Pathophysiology: Asthma Quiz

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 4338

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Pathophysiology: Asthma Quiz

Asthma is a respiratory condition whereby someone becomes short of breath and it becomes difficult to breath. There seems to be some sort of blockage in the respiratory path. The pathophysiology: asthma quiz below will enlighten you more.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are risk factors for the development of asthma?
    • A. 

      High exposure to airborne allergens

    • B. 

      Exposure to tobacco smoke

    • C. 

      High birthweight

    • D. 

      Genetic factors

  • 2. 
    Susceptibility for asthma is primarily determined in adulthood (around 20-25 years of age)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    What are some adult onset risk factors for the development of asthma?
    • A. 

      Occupational exposure to irritants

    • B. 

      Alcohol consumption

    • C. 

      Smoking

    • D. 

      Obesity

    • E. 

      Hormonal influences

    • F. 

      Exposure to pollutants and infectious agents

  • 4. 
    Asthma is characterized by chest tightness, wheezing, sputum production, cough and airway hyperresponsiveness. What other factor is also a characteristic?
    • A. 

      Irreversible lower airway constriction

    • B. 

      Persistent symptoms

    • C. 

      Reversible lower airway constriction

    • D. 

      Symptoms the same for every person with asthma

  • 5. 
    Which definition best suits the term "inflammation" in relation to asthma?
    • A. 

      Inflammation is caused by infectious agents in asthma, and is mediated by antiproteases

    • B. 

      Inflammation is associated with airway remodelling in asthma. Inflammation is triggered by a stimulus, and causes epithelial injury, among other things

    • C. 

      Inflammation is caused by airway remodelling in asthma.

    • D. 

      Mast cells can help to reduce inflammation by releasing histamine and preventing further lung damage

  • 6. 
    There are two phases in extrinsic asthma, the _______________ and ______________ phases
  • 7. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of extrinsic asthma?
    • A. 

      Airway hyperresponsiveness

    • B. 

      IgE hypersensitivity mediation

    • C. 

      Exercise mediation

    • D. 

      Allergy mediation

  • 8. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of intrinsic asthma?
    • A. 

      Exercise is a trigger

    • B. 

      Cold air is a trigger

    • C. 

      Allergy mediated

    • D. 

      Hormonal changes are triggers

  • 9. 
    Airway remodelling is a major player in the pathology of asthma.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Which statement is false regarding airway remodelling?
    • A. 

      There is an increase in goblet cells and mucus production

    • B. 

      Thickened smooth muscle cells, with hyperplasia and hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Decreased collagen deposition in airways

    • D. 

      Increased vascularity in the airway wall

  • 11. 
    Airway remodelling can be seen in young children with asthma
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements is false regarding the early phase of extrinsic asthma?
    • A. 

      It occurs within 10-20 minutes of triggering stimuli exposure

    • B. 

      The allergen binds to IgE receptors on surface of airways, and activates mast cells

    • C. 

      Decreased mucus secretion, leading to less airway protection, occurs

    • D. 

      Increased vascular permeability and bronchoconstriction occur

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is false regarding the late phase of an extrinsic asthma event?
    • A. 

      Occurs within 4-8 hours of trigger and may persist for days/weeks

    • B. 

      Inflammatory mediators cause recruitment of WBCs, such as neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils and lymphocytes

    • C. 

      Macrophages are activated

    • D. 

      Decreased airway responsiveness occurs

  • 14. 
    Which inflammatory mediators are released when mast cells degranulate and after degranulation?
    • A. 

      Histamine

    • B. 

      Leukotrienes

    • C. 

      Prostaglandin D2

    • D. 

      Chemotactic chemokines

    • E. 

      Dopamine

    • F. 

      Antiproteases

    • G. 

      TNFa

  • 15. 
    What are some symptoms that client's with asthma may encounter?
    • A. 

      Dyspnea/SOB

    • B. 

      Chest tightness

    • C. 

      Cough

    • D. 

      Quiet breathing

    • E. 

      Wheezing

  • 16. 
    During an asthma attack, air becomes trapped with impaired function, and _______________ ensues. Alveolar ______________ occurs due to increasing interpleural and alveolar gas pressure. _________________ is triggered. ___________/perfusion mismatch occurs. First alkalosis occurs due to decreased _________ concentration in the blood, but the resulting hypoventilation eventually causes ______________. Respiratory failure can result.
  • 17. 
    Which of the following are clinical SIGNS of asthma?
    • A. 

      Shortness of breath

    • B. 

      Wheezing heard on auscultation

    • C. 

      Vital signs such as tachypnea, decreased 02 sats

    • D. 

      Chest tightness

    • E. 

      Increased work of breathing observed

    • F. 

      In ability to maintain conversation with healthcare provider

  • 18. 
    During the initial stage of an asthma attack, respiratory ______________ occurs in the blood. After a period of time without enough 02, the respiratory ____________ occurs. 
  • 19. 
    What are some things that may be seen on a chest x-ray of someone with asthma?
    • A. 

      Under inflation of the lower lobes

    • B. 

      Enlarged heart

    • C. 

      Hyperinflation

    • D. 

      Increase or decrease flattening in the hemidiaphragms

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is false about lung spirometry tests?
    • A. 

      They are used in initial diagnosis and to evaluate treatment

    • B. 

      Their red zone is less then 90% of the expected value

    • C. 

      They are used with bronchial provocation tests

    • D. 

      They evaluate the function of the lungs

  • 21. 
    Which of the following are long term pharamocotherapy for asthma?
    • A. 

      Anticholinergics

    • B. 

      Systemic corticosteroids

    • C. 

      Mast cell stabilizers

    • D. 

      Inhaled corticoid steroids

  • 22. 
    Which of the following are shorting acting pharmacotherapy for asthma?
    • A. 

      Short broncodilaters

    • B. 

      Monoclonal antibody therapy

    • C. 

      Anticholinergics

    • D. 

      Systemic corticosteroids

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