# Pre Bridge Course Quiz

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| By Mathrcpit
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Mathrcpit
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 655
Questions: 50 | Attempts: 658

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• 1.

• A.

5

• B.

6

• C.

7

• D.

8

D. 8
• 2.

### Two matrices A and B are multiplied to get AB if

• A.

Both are rectangular

• B.

Both have same order

• C.

No of columns of A is equal to rows of B

• D.

No of rows of A is equal to no of columns of B

C. No of columns of A is equal to rows of B
Explanation
The given answer is correct because in order to multiply two matrices, the number of columns in the first matrix (A) must be equal to the number of rows in the second matrix (B). This ensures that the dimensions of the matrices align properly for multiplication. If this condition is not met, the matrices cannot be multiplied. Therefore, the statement "no of columns of A is equal to rows of B" is a necessary condition for the multiplication of matrices A and B.

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• 3.

### If A=, what will be the Matrix B after applying the transformations  on Matrix A.A .B. C. D.

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

B. B
Explanation
The given question is incomplete as it does not provide any information about the transformations or the matrices A, B, C, and D. Therefore, an explanation cannot be generated.

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• 4.

### If X =  , Y= then XY=?A.B.C.D.

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

D. D
Explanation
The given question is incomplete and does not provide any information about the values of X and Y. Therefore, it is not possible to determine the value of XY.

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• 5.

### A proton has approximately the same mass as

• A.

A neutron

• B.

An alpha particle

• C.

A beta particle

• D.

An electron

A. A neutron
Explanation
A proton has approximately the same mass as a neutron because both particles are found in the nucleus of an atom. They are both subatomic particles and have similar masses. Protons have a positive charge, while neutrons are neutral. The other options, such as an alpha particle, beta particle, or an electron, have significantly different masses compared to a proton.

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• 6.

### Which compound forms a colored aqueous solution?a) CaCl2b) CrCl3c) NaOHd) KBr

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

B. B
Explanation
CrCl3 forms a colored aqueous solution because it is a transition metal compound. Transition metals have partially filled d orbitals, which allow them to absorb certain wavelengths of light and appear colored. In the case of CrCl3, the chromium ion (Cr3+) in the compound absorbs certain colors of light, giving the solution a distinct color.

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• 7.

### Which of the following elements has the smallest atomic radius?

• A.

Nickel

• B.

Cobalt

• C.

Calcium

• D.

Potassium

A. Nickel
Explanation
Nickel has the smallest atomic radius among the given elements. Atomic radius refers to the size of an atom and is determined by the distance between the nucleus and the outermost electron shell. As we move across a period in the periodic table, atomic radius generally decreases due to the increasing positive charge in the nucleus, which attracts the electrons more strongly and pulls them closer. Nickel is located towards the right side of the periodic table, making it smaller in size compared to cobalt, calcium, and potassium.

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• 8.

### Which halogens are gases at STP?

• A.

Chlorine and fluorine

• B.

Chlorine and bromine

• C.

Iodine and fluorine

• D.

Iodine and bromine

A. Chlorine and fluorine
Explanation
Chlorine and fluorine are the halogens that are gases at STP (Standard Temperature and Pressure). At room temperature, both chlorine and fluorine exist as diatomic molecules, Cl2 and F2, respectively. These molecules have weak intermolecular forces, allowing them to exist as gases. In contrast, bromine and iodine are liquids at room temperature due to stronger intermolecular forces.

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• 9.

### Natural rubber is a polymer of

• A.

Ethylene

• B.

Vinyl Chloride

• C.

Phenol

• D.

Isoprene

D. Isoprene
Explanation
Natural rubber is a polymer of isoprene. Isoprene is a monomer, which means it is a small molecule that can join together with other molecules to form a larger polymer chain. In the case of natural rubber, isoprene molecules undergo a polymerization reaction, where multiple isoprene units link together to form a long chain polymer. This polymerization process results in the formation of natural rubber, which is a flexible and elastic material commonly used in various applications such as tires, gloves, and seals.

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• 10.

### At STP, which substance is the best conductor of electricity?

• A.

Nitrogen

• B.

Neon

• C.

Sulfur

• D.

Silver

D. Silver
Explanation
Silver is the best conductor of electricity at STP (Standard Temperature and Pressure) because it has a high electrical conductivity. This is due to the presence of free electrons in the outermost energy level of silver atoms, allowing for easy movement of electric charge. In comparison, nitrogen, neon, and sulfur are non-metals and do not have the same level of conductivity as silver.

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• 11.

### Which formula represents a salt? a) KOHb) KClc) CH3OHd) CH3COOH

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

B. B
Explanation
The formula KCl represents a salt because it consists of a metal cation (K+) and a non-metal anion (Cl-). Salts are formed when a metal reacts with a non-metal, and the resulting compound is typically an ionic compound. In this case, potassium (K) is the metal cation and chloride (Cl) is the non-metal anion, making KCl a salt.

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• 12.

### Which substance can be classified as an Arrhenius acid?

• A.

HCL

• B.

NaCl

• C.

LiOH

• D.

KOH

A. HCL
Explanation
HCL can be classified as an Arrhenius acid because it dissociates in water to produce hydrogen ions (H+). According to Arrhenius theory, an acid is a substance that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution when dissolved in water.

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• 13.

### Which solution will change red litmus to blue?a) HCl(aq)b) NaCl(aq)c) CH3OH(aq)d) NaOH(aq)

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

D. D
Explanation
NaOH(aq) is the correct answer because it is a strong base that can dissociate into hydroxide ions (OH-) in water. Hydroxide ions are capable of accepting a proton (H+) from the water molecules, resulting in the formation of hydroxide ions (OH-) and an increase in the concentration of hydroxide ions in the solution. This increase in hydroxide ions causes the solution to become basic, which turns red litmus paper blue.

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• 14.

### An acidic solution could have a pH of

• A.

7

• B.

10

• C.

3

• D.

14

C. 3
Explanation
An acidic solution could have a pH of 3 because pH is a measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution. A pH value below 7 indicates acidity, and the lower the pH value, the more acidic the solution. Therefore, a pH of 3 indicates a higher concentration of hydrogen ions, making the solution more acidic.

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• 15.

### Nylon-66 is made by using-

• A.

Phenol

• B.

Benzaldehyde

• C.

• D.

Succinic Acid

Explanation
Adipic acid is used in the production of Nylon-66. Nylon-66 is a type of synthetic polymer that is formed by the condensation polymerization of adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine. Adipic acid provides the necessary carboxylic acid groups in the polymer chain, which allows for the formation of strong hydrogen bonds between the polymer chains. This results in a strong and durable material with excellent mechanical properties, making Nylon-66 suitable for various applications such as textiles, automotive parts, and electrical components.

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• 16.

### Halo form is represented asa) CH3Xb) CH2X2c) CHX3d)CX4

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

C. C
Explanation
The correct answer is c) CHX3. Haloform is represented by the general formula CHX3, where X can be a halogen atom such as chlorine, bromine, or iodine. This compound is formed when a methyl ketone reacts with a strong base and undergoes a series of chemical reactions known as haloform reaction. In this reaction, the methyl group is oxidized to a carboxylate ion, and the halogen atom is reduced to a halide ion, resulting in the formation of the haloform compound.

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• 17.

### SN2 mechanism proceeds through the intervention of -

• A.

Carbonium ion

• B.

Transition state

• C.

• D.

Carbanion

Explanation
The SN2 (substitution nucleophilic bimolecular) mechanism proceeds through the intervention of a free radical. In this mechanism, the reaction occurs in a single step where the nucleophile attacks the substrate and replaces the leaving group. The transition state involves the formation of a transition complex, not a free radical. Carbonium ions and carbanions are intermediates in other types of substitution reactions, not SN2. Therefore, the correct answer is a free radical.

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• 18.

### Optical activity in a compound is detected and measured by --

• A.

Calorimeter

• B.

Polarimeter

• C.

Colorimeter

• D.

Spectrometer

B. Polarimeter
Explanation
A polarimeter is used to detect and measure optical activity in a compound. Optical activity refers to the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of polarized light. A polarimeter measures the angle of rotation caused by the compound and provides quantitative data about its optical activity. This instrument is specifically designed for this purpose and is therefore the correct choice for detecting and measuring optical activity.

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• 19.

### Chloroform is used as a/an ----

• A.

Fire extinguisher

• B.

Industrial solvent

• C.

Antiseptic

• D.

Insecticide

B. Industrial solvent
Explanation
Chloroform is used as an industrial solvent because of its ability to dissolve or disperse other substances. It is commonly used in laboratories and industries for various purposes such as cleaning, degreasing, and extracting compounds. Its solvent properties make it useful in processes like manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, and chemical synthesis. Chloroform is not typically used as a fire extinguisher, antiseptic, or insecticide.

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• 20.

### X-rays are

• A.

Ultrasonic waves of high wavelength

• B.

Mechanical waves

• C.

Electromagnetic waves

• D.

All the above are false.

C. Electromagnetic waves
Explanation
X-rays are electromagnetic waves. This is because X-rays are a form of high-energy electromagnetic radiation that can penetrate through materials and produce images of the internal structures of objects. X-rays have a shorter wavelength and higher energy than visible light, making them useful in medical imaging, scientific research, and industrial applications.

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• 21.

### The wavelength of X-rays is approximately a) 1A0     b) 100 A0      c) 200 A0            d) 1000 A0

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

A. A
Explanation
X-rays have a very short wavelength, typically in the range of 0.01 to 10 nanometers. The symbol "A0" represents Angstrom, which is equal to 0.1 nanometers. Therefore, option a) 1A0 is the closest approximation to the wavelength of X-rays.

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• 22.

### Basic source of magnetism ____.

• A.

Charged particles alone

• B.

Movement of charged particles

• C.

Magnetic dipoles

• D.

Magnetic domains

B. Movement of charged particles
Explanation
Magnetism is the result of the movement of charged particles. When charged particles, such as electrons, move, they create a magnetic field around them. This movement of charged particles is responsible for the magnetic properties observed in materials and objects. Magnetic dipoles and magnetic domains are both related to the alignment of these charged particles, but the fundamental source of magnetism is the movement of charged particles.

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• 23.

### Magnetic lines of force re originated from ------ pole.

• A.

North

• B.

South

• C.

Both a) & b)

• D.

None of this

A. North
Explanation
Magnetic lines of force are originated from the North pole. The North pole of a magnet is where the magnetic field lines emerge from and form a loop that extends to the South pole. These lines of force represent the direction and strength of the magnetic field. Therefore, the correct answer is North.

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• 24.

### All the magnetic materials loose their magnetic properties when

• A.

Dipped in water

• B.

Dipped in oil

• C.

Braught near the piece of iron

• D.

Strongly heated

D. Strongly heated
Explanation
When magnetic materials are strongly heated, the heat causes the alignment of the magnetic domains within the material to become disordered. This disrupts the magnetic field and weakens or eliminates the material's magnetic properties. Therefore, the material loses its magnetic properties when strongly heated.

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• 25.

### An increase of temperature of a semicon-ductor decreases

• A.

The resistivity

• B.

The band gap

• C.

The conductivity

• D.

Size of the semiconductor.

A. The resistivity
Explanation
When the temperature of a semiconductor increases, the resistivity of the material decreases. This is because at higher temperatures, more electrons are excited from the valence band to the conduction band, increasing the number of charge carriers and therefore decreasing the resistance of the material. As a result, the resistivity decreases, making the semiconductor more conductive. The band gap, on the other hand, remains unaffected by temperature changes. The size of the semiconductor is also not directly related to changes in temperature.

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• 26.

### In a p-type silicon, which of the following statements is true

• A.

Electrons are majority carriers and trivalent atoms are dopants

• B.

Electrons are minority carriers and pentavalent atoms are dopants

• C.

Holes are minority carriers and pentavalent atoms are dopants

• D.

Holes are majority and trivalent atoms are dopants

D. Holes are majority and trivalent atoms are dopants
Explanation
In a p-type silicon, holes are the majority carriers and trivalent atoms are used as dopants. This is because p-type silicon is created by adding impurities with three valence electrons, such as boron, to the silicon crystal lattice. These trivalent atoms create "holes" in the crystal structure, which act as positive charge carriers. The majority of charge carriers in a p-type silicon are these holes, while the minority carriers are electrons.

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• 27.

### The majority charge carriers in N-type semiconductor is ------

• A.

Holes

• B.

Electrons

• C.

Both Holes & Electrons

• D.

None of above.

B. Electrons
Explanation
In N-type semiconductors, the majority charge carriers are electrons. This is because N-type semiconductors are doped with impurities that introduce extra electrons into the crystal lattice. These extra electrons become the majority charge carriers and contribute to the conductivity of the material. Holes, on the other hand, are the majority charge carriers in P-type semiconductors, where the material is doped with impurities that create a deficiency of electrons.

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• 28.

### P-n junction depletion layer consists of;

• A.

Electrons

• B.

Protons

• C.

Immobile ions

• D.

Mobile ions

C. Immobile ions
Explanation
The p-n junction depletion layer consists of immobile ions. When a p-n junction is formed, there is a region near the junction where the free electrons from the n-type material and the holes from the p-type material recombine, creating a region depleted of charge carriers. This depletion layer contains immobile ions, which are the positively charged ions from the n-type material and the negatively charged ions from the p-type material. These immobile ions create an electric field that prevents further movement of charge carriers across the junction, resulting in the barrier to current flow characteristic of a p-n junction.

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• 29.

### Modification in light intensity due to superposition principle is

• A.

Diffraction

• B.

Refraction

• C.

Interference

• D.

Polarization

C. Interference
Explanation
Interference occurs when two or more waves overlap and combine, resulting in a modification of the overall light intensity. This phenomenon is governed by the principle of superposition, which states that the total wave at a point is the sum of the individual waves at that point. Diffraction refers to the bending of waves around obstacles, while refraction is the bending of waves when they pass through different mediums. Polarization refers to the alignment of waves in a specific direction. Therefore, interference is the most appropriate explanation for the modification in light intensity due to the superposition principle.

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• 30.

### The Phenimenon of diffraction is occurred at the slit only when

• A.

Size of the slit is greater than wavelength of light

• B.

Size of the slit is comparable to the wavelength of light

• C.

Slit is made up by the light reflecting material

• D.

None of the above

B. Size of the slit is comparable to the wavelength of light
Explanation
Diffraction is a phenomenon that occurs when light waves encounter an obstacle or aperture. It refers to the bending and spreading out of the waves as they pass through the slit. This bending and spreading are more pronounced when the size of the slit is comparable to the wavelength of light. If the slit is much larger than the wavelength, the diffraction effects become negligible. Similarly, if the slit is made up of a light reflecting material or none of the above conditions are met, diffraction will not occur. Therefore, the correct answer is that diffraction occurs when the size of the slit is comparable to the wavelength of light.

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• 31.

### The basic assumption of the Newton light theory is

• A.

Light is particle nature

• B.

Light is wave nature

• C.

Light is dual nature

• D.

All above

A. Light is particle nature
Explanation
The basic assumption of the Newton light theory is that light is particle nature. This means that light is composed of tiny particles called photons, which travel in straight lines and interact with matter in a particle-like manner. This assumption is in contrast to the wave nature of light, which was later proposed by scientists like Huygens and Young. The particle nature of light explains phenomena such as the photoelectric effect and the behavior of light in the particle-like interactions with matter.

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• 32.

### Which of the following principle associated with optical fiber?

• A.

Interference

• B.

Diffraction

• C.

Total internal reflection

• D.

Refraction

C. Total internal reflection
Explanation
Total internal reflection is the correct answer because it is the principle that allows optical fibers to transmit light signals over long distances. When light travels through the fiber, it undergoes multiple reflections at the interface between the core and the cladding of the fiber. This phenomenon occurs when the angle of incidence is greater than the critical angle, causing the light to be completely reflected back into the core instead of being refracted out of the fiber. This ensures that the light signal stays confined within the fiber and is not lost, enabling efficient transmission of information.

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• 33.

### The nucleus consists of

• A.

Neutrons

• B.

Protons

• C.

Neutrons and protons

• D.

Electrons and neutrons

C. Neutrons and protons
Explanation
The nucleus consists of neutrons and protons. Neutrons are particles that have no charge, while protons are positively charged particles. These two particles are found in the nucleus of an atom, which is the central part of the atom. Electrons, on the other hand, are negatively charged particles that orbit around the nucleus in specific energy levels. However, they are not part of the nucleus itself. Therefore, the correct answer is neutrons and protons.

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• 34.

### Release of energy from sun is due to

• A.

Nuclear fission

• B.

Nuclear fusion

• C.

Burning of gases

• D.

Chemical reaction

B. Nuclear fusion
Explanation
The release of energy from the sun is due to nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion is the process in which two or more atomic nuclei come together to form a heavier nucleus, releasing a large amount of energy in the process. This is the process that occurs in the core of the sun, where hydrogen nuclei combine to form helium, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the form of light and heat. Nuclear fission, burning of gases, and chemical reactions do not account for the energy released by the sun.

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• 35.
• A.

- 1/2

• B.

1/2

• C.

0

• D.

-1

A. - 1/2
• 36.
• A.

-(x-xlogx)

• B.

X+xlogx

• C.

1-logx

• D.

1+logx

A. -(x-xlogx)
• 37.
• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

C. C
• 38.
• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

A. A
• 39.

### .

• A.

X=4

• B.

X=6

• C.

X=8

• D.

X=16

C. X=8
Explanation
The given answer x=8 is correct because it is the only value among the given options that satisfies the given equations x=4, x=6, and x=16. The other options x=4, x=6, and x=16 do not satisfy all the given equations. Therefore, the correct value for x is 8.

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• 40.
• A.

1

• B.

-i

• C.

I

• D.

-1

B. -i
• 41.
• A.

1

• B.

-i

• C.

I

• D.

-1

D. -1
• 42.
• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

C. C
• 43.
• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

C. C
• 44.
• A.

35 degrees

• B.

45 degrees

• C.

55 degrees

• D.

70 degrees

A. 35 degrees
• 45.
• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

A. A
• 46.
• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

D. D
• 47.
• A.

3

• B.

2

• C.

1

• D.

Not Defined

A. 3
• 48.
• A.

Fourth order, first degree

• B.

Third order, first degree

• C.

First order, fourth degree

• D.

First order, third degree.

A. Fourth order, first degree
• 49.
• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

D. D
• 50.
• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

C. C

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• Current Version
• Apr 15, 2024
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Aug 04, 2016
Quiz Created by
Mathrcpit

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