its environment. While it is ideal to have control over all aspects of a project, there may be external factors or variables that are beyond the control of project management but still need to be considered in the planning and decision-making process. Therefore, assumptions can be made about these external factors as long as they are taken into account and managed accordingly.

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  • 39. 

    The Assumptions at the Activity-to-Outputs level   

    • A.

      Should not include Conditions Precedent

    • B.

      Are the concern of other agencies and not of project management’s

    • C.

      Are more likely to materialize than the assumptions at other levels

    • D.

      Are not particularly relevant and could be omitted under normal conditions

    Correct Answer
    A. Should not include Conditions Precedent
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that assumptions at the Activity-to-Outputs level should not include Conditions Precedent. This means that when identifying assumptions for a project, the focus should be on the activities and outputs required to achieve the desired outcomes, rather than on any conditions that need to be met before those activities can begin. Conditions Precedent are typically external factors or dependencies that are outside of the project manager's control, and therefore should not be included as assumptions at this level.

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  • 40. 

    In Monitoring and Evaluating with the Log FRAME Project Management  & stakeholders  

    • A.

      Monitor achievement of Inputs-to-Outputs/Evaluate achievement of Outcomes/Goals

    • B.

      Use M & E events to learn about what is working and how to improve the project design

    • C.

      Monitor and track performance-based procurements/disbursement

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    This question is asking about the different aspects of monitoring and evaluating with the Log FRAME Project Management and stakeholders. The correct answer is "All of the above" because all of the options listed are valid ways to monitor and evaluate a project. Monitoring and evaluating can involve tracking the achievement of inputs-to-outputs, evaluating the achievement of outcomes/goals, using M & E events to learn and improve project design, and monitoring performance-based procurements/disbursement.

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  • 41. 

    When establishing the Assumptions,  

    • A.

      Consider the probability, or downside risk, that they will materialize

    • B.

      Consider how you will attempt to influence a failing assumption

    • C.

      Include those that are critical to causing the results at the next project level

    • D.

      Identify “Killer Assumption”: highly critical, but low probability of materializing (risky) during implementation

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because when establishing assumptions, it is important to consider the probability or downside risk that they will materialize. This helps to assess the level of risk associated with each assumption. Additionally, it is important to consider how to influence a failing assumption in order to mitigate any negative impacts. Including assumptions that are critical to causing the desired results at the next project level ensures that the project is built on a solid foundation. Finally, identifying "Killer Assumptions" is important as they are highly critical but have a low probability of materializing, making them risky during implementation.

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  • 42. 

    Fortunately, Assumption carefully identified upfront will remain stable long enough to achieve a project’s Outputs and don’t require much changing or attention.    

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because assumptions in a project are not guaranteed to remain stable long enough to achieve the project's outputs. Assumptions are based on uncertain factors and can change over time, requiring constant monitoring and adjustment. Therefore, assumptions do require regular attention and may need to be modified or updated throughout the project lifecycle.

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  • 43. 

    Manageable  Interest  states that the Project Management team is  

    • A.

      Responsible for adapting/improving Outputs to better achieve Outcomes

    • B.

      Responsible for influencing Activity and Output level Assumptions

    • C.

      Responsible for managing a team with RBM good practices and engaging stakeholders

    • D.

      Accountable for the achievement of Outputs

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that the Project Management team is responsible for adapting/improving Outputs to better achieve Outcomes, influencing Activity and Output level Assumptions, managing a team with RBM good practices and engaging stakeholders, as well as being accountable for the achievement of Outputs. In other words, the Project Management team has a wide range of responsibilities and tasks that contribute to the successful completion of a project.

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  • 44. 

    The log frame approach is most useful as a systems model: e.g., defining the Outcome as the improved performance of a social, technical or institutional system and the Outputs as the sub-systems that need strengthening in order to achieve performance improvements.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The log frame approach is a useful systems model because it allows for the definition of outcomes as improved performance of social, technical, or institutional systems. Additionally, it identifies outputs as the sub-systems that need strengthening in order to achieve these performance improvements. This approach helps to ensure that all aspects of a system are considered and addressed in order to achieve desired outcomes. Therefore, the statement "True" is correct.

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  • 45. 

    Who was the creator of the Logical Framework?    

    • A.

      Al Gore as an annex in the Government Performance Review Act

    • B.

      Lennie Bruce in 1965

    • C.

      Leon Rosenberg 1969 for USAID M&E

    • D.

      Margaret Thatcher in 1982 for planning the Battle of the Falklands

    • E.

      Bernard Nerl in 1981

    Correct Answer
    C. Leon Rosenberg 1969 for USAID M&E

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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