ISTQB- All Chapters Exam16

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ISTQB- All Chapters Exam16 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Choose the best answer for why Experience-based testing is usually NOT a sufficient test technique: Select one:

    • A.

      Test cases and procedures must be written in detail so that any one can perform them

    • B.

      It may have varying degrees of effectiveness because it relies on the tester's experience, imagination, and intuition

    • C.

      It takes too long to complete, compared to scripted testing

    • D.

      It can't be automated

    Correct Answer
    B. It may have varying degrees of effectiveness because it relies on the tester's experience, imagination, and intuition
    Explanation
    Experience-based testing is usually not a sufficient test technique because it may have varying degrees of effectiveness. This is because it relies on the tester's experience, imagination, and intuition, which can vary from person to person. It is subjective and dependent on the individual tester's skills and knowledge, making it less reliable and consistent compared to other test techniques.

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  • 2. 

    _____________ is a Test design technique in which you use your knowledge and experience to anticipate what defects might be present in the item under test Select one:

    • A.

      Specification-based Testing

    • B.

      Error Guessing

    • C.

      Structure-Based Testing

    • D.

      Mutation Analysis

    Correct Answer
    B. Error Guessing
    Explanation
    Error Guessing is a test design technique where testers use their knowledge and experience to anticipate and guess what defects might be present in the item under test. This technique does not rely on formal specifications or structured approaches, but rather on the intuition and creativity of the testers. They try to identify potential errors or defects based on their understanding of the system, its components, and their past experiences with similar systems. Error Guessing is a valuable technique for uncovering defects that might not be easily identified through other formal testing methods.

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  • 3. 

    Exploratory Testing is a test technique based on the following Idea: Select one:

    • A.

      Learn, design tests, and execute tests simultaneously

    • B.

      Try something, anything, and see what happens

    • C.

      Type randomly on the keyboard to force errors

    • D.

      Identify test criteria and develop test cases as early as possible

    Correct Answer
    A. Learn, design tests, and execute tests simultaneously
    Explanation
    Exploratory Testing is a test technique where testers learn, design tests, and execute tests simultaneously. This means that instead of following a predefined test plan, testers explore the software application by trying different scenarios and observing the outcomes. This approach allows testers to uncover unexpected defects and gain a deeper understanding of the system under test. By learning, designing tests, and executing tests simultaneously, testers can adapt their testing approach in real-time based on their findings, making it an effective technique for finding defects in complex and dynamic systems.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following are potential difficulties with using structure-based testing to develop test cases? Select one:

    • A.

      The source code may not be available to the tester

    • B.

      The program’s control flow logic may be flawed

    • C.

      The tester may not know the programming language being used

    • D.

      The program may act unpredictably

    Correct Answer
    C. The tester may not know the programming language being used
    Explanation
    One potential difficulty with using structure-based testing to develop test cases is that the tester may not know the programming language being used. This lack of familiarity with the programming language can hinder the tester's ability to understand the code structure and identify potential areas of weakness or vulnerabilities. It may also make it challenging for the tester to accurately design and execute test cases that effectively cover all possible scenarios and paths within the code.

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  • 5. 

    A(n) _________ diagram represents high-level flows through a system, sub-system, or application. Select one:

    • A.

      Program control

    • B.

      Coverage

    • C.

      Data flow

    • D.

      Architecture/design

    Correct Answer
    D. Architecture/design
    Explanation
    An architecture/design diagram represents high-level flows through a system, sub-system, or application. It provides an overview of the structure and organization of the system, showing how different components interact and communicate with each other. This type of diagram helps in understanding the overall design and functionality of the system, and is often used in software development to guide the implementation process.

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  • 6. 

    Code coverage goals should usually be based on: Select one:

    • A.

      Program complexity and the skills of the developer

    • B.

      Program complexity and the risk of failure

    • C.

      The time available for testing

    • D.

      Program complexity and the skills of the tester

    Correct Answer
    B. Program complexity and the risk of failure
    Explanation
    Code coverage goals should usually be based on program complexity and the risk of failure. This is because code coverage measures how much of the code is being tested, and it is important to prioritize testing efforts based on the complexity of the program and the potential risks or failures that could occur. By focusing on areas of the code that are more complex or have a higher risk of failure, developers and testers can ensure that they are allocating their testing resources effectively and efficiently.

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  • 7. 

    Which statement is correct? Select one:

    • A.

      100% statement coverage always guarantees 100% path coverage

    • B.

      100% decision or branch coverage always guarantees 100% statement coverage

    • C.

      If a program implements loops, the number of test cases needed to achieve 100% statement coverage is essentially infinite

    • D.

      The number of tests to achieve 100% path coverage will always be more than the number to achieve 100% statement coverage

    Correct Answer
    B. 100% decision or branch coverage always guarantees 100% statement coverage
    Explanation
    100% decision or branch coverage always guarantees 100% statement coverage because every decision or branch in a program corresponds to at least one statement. Therefore, if all decisions or branches are covered, all statements will also be covered. However, the reverse is not necessarily true, as there may be statements that are not associated with any decision or branch.

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  • 8. 

    In structure-based testing a number of levels of coverage are define() Which is the correct ordering from the least comprehensive to the most comprehensive? Select one:

    • A.

      100% path coverage, 100% multiple condition coverage, 100% statement coverage, 100% decision/branch coverage

    • B.

      100% statement coverage, 100% condition coverage, 100% conformance coverage, 100% path coverage

    • C.

      100% statement coverage, 100% decision/branch coverage, 100% condition coverage, 100% path coverage

    • D.

      100% statement coverage, 100% path coverage, 100% decision/branch coverage, 100% multiple condition coverage

    Correct Answer
    C. 100% statement coverage, 100% decision/branch coverage, 100% condition coverage, 100% path coverage
    Explanation
    The correct ordering from the least comprehensive to the most comprehensive is as follows: 100% statement coverage, 100% decision/branch coverage, 100% condition coverage, 100% path coverage. This means that statement coverage is the least comprehensive, as it only ensures that every statement in the code has been executed at least once. Decision/branch coverage is more comprehensive as it ensures that every decision or branch in the code has been executed at least once. Condition coverage is even more comprehensive as it ensures that every condition in the code has been evaluated to both true and false at least once. Finally, path coverage is the most comprehensive as it ensures that every possible path through the code has been executed at least once.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these statements is true? Select one:

    • A.

      100% path coverage from testing does not guarantee sufficient testing of a component

    • B.

      100% path coverage is less comprehensive than 100% branch coverage

    • C.

      100% path coverage will find most or all defects in a component

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. 100% path coverage from testing does not guarantee sufficient testing of a component
    Explanation
    100% path coverage from testing does not guarantee sufficient testing of a component. This means that even if all possible paths in the code have been tested, there may still be other aspects of the component that have not been adequately tested. Path coverage only ensures that each possible path has been executed at least once, but it does not guarantee that all possible inputs, conditions, or scenarios have been tested. Therefore, it is possible for defects to remain undetected even with 100% path coverage.

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  • 10. 

    One Static Testing technique is Select one:

    • A.

      Measuring code coverage achieved at the unit / component level

    • B.

      Testing for race conditions using a load generation tool

    • C.

      Executing the Functional test suite

    • D.

      Reviewing requirements specification for ambiguity

    Correct Answer
    D. Reviewing requirements specification for ambiguity
    Explanation
    Reviewing requirements specification for ambiguity is a static testing technique because it involves analyzing the requirements documentation to identify any unclear or ambiguous statements. This technique helps to ensure that the requirements are clear, consistent, and free from any potential misunderstandings. By reviewing the requirements specification, potential issues can be identified and addressed early in the development process, reducing the risk of misunderstandings and costly rework later on.

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  • 11. 

    Static Analysis of program source code often can identify: Select one:

    • A.

      All defects before the code is executed

    • B.

      Who developed and tested the code

    • C.

      Process improvement opportunities

    • D.

      The same defects as dynamic testing

    Correct Answer
    C. Process improvement opportunities
    Explanation
    Static analysis of program source code can often identify process improvement opportunities. This is because static analysis involves analyzing the code without executing it, which allows for the detection of potential issues, inefficiencies, and areas for improvement in the development process itself. By analyzing the code, developers can identify patterns, coding standards violations, code smells, and other indicators that can be used to enhance the overall development process and make it more efficient and effective. It helps in identifying areas where the development team can improve their coding practices, enhance code quality, and reduce the likelihood of defects in the future.

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  • 12. 

    Static Technique is defined as: Select one:

    • A.

      Searching for defects by running the program using only invalid data

    • B.

      Searching for defects by running the program using only valid data

    • C.

      Searching for defects through inspection and analysis rather than running the program

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Searching for defects through inspection and analysis rather than running the program
    Explanation
    Static technique refers to the process of searching for defects in a program through inspection and analysis rather than running the program. This involves reviewing the code, design, and documentation to identify potential issues and improve the quality of the software. It does not involve running the program with either valid or invalid data. Therefore, the correct answer is "Searching for defects through inspection and analysis rather than running the program."

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  • 13. 

    The objectives of Static testing usually include all of the following EXCEPT: Select one:

    • A.

      Finding deviations for standard coding practices

    • B.

      Finding ambiguous and missing requirements

    • C.

      Finding overly complex and not maintainable code

    • D.

      Finding defects related to environmental issues such as hardware and operating systems

    Correct Answer
    D. Finding defects related to environmental issues such as hardware and operating systems
    Explanation
    Static testing is a technique used to identify defects in the early stages of the software development life cycle. It involves reviewing the code and other software artifacts without executing them. The objectives of static testing typically include finding deviations from standard coding practices, identifying ambiguous and missing requirements, and identifying overly complex and non-maintainable code. However, static testing is not focused on finding defects related to environmental issues such as hardware and operating systems. These types of defects are usually identified through other testing techniques, such as dynamic testing.

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  • 14. 

    Which is NOT a phase of a formal review? Select one:

    • A.

      Review meeting

    • B.

      Individual preparation

    • C.

      Review process evaluation

    • D.

      Planning

    Correct Answer
    C. Review process evaluation
    Explanation
    The phase of a formal review that is NOT mentioned is "Review process evaluation". This phase involves assessing and analyzing the effectiveness and efficiency of the review process itself, including identifying any areas for improvement or potential changes in the process. The other three options - Review meeting, Individual preparation, and Planning - are all commonly recognized phases of a formal review, where the actual review takes place, participants prepare for the review, and the review is planned and organized.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is usually a success factor for formal reviews? Select one:

    • A.

      The review team is trained and comfortable in their roles

    • B.

      The review has loosely defined goals

    • C.

      The reviewers first see the review item in the review meeting

    • D.

      The people issues are not discussed

    Correct Answer
    A. The review team is trained and comfortable in their roles
    Explanation
    The success of formal reviews is usually dependent on the review team being trained and comfortable in their roles. This means that they have the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively conduct the review process. They understand their responsibilities and are able to provide valuable feedback and insights. Without proper training and comfort in their roles, the review process may be ineffective and not yield the desired results.

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  • 16. 

    In a walkthrough: Select one:

    • A.

      The author of the work product leads the walkthrough

    • B.

      Pre-meeting preparation is optional

    • C.

      Sessions are generally open-ended rather than time-boxed

    • D.

      All of the above All of the above - correct

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above All of the above - correct
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". In a walkthrough, the author of the work product typically leads the session, ensuring that all the necessary information is covered. Pre-meeting preparation is optional, meaning that participants can choose to prepare beforehand or not. The sessions are generally open-ended, allowing for thorough discussions and exploration of the work product. Therefore, all of the statements provided - the author leading the walkthrough, optional pre-meeting preparation, and open-ended sessions - are correct.

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  • 17. 

    A (An) __________ is a documented, defined process focused on gaining consensus on the correctness and completeness of a technical work product. Select one:

    • A.

      Informal review

    • B.

      Outside review

    • C.

      Inspection

    • D.

      Technical review

    Correct Answer
    D. Technical review
    Explanation
    A technical review is a documented, defined process focused on gaining consensus on the correctness and completeness of a technical work product. This process involves a thorough examination of the work product by a team of experts or stakeholders who evaluate its quality, accuracy, and adherence to standards. The purpose of a technical review is to identify any defects or issues in the work product and make necessary improvements before finalizing it. This ensures that the final product meets the required specifications and is of high quality.

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  • 18. 

    In an inspection, the moderator is: Select one:

    • A.

      The manager of the person whose work product is being reviewed

    • B.

      The designated scribe (or recorder)

    • C.

      A trained leader with no vested interest in the work product being reviewed

    • D.

      The author of the work product being reviewed

    Correct Answer
    C. A trained leader with no vested interest in the work product being reviewed
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a trained leader with no vested interest in the work product being reviewed. In an inspection, the moderator plays a crucial role in facilitating the review process. They should be impartial and unbiased, ensuring that the review is conducted objectively. As a trained leader, the moderator is responsible for guiding the inspection team, managing the review process, and ensuring that all participants adhere to the established guidelines. By having no vested interest in the work product being reviewed, the moderator can provide an unbiased perspective and make fair judgments during the inspection.

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  • 19. 

    Static Analysis tools find: Select one:

    • A.

      Defects

    • B.

      Failures

    • C.

      Requirements

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Defects
    Explanation
    Static Analysis tools are software tools that analyze source code or other software artifacts without actually executing the code. These tools are designed to identify defects or potential issues in the code, such as coding errors, security vulnerabilities, or performance inefficiencies. Therefore, the correct answer is "Defects" as static analysis tools are primarily used to find and identify defects in the code.

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  • 20. 

    Static Analysis tools often create many false positives(Warnings, that are infact not problems). These warnings : Select one:

    • A.

      Are Simply problems with the tools and can be safely ignored by testers

    • B.

      Should be logged as System defects

    • C.

      Must be verified individually to determine their validity

    • D.

      Make today's static analysis tools virtually useless

    Correct Answer
    C. Must be verified individually to determine their validity
    Explanation
    Static analysis tools are designed to analyze code and identify potential issues or vulnerabilities. However, they can sometimes generate false positives, which are warnings that are not actual problems. To ensure the accuracy of the analysis, these warnings must be verified individually to determine whether they are valid or not. Ignoring them or logging them as system defects without verification can lead to unnecessary work or overlooking actual issues. Therefore, it is important to validate each warning to ensure the effectiveness of static analysis tools.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following are static analysis tools usually NOT able to find? Select one:

    • A.

      Standards violations

    • B.

      Unreachable code

    • C.

      Security Vulnerabilities

    • D.

      Failures caused by design errors

    Correct Answer
    D. Failures caused by design errors
    Explanation
    Static analysis tools are typically designed to analyze the source code or compiled code of a software system without actually executing it. They primarily focus on identifying issues such as standards violations, unreachable code, and security vulnerabilities. However, static analysis tools may not be able to detect failures caused by design errors. Design errors refer to flaws or mistakes in the overall architecture or structure of the software system, which may lead to incorrect behavior or failures during runtime. These errors often require a deeper understanding of the system's design and its intended functionality, which static analysis tools may not possess.

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  • 22. 

    ___________ describes the practices to evaluate whether or not a product or system complies with its requirements specification and accomplishes its stated purpose.

    • A.

      Verification

    • B.

      Validation

    • C.

      Testing

    • D.

      Quality assurance

    Correct Answer
    B. Validation
    Explanation
    Validation refers to the process of evaluating whether a product or system meets its intended purpose and requirements. It involves checking if the product or system functions as intended and satisfies the needs of the end-users. This process ensures that the product or system is fit for its intended use and meets the specified requirements. Verification, on the other hand, focuses on checking whether the product or system has been built correctly according to its design and specifications. Testing is a part of the validation process, where the product or system is evaluated through various tests to identify any defects or issues. Quality assurance, on the other hand, is a broader term that encompasses all the activities and processes aimed at ensuring quality throughout the development and delivery of a product or system.

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  • 23. 

    Using the V-model for software development, during what development activity should acceptance testing work begin?

    • A.

      Coding

    • B.

      Detailed design

    • C.

      Requirements

    • D.

      High-level design

    Correct Answer
    C. Requirements
    Explanation
    Acceptance testing should begin during the Requirements phase of the V-model for software development. This is because acceptance testing is performed to verify that the software meets the specified requirements and is ready for deployment. By starting acceptance testing during the Requirements phase, any discrepancies or issues can be identified and addressed early on in the development process, ensuring that the final product meets the desired functionality and quality standards.

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  • 24. 

    The V-model software development lifecycle shows that

    • A.

      For every development activity there is a corresponding testing activity

    • B.

      Each testing activity can be planned as its corresponding development activity is being performed

    • C.

      Test planning can begin long before the code is ready to test

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The V-model software development lifecycle shows that for every development activity there is a corresponding testing activity. This means that testing is an integral part of the development process and is performed alongside development activities. Additionally, each testing activity can be planned as its corresponding development activity is being performed, allowing for efficient and effective testing. Lastly, the V-model also emphasizes that test planning can begin long before the code is ready to test, enabling early identification of testing requirements and ensuring comprehensive test coverage. Therefore, all of the above statements are true according to the V-model.

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  • 25. 

    When using an incremental development model:

    • A.

      Developers continue adding features and functionality in each subsequent increment

    • B.

      Developers use the V-model of software development

    • C.

      Developers create the entire system in one increment from start to finish

    • D.

      Developers increment components for testing

    Correct Answer
    A. Developers continue adding features and functionality in each subsequent increment
    Explanation
    In an incremental development model, developers continue adding features and functionality in each subsequent increment. This means that the development process is divided into multiple increments or iterations, where new features and functionality are added in each iteration. This allows for a more flexible and iterative approach to development, where feedback from previous increments can be incorporated into the next ones. This approach enables faster delivery of working software and allows for continuous improvement and refinement of the system.

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  • 26. 

    The big bang method of integration testing may be necessary if: Select one:

    • A.

      Developers are working in isolation while building components

    • B.

      Required functions of the software are not documented

    • C.

      Budgets are limited

    • D.

      All components are not ready for testing at the same time

    Correct Answer
    A. Developers are working in isolation while building components
    Explanation
    The big bang method of integration testing may be necessary if developers are working in isolation while building components. In this method, all the components are integrated and tested together at once, without any incremental testing. This approach is suitable when developers are not collaborating closely during the development process and there is a need to quickly test the entire system. It helps identify any integration issues that may arise due to lack of coordination between developers.

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  • 27. 

    Acceptance testing focuses on Select one:

    • A.

      Finding as many functional defects as possible

    • B.

      Evaluating whether the system meets the users’ needs and business requirements

    • C.

      Evaluating the users’ experience with the system interface

    • D.

      Measuring the system’s performance

    Correct Answer
    B. Evaluating whether the system meets the users’ needs and business requirements
    Explanation
    Acceptance testing is a type of testing that is conducted to evaluate whether the system meets the users' needs and business requirements. It is focused on ensuring that the system is acceptable to the end users and meets their expectations. This type of testing involves testing the system's functionality, usability, and performance to ensure that it meets the desired standards. It helps in identifying any gaps or discrepancies between the system and the users' requirements, allowing for necessary changes and improvements to be made before the system is deployed.

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  • 28. 

    Component testing Select one:

    • A.

      Is generally performed by independent testers under the direction of the programmers

    • B.

      Focuses on establishing confidence that the system meets the users’ needs

    • C.

      Focuses on the functionality and non-functional characteristics of code modules

    • D.

      Focuses on the functionality of the entire system as specified in the requirements

    Correct Answer
    C. Focuses on the functionality and non-functional characteristics of code modules
    Explanation
    Component testing focuses on the functionality and non-functional characteristics of code modules. This means that it specifically tests individual components or units of code to ensure that they are functioning correctly and meeting the desired functional and non-functional requirements. This type of testing is typically performed by the programmers themselves or by a dedicated team of testers who work closely with the programmers. The goal of component testing is to identify any defects or issues within the code modules before they are integrated into the larger system.

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  • 29. 

    The _______ type of acceptance testing includes simulated or actual operational testing by potential users at the developer's site Select one:

    • A.

      Integration

    • B.

      Compliance

    • C.

      Alpha

    • D.

      Beta

    Correct Answer
    C. Alpha
    Explanation
    Alpha testing is the correct answer because it involves simulated or actual operational testing by potential users at the developer's site. During alpha testing, the software is tested in a controlled environment to identify any defects or issues before it is released to a larger audience. This type of testing allows the developers to gather feedback from the users and make necessary improvements before the final release.

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  • 30. 

    During component testing, a _________ replaces an unfinished component that is being invoked by a component under test. Select one:

    • A.

      Stub

    • B.

      Sub-system

    • C.

      Driver

    • D.

      Module

    Correct Answer
    A. Stub
    Explanation
    During component testing, a stub is used to replace an unfinished component that is being invoked by a component under test. A stub is a simplified version of the actual component that mimics its behavior and provides predefined responses to the component under test. This allows the testing of the component under test to proceed without being hindered by the unfinished component. The stub helps isolate the component under test and ensures that it functions correctly in isolation.

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  • 31. 

    The primary types of testing in system testing are Select one:

    • A.

      Structural testing only

    • B.

      Functional testing and possibly some structural and non-functional testing

    • C.

      Behavioral testing and simulations

    • D.

      White-box testing and possibly some specification-based testing

    Correct Answer
    B. Functional testing and possibly some structural and non-functional testing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is functional testing and possibly some structural and non-functional testing. System testing is a type of testing that focuses on evaluating the system as a whole and ensuring that it meets the specified requirements. Functional testing involves testing the system's functionality to ensure that it performs the intended tasks correctly. Structural testing, on the other hand, involves testing the internal structure and components of the system to uncover any defects or vulnerabilities. Non-functional testing refers to testing the system's performance, reliability, and other non-functional aspects. Therefore, the primary types of testing in system testing are functional testing and possibly some structural and non-functional testing.

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  • 32. 

    System level integration testing commonly includes testing Select one:

    • A.

      Components in isolation

    • B.

      Interfaces to external systems and packages

    • C.

      Performed by users

    • D.

      Using only black-box techniques

    Correct Answer
    B. Interfaces to external systems and packages
    Explanation
    System level integration testing commonly includes testing interfaces to external systems and packages. This type of testing focuses on ensuring that the different components of a system can effectively communicate and interact with external systems and packages. It helps to identify any issues or problems that may arise when integrating the system with external dependencies. By testing these interfaces, the system can be validated for its ability to send and receive data, handle errors, and maintain proper functionality when interacting with external systems and packages.

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  • 33. 

    Specification-based testing is also known as Select one:

    • A.

      Black-box testing

    • B.

      Grey-box testing

    • C.

      White-box testing

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Black-box testing
    Explanation
    Specification-based testing, also known as black-box testing, focuses on testing the functionality of a system without any knowledge of its internal structure or implementation details. Test cases are derived from the system's specifications, requirements, or functional descriptions. This approach allows testers to evaluate the system from an end-user perspective and ensures that the system meets the specified requirements and behaves correctly. Grey-box testing involves having partial knowledge of the system's internals, while white-box testing requires full knowledge of the internal structure and implementation details. Therefore, the correct answer is black-box testing.

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  • 34. 

    Debugging is Select one:

    • A.

      A synonym for testing

    • B.

      Finding and removing the cause of failures in the specifications

    • C.

      Finding and removing the cause of failures in the code

    • D.

      Finding and removing the cause of failures in the test plan

    Correct Answer
    C. Finding and removing the cause of failures in the code
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Finding and removing the cause of failures in the code". Debugging refers to the process of identifying and fixing errors or bugs in the code that cause the program to behave unexpectedly or fail to meet the desired specifications. It involves analyzing the code, identifying the root cause of the issue, and making necessary modifications to resolve the problem. Debugging is an essential step in software development to ensure the code functions correctly and meets the intended requirements.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following is NOT a type of non-functional testing? Select one:

    • A.

      The capability of the system to perform required functions

    • B.

      The capability of the system to provide adequate performance

    • C.

      The capability of the system to be learned and used in normal operations

    • D.

      The capability of the system to perform required functions for a specified period of time

    Correct Answer
    A. The capability of the system to perform required functions
    Explanation
    The capability of the system to perform required functions is not a type of non-functional testing because it refers to the functional aspect of the system, which focuses on whether the system is able to perform the required functions correctly. Non-functional testing, on the other hand, focuses on aspects such as performance, usability, reliability, and other qualities of the system that are not directly related to its specific functions.

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  • 36. 

    Re-running tests to verify that the system has been properly corrected is called Select one:

    • A.

      Confidence testing

    • B.

      Re-testing

    • C.

      Regression testing

    • D.

      Change testing

    Correct Answer
    B. Re-testing
    Explanation
    Re-testing refers to the process of rerunning tests on a system to ensure that any identified defects or issues have been properly fixed. It involves executing the same tests that were previously run to verify that the system is now functioning as expected. This is different from regression testing, which focuses on testing the unchanged parts of the system to ensure that the modifications or fixes have not introduced any new issues. Confidence testing and change testing are not the correct terms to describe this process.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following are triggers for maintenance testing? 1. The period of time since last regression testing a system 2. New operating system installations 3. Changes in corporate policies and government regulations 4. Converting a legacy system to a software package 5. Developing a new software application Select one:

    • A.

      2, 3, 4, and 5

    • B.

      1, 2, 3, and 4

    • C.

      2, 3, and 4

    • D.

      2, 3, and 5

    Correct Answer
    C. 2, 3, and 4
    Explanation
    Maintenance testing is performed to ensure that a system or software remains functional and meets the changing requirements. Triggers for maintenance testing include new operating system installations (2), changes in corporate policies and government regulations (3), and converting a legacy system to a software package (4). These factors may impact the functionality and performance of the system, requiring testing to ensure that it continues to work as intended. Developing a new software application (5) is not specifically mentioned as a trigger for maintenance testing, so it is not included in the answer. The period of time since last regression testing a system (1) is not mentioned as a trigger for maintenance testing either.

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  • 38. 

    Regression testing means: Select one:

    • A.

      Testing of a previously tested program to ensure that defects have not been introduced or uncovered due to program modifications

    • B.

      Going back and re-executing a previous test level when defects are found() For example, testing the design when coding errors are found()

    • C.

      Testing with respect to user needs, requirements, and business processes to determine whether the system meets its acceptance criteria

    • D.

      Testing to determine the system's or component's compliance to standards, regulations, or conventions

    Correct Answer
    A. Testing of a previously tested program to ensure that defects have not been introduced or uncovered due to program modifications
    Explanation
    Regression testing refers to the process of retesting a previously tested program to ensure that any modifications or changes made to the program have not introduced any new defects or uncovered any existing defects. This type of testing is crucial in ensuring that the program continues to function correctly after any changes have been made. By conducting regression testing, any potential issues or bugs can be identified and fixed before the program is deployed or released to users.

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  • 39. 

    An impact analysis after maintenance to an existing system evaluates: Select one:

    • A.

      The skills and knowledge of testers to perform regression testing

    • B.

      Different test design techniques to use for re-testing after a change

    • C.

      How changes to a system might affect the unchanged areas of the system

    • D.

      How long a legacy system can remain operational and not need replacement

    Correct Answer
    C. How changes to a system might affect the unchanged areas of the system
    Explanation
    An impact analysis after maintenance to an existing system evaluates how changes to a system might affect the unchanged areas of the system. This involves examining the potential impact of the changes on the overall functionality, performance, and stability of the system. It helps identify any potential risks or issues that may arise due to the changes and allows for proper planning and mitigation strategies to be put in place. This analysis is important to ensure that the system remains reliable and functional after the maintenance activities.

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  • 40. 

    Confidence testing is also called 

    • A.

      Change testing

    • B.

      Re-testing

    • C.

      Smoke testing

    • D.

      Regression testing

    Correct Answer
    C. Smoke testing
    Explanation
    Smoke testing is a type of confidence testing that focuses on quickly identifying major defects or issues in a software application. It is performed early in the testing process to ensure that the critical functionalities of the software are working as expected before conducting more comprehensive testing. Smoke testing aims to determine if the application is stable enough for further testing or if it requires further debugging. It is typically a subset of regression testing and is used to gain confidence in the software's basic functionality.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 22, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Abdul Jaleel
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