ISTQB Fundation Chapter 3

21 Questions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true: 
    • A. 

      A) inspection is the most formal review process

    • B. 

      B) inspections should be led by a trained leader

    • C. 

      C) managers can perform inspections on management documents

    • D. 

      D) inspection is appropriate even when there are no written documents

    • E. 

      E) inspection compares documents with predecessor (source) documents

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      A) re-testing is running a test again; regression testing looks for unexpected side effects

    • B. 

      B) re-testing looks for unexpected side effects; regression testing is repeating those tests

    • C. 

      C) re-testing is done after faults are fixed; regression testing is done earlier

    • D. 

      D) re-testing uses different environments, regression testing uses the same environment

    • E. 

      E) re-testing is done by developers, regression testing is done by independent testers

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      A) s = 4, t = 3, u = 2 and 5, v = 1

    • B. 

      B) s = 4 and 5, t = 3, u = 2, v = 1

    • C. 

      C) s = 1 and 5, t = 3, u = 2, v = 4

    • D. 

      D) s = 5, t = 4, u = 3, v = 1 and 2

    • E. 

      E) s = 4 and 5, t = 1, u = 2, v = 3

  • 4. 
    Could reviews or inspections be considered part of testing:
    • A. 

      A) No, because they apply to development documentation

    • B. 

      B) No, because they are normally applied before testing

    • C. 

      C) No, because they do not apply to the test documentation

    • D. 

      D) Yes, because both help detect faults and improve quality

    • E. 

      E) Yes, because testing includes all non-constructive activities

  • 5. 
    What is the main difference between a walkthrough and an inspection? 
    • A. 

      A) An inspection is lead by the author, whilst a walkthrough is lead by a trained moderator.

    • B. 

      B) An inspection has a trained leader, whilst a walkthrough has no leader.

    • C. 

      C) Authors are not present during inspections, whilst they are during walkthroughs.

    • D. 

      D) A walkthrough is lead by the author, whilst an inspection is lead by a trained moderator.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements about reviews is true?
    • A. 

      A) Reviews cannot be performed on user requirements specifications.

    • B. 

      B) Reviews are the least effective way of testing code.

    • C. 

      C) Reviews are unlikely to find faults in test plans.

    • D. 

      D) Reviews should be performed on specifications, code, and test plans.

  • 7. 
    Regression testing should be performed: V) every weekW) after the software has changedX) as often as possibleY) when the environment has changedZ) when the project manager says
    • A. 

      A) v & w are true, x, y & z are false

    • B. 

      B) w, x & y are true, v & z are false

    • C. 

      C) w & y are true, v, x & z are false

    • D. 

      D) w is true, v, x, y & z are false

  • 8. 
    What type of review requires formal entry and exit criteria, including metrics: 
    • A. 

      A) walkthrough

    • B. 

      B) inspection

    • C. 

      C) management review

    • D. 

      D) post project review

  • 9. 
    What is NOT included in typical costs for an inspection process? 
    • A. 

      A) setting up forms and databases

    • B. 

      B) analysing metrics and improving processes

    • C. 

      C) writing the documents to be inspected

    • D. 

      D) time spent on the document outside the meeting

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT a reasonable test objective: 
    • A. 

      A) to find faults in the software

    • B. 

      B) to prove that the software has no faults

    • C. 

      C) to give confidence in the software

    • D. 

      D) to find performance problems

  • 11. 
    As a tester, what is your main objective in reviewing a requirement document?
    • A. 

      A) To ascertain that each requirement is traceable to a business need

    • B. 

      B) To ascertain that each requirement is both testable and uniquely identifiable

    • C. 

      C) To ascertain that each requirement is traceable to a business need, testable, and uniquely identifiable

    • D. 

      D) To ascertain that each requirement is uniquely identifiable

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a purpose of the review planning phase?
    • A. 

      A Log defects.

    • B. 

      B. Explain the documents to the participants.

    • C. 

      C. Gather metrics.

    • D. 

      D. Allocate the individual roles.

  • 13. 
    Typical defects that are easier to find in reviews than in dynamic testing are:
    • A. 

      A. Deviations from standards,

    • B. 

      B. Requirement defects,

    • C. 

      C. Design defects,

    • D. 

      D. Insufficient maintainability and incorrect interface specifications.

    • E. 

      E. All of the above.

  • 14. 
    Reviews, static analysis and dynamic testing have the same objective
    • A. 

      A. Identifying defects.

    • B. 

      B. Fixing defects.

    • C. 

      C. A. and B

    • D. 

      D. None of the above

  • 15. 
    Bug life cycle
    • A. 

      A. Open, Assigned, Fixed, Closed

    • B. 

      B. Open, Fixed, Assigned, Closed

    • C. 

      C. Assigned, Open, Closed, Fixed

    • D. 

      D. Assigned, Open, Fixed, Closed

  • 16. 
    Who is responsible for document all the issues, problems and open point thatwere identified during the review meeting
    • A. 

      A. Moderator

    • B. 

      B. Scribe

    • C. 

      C. Reviewers

    • D. 

      D. Author

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      A. Eliminate some of the requirements that have not yet been implemented.

    • B. 

      B. Add more engineers to the project to make up for lost work.

    • C. 

      C. Ask the current developers to work overtime until the lost work is recovered.

    • D. 

      D. Hire more software quality assurance personnel.

  • 18. 
    What is the main purpose of Informal review
    • A. 

      A. Inexpensive way to get some benefit

    • B. 

      B. Find defects

    • C. 

      C. Learning, gaining understanding, effect finding

    • D. 

      D. Discuss, make decisions, solve technical problems

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is true about Formal Review or Inspection:-i. Led by Trained Moderator (not the author).ii. No Pre Meeting Preparationsiii. Formal Follow up process.iv. Main Objective is to find defects
    • A. 

      A. ii is true and i,iii,iv are false

    • B. 

      B. i,iii,iv are true and ii is false

    • C. 

      C. i,iii,iv are false and ii is true

    • D. 

      D. iii is true and I,ii,iv are false

  • 20. 
    The Phases of formal review process is mentioned below arrange them in the correct order.i. Planningii. Review Meetingiii. Reworkiv. Individual Preparationsv. Kick Offvi. Follow Up
    • A. 

      A. i,ii,iii,iv,v,vi

    • B. 

      B. vi,i,ii,iii,iv,v

    • C. 

      C. i,v,iv,ii,iii,vi

    • D. 

      D. i,ii,iii,v,iv,vi

  • 21. 
    The Planning phase of a formal review includes the following :-
    • A. 

      A. Explaining the objectives

    • B. 

      B. Selecting the personnel, allocating roles.

    • C. 

      C. Follow up

    • D. 

      D. Individual Meeting preparations