Only scientists are qualified to use the scientific method.
Define the problem, Formulate a hypothesis, Collect data, Analyze data, Draw conclusions
Inductive reasoning, Deductive reasoning
Using your Common Sense
Define the problem, Speak with experts, Research the history of the problem, Invent, Make a discovery.
Quality Discovery Research
Research that recontextualizes top-down convergence items to optimize peer-based higher-order thinking
Case Study Research
Freedom to leave the study at any time
Freedom from harm
Basic Research, Applied Research
Technology-enhanced research that repurposes existing studies using methods approved by the scientific community.
Research using the Freitag Method of Research (the FMR)
Evaluation Research, Action Research
Research, Development and Implementation
Identify the problem, Gather political support, Gain funding, Form committees, and Write reports
Define the problem, Survey the sample, Gather data, and make a report
Think creatively -- inductively and deductively -- to implement metacognitive communities while harnessing performance-based higher-order thinking individuals.
Identifying a problem, Reviewing the literature, Selecting participants, Collecting data, Analyzing data, and Reporting results
1. Define the problem, 2. Collect Data, 3. Creatively analyze the data, 4. Publish your results in an academic journal
Reviewing the literature has a major role in Quantitative analysis.
Qualitative analysis is exploratory and oriented towards understanding.
The participant's experiences are paramount in quantitative analysis.
Quantitative analysis uses numerical data more often than qualitative analysis.
Inductive reasoning has no place in educational research.
Review by experts in the field of study
Description and thematic development
Description of trends and a comparison of relationships among variables
General research is useless since every situation is unique.
Research is the formal, systematic application of the scientific method to study problems.
The scientific method has serious shortcomings in answering some types of questions.
Quantitative researchers are number-crunching geeks who probably have an extensive Star Trek figurine collection at home.
Qualitative research is the collection, analysis, and interpretation of narrative and non-numeric data to gain insight into a problem.
Inductive reasoning generalizes from a limited number of observations.
Deductive reasoning uses general observations to arrive at a specific conclusion.
Quantitative research usually tests a specific hypothesis while qualitative research does not.
Educational researchers have extremely difficult jobs that non-researchers just don't appreciate enough.
Correlation is a quantitative measure of the degree of correspondence between variables.