ISTQB- All Chapters Exam15

40 Questions

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ISTQB- All Chapters Exam15

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When something unexpected occurs during a test, but it isn’t clear whether or not it is a defect, it should be: Select one:
    • A. 

      Discussed informally with the developer

    • B. 

      Ignored unless it happens several times

    • C. 

      Formally logged for further investigation

    • D. 

      Classified as a defect until proven otherwise

  • 2. 
    Incidents may be raised and logged by:
    • A. 

      Testers

    • B. 

      Developers

    • C. 

      Users

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    The IEEE STD 829 Test Incident Report does not mention: Select one:
    • A. 

      Inputs

    • B. 

      The person who caused the incident The person who caused the incident - correct

    • C. 

      Actual Results and expected results

    • D. 

      Date and Time

  • 4. 
    Incident reports should contain data elements to record: Select one:
    • A. 

      A. Impact - the actual or potential damage that could be caused by the incident

    • B. 

      B. Who performed the tests

    • C. 

      Neither a nor b

    • D. 

      Both a and b

  • 5. 
    As testing independence increases: Select one:
    • A. 

      The amount of time needed for testing decreases

    • B. 

      Testers are friendlier with the developers

    • C. 

      Testers are generally friendlier with the system's end users

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Compared to an internal test team, an external test team is: Select one:
    • A. 

      Less independent

    • B. 

      More independent

    • C. 

      None of the above

    • D. 

      Equally independent

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements about developer testing are usually true, and which are usually false? 1.The developer is familiar with her code 2.Developers can efficiently trace errors to their cause 3.Developers who are responsible for testing have a decreased sense of responsibility for quality 4.Developers tend to focus on making software work rather than finding defects 5.Testers are more efficient than developers Select one:
    • A. 

      1, 2, and 5 are true; 3 and 4 are false

    • B. 

      2, 3 and 4 are true; 1 and 5 are false

    • C. 

      1, 2, and 4 are true; 3 and 5 are false

    • D. 

      1, 2, and 3 are true; 4 and 5 are false

  • 8. 
    Which tasks are not typical for the test manager role?
    • A. 

      Recommend project actions

    • B. 

      Execute tests

    • C. 

      Estimate time and cost

    • D. 

      Recommend project actions

  • 9. 
    Estimating the cost of testing using a metrics-based approach may be difficult because: Select one:
    • A. 

      Data for previous similar projects are not available

    • B. 

      The development to test time ratio is unknown

    • C. 

      Domain subject matter experts are not available to assist

    • D. 

      Non-functional requirements often are not well documented

  • 10. 
    A test plan is: Select one:
    • A. 

      A document specifying the test conditions for a test item, establishing the detailed test approach and identifying the associated high level test cases

    • B. 

      A document specifying a set of test cases ( objective, inputs, test actions, expected results and execution preconditions) for a test team

    • C. 

      A document reporting on any event that occurred during testing which requires further investigation

    • D. 

      A document describing the scope, approach, resources, and schedule of intended test activities

  • 11. 
    The IEEE STD 829 Test Plan has a section for: Select one:
    • A. 

      Risk-based test approach

    • B. 

      Business risks of insufficient testing

    • C. 

      Risks and contingencies

    • D. 

      Has no section for risks

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a legitimate exit (stopping) criteria for testing? Select one:
    • A. 

      No medium or high severity defects remain uncorrected

    • B. 

      All planned test coverage goals have been met

    • C. 

      All planned test cases have been written, executed, and passed

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    The Configuration Control Board is: Select one:
    • A. 

      A group of people responsible for evaluating, approving or disapproving, and monitoring proposed changes items

    • B. 

      A group of people responsible for preventing changes to items under configuration management control

    • C. 

      A group of people who make approved changes to items under configuration management control

    • D. 

      A visible board , posted in a public place, on which items under configuration management control are displayed and tracked

  • 14. 
    All of the following are symptoms of configuration management problems EXCEPT: Select one:
    • A. 

      It is unclear why code changes were made

    • B. 

      Regression testing is required

    • C. 

      Modifications to documents or code are overwritten

    • D. 

      It is unclear what version of the software is being tested

  • 15. 
    Which of the following should be maintained under configuration management control? Select one:
    • A. 

      Test Plans

    • B. 

      Test Environment

    • C. 

      Test Scripts

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is NOT contained in the IEEE STD 829 Test Summary Report? Select one:
    • A. 

      Approvals

    • B. 

      List of all defects found

    • C. 

      Variances from the test plans

    • D. 

      Comprehensiveness assessments

  • 17. 
    _________ provides feedback to the test team and project stakeholders, including measurements about the overall quality of the system. Select one:
    • A. 

      Test Control

    • B. 

      Test Leadership

    • C. 

      Test monitoring

    • D. 

      Test design

  • 18. 
    Defect density is defined as the number of defects identified in a: Select one:
    • A. 

      Component or system ordered from highest to lowest risk

    • B. 

      Component or system per developer

    • C. 

      Component or system divided by the size of the component or system

    • D. 

      Component or System

  • 19. 
    If the planned tests are not going to be completed on schedule, which of the following probably is NOT an effective control approach? Select one:
    • A. 

      Extend the schedule to allow more time to complete the planned tests

    • B. 

      Automate some of the manual tests

    • C. 

      Prioritize which tests to perform and which not to perform

    • D. 

      Add additional testers who have experience on the system under test

  • 20. 
    An intrusive test tool: Select one:
    • A. 

      Can improve the parameters it is measuring

    • B. 

      Has no effect on the parameters it is measuring

    • C. 

      Can adversely affect the parameters it is measuring

    • D. 

      Does not integrate well into the development and / or testing process

  • 21. 
    Some dynamic analysis tools are able to find: Select one:
    • A. 

      Memory leaks

    • B. 

      Ambiguous requirements statements

    • C. 

      Designs that are too complex

    • D. 

      Syntax errors in code

  • 22. 
    Test comparators determine and report the differences between: Select one:
    • A. 

      Files and databases in test results

    • B. 

      Tests designed and tests executed

    • C. 

      Coverage planned and coverage achieved

    • D. 

      Tests required and tests designed

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT a typical function of a test management tool? Select one:
    • A. 

      Trace test cases to requirements specifications

    • B. 

      Code coverage

    • C. 

      Interface to incident tracking tools

    • D. 

      Support test planning and scheduling

  • 24. 
    Scripts generated by capture/replay automated test execution tools: Select one:
    • A. 

      Are generalized sets of multiple test cases

    • B. 

      Rarely require revision by the tester

    • C. 

      By-pass the user interface and interact with the test object directly

    • D. 

      May be invalidated by small changes in the system

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Represented in a table or spreadsheet describing actions

    • B. 

      Scripts created automatically by capture/replay tools

    • C. 

      Scripts created manually by testers

    • D. 

      Represented in a table or spreadsheet containing decision tables Represented in a table or spreadsheet containing decision tables - correct

  • 26. 
    To be most effective in introducing a test tool into your organization you should: Select one:
    • A. 

      Let the tool dictate your processes rather than having your processes dictate your tool

    • B. 

      Try a pilot or proof-of-concept use before widespread adoption

    • C. 

      Make sure that your testers have a user manual for the tool

    • D. 

      Have many projects begin using the tool simultaneously to maximize learning

  • 27. 
    The first three steps in the tool selection and implementation process are: Select one:
    • A. 

      Pilot project with tool; Assess needs; evaluate tool supplier

    • B. 

      Assess needs; evaluate tool options; implement tool

    • C. 

      Assess needs; Obtain training; evaluate tool supplier

    • D. 

      Assess needs; evaluate tool options; pilot project with tool

  • 28. 
    The main purpose of a test procedure or test script is to? Select one:
    • A. 

      Document the high-level test strategy and testing schedule

    • B. 

      Describe the sequence of actions to execute one or more test cases within a suite of tests

    • C. 

      Describe a test case and all of the conditions it tests

    • D. 

      Document how the system will be tested, what features will be tested, and the pass/fail criteria for each feature

  • 29. 
    A test case specification document is ________ detailed than a test design specification document? Select one:
    • A. 

      Equally

    • B. 

      More

    • C. 

      Less

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is NOT a possible test oracle? Select one:
    • A. 

      The program source code

    • B. 

      An existing system

    • C. 

      A user's knowledge

    • D. 

      A user manual

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Less than 0; 1 through 10; greater than 10

    • B. 

      1; 10

    • C. 

      0; 5; 15

    • D. 

      Less than 1; 1 through 10; greater than 10

  • 32. 
    Data in the range 0 through 10 is supplied to a system. Data in the range: 0 through 1 is processed using formula A 1 through 5 is processed using formula B 5 through 10 is processed using formula C Using equivalence class partitioning to choose test cases, which set of test data points is most correct? Select one:
    • A. 

      0.5, 5, 50

    • B. 

      The specification is ambiguous and needs clarification before constructing test cases

    • C. 

      -0.5, 0.5, 5, 50, 1500

    • D. 

      -0.5, 0.5, 5, 50

  • 33. 
    Sales people for Big Pills Pharmaceuticals earn a base salary of $50,000 per year plus commissions on net sales in their are() You are testing a program that computes each salesperson’s commission. You can assume the input has been filtered and only positive whole US dollars can enter the program. The commission computation rules are as follows: 1% commission is paid on net sales of $0 through $49,999 2% commission is paid on net sales of $50,000 through $99,999 3% commission is paid on net sales of $100,000 through $499,999 4% commission is paid on net sales of $500,000 and above Using equivalence class partitioning to choose test cases, the most appropriate set of test cases is: Select one:
    • A. 

      -32,767; 500; 32,768; 2,000,000

    • B. 

      50,000; 60,000; 243,000; 870,000; 1,500,000; 3,500,000

    • C. 

      25,000; 75,000; 242,000; 600,000

    • D. 

      0; 40,000; 60,000; 80,000; 120,000; 378,000

  • 34. 
    A medical appointment system allows patients to schedule appointments to see the doctor only Monday through Friday.  Create a set of test cases to check the valid and invalid classes for this requirement with the minimum number of tests. Select one:
    • A. 

      Monday; Friday; Saturday

    • B. 

      Monday; Saturday; Sunday

    • C. 

      Monday; Saturday

    • D. 

      Saturday; Sunday

  • 35. 
    A high school drivers education program accepts student who are at least 16 years old but not more than 19. Using the 3-point approach for boundary value analysis, what is the most appropriate set of test cases to create? Select one:
    • A. 

      0, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20

    • B. 

      15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

    • C. 

      15, 16, 19, 20, 25

    • D. 

      15, 16, 19, 20

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      48

    • B. 

      42

    • C. 

      6

    • D. 

      4

  • 37. 
    Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      In state-transition testing, test cases are constructed from state/event combinations.

    • B. 

      State-transition testing is a static test technique

    • C. 

      In state-transition testing, the requirements are in the form of a task-event matrix

    • D. 

      State-transition testing is a technique which uses a graphical representation of combinations of code control points and expected outputs.

  • 38. 
    An actor in use cases Select one:
    • A. 

      Can be a person, another application , or an external system playing a role

    • B. 

      Can pretend to do whatever it wants

    • C. 

      Is different for each individual use case

    • D. 

      Is a user or customer with in the system or application

  • 39. 
    Use cases can serve as the foundation for creating: Select one:
    • A. 

      Integration test cases

    • B. 

      System and acceptance test cases

    • C. 

      Conformance test cases

    • D. 

      Unit Test cases

  • 40. 
    Use cases are: Select one:
    • A. 

      The sequential flow of messages from module (Unit) to module to implement a particular Use(Function)

    • B. 

      A list of uses(functions) that the system provides

    • C. 

      A screen diagram listing the functions that the system implements

    • D. 

      Scenarios that describe the use of a system by an actor to accomplish a specific goal