ISTQB Foundation Level Quiz

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ISTQB Foundation Level Quiz - Quiz

The ISTQB exams are just around the corner, and if you pass them all, you get your certificate and the freedom to practice your new-found knowledge. Embark on a journey to master software testing with our ISTQB Foundation Level Quiz! Tailored for aspiring software testers, QA professionals, or anyone eager to delve into the intricacies of testing methodologies, this quiz covers key concepts from the International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB) Foundation Level syllabus.

Challenge yourself with thought-provoking questions that explore fundamental testing principles, techniques, and best practices. Whether you're preparing for the ISTQB Foundation Level exam or simply Read moreaiming to enhance your testing knowledge, this quiz is the perfect resource. Immerse yourself in topics like test design, test management, and the software development life cycle. Ready to elevate your understanding of software testing?

Looking for revision material for it? The quiz below is perfect for testing your understanding so far. Take the ISTQB Foundation Level Quiz now and test your proficiency in this critical domain! Give it a try and all the best!



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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not decided in the test-planning phase? 

    • A.

      Schedules and deliverables

    • B.

      Hardware and software

    • C.

      Entry and exit criteria

    • D.

      Types of test case

    Correct Answer
    D. Types of test case
    Explanation
    In the test-planning phase, various aspects of the testing process are determined, such as schedules, deliverables, entry and exit criteria, and the hardware and software required for testing. However, the types of test cases to be executed are not decided in this phase. The test-planning phase focuses more on establishing the overall approach and strategy for testing rather than the specific details of the test cases themselves. Therefore, the types of test cases are not typically determined during this phase.

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  • 2. 

    What is the concept of introducing a small change to the program and having the effects of that change show up in some test? 

    • A.

      Introducing mutations

    • B.

      Performance testing

    • C.

      A mutation error

    • D.

      Debugging a program

    Correct Answer
    A. Introducing mutations
    Explanation
    Introducing mutations refers to the concept of making small changes to a program's code in order to observe the effects of those changes in a test. This technique is commonly used in software testing to identify and fix bugs or to improve the overall performance of a program. By introducing mutations, developers can simulate different scenarios and assess how the program responds to these changes, allowing them to identify any potential issues or areas for improvement.

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  • 3. 

    Which is the best definition of complete testing?

    • A.

      You have discovered every bug in the program

    • B.

      You have tested every statement, branch, and combination of branches in the program

    • C.

      You have reached the scheduled ship date

    • D.

      You have completed every test in the test plan

    Correct Answer
    B. You have tested every statement, branch, and combination of branches in the program
    Explanation
    This option most closely aligns with the concept of achieving high coverage in software testing. Testing every statement, branch, and combination of branches essentially represents an exhaustive level of testing under the structural testing methodology, often referred to as white-box testing. This type of testing ensures that all possible paths through the code are executed at least once, helping to identify any potential errors in all operational conditions covered by the test cases. While it is not possible to guarantee the discovery of every single bug in the program, this approach aims to comprehensively assess the code's behavior under a variety of scenarios.

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  • 4. 

    What does Security fall under?

    • A.

      Compliance testing

    • B.

      Disaster testing

    • C.

      Verifying compliance to rules

    • D.

      Functional testing

    • E.

      Ease of operations

    Correct Answer
    A. Compliance testing
    Explanation
    Security falls under compliance testing because compliance testing involves verifying that a system or application meets the required standards, regulations, and guidelines. Security is an essential aspect of compliance, as it ensures that the system is protected against unauthorized access, data breaches, and other security risks. By conducting compliance testing, organizations can assess and validate their security measures, ensuring that they are in line with industry standards and regulatory requirements. Therefore, security is a crucial component of compliance testing.

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  • 5. 

    What if the project isn't big enough to justify extensive testing?

    • A.

      Use automation tool for testing

    • B.

      Use risk-based analysis to find out which areas need to be tested

    • C.

      Both a and b

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Use risk-based analysis to find out which areas need to be tested
    Explanation
    In situations where the project is not big enough to justify extensive testing, using risk-based analysis can help determine which areas require testing. Risk-based analysis involves assessing the potential risks associated with different components or functionalities of the project and prioritizing testing efforts accordingly. This approach ensures that the most critical areas are thoroughly tested, even if the overall testing scope is limited. Using an automation tool for testing may not be necessary or cost-effective for smaller projects, while choosing "None of the above" would imply not taking any action to address the testing needs of the project.

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  • 6. 

    What do complete statement and branch coverage mean?

    • A.

      That you have tested every statement in the program

    • B.

      That you have tested every statement and every branch in the program

    • C.

      That you have tested every IF statement in the program

    • D.

      That you have tested every combination of values of IF statements in the program

    Correct Answer
    B. That you have tested every statement and every branch in the program
    Explanation
    Complete statement and branch coverage mean that you have tested every statement and every branch in the program. This includes testing every line of code and every possible decision point in the program. It ensures that all possible paths of execution have been tested, increasing the likelihood of finding any potential errors or bugs in the program. By achieving complete statement and branch coverage, you can have more confidence in the reliability and correctness of the program.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is a principle of software testing according to ISTQB Foundation Level syllabus?

    • A.

      Testing can show that defects are not present, but cannot prove that software is defect-free.

    • B.

      Exhaustive testing is feasible for all types of software projects.

    • C.

      Testing is the responsibility of the development team only.

    • D.

      Testing is primarily done to demonstrate the functionality of the software.

    Correct Answer
    A. Testing can show that defects are not present, but cannot prove that software is defect-free.
    Explanation
    The principle of software testing according to ISTQB Foundation Level states that testing can demonstrate the presence of defects but cannot guarantee the absence of all defects. While testing aims to identify and mitigate risks, it cannot prove the software is entirely free of defects due to limitations in test coverage.

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  • 8. 

    Which is not in sequence in the 11 Step Software Testing process?

    • A.

      Assess development plan and status

    • B.

      Develop the test plan

    • C.

      Test software design

    • D.

      Test software requirement

    Correct Answer
    C. Test software design
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Test software design." This step is not in sequence in the 11 Step Software Testing process because it should occur after developing the test plan and assessing the development plan and status. Testing the software design is an important step in the overall testing process, but it comes later in the sequence.

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  • 9. 

    Important consequences of the impossibility of complete testing are?

    • A.

      We can never be certain that the program is bug free

    • B.

      We have no definite stopping point for testing, which makes it easier for some managers to argue for very little testing

    • C.

      We have no easy answer for what testing tasks should always be required because every task takes the time that could be spent on other high importance tasks

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The given answer is "All of the above". This means that all three statements mentioned in the question are important consequences of the impossibility of complete testing. Firstly, we can never be certain that the program is bug-free, as there may always be hidden or undiscovered bugs. Secondly, the absence of a definite stopping point for testing can make it easier for some managers to argue for very little testing, potentially compromising the quality of the software. Lastly, without a clear answer for what testing tasks should always be required, it becomes difficult to prioritize testing over other high importance tasks, leading to potential neglect of crucial testing activities.

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  • 10. 

    Tools like Change Man and Clear Case are used as?

    • A.

      Functional automation tools

    • B.

      Performance testing tools

    • C.

      Configuration management tools  

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Configuration management tools  
    Explanation
    Change Man and Clear Case are both widely used tools in the field of software configuration management. These tools are specifically designed to help manage and control changes made to software systems throughout their development lifecycle. They provide features such as version control, change tracking, and release management, which are essential for ensuring the integrity and stability of software projects. Therefore, it is clear that Change Man and Clear Case are used as configuration management tools.

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  • 11. 

    Which level of testing typically focuses on the interaction between multiple integrated components or systems and is often performed by independent testing teams?

    • A.

      Unit Testing

    • B.

      System Testing

    • C.

      Acceptance Testing

    • D.

      Component Testing

    Correct Answer
    B. System Testing
    Explanation
    System testing is the level of testing that evaluates the behavior of a complete system or product composed of integrated components. It focuses on verifying that different parts of the system interact correctly and that the system as a whole functions as expected. System testing is often carried out by independent testing teams to ensure a more objective evaluation of the system's performance.

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  • 12. 

    The selection of test cases for regression testing?

    • A.

      Requires knowledge on the bug fixes and how it affect the system

    • B.

      Includes the area of frequent defects

    • C.

      Includes the area which has undergone many/recent code changes

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Regression testing is performed to ensure that changes or fixes made to a system do not introduce new bugs or impact existing functionality. Therefore, the selection of test cases for regression testing should consider the areas that have undergone recent code changes, as these changes are more likely to introduce new bugs. Additionally, it is important to include the areas of frequent defects, as these areas have a higher probability of containing residual bugs. Lastly, having knowledge of the bug fixes and how they affect the system helps in selecting appropriate test cases that cover the fixed areas. Therefore, all of the above factors should be considered when selecting test cases for regression testing.

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  • 13. 

    What are the key features to be concentrated upon when doing testing for world wide web sites?

    • A.

      Interaction between html pages

    • B.

      Performance on the client side

    • C.

      Security aspects

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    When testing for world wide web sites, it is important to concentrate on the interaction between HTML pages, as this ensures smooth navigation and seamless user experience. Additionally, testing the performance on the client side is crucial to ensure that the website loads quickly and functions efficiently. Lastly, testing the security aspects is essential to protect sensitive user data and prevent any potential vulnerabilities. Therefore, all of these key features should be concentrated upon when testing for world wide web sites.

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  • 14. 

    What if the project isn't big enough to justify extensive testing? 

    • A.

      Use risk based analysis to find out which areas need to be tested

    • B.

      Use automation tool for testing

    • C.

      Both a and b

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Use risk based analysis to find out which areas need to be tested
    Explanation
    In situations where a project is not big enough to justify extensive testing, using risk-based analysis can help determine which areas need to be tested. This approach involves identifying and prioritizing the risks associated with different parts of the project and allocating testing resources accordingly. By focusing on the areas with the highest risks, the testing effort can be optimized to ensure that the most critical aspects of the project are thoroughly tested. Using an automation tool for testing may also be helpful in maximizing the efficiency of the testing process, but it is not the only solution in this scenario.

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  • 15. 

    Who is responsible for conducting the test readiness review?

    • A.

      Project Manager

    • B.

      Test Engineer

    • C.

      Test Manager

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Test Manager
    Explanation
    The test readiness review is a crucial step in the testing process to ensure that all necessary activities and preparations have been completed before the actual testing begins. The test manager is responsible for conducting this review as they oversee the entire testing process and are accountable for its success. They have the knowledge and expertise to evaluate if all the necessary test plans, test cases, test environments, and resources are in place, and if the system is ready for testing. Therefore, the test manager is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 16. 

    Faults found by users are due to?

    • A.

      Poor quality software

    • B.

      Poor software and poor testing

    • C.

      Bad luck

    • D.

      Insufficient time for testing

    Correct Answer
    B. Poor software and poor testing
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that faults found by users are a result of both poor software and poor testing. This implies that the software itself is of low quality and has not been adequately tested before being released to users. This combination of poor software and inadequate testing can lead to various issues and faults being discovered by users during actual usage.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is the odd one out?

    • A.

      White box

    • B.

      Glass box

    • C.

      Structural

    • D.

      Functional

    Correct Answer
    B. Glass box
    Explanation
    "White box," "structural," and "functional" are terms commonly used in the context of testing and analyzing systems or programs. "White box" refers to a testing methodology where the internal workings of the item being tested are known and used to design the tests. "Structural" and "functional" testing approaches also pertain to the methodologies used in system testing and analysis.
    However, "Glass box" is not a standard term used in this context, making it the odd one out.

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  • 18. 

    What term is used to describe a deviation from the specified or expected behavior that is visible to end-users?

    • A.

      A bug

    • B.

      A fault

    • C.

      A failure

    • D.

      A defect

    • E.

      A mistake

    Correct Answer
    C. A failure
    Explanation
    In software testing and engineering, a "failure" refers to the event when a system or component does not perform as expected, leading to an observable deviation from the specifications, which is visible to the end-users. This contrasts with terms like "bug" or "defect," which refer to underlying errors in the code or design that might cause a failure. A "fault" often refers to the underlying flaw in the system that can potentially lead to a failure, while a "mistake" is a human error that may result in a fault or defect.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of configuration management?

    • A.

      Status accounting of configuration items

    • B.

      Auditing conformance to ISO9001

    • C.

      Identification of test versions

    • D.

      Record of changes to documentation over time

    • E.

      Controlled library access

    Correct Answer
    B. Auditing conformance to ISO9001
    Explanation
    Auditing conformance to ISO9001 is not part of configuration management because it is a quality management system standard that focuses on ensuring the organization meets customer and regulatory requirements. Configuration management, on the other hand, is the process of managing and controlling changes to software, hardware, documentation, and other configuration items. While configuration management may support or align with ISO9001 requirements, auditing conformance to ISO9001 is not a direct component of configuration management itself.

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  • 20. 

    A tool that supports traceability, recording of incidents or scheduling of tests is called?

    • A.

      A dynamic analysis tool

    • B.

      A test execution tool

    • C.

      A debugging tool

    • D.

      A test management tool

    • E.

      A configuration management tool

    Correct Answer
    D. A test management tool
    Explanation
    A tool that supports traceability, recording of incidents, or scheduling of tests is called a test management tool. Test management tools are used in software testing and quality assurance to manage the planning, execution, and tracking of test cases, incidents, and test schedules. They help QA teams efficiently organize and monitor their testing efforts throughout the software development lifecycle.

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  • Current Version
  • May 26, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 14, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Qualitytesting
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