Human Growth And Development Quiz Ch. 1 - 5 Number 3

37 Questions | Total Attempts: 283

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Human Growth And Development Quiz Ch. 1 - 5 Number 3 - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The process in which certain cognitive functions are located more in one hemisphere of the brain than the other. 
    • A. 

      Hemispheres

    • B. 

      Brain Specialization

    • C. 

      Accommodation

    • D. 

      Lateralization

  • 2. 
    The support for leaning and problem solving that encourages independence and growth. 
    • A. 

      Laterilzation

    • B. 

      Scaffolding

    • C. 

      Zone of Proximal Development

    • D. 

      Social Competence

  • 3. 
    Thinking that ignores the viewpoints of others. 
    • A. 

      Centration

    • B. 

      Egocentric Thought

    • C. 

      Egocentrism

    • D. 

      Psychology

  • 4. 
    The second stage of Piaget’s theory which ranges from age 2 to 7 characterized by symbolic thinking. Mental reasoning emerges as does the use of concepts. 
    • A. 

      Initiative-Versus-Guilt Stage

    • B. 

      Sensorimotor Stage

    • C. 

      Preoperational Stage

    • D. 

      Concrete Operational Stage

  • 5. 
    Memory of particular events from one’s own life. 
    • A. 

      Biographical Memory

    • B. 

      Syntax

    • C. 

      Autobiographical Memory

    • D. 

      Memory

  • 6. 
    The aspect of language that relates to communicating effectively and appropriately with others.
    • A. 

      Grammar

    • B. 

      Pragmatics

    • C. 

      Memory

    • D. 

      Syntax

  • 7. 
    Thinking that does not take into account the viewpoints of others. 
    • A. 

      Egocentric Thought

    • B. 

      Centration

    • C. 

      Centric Thought

    • D. 

      Scaffolding

  • 8. 
    The way in which an individual combines words and phrases to form sentences. 
    • A. 

      Grammar

    • B. 

      Syntax

    • C. 

      Pragmatics

    • D. 

      Language

  • 9. 
    A key aspect of preoperational thought is ____________ , which is the ability to use symbols, words, or an object to represent something that is not physically present.
    • A. 

      Symbolism

    • B. 

      Symbolic Function

    • C. 

      Sensorimotor Stage

    • D. 

      Object Permanence

  • 10. 
    The period during which children experience conflict between independence of action and the sometimes negative results of that action.
    • A. 

      Trust-vs-Mistrust Stage

    • B. 

      Autonomy-vs-Shame-And-Doubt Stage

    • C. 

      Initiative-Versus-Guilt Stage

  • 11. 
    The initial, major stage of cognitive development in Piaget’s theory which ranges from the first month of life to age 18 months to 2 years. It can be broken down into 6 substages, with the major milestone of the stage being the development of object permanence.
    • A. 

      Preoperational Stage

    • B. 

      Concrete Operational Stage

    • C. 

      Sensorimotor Stage

  • 12. 
    The realization that people and objects exist even when they cannot be seen.
    • A. 

      Object Permanence

    • B. 

      Invisible

    • C. 

      Scaffolding

    • D. 

      Object Disappearance

  • 13. 
    The system of rules that determine how our thoughts can be expressed. 
    • A. 

      Grammar

    • B. 

      Syntax

    • C. 

      Pragmatics

  • 14. 
    Defined as a body weight more than 20% higher than the average weight for a person of a given age and height.
    • A. 

      ADHD

    • B. 

      Fat

    • C. 

      Obesity

    • D. 

      Overweight

  • 15. 
    Abuse that occurs when parents or other caregivers harm children’s behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or physical functioning.  
    • A. 

      Psychological Maltreatment

    • B. 

      Psychological Harm

    • C. 

      Abuse

    • D. 

      Cycle of Violence Hypothesis

  • 16. 
    Parents who are firm, setting clear and consistent limits, but try to reason with their children giving explanations for why they should behave in a particular way. 
    • A. 

      Authoritarian Parents

    • B. 

      Authoritative Parents

    • C. 

      Permissive Parents

    • D. 

      Non-caring Parents

  • 17. 
    Refers to changes in people's sense of justice and of what is right and wrong, and in their behavior related to moral issues.
    • A. 

      Superego

    • B. 

      Moral Behavior

    • C. 

      Modeling

    • D. 

      Egotistic Behavior

  • 18. 
    This theory emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others.
    • A. 

      Collective Orientation

    • B. 

      Psychological Maltreatment

    • C. 

      Behavioral Theory

    • D. 

      Social Learning Approach

  • 19. 
    A general process in which persons serve as models for others, exhibiting the behavior to be imitated by the others.
    • A. 

      Modeling

    • B. 

      Cycle of Violence Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Morality

    • D. 

      Moral Behavior

  • 20. 
    The realization that one is permanenty male or female.
    • A. 

      Gender Identity

    • B. 

      Gender Constansy

    • C. 

      Gender Awareness

  • 21. 
    Parents who provide lax and inconsistent feedback and require little of their children.
    • A. 

      Permissive Parents

    • B. 

      Authoritarian Parents

    • C. 

      Authoritative Parents

  • 22. 
    The period of cognitive development between 7 and 12 years of age. This stage is characterized by the active, and appropriate use of logic.
    • A. 

      Preoperationial Stage

    • B. 

      Sensorimotor Stage

    • C. 

      Nonpoerationial Stage

    • D. 

      Concrete Operational Stage

  • 23. 
    Promotes the notion of interdependence, blending in, and being interconnected.
    • A. 

      Collective Orientation

    • B. 

      Individualistic Orientation

  • 24. 
    The theory that the abuse and neglect that children suffer predispose them as adults to abuse and neglect their own children. 
    • A. 

      Cycle of Harm Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Psychological Maltreatment

    • C. 

      Cycle of Violence Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Obesity

  • 25. 
    The perception (sense) of oneself as male or female. 
    • A. 

      Gender Constancy

    • B. 

      Gender Awareness

    • C. 

      Gender Identity

    • D. 

      Gender Self Awareness

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