Paramedic Quiz For Maes Students Chapter 6

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 582

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Paramedic Quizzes & Trivia

Practice quiz for Nancy Carolines Paramedic care in the streets Chapter 6 Pathophysiology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The study of the functioning of an organism in the presence of disease is called:
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Physiology

    • C. 

      Pathophysiology

    • D. 

      Biochemistry

  • 2. 
    Groups of cells form
    • A. 

      Tissues

    • B. 

      Organs

    • C. 

      An organism

    • D. 

      Organ systems

  • 3. 
    What type of tissue lines the intestines, blood vessels, and bronchiole tubes.
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Nervous

    • C. 

      Epithelial

    • D. 

      Connective

  • 4. 
    Nonstriated muscle is also called_____muscle
    • A. 

      Autonomic

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Skeletal

    • D. 

      Voluntary

  • 5. 
    _______nerves exit from between the spinal vertebrae and extend to various parts of the body.
    • A. 

      Cranial

    • B. 

      Connecting

    • C. 

      Somatic

    • D. 

      Peripheral

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an example of homeostatic failure?
    • A. 

      A pH balance of 7.37 with a respiratory rate of 28 breaths/min

    • B. 

      Severe vomiting and diarrhea and a heart rate of 120 beats/min

    • C. 

      Salt and water retention and a bloody pressure of 170/98 mm Hg

    • D. 

      Core body temperature of 98.2 F and an ambient temperature of 28 F

  • 7. 
    Approximately 45% of a persons body weight is
    • A. 

      Interstitial fluid

    • B. 

      Intracellular fluid

    • C. 

      Extracellular fluid

    • D. 

      Intravascular fluid

  • 8. 
    Dehydration is generally a more serious concern in elderly patients than in younger adults because
    • A. 

      Geriatric patients tend to lose more water through perspiration

    • B. 

      Total body water constitutes only 45% of body weight in older people

    • C. 

      Renal function increases significantly in patients over 60 years of age

    • D. 

      A persons total body water increases by 10% for each 10 years of life

  • 9. 
    The movement of water and a dissplved substance from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure is called.
    • A. 

      Filtration

    • B. 

      Active transport

    • C. 

      Facilitated diffusion

    • D. 

      Passive transport diffusion

  • 10. 
    Lactated ringers is a/an _____ solution because its solute concentration is equal to that of the inside of the cell
    • A. 

      Colloid

    • B. 

      Isotonic

    • C. 

      Hypotonic

    • D. 

      Crystalloid

  • 11. 
    Ascites is defined as 
    • A. 

      An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

    • B. 

      Lower extremity edema caused by lymphatic obstruction

    • C. 

      Fluid buildup in the lungs due to decreased cardiac function

    • D. 

      Fluid backup in the periphery due to right atrial dysfunction

  • 12. 
    Acute pulmonary edema
    • A. 

      Commonly results from right-sided heart failure

    • B. 

      Results in excess elimination of carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Is characterized by progressively worsening dyspnea

    • D. 

      Impairs oxygen diffusion into the pulmonary capillaries

  • 13. 
    When blood osmolarity increases
    • A. 

      The kidneys excrete more water from the body through diuresis in an attempt to normalize the bloods osmolarity

    • B. 

      Osmoreceptors located in the hypothalamus stimulate the release of vasopressin

    • C. 

      The pituitary gland releases antidiuretic hormone(AHD), which stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb water and decrease the blood's osmolarity

    • D. 

      Voume-sensitive receptors in the atria stretch, causing the release of natriuretic protients that normalize the blood's osmolarity

  • 14. 
    The MOST prevalent cation of the extracellular fluid is
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Chloride

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Bicarbonate

  • 15. 
    A diabetic patient who failed to take his or her insulin and presents with peaked T waves on the cardiac monitor and muscle weakness is MOST likely
    • A. 

      Hypocalcemic

    • B. 

      Hyperkalemic

    • C. 

      Hepokalemic

    • D. 

      Hypoglycemic

  • 16. 
    The MOST major challenge to pH homeostasis is
    • A. 

      Hyperventilation

    • B. 

      CO2 elimination

    • C. 

      Acute fluid loss

    • D. 

      Acid prodcution

  • 17. 
    A person who ingest excessive amounts of salicylate ( i.e. aspirin) would MOST likely experience
    • A. 

      Alkalosis

    • B. 

      Bradycardia

    • C. 

      A fall in pH

    • D. 

      Hypoventilation

  • 18. 
    Which of the following conditions would be the LEAST likely to cause rapid ventilations
    • A. 

      Ketoacidosis

    • B. 

      Severe infection

    • C. 

      Pulmonary embolism

    • D. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

  • 19. 
    In the presence of infection, white blood cells release endogenous chemicals called_____, which produce fever
    • A. 

      Pyrogens

    • B. 

      Histamines

    • C. 

      Leukotrienes

    • D. 

      Catecholamines

  • 20. 
    Allergies are acquired following.
    • A. 

      Most bacterial infections

    • B. 

      Initial exposure to an allergen

    • C. 

      Indirect exposure to an allergen

    • D. 

      Repeated exposure to an allergen

  • 21. 
    Major risk factors for lung cancer include
    • A. 

      Female sex and age over 40 years

    • B. 

      Frequent respiratory infections and asthma

    • C. 

      Cigarette smoking and exposure to asbestos

    • D. 

      Chewing tobacco use and a history of allergies

  • 22. 
    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is characterized by
    • A. 

      Enlargement or thickening of the heart muscle

    • B. 

      Progressive shrinking of the right side of the heart

    • C. 

      A significant reduction of blood return to the atria

    • D. 

      Generalized thinning of the left and right ventricles

  • 23. 
    What disease is characterized by erosions in the mucous membrane lining of the gastroinestinal tract, specifically the stomach
    • A. 

      Peptic ulcer disease

    • B. 

      Chrohn's disease

    • C. 

      Cholethiasis

    • D. 

      Cholecystitis

  • 24. 
    Muscular dystrophy is characterized by
    • A. 

      Progressive deterioration of involuntary muscles, specifically the diaphragm

    • B. 

      Weakness and wasting of groups of skeletal muscles, leading to increasing disability

    • C. 

      Relaxation of the vascular smooth muscles, resulting in progressive hypoperfusion

    • D. 

      Involuntary rapid, jerky motions and mental deterioration, leading to dementia

  • 25. 
    Gross distortions of reality, withdrawal from social contacts, and bizarre behavior are MOST characteristic of
    • A. 

      Depression

    • B. 

      Schizophrenia

    • C. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • D. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder

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