Medical Exam Questions And Answers

53 Questions | Total Attempts: 77

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Medical Exam Questions And Answers

Do you know what are the symptoms of Anaemia? Do you know how to treat a person with Diarrhea? Check out our online quiz to test yourself and learn more information.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    You admit a 23 yr old african american female patient w/ a diagnosis of rule-out anemia. She has a hx of gastric bypass surgery for obesity 4 yrs ago. Current assessment findings are P 110, R 27, BP 104/66, pale mucous membranes and dyspnea upon exertion. Which type of anemia would you expect the patient has developed?
    • A. 

      Vit B12 deficiency

    • B. 

      Folic acid deficiency

    • C. 

      Iron deficiency

    • D. 

      Sickle cell anemia

  • 2. 
    The patient dx with menorrhagia complains to the nurse of feeling listless and tired all the time. Which scientific rationale would explain why these symptoms are happening?
    • A. 

      Pain from menorrhea does not allow the patient to rest

    • B. 

      The symptoms are unrelated to menorrhea

    • C. 

      Pt has been exposed to a virus that causes fatigue

    • D. 

      The menorrhea has caused the patient to have decreased hemoglobin

  • 3. 
    SATA. You write a dx of altered tissue perfusion for your patient dx with anemia. Which interventions should you include
    • A. 

      Monitor hb and hct

    • B. 

      Move the patient closer to the nurse's station.

    • C. 

      Limit intake of green veggies

    • D. 

      Assess for numbness and tingling

    • E. 

      Allow for periods of rest during the day

  • 4. 
    A patient that has dx of iron deficiency anemia is prescribed ferrous gluconate orally. Which should the nurse educate on.
    • A. 

      Take ammonium for diarrhea

    • B. 

      Limit exercise until tolerance is achieved

    • C. 

      Stool may be very dark and can mask appearance of blood

    • D. 

      Eat only red meat.

  • 5. 
    The nurse and a UAP are taking care of patients. What task can the nurse delegate?
    • A. 

      Check on the bowel movements of a patient with melena

    • B. 

      Take vitals of a patient who received blood a day prior

    • C. 

      Eval dietary intake of a patient who is noncompliant with eating.

    • D. 

      Shave the patient with a dx of severe hemolytic anemia

  • 6. 
    A patient is being admitted with a dx of folic acid deficiency anemia. Which is the most appropriate referral?
    • A. 

      Alcoholic anonymous

    • B. 

      Leukemia Society of America

    • C. 

      A hematologist

    • D. 

      A social worker

  • 7. 
    The charge nurse is making assignments on a medical floor. Which patient should be assigned to the most experienced nurse?
    • A. 

      A patient dx with iron-deficiency anemia and is prescribed iron supplements.

    • B. 

      A patient dx with pernicious anemia and is receiving B12 shots IM.

    • C. 

      A patient dx with aplastic anemia who has developed pancytopenia.

    • D. 

      A patient dx with renal disease who has an erythropoietin deficiency.

  • 8. 
    A patient dx with anemia begins to c/o dyspnea when ambulating. Which intervention should you implement first?
    • A. 

      Apply oxygen using a nasal cannula.

    • B. 

      Get a wheelchair.

    • C. 

      Assess the patient's lung fields.

    • D. 

      Assist the patient when ambulating in the hall.

  • 9. 
    You are discharging a patient dx with anemia. What should you educate on?
    • A. 

      Take prescribed iron supplements until gone.

    • B. 

      Monitor pulse and BP at a local pharmacy weekly.

    • C. 

      Have a CBC checked at the HCP office.

    • D. 

      Perform isometric exercise three times a week

  • 10. 
    You write a client problem of activity intolerance for a patient dx with anemia. Which intervention should you implement?
    • A. 

      Pace activities according to tolerance.

    • B. 

      Provide supplements high in iron and vitamins

    • C. 

      Administer packed RBCs

    • D. 

      Monitor vitals q4hrs

  • 11. 
    Mild anemia has which as a symptom
    • A. 

      Asymptomatic

    • B. 

      Cardiopulmonary symptoms at rest

    • C. 

      Multi-system problems

    • D. 

      Extreme pallor

  • 12. 
    Moderate anemia has which as a symptom
    • A. 

      Asymptomatic

    • B. 

      Cardiopulmonary symptoms at rest

    • C. 

      Multi-system problems

  • 13. 
    Severe anemia has which symptoms
    • A. 

      Asymptomatic

    • B. 

      Cardiopulmonary symptoms at rest

    • C. 

      Multi-organ problems

  • 14. 
    Which type of anemia is this? Inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption
    • A. 

      Iron-deficiency anemia

    • B. 

      Acute blood loss 

    • C. 

      Chronic blood loss

    • D. 

      Vit B12 deficiency

  • 15. 
    Which is a symptom of iron-deficiency anemia?
    • A. 

      Pallor

    • B. 

      Glossitis

    • C. 

      Cheilitis

    • D. 

      Pica

    • E. 

      Internal pain

    • F. 

      Impaired thought processes

  • 16. 
    Which labs are most important in iron-deficiency anemia?
    • A. 

      Hb

    • B. 

      HCT

    • C. 

      Platelets

    • D. 

      Folate levels

    • E. 

      Serum B12

  • 17. 
    Can you use a stool guaiac test to diagnose iron-deficiency anemia?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 18. 
    Which -scopy can diagnose iron-deficiency anemia?
    • A. 

      Endoscopy

    • B. 

      Colonoscopy

    • C. 

      Bronchoscopy

    • D. 

      Cystoscopy

  • 19. 
    Which type of anemia is this? Result of sudden hemorrhage such as trauma or recent surgery
    • A. 

      Iron-deficiency anemia

    • B. 

      Acute blood loss

    • C. 

      Chronic blood loss

    • D. 

      Vitamin B12 deficiency

    • E. 

      Folic acid deficiency anemia

  • 20. 
    What are s/sx of acute blood loss?
    • A. 

      Increased HR

    • B. 

      Increased RR

    • C. 

      Internal pain

    • D. 

      Numbness

    • E. 

      Glossitis

    • F. 

      Cheilitis

  • 21. 
    You would do a CBC for acute blood loss. True or false?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Which is a treatment for acute blood loss?
    • A. 

      Surgery

    • B. 

      B12 replacement therapy

    • C. 

      Insertion of NG tube

  • 23. 
    Which type of anemia is this? Ulcer caused by bacteria or alcoholism. Slow bleed from injury. Menses
    • A. 

      Iron-deficiency anemia

    • B. 

      Acute blood loss

    • C. 

      Chronic blood loss

    • D. 

      Vit B12 deficiency

    • E. 

      Folic acid deficiency anemia

  • 24. 
    What type of anemia is missing intrinsic factor?
  • 25. 
    If you do not treat a Vit B12 deficiency, does it cause irreversible neurological damage?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

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