Pathophysiology Trivia Quiz: Test Your Digestive System Knowledge!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 275

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Pathophysiology Trivia Quiz: Test Your Digestive System Knowledge! - Quiz

Welcome to this pathophysiology trivia quiz that is perfect to test your digestive system knowledge! The system is tasked with breaking down the food we ingest and taking in the important nutrients and keeping getting rid of the unwanted elements in the food. Look it up and get to see how much more you get to understand the system.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What  does the term hemoptysis refer to?
    • A. 

      Thick, dark red sputum associated with pneumococcal infection

    • B. 

      Reddish-brown granular blood found in vomitus

    • C. 

      Bright red streaks of blood in frothy sputum

    • D. 

      Bloody exudate in the pleural cavity

  • 2. 
    Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid?
    • A. 

      Parietal cells

    • B. 

      Chief cells

    • C. 

      Mucosal

    • D. 

      Gastrin cells

  • 3. 
    In the liver, amino acids are used to produce complex molecules by means of
    • A. 

      Glycogenesis

    • B. 

      Anabolic processes

    • C. 

      Catabolic processes

    • D. 

      Autodigestion

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Duodenum

    • C. 

      Ileum

    • D. 

      Ascending colon

  • 5. 
    When highly acidic chyme enters the duodenum, which hormone stimulates the release of pancreatic secretions that contains very high bicarbonate ion content?
    • A. 

      Gastrin

    • B. 

      Secretin

    • C. 

      Cholecystokinin

    • D. 

      Histamine

  • 6. 
    Which of the following breaks protein down into peptides?
    • A. 

      Amylase

    • B. 

      Peptidase

    • C. 

      Lactase

    • D. 

      Trypsin

  • 7. 
    In which structure is oxygenated blood (arterial) mixed with unoxygenated blood (venous) so as to support the functions of the structure?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Small intestine

    • D. 

      Spleen

  • 8. 
    Which of the following stimulates increased peristalsis and secretions in the digestive tract?
    • A. 

      Sympathetic nervous system

    • B. 

      Vagus nerve

    • C. 

      Increased saliva

    • D. 

      Absense of food in the system

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is contained in pancreatic exocrine secretions?
    • A. 

      Bicarbonate ion

    • B. 

      Hydrochloric acid

    • C. 

      Activated digestive enzyme

    • D. 

      Insulin

  • 10. 
    An alkaline environment is required in the duodenum to:
    • A. 

      Activate pepsinogen

    • B. 

      Activate intestinal and pancreatic enzymes

    • C. 

      Activate bile salts

    • D. 

      Produce mucus

  • 11. 
    Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal?
    • A. 

      Lypolysis

    • B. 

      Ketogenesis

    • C. 

      Gluconeogenesis

    • D. 

      Glycogenesis

  • 12. 
    What does the term gluconeogenesis refer to?
    • A. 

      Breakdown of glycogen to produce glucose

    • B. 

      Coversion of excess glucose into glycogen for storage

    • C. 

      Formation of glucose from protein and fat

    • D. 

      Breakdown of glucose into carbon dioxide and water

  • 13. 
    Normally, proteins or amino acids are required to produce all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Peptide hormones

    • B. 

      Clotting factors and antibodies

    • C. 

      Cellular energy

    • D. 

      Hemoglobin

  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements applies to bile salts?
    • A. 

      They give feces the characteristic brown color

    • B. 

      They are enzymes used to break down fats into free fatty acids

    • C. 

      They emulsify lipids and lipid soluble vitamins

    • D. 

      They are excreted in the feces

  • 15. 
    The visceral peritoneum
    • A. 

      Lines the abdominal wall

    • B. 

      Hangs from the stomach over the loops of the small intestine

    • C. 

      Forms the outer covering of the stomach and intestines

    • D. 

      Covers the kidney and bladder

    • E. 

      Contains many pain receptors

  • 16. 
    The early stage of vomiting causes
    • A. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

    • B. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • C. 

      Increased respirations

    • D. 

      Increased excretion of hydrogen ions

  • 17. 
    Prolonged vomiting cause a state of acidosis due to:
    • A. 

      Catabolism of proteins and lipids

    • B. 

      Continued loss of gastric secretions

    • C. 

      Loss of pancreatic enzymes

    • D. 

      Retention of sodium ions and water

  • 18. 
    What is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea?
    • A. 

      Increased bicarbonate ion

    • B. 

      Decreased bicarbonate ion

    • C. 

      Increased carbonic acid

    • D. 

      Increased serum pH

  • 19. 
    Dehydration causes acidosis because of increased:
    • A. 

      Ketones produced

    • B. 

      CO2 retained in the lungs and kidneys

    • C. 

      Hypovolemia and lactic acid production

    • D. 

      Metabolic rate

  • 20. 
    Which of the following applies to the act of swallowing?
    • A. 

      Requires coordination of cranial nerves V, IX, X, and XII

    • B. 

      Is entirely voluntary

    • C. 

      Is controlled by a center in the hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Does not effect respiration

  • 21. 
    What does the defecation reflex require?
    • A. 

      Stimulation by the sympathetic nervous system

    • B. 

      Contraction of the internal anal sphincter

    • C. 

      Coordination through the sacral spinal cord

    • D. 

      Voluntary contraction of the abdominal muscles

  • 22. 
    What is the definition of achalasia?
    • A. 

       A herniation of the gastric mucosa through a segment of weakened muscle

    • B. 

      Recurrent reflux of chyme into the esophagus

    • C. 

      Absence of a connection between the esophagus to the stomach

    • D. 

      Lack of a nerve plexus to relax the lower esophageal sphincter

  • 23. 
    What does esophageal atresia cause?
    • A. 

      Direct passage of saliva and food from the mouth into the trachea

    • B. 

      Repeated reflex of gastric secretions into the esophagus

    • C. 

      No fluid or food entering the stomach

    • D. 

      Gastric distention and cramps

  • 24. 
    Which of the following applies to the cleft palate?
    • A. 

      The mandibular processes do not fuse

    • B. 

      The hard and soft palates do not fuse during the first trimester of pregnancy

    • C. 

      Exposure to enviromental factors in the last trimester causes the defect

    • D. 

      Speech and eating are not affected

  • 25. 
    Oral candidiasis is considered to
    • A. 

      Be a common bacterial infection in infants and young children

    • B. 

      Cause painful ulcerations in the mucosa and tongue

    • C. 

      Cause white patches in the mucosa that cannot be scratched off

    • D. 

      Be an opportunistic fungal infection of the mouth

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