Test Your Knowledge About Respiratory System! Pathophysiology Trivia Quiz

62 Questions | Total Attempts: 374

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Test Your Knowledge About Respiratory System! Pathophysiology Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Do you want to test your knowledge about the respiratory system using this pathophysiology trivia quiz? The respiratory system is one of the major systems within the body, and this is because it is charged with ensuring the body takes in oxygen and takes out carbon dioxide. Test your understanding of organs involved and how the organ works by taking the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Pleural effusion refers to?
    • A. 

      Fluid collected in the lungs

    • B. 

      Fluid collected in the pleural space

    • C. 

      Fluid collected in a fistula in the pleural space

    • D. 

      Fluid collected in the pulmonary circulation

  • 2. 
    The production of yellowish-green, cloudy, thick sputum is often an indication of:
    • A. 

      Bacterial infection

    • B. 

      Cancer tumor

    • C. 

      Damage of lung tissue due to smoking

    • D. 

      Emphysema

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is not an obstructive pulmonary disease?
    • A. 

      Pneumoconioses

    • B. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • C. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • D. 

      Chronic bronchitis

  • 4. 
    Which of the following causes bronchodilation?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Histamine

    • C. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

    • D. 

      Drugs that block Beta 2 adrenergic receptors

  • 5. 
    A mutation in chromosome 7 is associated with:
    • A. 

      Emphysema

    • B. 

      Adenocarcinoma

    • C. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • D. 

      Primary spontaneous pneumothorax

  • 6. 
    The central chemoreceptors in the medulla are normally most sensitive to:
    • A. 

      Low oxygen level

    • B. 

      Low concentration of hydrogen ions

    • C. 

      Elevated oxygen level

    • D. 

      Elevated carbon dioxide level

  • 7. 
    Which of the following would result from hyperventilation?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory alkalosis

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

  • 8. 
    Causes of pulmonary edema?
    • A. 

      ARDS

    • B. 

      Left ventricular failure

    • C. 

      Cancer

    • D. 

      Infection

  • 9. 
    How is primary tuberculosis identified?
    • A. 

      Cavitation in the lungs and spread of the microbe to other organs

    • B. 

      Persistent productive cough, low-grade fever, and fatigue

    • C. 

      Caseation necrosis and formation of a tubercle in the lungs

    • D. 

      Multiple granulomas in the lungs and rapid spread of the microbe

  • 10. 
    Respiratory alkalosis can be caused by?
    • A. 

      Pneumonia

    • B. 

      Lung cancer

    • C. 

      Alveolar hypoventilation/ hypercapnea

    • D. 

      Alveolar hyperventilation/ hypocapnia

  • 11. 
    What are typical pathological changes with bronchiectasis?
    • A. 

      Bronchospasm and increased mucous secretion

    • B. 

      Adhesions and fibrosis in the pleural membranes

    • C. 

      Airway obstructions and weak, dilated bronchial walls

    • D. 

      Fixation of the ribs in the inspiratory position

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is an effect of a large open pneumothorax (sucking wound)?
    • A. 

      Mediastinal flutter, impairing venous return

    • B. 

      Increased venous return

    • C. 

      Progressive atelectasis of both lungs

    • D. 

      Overexpansion of the uneffected lungs

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is not true about asthma?
    • A. 

      It has a generic link, particularly on the paternal side

    • B. 

      People with asthma are also more likely to suffer from hayfever and eczema

    • C. 

      It is associated with reversible airflow obstruction

    • D. 

      It usually responds well to inhaled beta-2 agonists

  • 14. 
    Infant respiratory distress syndrome results from:
    • A. 

      Insufficient surfactant production

    • B. 

      Incomplete expiration shortly after birth

    • C. 

      Retention of fluid in the lungs after birth

    • D. 

      Immature neural control of respirations

  • 15. 
    Obstruction in the upper airway is usually indicated by:
    • A. 

      Stridor

    • B. 

      Rales

    • C. 

      Wheezing

    • D. 

      Orthopnea

  • 16. 
    Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by a/an:
    • A. 

      Rhinovirus

    • B. 

      Mycoplasma

    • C. 

      Influenza virus

    • D. 

      Coronavirus

  • 17. 
    What is the pathophysiology of an acute attack of extrinsic asthma?
    • A. 

      Gradual degeneration and fibrosis

    • B. 

      Continous severe attacks unresponsive to medication

    • C. 

      A hypersensitivity reaction involving release of chemical mediators 

    • D. 

      Hyperresponsive mucosa

  • 18. 
    Consolidation on a chest x-ray most likely points to
    • A. 

      Pneumonia

    • B. 

      COPD

    • C. 

      Asthma

    • D. 

      Lung cancer

  • 19. 
    The sweat test can be used to diagnose:
    • A. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • B. 

      Tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Pneumonia

    • D. 

      Asthma

  • 20. 
    A pneumothorax refers to
    • A. 

      Collection of air in the pleural cavity of the chest

    • B. 

      Build up of blood in the pleural cavity

    • C. 

      Build up of fluid in the pleural cavity

    • D. 

      Build up of lymph in the pleural cavity

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is not true about cystic fibrosis?
    • A. 

      It is a dominant genetic condition

    • B. 

      Symptoms are often present in early infancy

    • C. 

      It may be associated with clubbing and/or haemoptysis

    • D. 

      The first sign may be meconium ileus causing bowel obstruction in newborns

  • 22. 
    Difficulty breathing, unilateral stabbing chest pain and a productive cough is most suggestive of...
    • A. 

      Pneumonia

    • B. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • C. 

      An excaberation of asthma

    • D. 

      COPD

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT an obstructive conditon?
    • A. 

      Fibrosis

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      COPD

    • D. 

      Bronchiectasis

  • 24. 
    Wheezing is the hallmark symptom of?
    • A. 

      Asthma

    • B. 

      COPD

    • C. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • D. 

      Lung cancer

  • 25. 
    Which of the following comorbidities is not commonly associated with cystic fibrosis?
    • A. 

      Type 2 diabetes

    • B. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • C. 

      Frequent chest infections

    • D. 

      Malnutrition

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