Semester 2 Practice Test

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Untimed Cumulative Semester 2 Practice Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    CCH6- In 1789, to raise money to operate, the new federal government

    • A.

      Imposed a tariff

    • B.

      Imposed an income tax

    • C.

      Issued bonds

    • D.

      Imposed a sales tax on all purchases

    Correct Answer
    A. Imposed a tariff
    Explanation
    In 1789, the new federal government needed to raise money to operate. They decided to impose a tariff, which is a tax on imported goods. This would help generate revenue for the government by collecting taxes on goods coming into the country. This was a common practice at the time and allowed the government to fund its operations and expenses.

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  • 2. 

    E CH6- The XYZ Affair concerned

    • A.

      French demands for bribes from the United States

    • B.

      American demands for bribes from France

    • C.

      British demands for bribes from the United States

    • D.

      American demands for bribes from Britain

    Correct Answer
    A. French demands for bribes from the United States
    Explanation
    The correct answer is French demands for bribes from the United States. The XYZ Affair was a diplomatic incident between the United States and France in the late 18th century. The French demanded bribes from American diplomats in order to negotiate a treaty. This event strained the relationship between the two countries and led to an undeclared naval war known as the Quasi-War.

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  • 3. 

    CH6- Jay’s Treaty

    • A.

      Stopped the British from seizing American cargoes bound for French ports

    • B.

      Required the British to compensate American merchants

    • C.

      Prevented war with Great Britain

    • D.

      Harmed the fragile American economy

    Correct Answer
    C. Prevented war with Great Britain
    Explanation
    Jay's Treaty prevented war with Great Britain. By resolving several issues between the two countries, such as British seizure of American cargoes and compensation for American merchants, the treaty helped to maintain peace and avoid armed conflict. This diplomatic agreement was crucial in maintaining stability and preventing further harm to the fragile American economy.

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  • 4. 

      What ____    3.   CH6- The idea that states can declare a federal law unconstitutional is called

    • A.

      State interposition

    • B.

      State sedition

    • C.

      States rights

    • D.

      Nullification

    Correct Answer
    D. Nullification
    Explanation
    Nullification refers to the idea that states have the power to declare a federal law unconstitutional and therefore not enforce it within their borders. This concept is based on the belief that states are sovereign entities and have the authority to interpret and reject laws that they deem unconstitutional. Nullification was a controversial issue during the early years of the United States and was often associated with the states' rights movement.

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  • 5. 

                      CH6- After a British warship fired on an American warship in 1807, President Jefferson asked Congress to pass the ____, halting all trade with Europe.

    • A.

      Alien and Sedition Acts

    • B.

      Virginia Resolution

    • C.

      Hartford Convention

    • D.

      Embargo Act

    Correct Answer
    D. Embargo Act
    Explanation
    In 1807, after a British warship fired on an American warship, President Jefferson asked Congress to pass the Embargo Act. This act halted all trade with Europe as a way to protect American ships and sailors from attacks. Jefferson believed that by cutting off trade, it would pressure Britain and France to respect American neutrality. However, the Embargo Act ended up hurting the American economy more than it affected European powers, leading to widespread discontent and eventually its repeal in 1809.

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  • 6. 

    CH6- Pinckney’s Treaty gave the United States

    • A.

      Control of the Florida Territory

    • B.

      The right to navigate Mississippi River

    • C.

      Most favored nation status with Spain

    • D.

      The right to limited trade with British colonies in the Caribbean

    Correct Answer
    B. The right to navigate Mississippi River
    Explanation
    Pinckney's Treaty, also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo, was signed between the United States and Spain in 1795. This treaty granted the United States the right to navigate the Mississippi River, which was crucial for American trade and commerce. Prior to this treaty, Spain had restricted American access to the river, causing economic hardships for the United States. Therefore, the correct answer is "the right to navigate Mississippi River."

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  • 7. 

    ____    5.   CH6- Paper notes promising to repay money after a certain length of time with interest are called

    • A.

      Stocks

    • B.

      Tariffs

    • C.

      Bank notes

    • D.

      Bonds

    Correct Answer
    D. Bonds
    Explanation
    Bonds are paper notes that promise to repay money after a certain length of time with interest. They are a form of debt investment where the issuer borrows money from the bondholder and agrees to repay the principal amount along with periodic interest payments. Unlike stocks, which represent ownership in a company, bonds are a form of lending where investors earn fixed income. Tariffs are taxes on imported goods, and bank notes are a form of currency issued by a central bank. Therefore, the correct answer is bonds.

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  • 8. 

    CH6- Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” after

    • A.

      The burning of the White house

    • B.

      The Treaty of Ghent

    • C.

      The bombardment of fort McHenry

    • D.

      The Battle of New Orleans

    Correct Answer
    C. The bombardment of fort McHenry
    Explanation
    Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner" after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry during the War of 1812. He was inspired by the American flag still flying over the fort after a night of intense shelling by the British navy. This event symbolized the resilience and determination of the American people, and Key's poem eventually became the national anthem of the United States.

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  • 9. 

    CH6- Which element was part of the Federalists’ national vision?

    • A.

      The national government is the ultimate authority

    • B.

      State governments should have ultimate authority

    • C.

      All property owners should be allowed to govern

    • D.

      The constitution should be interpreted very rigidly

    Correct Answer
    A. The national government is the ultimate authority
    Explanation
    The Federalists' national vision included the belief that the national government should have ultimate authority. They believed in a strong central government that could effectively govern and protect the nation as a whole. This perspective was in contrast to the idea that state governments should have ultimate authority, which was more aligned with the Anti-Federalists' viewpoint. The Federalists also believed in a loose interpretation of the Constitution, granting the national government broad powers to carry out its responsibilities.

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  • 10. 

    CH6- The Democratic-Republicans believed ____ were not helpful to farmers.

    • A.

      Landowners

    • B.

      Manufacturing incentives

    • C.

      State governments

    • D.

      Protective tariffs

    Correct Answer
    D. Protective tariffs
    Explanation
    The Democratic-Republicans believed that protective tariffs were not helpful to farmers. Protective tariffs are taxes imposed on imported goods to make them more expensive and protect domestic industries. The Democratic-Republicans, who were advocates for agrarian interests and states' rights, believed that protective tariffs would harm farmers by making imported goods more expensive and reducing their access to international markets. They favored a more laissez-faire approach to trade, where the government would not intervene with tariffs and regulations that could negatively impact farmers.

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  • 11. 

    CH7 - The steamboat was an improvement over barges because it could

    • A.

      Carry more cargo

    • B.

      Travel upstream

    • C.

      Provide onboard entertainment

    • D.

      Navigate smaller rivers

    Correct Answer
    B. Travel upstream
    Explanation
    The steamboat was an improvement over barges because it could travel upstream. Unlike barges which relied on the current to move downstream, steamboats had engines that allowed them to travel against the current. This made them more versatile and efficient in transporting goods and people, as they were not limited to downstream routes. They could navigate rivers in both directions, opening up new possibilities for trade and transportation.

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  • 12. 

    CH7-    According to an accepted amendment to the Missouri Compromise, slavery

    • A.

      Could expand into the Arkansas territory but not to the rest of the Louisiana Purchase

    • B.

      Could not expand into any other western territories

    • C.

      Could expand into the Great Plains but not to the rest of the Louisiana Purchase

    • D.

      Would be allowed in a new state only if a free state entered the Union at the same time

    Correct Answer
    A. Could expand into the Arkansas territory but not to the rest of the Louisiana Purchase
    Explanation
    According to an accepted amendment to the Missouri Compromise, slavery could expand into the Arkansas territory but not to the rest of the Louisiana Purchase. This means that while slavery was permitted in Arkansas, it was prohibited in the other territories acquired through the Louisiana Purchase. This amendment was a compromise between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions at the time, aiming to maintain a balance between free and slave states in the Union.

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  • 13. 

    CH7-  Supporters of Andrew Jackson, wanting to separate themselves from the party of John Quincy Adams, came together and took the name

    • A.

      National Republicans.

    • B.

      Democratic-Republicans, or Democrats

    • C.

      Democratic-Federalists

    • D.

      Republican Federalists, or Federalists

    Correct Answer
    B. Democratic-Republicans, or Democrats
    Explanation
    In the 1820s, supporters of Andrew Jackson, who was a prominent figure in American politics, wanted to distance themselves from the party of John Quincy Adams. They came together and adopted the name "Democratic-Republicans" to distinguish themselves. This name change was significant as it signaled a shift in their political ideology and goals. Over time, the party evolved and eventually became known simply as the Democrats.

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  • 14. 

    CH7- In the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819, Spain

    • A.

      Ceded New Mexico to the U.S.

    • B.

      Ceded Florida to the U.S.

    • C.

      Agreed to control the Seminoles

    • D.

      Agreed to return runaway slaves

    Correct Answer
    B. Ceded Florida to the U.S.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ceded Florida to the U.S. The Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 was a diplomatic agreement between the United States and Spain. Under this treaty, Spain agreed to cede Florida to the United States, effectively transferring control of the territory to the U.S. This was a significant development in the expansion of the United States as it solidified American control over the southeastern region of the country.

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  • 15. 

    CH7- The limited liability provision of incorporation laws meant that

    • A.

      A corporation would not have to repay its debts if it went bankrupt

    • B.

      The debts a bankrupt corporation would owe was limited to the worth of its stock

    • C.

      A bankrupt corporation’s tax liability was limited to the worth of its stock

    • D.

      A person who bought stock in a corporation would not be responsible for the company’s debts if it went bankrupt

    Correct Answer
    D. A person who bought stock in a corporation would not be responsible for the company’s debts if it went bankrupt
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the limited liability provision of incorporation laws protects individuals who buy stock in a corporation from being personally responsible for the company's debts if it goes bankrupt. This means that shareholders are only liable for the amount they invested in the company and their personal assets are protected. This provision encourages investment in corporations as it reduces the risk for individual shareholders.

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  • 16. 

    CH7-   The two labor systems used to organize enslaved African Americans were

    • A.

      Task and group

    • B.

      Driver and gang

    • C.

      Driver and task

    • D.

      Task and gang

    Correct Answer
    D. Task and gang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is task and gang. In the task system, enslaved African Americans were assigned specific tasks or jobs to complete, and once they finished their tasks, they had some free time for themselves. In the gang system, enslaved African Americans were organized into large work groups or gangs and were expected to work together on large-scale projects, such as planting or harvesting crops. This system involved strict supervision and longer working hours, with less free time for the enslaved individuals.

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  • 17. 

    CH7- The solution that emerged in the Missouri Compromise was to admit Missouri

    • A.

      As a free state and Maine as a slave state

    • B.

      As a slave state and Maine as a free state

    • C.

      As a slave state and prohibit slavery in the rest of the western territories

    • D.

      As a slave state but ban free African Americans from entering the state

    Correct Answer
    B. As a slave state and Maine as a free state
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "as a slave state and Maine as a free state." The Missouri Compromise was a legislative agreement reached in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress. It aimed to maintain the balance of power between slave and free states. Under this compromise, Missouri was admitted as a slave state, while Maine was admitted as a free state. This compromise also established a line, known as the 36°30' parallel, which prohibited slavery in the rest of the western territories above this line.

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  • 18. 

    CH7- What transportation project from Albany to Buffalo was completed in 1825?

    • A.

      Wilderness Road

    • B.

      Albany Turnpike

    • C.

      National Road

    • D.

      Erie Canal

    Correct Answer
    D. Erie Canal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Erie Canal. The Erie Canal was a transportation project that connected Albany to Buffalo and was completed in 1825. It was a man-made waterway that allowed for the transportation of goods and people between the eastern seaboard and the Midwest. The canal played a significant role in the economic development of New York State and the United States as a whole, as it provided a faster and more efficient way to transport goods compared to traditional methods such as wagons and horses.

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  • 19. 

    CH7- The phrase "Era of Good Feelings" was used to describe the ____________________ presidency.

    Correct Answer
    Monroe
    monroe
    monreo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Monroe. The phrase "Era of Good Feelings" was used to describe the presidency of James Monroe. This term refers to a period of time in American history, from 1817 to 1825, when there was a sense of national unity and political harmony in the country. Monroe's presidency was marked by economic growth, territorial expansion, and a decline in partisan politics, which contributed to this era of unity and positivity.

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  • 20. 

    CH7- In 1830 the tiny locomotive ____________________ pulled the nation's first load of train passengers

    Correct Answer
    Tom Thumb
    tom thumb
    tom thum
    Explanation
    In 1830, the nation's first load of train passengers was pulled by a tiny locomotive called Tom Thumb.

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  • 21. 

    CH8-  Most Irish immigrants arrived in America with no money and few marketable skills.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because during the time of Irish immigration to America, many Irish people were fleeing poverty and famine in Ireland. They often arrived in America with little to no money and lacked marketable skills, making it difficult for them to find employment and establish themselves in their new country. This led to many Irish immigrants facing significant economic challenges upon arrival.

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  • 22. 

    CH8- Abolitionists argued that enslaved African Americans should be

    • A.

      Freed immediately, without compensation to former slaveholders

    • B.

      Freed immediately, but with compensation to former slaveholders

    • C.

      Freed gradually to give the South’s economy time to adjust

    • D.

      Freed gradually, but without compensation to former slaveholders

    Correct Answer
    A. Freed immediately, without compensation to former slaveholders
    Explanation
    Abolitionists believed that enslaved African Americans should be freed immediately, without compensation to former slaveholders. They argued that slavery was a moral evil and that it was unjust to continue to hold people in bondage. They believed that the enslaved individuals deserved their freedom and that the slaveholders should not be financially rewarded for their ownership of human beings. By advocating for immediate emancipation without compensation, abolitionists sought to bring an end to slavery as quickly as possible and ensure the rights and dignity of the enslaved individuals.

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  • 23. 

    CH8- The second Bank of the United States played an important role in The in

    • A.

      Lending money to poor farmers, especially Western settlers

    • B.

      Lending money to poor farmers, especially Western settlers

    • C.

      Supplying the gold and silver that supported state bank notes

    • D.

      Promoting inflation

    Correct Answer
    B. Lending money to poor farmers, especially Western settlers
    Explanation
    The second Bank of the United States played an important role in lending money to poor farmers, especially Western settlers. This helped these farmers access the necessary funds to purchase land, equipment, and supplies, enabling them to establish their farms and contribute to the development of the Western frontier. The bank's lending activities were crucial in supporting and promoting the growth of agriculture in these areas.

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  • 24. 

    CH8- Supporters believed that national nominating conventions would give more political power to the

    • A.

      Political parties

    • B.

      Smaller states

    • C.

      Political bosses

    • D.

      People

    Correct Answer
    D. People
    Explanation
    Supporters believed that national nominating conventions would give more political power to the people because these conventions allowed for a more democratic process of selecting candidates. By involving a larger number of party members and delegates, the conventions ensured that the choice of candidates was not solely in the hands of political bosses or smaller states. This allowed for a broader representation of the will of the people and gave them a greater say in the nomination process.

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  • 25. 

    Large numbers of Irish immigrants began leaving their homeland in 1845 because

    • A.

      They were seeking religious freedom

    • B.

      They were fleeing political turmoil

    • C.

      They were fleeing famine in Ireland

    • D.

      They were seeking better-paying jobs

    Correct Answer
    C. They were fleeing famine in Ireland
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Irish immigrants began leaving their homeland in 1845 because they were fleeing famine in Ireland. This is supported by historical evidence that shows the Great Famine, also known as the Potato Famine, occurred in Ireland during that time. The failure of the potato crop due to a disease called late blight led to widespread hunger and poverty, forcing many Irish people to emigrate in search of food and better opportunities elsewhere.

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  • 26. 

    CH8- Andrew Jackson supported the spoils system because he believed it

    • A.

      Brought into government the country’s most educated people

    • B.

      Opened up government to more ordinary people

    • C.

      Encouraged good workers to stay in their government jobs

    • D.

      Attracted young thinkers into public service

    Correct Answer
    B. Opened up government to more ordinary people
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson supported the spoils system because he believed it opened up government to more ordinary people. The spoils system involved appointing individuals to government positions based on their political loyalty rather than their qualifications. Jackson believed that by giving government positions to ordinary people who supported his administration, it would make the government more accessible and representative of the common people. This was in contrast to the previous practice of appointing individuals based on their education or social status.

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  • 27. 

    CH8-  Between 1815 and 1860, the largest wave of immigrants to the United States came from ____________________.

    Correct Answer
    Ireland
    Irland
    Ireeland
    Iereland
    Ireland
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ireland. Between 1815 and 1860, the largest wave of immigrants to the United States came from Ireland.

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  • 28. 

    From the events that took place during the new era of politics in the United States as noted above, which event describes the chaos and economic crisis that saw many farmers lose their land and banks fail?

    • A.

      Tariff of Abominations

    • B.

      Panic of 1837

    • C.

      Second Great Awakening

    • D.

      Trail of Tears

    Correct Answer
    B. Panic of 1837
    Explanation
    The Panic of 1837 is the correct answer because it accurately describes the chaos and economic crisis that occurred during this time period. This financial crisis led to widespread bank failures and a severe economic downturn, resulting in many farmers losing their land. The Panic of 1837 was caused by a combination of factors, including speculative investments, the collapse of the cotton market, and the failure of major banks. It had a significant impact on the United States economy and is considered one of the most severe financial crises in the nation's history.

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  • 29. 

    “If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away.” —Henry David Thoreau Thoreau’s words describe the concept of transcendentalism, which urges people to

    • A.

      Embrace feelings over reason and external rules

    • B.

      Overcome and go beyond the limits of their minds and absorb the beauty of the universe

    • C.

      Look deep within themselves and make choices that are best for society rather than for themselves as individuals

    • D.

      Choose chaos as the best way to accept society

    Correct Answer
    B. Overcome and go beyond the limits of their minds and absorb the beauty of the universe
    Explanation
    Thoreau's quote suggests that if someone is not conforming to societal norms, it may be because they are following their own unique path and listening to their own inner voice. They are encouraged to embrace their individuality and step away from the expectations of others. This aligns with the concept of transcendentalism, which emphasizes the importance of personal experience, intuition, and connection with nature. By going beyond the limitations of their own minds and appreciating the beauty of the universe, individuals can find their own truth and purpose.

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  • 30. 

    “Tippecanoe and Tyler too”—campaign slogan in 1840This slogan used by the Whigs in the election of 1840 referred to

    • A.

      A canoe used in the War of 1812 and its paddler

    • B.

      A presidential candidate battle victory and hsi vice presidential running mate, John Tyler

    • C.

      An unfortuante incident that involved John Tyler a Southerner and former Democrat

    • D.

      A rowdy song

    Correct Answer
    B. A presidential candidate battle victory and hsi vice presidential running mate, John Tyler
    Explanation
    The slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler too" used by the Whigs in the election of 1840 referred to a presidential candidate battle victory and his vice presidential running mate, John Tyler. The phrase "Tippecanoe" was a reference to William Henry Harrison's nickname, which he earned from his victory at the Battle of Tippecanoe during the War of 1812. The addition of "and Tyler too" emphasized the strong partnership between Harrison and his running mate, John Tyler. This slogan was used to highlight Harrison's military success and promote him as a strong leader alongside Tyler.

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  • 31. 

    Ch 9.2 to 10.1: Manifest Destiny was the idea that God had given the continent to

    • A.

      White men, and expected them to bring Christianity to the Native Americans

    • B.

      Americans, and it was their destiny to become the greatest nation in the world

    • C.

      Americans, and wanted them to settle to western land

    • D.

      Americans, and it was their duty to protect the environment

    Correct Answer
    C. Americans, and wanted them to settle to western land
    Explanation
    Manifest Destiny was the belief that Americans were destined to settle and expand into the western lands. This idea was rooted in the belief that God had given the continent to white men and it was their duty or destiny to claim and develop the land. The concept of Manifest Destiny played a significant role in the westward expansion of the United States during the 19th century.

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  • 32. 

    Under the National Colonization Act, Mexico gave 26 empresarios large grants of Texas land in exchange for a promise to

    • A.

      Farm the land

    • B.

      Fill the land with a number of settlers

    • C.

      Remove the Native Americans

    • D.

      Pay a specified rent to Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. Fill the land with a number of settlers
    Explanation
    Under the National Colonization Act, Mexico granted large tracts of land in Texas to 26 empresarios. In return for these grants, the empresarios were required to populate the land with a certain number of settlers. This was part of Mexico's plan to encourage the colonization and development of Texas by increasing its population. By filling the land with settlers, Mexico hoped to assert control over the territory and establish a Mexican presence in the region.

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  • 33. 

    Supporters of James K. Polk cried “Fifty-four Forty or Fight,” which meant

    • A.

      They wanted all of the 54,040 acres of Oregon that were in dispute

    • B.

      They wanted Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. They wanted Mexico
    Explanation
    The supporters of James K. Polk cried "Fifty-four Forty or Fight" because they wanted Mexico. This slogan referred to the latitude line of 54°40', which was the northern boundary of the Oregon Territory. By demanding this boundary, Polk's supporters were expressing their desire to annex the entire territory of Oregon, including present-day Oregon, Washington, and parts of British Columbia. This aggressive stance towards Mexico was part of Polk's broader expansionist agenda, which aimed to acquire more territory for the United States.

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  • 34. 

    CH 9.2-10.1- In the peace treaty that ended the war between Mexico and the United States, Mexico accepted ____ as the southern border of Texas.

    • A.

      The Nueces River

    • B.

      The Rio Grande

    • C.

      The 54° 40’ north latitude line

    • D.

      The 54° 40’ south latitude line

    Correct Answer
    B. The Rio Grande
    Explanation
    In the peace treaty that ended the war between Mexico and the United States, Mexico accepted the Rio Grande as the southern border of Texas. This means that Mexico acknowledged the Rio Grande River as the boundary line separating Texas from Mexico.

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  • 35. 

    CH 9.2-10.1- Which of the following was not a job of the empresarios in Texas?

    • A.

      They recruited settlers to live on the land.

    • B.

      They subdivided the land they were given and allocated it to families.

    • C.

      They served as generals in the Texas army.

    • D.

      The governed the colonies they established.

    Correct Answer
    C. They served as generals in the Texas army.
    Explanation
    Empresarios in Texas had various responsibilities, including recruiting settlers to live on the land and subdividing the land they were given to allocate it to families. They also governed the colonies they established, overseeing their administration and ensuring their proper functioning. However, serving as generals in the Texas army was not one of their job duties. This role was typically held by military officers who were responsible for leading and commanding the troops in battle.

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  • 36. 

    CH 9.2-10.1- Conscience Whigs were Northern Whigs who

    • A.

      Supported Zachary Taylor.

    • B.

      Opposed slavery.

    • C.

      Supported slavery.

    • D.

      Were mainly cloth manufacturers.

    Correct Answer
    B. Opposed slavery.
    Explanation
    Conscience Whigs were a faction within the Northern Whig Party who held strong moral objections to the institution of slavery. They believed that slavery was morally wrong and should be abolished. This stance led them to oppose the expansion of slavery into new territories and to support anti-slavery candidates like Zachary Taylor. Therefore, the correct answer is "opposed slavery."

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  • 37. 

    CH 9.2-10.1- The Wilmot Proviso, which never passed, would have

    • A.

      Prohibited slavery in any territory gained from Mexico.

    • B.

      Prevented Congress from banning slavery in any territory gained from Mexico.

    • C.

      Created a compromise by dividing the territories into free and slave states.

    • D.

      Made it easier for slaveholders to retrieve an enslaved person.

    Correct Answer
    A. Prohibited slavery in any territory gained from Mexico.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "prohibited slavery in any territory gained from Mexico." This answer is supported by the statement in the question that the Wilmot Proviso, although it never passed, would have enacted a prohibition on slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico. This means that if the Wilmot Proviso had been passed, slavery would have been banned in these territories.

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  • 38. 

    CH 9.2- 10.1- In the Compromise of 1850, Henry Clay grouped his resolutions in pairs so that

    • A.

      Members of Congress could then vote on each pair separately from the others.

    • B.

      Each pair could comprise a bill.

    • C.

      The pairings made the large proposal easier for all to understand.

    • D.

      Each pair offered concessions to both sides.

    Correct Answer
    D. Each pair offered concessions to both sides.
    Explanation
    In the Compromise of 1850, Henry Clay grouped his resolutions in pairs so that each pair offered concessions to both sides. By presenting the resolutions in pairs, Clay aimed to address the concerns and interests of both the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions. This approach allowed for a more balanced and inclusive compromise, as each pair of resolutions could offer compromises and concessions that would appeal to both sides of the debate. By doing so, Clay hoped to increase the chances of the compromise being accepted and implemented by both sides of Congress.

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  • 39. 

    After winning independence from Mexico, Texans voted in favor of ____________________, that is, of asking to become part of the United States.

    Correct Answer
    annexation
    Annexation
    anexation
    Explanation
    After gaining independence from Mexico, Texans voted in favor of annexation, which means they wanted to become part of the United States. The term "annexation" refers to the process of incorporating one territory into another, in this case, Texas joining the United States as a state. The capitalization of "Annexation" and "anexation" is incorrect, as proper nouns should be capitalized.

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  • 40. 

    Ch. 9.2-10.1- _________________________ was the idea that the citizens of each new territory should be allowed to decide for themselves if they wanted to permit slavery or not.  

    Correct Answer
    Popular Soveriegnty
    Popular sovereignty
    Explanation
    Popular sovereignty, also known as popular soveriegnty, was the idea that the citizens of each new territory should be allowed to decide for themselves if they wanted to permit slavery or not. This concept was influential during the time of the expansion of the United States, particularly in relation to the issue of slavery. It allowed the people living in the territories to have a say in determining the status of slavery within their region, rather than having it imposed upon them by the federal government. This idea played a significant role in the debates and conflicts leading up to the American Civil War.

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  • 41. 

    CH. 10.2-10.4- The original purpose of the Gadsden Purchase was to

    • A.

      Balance free and slave states.

    • B.

      Expand slavery west.

    • C.

      Enlarge Kansas and Nebraska.

    • D.

      Create a route for a railroad.

    Correct Answer
    D. Create a route for a railroad.
    Explanation
    The Gadsden Purchase was a land acquisition made by the United States in 1853. It was primarily aimed at creating a route for a railroad. The purchase of this land from Mexico allowed for the construction of a southern transcontinental railroad that would connect the eastern and western parts of the country. This route was seen as essential for expanding trade and transportation, as well as for military purposes. The other options, such as balancing free and slave states, expanding slavery west, or enlarging Kansas and Nebraska, do not align with the historical context and purpose of the Gadsden Purchase.

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  • 42. 

    CH. 10.2-10.4- After the Kansas-Nebraska Act passed, Northerners headed for Kansas because

    • A.

      The climate and rich soil promised better farming than the North could offer.

    • B.

      They wanted to create an antislavery majority there.

    • C.

      Jobs working on the transcontinental railroad were available there.

    • D.

      Southern immigrants there were campaigning to secede from the Union.

    Correct Answer
    B. They wanted to create an antislavery majority there.
    Explanation
    After the Kansas-Nebraska Act passed, Northerners headed for Kansas because they wanted to create an antislavery majority there. The Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed the residents of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery or not, which led to a rush of settlers from both the North and the South to try and influence the decision. Many Northerners, who opposed slavery, saw Kansas as a battleground to prevent the spread of slavery into new territories. They hoped that by moving to Kansas in large numbers, they could outnumber the pro-slavery settlers and create an antislavery majority in the region.

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  • 43. 

    CH 10.2- 10.4- By rejecting the Lecompton constitution, Kansas voters

    • A.

      Rejected slavery in their state.

    • B.

      Applied for statehood as a slave state.

    • C.

      Enabled Kansas to become a state.

    • D.

      Rejected the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

    Correct Answer
    A. Rejected slavery in their state.
    Explanation
    By rejecting the Lecompton constitution, Kansas voters indicated their opposition to allowing slavery in their state. The Lecompton constitution was a pro-slavery document that was proposed for Kansas to enter the Union as a slave state. The rejection of this constitution was a significant step towards Kansas becoming a free state, as it demonstrated the majority's desire to prohibit slavery within their borders.

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  • 44. 

    CH 10.2- 10.4- Crittenden’s Compromise proposed to

    • A.

      Prohibit slavery north of an extended Missouri Compromise line and allow slavery south of it.

    • B.

      Prohibit slavery in Nebraska but allow it in Kansas.

    • C.

      Prohibit slavery from expanding into the western territories.

    • D.

      Require new states to enter the Union in free-slave pairs.

    Correct Answer
    A. Prohibit slavery north of an extended Missouri Compromise line and allow slavery south of it.
    Explanation
    Crittenden's Compromise proposed to prohibit slavery north of an extended Missouri Compromise line and allow slavery south of it. This means that any new states or territories that were admitted to the Union above this line would not be allowed to have slavery, while those below the line would still be able to have slavery. This compromise aimed to maintain a balance between the North and the South regarding the issue of slavery, as it allowed for the expansion of slavery in some areas while limiting it in others.

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  • 45. 

    CH. 10.2- 10.4- The Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott case

    • A.

      Outlawed slavery in the territories.

    • B.

      Considered free soil unconstitutional.

    • C.

      Settled the slavery issue.

    • D.

      Freed an enslaved man.

    Correct Answer
    B. Considered free soil unconstitutional.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "considered free soil unconstitutional". The Dred Scott case was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court in 1857. In this case, the Court ruled that African Americans, whether enslaved or free, were not considered citizens and therefore had no rights. Additionally, the Court declared that the Missouri Compromise, which had prohibited slavery in certain territories, was unconstitutional. This decision effectively allowed for the expansion of slavery into new territories, as it stated that Congress had no power to regulate slavery in the territories.

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  • 46. 

    CH. 10.2- 10.4- The Confederate Constitution stated that each state

    • A.

      Could impose protective tariffs.

    • B.

      Could decide to halt slavery.

    • C.

      Was independent.

    • D.

      Elected its own president.

    Correct Answer
    C. Was independent.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was independent." The Confederate Constitution granted each state within the Confederacy the right to be independent. This means that each state had the authority to govern itself and make decisions without interference from the central government. This provision was a key aspect of the Confederate government's belief in states' rights and autonomy.

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  • 47. 

    CH. 10.2 -10.4 - The caning of Charles Sumner resulted from him accusing other senators of

    • A.

      Taking bribes to vote against slavery in the new territories.

    • B.

      Taking bribes to vote for slavery in the new territories.

    • C.

      Inciting thousands of “border ruffians” from Missouri to storm into Kansas.

    • D.

      Forcing Kansas into the ranks of slave states.

    Correct Answer
    D. Forcing Kansas into the ranks of slave states.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is forcing Kansas into the ranks of slave states. This is because the caning of Charles Sumner was a result of his strong opposition to the expansion of slavery into Kansas. Sumner gave a speech in which he criticized pro-slavery senators and advocated for the abolition of slavery in Kansas. This angered Preston Brooks, a pro-slavery congressman, who physically attacked Sumner with a cane on the Senate floor. Therefore, the caning of Sumner was a response to his efforts to prevent Kansas from becoming a slave state.

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  • 48. 

    CH 10.2 - 10.4- Anger over the Kansas-Nebraska Act resulted in a new coalition that became the ____________________ Party.

    Correct Answer
    Republican
    republican
    Explanation
    The anger over the Kansas-Nebraska Act led to the formation of a new political party, which became known as the Republican Party. This party was formed by various groups and individuals who were opposed to the expansion of slavery into the territories. The Republican Party emerged as a major political force in the mid-1850s and eventually played a significant role in the election of Abraham Lincoln as President in 1860.

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  • 49. 

    CH. 10.2- 10.4- The dissolution of the Union began with the secession of the state of ____________________.  

    Correct Answer
    South Carolina
    south carolina
    Explanation
    The dissolution of the Union began with the secession of the state of South Carolina. South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union in December 1860, following the election of President Abraham Lincoln. This act of secession marked the beginning of the American Civil War, as other Southern states soon followed suit and formed the Confederate States of America. South Carolina's secession was driven by concerns over states' rights and the institution of slavery, which ultimately led to the division and conflict between the North and the South.

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  • 50. 

    CH. 10.2- 10.4 - The Confederacy chose ____________________ as its president.

    Correct Answer
    jefferson davis
    Jefferson Davis
    Jefferson davis
    jefferson davis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "jefferson davis, Jefferson Davis, Jefferson davis, jefferson davis." Jefferson Davis was chosen as the president of the Confederacy during the American Civil War.

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